Protect Democracy & Expose Western Liberal Democracy

Posts tagged ‘secret societies’

Occupation of New York City


Declaration of the Occupation of New York City

Posted on September 30, 2011 by NYCGA

This document was accepted by the NYC General Assembly on september 29, 2011

As we gather together in solidarity to express a feeling of mass injustice, we must not lose sight of what brought us together. We write so that all people who feel wronged by the corporate forces of the world can know that we are your allies.

The Fist of OWS (Occupy Wall Street)

As one people, united, we acknowledge the reality: that the future of the human race requires the cooperation of its members; that our system must protect our rights, and upon corruption of that system, it is up to the individuals to protect their own rights, and those of their neighbors; that a democratic government derives its just power from the people, but corporations do not seek consent to extract wealth from the people and the Earth; and that no true democracy is attainable when the process is determined by economic power. We come to you at a time when corporations, which place profit over people, self-interest over justice, and oppression over equality, run our governments. We have peaceably assembled here, as is our right, to let these facts be known.

They have taken our houses through an illegal foreclosure process, despite not having the original mortgage.
They have taken bailouts from taxpayers with impunity, and continue to give Executives exorbitant bonuses.
They have perpetuated inequality and discrimination in the workplace based on age, the color of one’s skin, sex, gender identity and sexual orientation.
They have poisoned the food supply through negligence, and undermined the farming system through monopolization.
They have profited off of the torture, confinement, and cruel treatment of countless animals, and actively hide these practices.
They have continuously sought to strip employees of the right to negotiate for better pay and safer working conditions.
They have held students hostage with tens of thousands of dollars of debt on education, which is itself a human right.
They have consistently outsourced labor and used that outsourcing as leverage to cut workers’ healthcare and pay.
They have influenced the courts to achieve the same rights as people, with none of the culpability or responsibility.
They have spent millions of dollars on legal teams that look for ways to get them out of contracts in regards to health insurance.
They have sold our privacy as a commodity.
They have used the military and police force to prevent freedom of the press. They have deliberately declined to recall faulty products endangering lives in pursuit of profit.
They determine economic policy, despite the catastrophic failures their policies have produced and continue to produce.
They have donated large sums of money to politicians, who are responsible for regulating them.
They continue to block alternate forms of energy to keep us dependent on oil.
They continue to block generic forms of medicine that could save people’s lives or provide relief in order to protect investments that have already turned a substantial profit.
They have purposely covered up oil spills, accidents, faulty bookkeeping, and inactive ingredients in pursuit of profit.
They purposefully keep people misinformed and fearful through their control of the media.
They have accepted private contracts to murder prisoners even when presented with serious doubts about their guilt.
They have perpetuated colonialism at home and abroad. They have participated in the torture and murder of innocent civilians overseas.
They continue to create weapons of mass destruction in order to receive government contracts. *

To the people of the world,

We, the New York City General Assembly occupying Wall Street in Liberty Square, urge you to assert your power.

Exercise your right to peaceably assemble; occupy public space; create a process to address the problems we face, and generate solutions accessible to everyone.

To all communities that take action and form groups in the spirit of direct democracy, we offer support, documentation, and all of the resources at our disposal.

Join us and make your voices heard!

*These grievances are not all-inclusive.

OccupyWallStreet Movement Spreads in USA and the Globe


(The original source is on exchangegoldforcash.com).

On September 17, 2011 OccupyWallStreet initiated an occupation of Wall Street, and vowed not to leave, until their demands were met. A set message of the exact demands has yet to be formalized, and are in progress.

The movement has now spread to select cities around the US, and is set to expand around the globe. Below is a list of several sites that now has initiated, or is in the process of initiating occupation:

USA;

Occupy Wall Street: Live Stream Video Feed

Occupy Chicago: Live Stream Video Feed | live Stream Video Feed  justin.tv

Occupy Cincinnati

Occupy Cleveland

Occupy Columbus

Occupy Indiana

Occupy Indianapolis

Occupy Kansas City

Occupy Michigan

Occupy Minnesota: Live Stream Video Feed

Occupy Omaha

Occupy St. Louis

Occupy Tulsa

Occupy Wisconsin

Occupy Yougstown

Occupy Binghamton

Occupy Boston: Live Stream Video Feed

Occupy D.C.

Occupy Hartford, CT

Occupy Maine

Occupy New Jersey

Occupy Philadelphia

Occupy Pittsburgh

Occupy Providence, RI

Occupy Rochester

Occupy Vermont

Occupy Arkansas

Occupy Birmingham, AL

Occupy Charlotte

Occupy Clarksville, TN

Occupy Columbus, GA

Occupy Daytona Beach

Occupy Durham

Occupy Jacksonville, FL

Occupy Knoxville

Occupy Lexington, KY

Occupy Louisville

Occupy Memphis

Occupy Miami

Occupy Mississippi

Occupy Nashville

Occupy New Orleans

Occupy Orlando

Occupy Richmond, VA

Occupy Tallahassee

Occupy Tampa: Live Stream Video Feed

Occupy Winston Salem

Occupy Albuquerque

Occupy Austin

Occupy Dallas

Occupy Houston

Occupy Phoenix

Occupy Tucson

Occupy Boise

Occupy Colorado Springs

Occupy Denver

Occupy Eugene

Occupy Las Vegas

Occupy Los Angeles : Live Stream Video Feed

Occupy Olympia

Occupy Portland

Occupy Sacramento

Occupy Salt Lake City

Occupy San Diego

Occupy San Francisco

Occupy San Jose

Occupy Santa Cruz

Occupy Seattle

Occupy Spokane

Globally;

Occupy Brisbane

Occupy Frankfurt Germany

Occupy Hamburg Germany

Occupy Manchester

Occupy Melbourne Australia

Occupy Perth

Occupy the London Stock Exchange

Occupy Toronto Market Exchange

Occupy Vancouver

(The original source is on exchangegoldforcash.com).

Revolution against Corporate Greed Started in the USA


Occupy Wall Street Organization:

Occupy Wall Street is leaderless resistance movement with people of many colors, genders and political persuasions. The one thing we all have in common is that We Are The 99% that will no longer tolerate the greed and corruption of the 1%. We are using the revolutionary Arab Spring tactic to achieve our ends and encourage the use of nonviolence to maximize the safety of all participants.

News Update: October, 2 at 2:20AM – Over 700 protesters arrested.

Where: Liberty Square (How to get there)
Help & Directions: +1 (877) 881-3020
General Inquiries: general@occupywallst.org
Press Inquiries: press@occupywallst.org
Watch: This 10-Min Documentary
Read: Latest NYCGA Minutes

Occupy Wall Street Campaign

Wall Street, the Financial Gomorrah of America

On September 17, we wanted to see 20,000 people flood into lower Manhattan, set up tents, kitchens, peaceful barricades and occupy Wall Street for a few months. Once there, we shall incessantly repeat one simple demand in a plurality of voices.

Tahrir succeeded in large part because the people of Egypt made a straightforward ultimatum – that Mubarak must go – over and over again until they won. Following this model, what is our equally uncomplicated demand?

The most exciting candidate that we’ve heard so far is one that gets at the core of why the American political establishment is currently unworthy of being called a democracy: we demand that Barack Obama ordain a Presidential Commission tasked with ending the influence money has over our representatives in Washington. It’s time for DEMOCRACY NOT CORPORATOCRACY, we’re doomed without it.

This demand seems to capture the current national mood because cleaning up corruption in Washington is something all Americans, right and left, yearn for and can stand behind. If we hang in there, 20,000-strong, week after week against every police and National Guard effort to expel us from Wall Street, it would be impossible for Obama to ignore us. Our government would be forced to choose publicly between the will of the people and the lucre of the corporations.

This could be the beginning of a whole new social dynamic in America, a step beyond the Tea Party movement, where, instead of being caught helpless by the current power structure, we the people start getting what we want whether it be the dismantling of half the 1,000 military bases America has around the world to the reinstatement of the Glass-Steagall Act or a three strikes and you’re out law for corporate criminals. Beginning from one simple demand – a presidential commission to separate money from politics – we start setting the agenda for a new America.

Watch the video: Nobody Can Predict the Moment of Revolution (8 min.)

http://vimeo.com/29513113

About OccupyWallSt.org

OccupyWallSt.org is the unofficial de facto online resource for the ongoing protests happening on Wall Street. We are an affinity group committed to doing technical support work for resistance movements. We are not affiliated with Adbusters, anonymous or any other organization.

The leaders of this movement are the everyday people participating in the occupation. We use a tool called the “General Assembly” to facilitate open, participatory and horizontal organizing between members of the public. We welcome people from all colors, genders and beliefs to participate in our daily assemblies. Visit the NYC General Assembly website to learn how you can become involved, read updates/minutes, or find out how you can adopt NYCGA processes to organize your own community.

July Press Release

On 13 Jul 2011, the group Adbusters released this call: Occupy Wall Street!

In Solidarity, and as a response to this call, a planning group was formed [occupywallst.org], and an info sharing site established. The participation of every person, and every organization, that has an interest in returning the US back into the hands of it’s individual citizens is required.

Our nation, our species and our world are in crisis. The US has an important role to play in the solution, but we can no longer afford to let corporate greed and corrupt politics set the policies if our nation.

We, the people of the United States of America, considering the crisis at hand, now reassert our sovereign control of our land.

Solidarity Forever!

Download the Occupy Wall Street Agendacalendar of events from here.

Occupy Wall Street Massive Protests in USA

OccupyTogether.org:

OCCUPY TOGETHER, an unofficial hub for all of the events springing up across the country in solidarity with Occupy Wall St. As we have followed the news on facebook, twitter, and the various live feeds across the internet, we felt compelled to build a site that would help spread the word as more protests organize across the country. We hope to provide people with information about events that are organizing, ongoing, and building across the U.S. as we, the 99%, take action against the greed and corruption of the 1%.

We will try our best to provide you with the most accurate information possible. However, we are just a few volunteers and errors are bound to occur. Please be patient as we get this site off the ground and populated and please contact us if you have any info on new events, corrections, or suggestions for this site. You can contact us at info[at]occupytogether[dot]org.       info@occupytogether.org

We will only grow stronger in our solidarity and we will be heard, not just in New York, but in echoes across this nation.

For more information about us, the movement; and answers to questions, please check out our FAQ.

Important note: Occupy Together will never ask for any monetary donations. We suggest that, if you want to donate monetarily, that you visit this site to help those who currently Occupy Wall St.

Download and see Occupy Together Posters

US Federal Government Major Corruption & Scandals Since 1945


The worst records of corruptions and scandals (in order, worst first) are during the administrations of: George W. Bush; Regan; Nixon; Clinton; then Gerald Ford.

The best are (in order, cleanest first): Harry S. Truman; Dwight D. Eisenhower; Kennedy; Johnson; Carter; then George H. W. Bush.

Is Corruption Index an Accurate Measure?

Until now Obama record is comparable with Carter.

2009– Obama Administration

Legislative Branch

  1. John Ensign (R-NV) the religious conservative resigned his Senate seat on May 3, 2011 before the Senate Ethics Committee could examine possible fiscal violations in connection with his extramarital affair with Cynthia Hampton.
  2. Charles B. Rangel (D-NY) Rangel was found guilty on 11 charges by the House Ethics Committee. On December 2, 2010, the full House of Representatives voted 333-79 to censure Rangel.
  3. Tom DeLay (R-TX) On November 24, 2010 a Texas jury convicted DeLay of money laundering connected to the Jack Abramoff scandal. On January 10, 2011, he was sentenced to three years in prison in Texas.
  4. Joe Wilson (R-SC) The congressman from South Carolina interrupted a major televised speech about health care reform by President Barack Obama to a joint session of Congress. After Obama said that no illegal aliens would be accepted under his health plan, Rep. Wilson shouted, “You lie!” The incident resulted in a formal rebuke by the House of Representatives. He later admitted that the outburst was “inappropriate”.

Judicial Branch

  1. G. Thomas Porteous The Federal Judge for Eastern Louisiana was unanimously impeached by the US House of Representatives on charges of corruption and perjury in March 2010. He was convicted by the US Senate and removed from office. He had been appointed by Bill Clinton.
  2. Samuel B. Kent The Federal District Judge of Galveston, Texas was sentenced to 33 months in prison for lying about sexually harassing two female employees. He had been appointed to office by George H. W. Bush in 1990.

2001–2008 George W. Bush Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Lewis Libby (R) Chief of Staff to Vice President Dick Cheney (R), ‘Scooter’ was convicted of perjury and obstruction of justice in the Plame Affair on March 6, 2007. He was sentenced to 30 months in prison and fined $250,000. The sentence was commuted by George W. Bush (R) on July 1, 2007. The felony remains on Libby’s record though the jail time and fine were commuted.
  2. Alphonso Jackson (R) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development resigned while under investigation by the FBI for revoking the contract of a vendor who told Jackson he did not like President George W. Bush (R) .
  3. Karl Rove (R) Senior Adviser to President George W. Bush was investigated by the Office of Special Counsel for “improper political influence over government decision-making”, as well as for his involvement in several other scandals such as Lawyergate, Bush White House e-mail controversy and Plame affair. He resigned in April 2007. (See Karl Rove in the George W. Bush administration)
  4. “Lawyergate” Or the Dismissal of U.S. attorneys’ controversy refers to President Bush firing, without explanation, eleven Republican federal prosecutors whom he himself had appointed. It is alleged they were fired for prosecuting Republicans and not prosecuting Democrats. When Congressional hearings were called, a number of senior Justice Department officials cited executive privilege and refused to testify under oath, including:

1)    Michael A. Battle (R) Director of Executive Office of US Attorneys in the Justice Department.

2)    Bradley Schlozman (R) Director of Executive Office of US Attorneys who replaced Battle

3)    Michael Elston (R) Chief of Staff to Deputy Attorney General Paul McNulty

4)    Paul McNulty (R) Deputy Attorney General to William Mercer

5)    William W. Mercer (R) Associate Attorney General to Alberto Gonzales

6)    Kyle Sampson (R) Chief of Staff to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales

7)    Alberto Gonzales (R) Attorney General of the United States

8)    Monica Goodling (R) Liaison between President Bush and the Justice Department

9)    Joshua Bolten (R) Deputy Chief of Staff to President Bush was found in Contempt of Congress

10)                       Sara M. Taylor (R) Aid to Presidential Advisor Karl Rove

11)                       Karl Rove (R) Advisor to President Bush

12)                       Harriet Miers (R) Legal Counsel to President Bush, was found in Contempt of Congress

  1. Bush White House e-mail controversy – During the Lawyergate investigation it was discovered that the Bush administration used Republican National Committee (RNC) web servers for millions of emails which were then destroyed, lost or deleted in possible violation of the Presidential Records Act and the Hatch Act. George W. Bush, Dick Cheney, Karl Rove, Andrew Card, Sara Taylor and Scott Jennings all used RNC webservers for the majority of their emails. Of 88 officials, no emails at all were discovered for 51 of them. As many as 5 million e-mails requested by Congressional investigators of other Bush administration scandals were therefore unavailable, lost, or deleted.
  2. Lurita Alexis Doan (R) Resigned as head of the General Services Administration. She was under scrutiny for conflict of interest and violations of the Hatch Act. Among other things she asked GSA employees how they could “help Republican candidates.”
  3. Jack Abramoff Scandal in which the prominent lobbyist with close ties to Republican administration officials and legislators offered bribes as part of his lobbying efforts. Abramoff was sentenced to 4 years in prison. See Legislative scandals.
  4. David Safavian GSA (General Services Administration) Chief of Staff, found guilty of blocking justice and lying, and sentenced to 18 months
  5. Roger Stillwell (R) Staff in the Department of the Interior under George W. Bush. Pleaded guilty and received two years suspended sentence.
  6. Susan B. Ralston (R) Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to Karl Rove, resigned October 6, 2006 after it became known that she accepted gifts and passed information to her former boss Jack Abramoff.
  7. J. Steven Griles (R) former Deputy to the Secretary of the Interior pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and was sentenced to 10 months.
  8. Italia Federici (R) staff to the Secretary of Interior, and President of the Council of Republicans for Environmental Advocacy, pled guilty to tax evasion and obstruction of justice. She was sentenced to four-year probation.
  9. Jared Carpenter (R) Vice-President of the Council of Republicans for Environmental Advocacy, was discovered during the Abramoff investigation and pled guilty to income tax evasion. He got 45 days, plus 4-year probation.
  10. Michael Scanlon (R) former staff to Tom DeLay: working for Abramoff, pled guilty to bribery.
  11. Tony Rudy (R) former staff to Tom DeLay, pleaded guilty to conspiracy.
  12. Bob Ney (R-OH) bribed by Abramoff, pled guilty to conspiracy, sentenced to 30 months.
  13. Neil Volz (R) former staff to Robert Ney, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy in 2006 charges stemming from his work for Bob Ney. In 2007 he was sentenced to two years probation, 100 hours community service, and a fine of $2,000.
  14. Mark Zachares (R) staff in the Department of Labor, bribed by Abramoff, guilty of conspiracy to defraud.
  15. Robert E. Coughlin (R) Deputy Chief of Staff, Crimianl Division of the Justice Department pleaded guilty to conflict of interest after accepting bribes from Jack Abramoff. (2008)
  16. William Heaton (R), former chief of staff for Bob Ney (R), pleaded guilty to a federal conspiracy charge involving a golf trip to Scotland, expensive meals, and tickets to sporting events between 2002 and 2004 as payoffs for helping Abramoff’s clients.
  17. Kevin A. Ring (R) former staff to John Doolittle (R-CA) indicted on 8 counts of corruption. The judge declared a mistrial.
  18. John Albaugh (R) former chief of staff to Ernest Istook (R-OK) pled guilty to accepting bribes connected to the Federal Highway Bill. Istook was not charged. (2008)
  19. James Hirni, (R) former staff to Tim Hutchinson (R-AR) was charged with wire fraud for giving a staffer for Don Young (R) of Alaska a bribe in exchange for amendments to the Federal Highway Bill. (2008)
  20. Kyle Foggo Executive director of the CIA was convicted of honest services fraud in the awarding of a government contract and sentenced to 37 months in federal prison at Pine Knot, Kentucky. On September 29, 2008, Foggo pleaded guilty to one count of the indictment, admitting that while he was the CIA executive director, he acted to steer a CIA contract to the firm of his lifelong friend, Brent R. Wilkes.
  21. Julie MacDonald (R) Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Department of the Interior, resigned May 1, 2007 after giving government documents to developers (2007)
  22. Claude Allen (R) Appointed as an advisor by President Bush on Domestic Policy, Allen was arrested for a series of felony thefts in retail stores. He was convicted on one count and resigned soon after.
  23. Lester Crawford (R) Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, resigned after 2 months. Pled guilty to conflict of interest and received 3 years suspended sentence and fined $90,000 (2006)
  24. 2003 Invasion of Iraq depended on intelligence that Saddam Hussein was developing “weapons of mass destruction” (WMDs) meaning nuclear, chemical and/or biological weapons for offensive use. The Downing Street memo were minutes of a British secret meeting with the US (dated 23 July 2002, leaked 2005) which include a summary of MI6 Director Sir Richard Dearlove’s report that “Bush wanted to remove Saddam, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. But the intelligence and the facts were being fixed around the policy” This was called the ‘smoking gun’ concerning W. Bush’s run up to war with Iraq.(2005)
  25. Yellowcake forgery: Just prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Bush administration presented evidence to the UN that Iraq was seeking material (yellowcake uranium) in Africa for making nuclear weapons. Though presented as true, it was later found to be not only dubious, but outright false.
  26. Coalition Provisional Authority Cash Payment Scandal; On June 20, 2005 the staff of the Committee on Government Reform prepared a report for Congressman Henry Waxman. It was revealed that $12 billion in cash had been delivered to Iraq by C-130 planes, on shrinkwrapped pallets of US $100 bills. The United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, concluded that “Many of the funds appear to have been lost to corruption and waste…. Some of the funds could have enriched both criminals and insurgents….” Henry Waxman, commented, “Who in their right mind would send 363 tons of cash into a war zone?” A single flight to Iraq on December 12, 2003 which contained $1.5 billion in cash is said to be the largest single Federal Reserve payout in US history according to Henry Waxman.
  27. Bush administration payment of columnists with federal funds to say nice things about Republican policies. Illegal payments were made to journalists Armstrong Williams (R), Maggie Gallagher (R) and Michael McManus (R) (2004–2005)
  28. Sandy Berger (D) former Clinton security adviser pleads guilty to a misdemeanor charge of unlawfully removing classified documents from the National Archives in (2005)
  29. Bernard Kerik (R) nomination in 2004 as Secretary of Homeland Security was derailed by past employment of an illegal alien as a nanny, and other improprieties. On Nov 4, 2009, he pled guilty to two counts of tax fraud and five counts of lying to the federal government(2009) and was sentenced to four years in prison.
  30. Torture: Top US officials including George W. Bush  and Dick Cheney  authorized enhanced interrogation techniques of prisoners, including waterboarding (called torture by many) by US troops and the CIA in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere. In 2010 Bush stated “He’d do it again…” and Cheney stated on ABC’s This Week, “I was a big supporter of waterboarding.”  (2004)
  31. Plame affair (2004), in which CIA agent Valerie Plame’s name was leaked by Richard Armitage, Deputy Secretary of State, to the press in retaliation for her husband’s criticism of the reports used by George W. Bush to legitimize the Iraq war.
  32. Thomas A. Scully, (R) administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), withheld information from Congress about the projected cost of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act, and allegedly threatened to fire Medicare’s chief actuary, Richard Foster, if Foster provided the data to Congress. (2003) Scully resigned on December 16, 2003.
  33. NSA warrantless surveillance – Shortly after the September 11 attacks in 2001, President George W. Bush (R) implemented a secret program by the National Security Agency to eavesdrop on domestic telephone calls by American citizens without warrants, thus by-passing the FISA court which must approve all such actions. (2002) In 2010, Federal Judge Vaughn Walker ruled this practice to be illegal.
  34. Kenneth Lay (R) a member of the Republican National Committee, financial donor and ally of George W. Bush and once considered a possible Secretary of the Treasury. Lay was found guilty of 10 counts of securities fraud concerning his company Enron, but died before sentencing.
  35. Janet Rehnquist (R) appointed Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services by George W. Bush. In 2002, Governor Jeb Bush’s (R-FL) Chief of Staff Kathleen Shanahan asked Rehnquist to delay auditing a $571 million federal overpayment to the State of Florida. Rehnquist ordered her staff to delay the investigation for five months until after the Florida elections. When Congress began an investigation in to the matter, Rehnquist resigned in March 2003, saying she wanted to spend more time with her family.
  36. John Yoo (R) An attorney in the Office of Legal Counsel inside the Justice Department who, working closely with vice president Dick Cheney and The Bush Six, wrote memos stating the right of the president to –
  37. suspend sections of the ABM Treaty without informing Congress
  38. bypass the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act allowing warrentless wiretapping of US Citizens within the United States by the National Security Agency.
  39. state that the First Amendment and Fourth Amendments and the Takings Clause do not apply to the president in time of war as defined in the USA PATRIOT Act
  40. allow Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (torture) because provisions of the War Crimes Act, the Third Geneva Convention, and the Torture convention do not apply.

Many of his memos have since been repudiated and reversed. Later review by the Justice Department reported that Yoo and Jay Bybee used “poor judgement” in the memos, but no charges have yet been filed.

Legislative Branch

  1. Ted Stevens Senator (R-AK) convicted on seven counts of bribery and tax evasion October 27, 2008 just prior to the election. He continued his run for re-election, but lost. Once the Republican was defeated in his re-election, new US Attorney General Eric Holder (D) dismissed the charges “in the interest of justice” stating that the Justice Department had illegally withheld evidence from defense counsel.
  2. Charles Rangel (D-NY) failed to report $75,000 income from the rental of his villa in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic and was forced to pay $11,000 in back taxes.(September 2008)
  3. Rick Renzi (R-AZ) Announced he would not seek another term. Seven months later, on February 22, 2008 he pleaded not guilty to 35 charges of fraud, conspiracy and money laundering.
  4. Jack Abramoff Scandal, (R) lobbyist found guilty of conspiracy, tax evasion and corruption of public officials in three different courts in a wide ranging investigation. Currently serving 70 months and fined $24.7 million. See Scandals, Executive Branch. The following were also implicated:
  5. Tom DeLay (R-TX) The House Majority Leader was reprimanded twice by the House Ethics Committee and his aides indicted (2004–2005); eventually DeLay himself was investigated in October 2005 in connection with the Abramoff scandal, but not indicted. DeLay resigned from the House 9 June 2006. Delay was found to have illegally channeled funds from Americans for a Republican Majority to Republican state legislator campaigns. He was convicted of two counts of money laundering and conspiracy in 2010.
  6. James W. Ellis (R) executive director of Americans for a Republican Majority a PAC, was indicted for money laundering.
  7. John D. Calyandro (R) of Americans for a Republican Majority
  8. Bob Ney (R-OH) pleaded guilty to conspiracy and making false statements as a result of his receiving trips from Abramoff in exchange for legislative favors. Ney received 30 months in prison.
  9. Robert E. Coughlin (R) Deputy Chief of Staff, Criminal Division, Justice Department, pled guilty to accepting bribes.
  10. John Doolittle (R-CA) both he and his wife were under investigation (January 2008). Under this cloud, Doolittle decided not to run for re-election in November 2008. The Justice Department announced in June 2010 they had terminated the investigation and found no wrong doing.
  11. Randy Cunningham (R-CA)pleaded guilty on November 28, 2005 to charges of conspiracy to commit bribery, mail fraud, wire fraud and tax evasion in what came to be called the Cunningham scandal. Sentenced to over eight years.
  12. Kyle Foggo Executive director of the CIA was convicted of honest services fraud in the awarding of a government contract and sentenced to 37 months in the federal prison at Pine Knot, Kentucky. On September 29, 2008, Foggo pleaded guilty to one count of the indictment, admitting that while CIA executive director he acted to steer a CIA contract to the firm of his lifelong friend, Brent R. Wilkes.
  13. Cynthia McKinney (D-GA) struck a U.S. Capitol Police officer in the chest after he attempted to stop her from going around a security checkpoint. McKinney apologized on the floor of the House and no charges were filed (March 29, 2006)
  14. William J. Jefferson (D-LA) in August 2005 the FBI seized $90,000 in cash from Jefferson’s home freezer. He was re-elected anyway, but lost in 2008. Jefferson was convicted of 11 counts of bribery and sentenced to 13 years on November 13, 2009, and his chief of staff Brett Pfeffer was sentenced to 84 months in a related case.
  15. Bill Janklow (R-SD) convicted of second-degree manslaughter for running a stop sign and killing a motorcyclist. Resigned from the House and given 100 days in the county jail and three years (2003)
  16. Robert Torricelli Senator (D-NJ) after 14 years in the House and one term in the Senate, Torricelli declined to run again when accused of taking illegal contributions from Korean businessman David Chang. (2002)
  17. Jim Traficant (D-OH) found guilty on 10 felony counts of financial corruption, he was sentenced to 8 years in prison and expelled from the House (2002)

1993–2000 Bill Clinton Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Webster Hubbell (D) Associate Attorney General, pleaded guilty to mail fraud and tax evasion while in private practice. Sentenced to 21 months in prison (1995)
  2. Henry Cisneros (D) Secretary of Housing. Resigned and plead guilty (1999) to a misdemeanor charge of lying to the FBI about the amount of money he paid his former mistress, Linda Medlar while he was Mayor of San Antonio, Texas. He was fined $10,000 (1999)
  3. Ronald Blackley, (D) Secretary of Agriculture Mike Espy’s Chief of Staff, sentenced to 27 months for perjury. Mike Espy was found innocent on all counts. http://laws.findlaw.com/dc/983036a.html (1999)
  4. Bill Clinton President (D) Impeached for perjury and obstruction of justice for allegedly lying under oath about sexual relations with intern Monica Lewinsky. Clinton was acquitted by the Senate and remained in office. Clinton subsequently was cited for contempt of court and agreed to a five-year suspension of his Arkansas law license. (1998). On October 1, 2001, Bill Clinton was barred from practicing law before the Supreme Court of the United States (2001)
  5. Pardongate President Bill Clinton (D) granted 140 pardons on his last day in office January 20, 2001 for a total of 396. Which seemed large compared to the total of 74 by George H. W. Bush, but not when compared to Ronald Reagans total of 393.
  6. Whitewater scandal (1994–2000) independent counsel Kenneth Starr (R) investigated the Clintons’ role in peddling influence for the Whitewater (real estate) Development Corporation while he was Governor of Arkansas. No criminal charges were brought against either President Bill Clinton (D) or First Lady Hillary Clinton (D)
  7. Wampumgate Bruce Babbitt (D), Secretary of the Interior 1993–2001, accused of lying to Congress about influencing a 1995 American Indian tribe casino decision. Babbitt was cleared of all wrongdoing.
  8. Filegate alleged misuse of FBI resources by Clinton Security Chief, Craig Livingstone (D), to compile an ‘enemies’ list (1996); Investigation found insufficient evidence of criminal wrongdoing
  9. Vincent Foster (D) the White House lawyer was alleged to have been murdered by either Bill or Hillary Clinton, for various reasons and with varying degrees of involvement. The suicide was investigated by the Park Police Service, the FBI, Independent Consultant Robert Fiske and finally by Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr all of whom ruled that it was a simple suicide (1993)
  10. Travelgate, involving the firing of White House travel agents. In 1998 Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr (R) exonerated President Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton of any involvement (1993)

Legislative Branch

  1. Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI) found to have committed 11 violations of law and house rules stemming from use of campaign funds for personal use.
  2. Wes Cooley (R-OR), Cooley was convicted of having lied on the 1994 voter information pamphlet about his service in the Army. He was fined and sentenced to two years probation (1997)
  3. Austin Murphy (D-PA) convicted of engaging in voter fraud for filling out absentee ballots for members of a nursing home.
  4. Newt Gingrich (R-GA), the Speaker of the House, was accused of financial improprieties leading to House reprimand and $300,000 in sanctions  leading to his resignation (1997)
  5. Walter R. Tucker III (D-CA) resigned from the House before conviction on charges of extortion and income tax fraud while he was Mayor of Compton, California. Sentenced to 27 months in prison.(1996)
  6. Nicholas Mavroules (D-MA) pleaded guilty to bribery charges.
  7. House banking scandal  The House of Representatives Bank found that 450 members had overdrawn their checking accounts, but had not been penalized. Six were convicted of charges, most only tangentially related to the House Bank itself. Twenty two more of the most prolific over-drafters were singled out by the House Ethics Committee. (1992)
  8. Buzz Lukens (R-OH) convicted of bribery and conspiracy.
  9. Carl C. Perkins (D-KY) pled guilty to a check kiting scheme involving several financial institutions (including the House Bank).
  10. Carroll Hubbard (D-KY)convicted of illegally funneling money to his wife’s 1992 campaign to succeed him in congress.
  11. Mary Rose Oakar (D-OH) was charged with seven felonies, but pleaded guilty only to a misdemeanor campaign finance charge not related to the House Bank.
  12. Walter Fauntroy (D-DC) convicted of filing false disclosure forms in order to hide unauthorized income.
  13. Jack Russ Sgt. at Arms, convicted of three counts.
  14. Congressional Post Office scandal (1991–1995) A conspiracy to embezzle House Post Office money through stamps and postal vouchers to congressmen.
  15. Dan Rostenkowski (D-IL) Rostenkowski was convicted and sentenced to 18 months in prison, in 1995.
  16. Joe Kolter (D-PA) Convicted of one count of conspiracy and sentenced to 6 months in prison.
  17. Robert V. Rota Postmaster, convicted of one count of conspiracy and two counts of embezzlement.
  18. Jay Kim (R-CA) accepted $250,000 in illegal 1992 campaign contributions and was sentenced to two months house arrest (1992)

1989–1992 George H. W. Bush Administration

Executive Branch

  1. George H. W. Bush (R) President. duriing his election campaign, Bush denied any knowledge of the Iran Contra Affair by saying he was “out of the loop.” But his own diaries of that time stated “I’m one of the few people that know fully the details …” He repeatedly refused to disclose this to investigators and won the elelction. (1988)
  2. Catalina Vasquez Villalpando, (R) Treasurer of the United States. Pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and tax evasion. The only US Treasurer ever sent to prison. (1992)
  3. Iran-Contra Affair pardons. On December 24, 1992, George H. W. Bush (R) granted clemency to five convicted government officials and Caspar Weinberger, whose trial had not yet begun. This action prevented any further investigation into the affair.
  4. Caspar Weinberger (R) Secretary of Defense under Ronald Reagan
  5. Robert C. McFarlane (R) National Security Advisor to Ronald Reagan
  6. Elliott Abrams Asssistant Secretary of State to Ronald Reagan
  7. Clair George CIA Chief of Covert Ops
  8. Alan D. Fiers Chief of the CIA’s Central American Task Force
  9. Duane R. Clarridge (R)

Legislative Branch

  1. Albert Bustamante (D-TX) convicted of accepting bribes.
  2. Lawrence J. Smith (D-FL) pleaded guilty to tax fraud and lying to federal election officials  and served three months in jail, fined $5,000, 2 years probation and back taxes of $40,000
  3. David Durenberger Senator (R-MN) denounced by Senate for unethical financial transactions and then disbarred (1990). He pled guilty to misuse of public funds and given one year probation (1995)

Judicial Branch

  1. Clarence Thomas (R) Supreme Court nominee accused of sexual harassment by former employee Anita Hill. He was approved anyway.
  2. Walter Nixon US Judge (D-MS) Was impeached by the House and convicted by the Senate for perjury on November 3, 1989.

1981–1988 Ronald Reagan Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Raymond J. Donovan (R) Secretary of Labor under Ronald Reagan, was investigated and acquitted of larceny and fraud concerning subway construction in New York City(1987)
  2. Housing and Urban Development Scandal A scandal concerning bribery by selected contractors for low income housing projects.
  3. Samuel Pierce (R) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development because he made “full and public written acceptance of responsibility” was not charged.
  4. James G. Watt (R) Secretary of Interior, 1981–1983, charged with 25 counts of perjury and obstruction of justice, sentenced to five years probation, fined $5,000 and 500 hours of community service
  5. Deborah Gore Dean (R) Executive Assistant to (Samuel Pierce, Secretary of HUD 1981–1987, and not charged). Dean was convicted of 12 counts of perjury, conspiracy, bribery. Sentenced to 21 months in prison. (1987)
  6. Phillip D. Winn (R) Assistant Secretary of HUD, 1981–1982, pled guilty to bribery in 1994.
  7. Thomas Demery, (R) Assistant Secretary of HUD, pled guilty to bribery and obstruction.
  8. Joseph A. Strauss, (R) Special Assistant to the Secretary of HUD, convicted of accepting payments to favor Puerto Rican land developers in receiving HUD funding.
  9. Silvio D. DeBartolomeis convicted of perjury and bribery.
  10. Wedtech scandal Wedtech Corporation convicted of bribery for Defense Department contracts
  11. Edwin Meese (R) Attorney General, resigned but never convicted.
  12. Lyn Nofziger (R) White House Press Secretary, whose conviction of lobbying was overturned.
  13. Mario Biaggi (D-NY) sentenced to 2½ years.
  14. Robert García (D-NY) sentenced to 2½ years.
  15. Savings and loan scandal in which 747 institutions failed and had to be rescued with $160,000,000,000 of taxpayer monies in connection with the Keating Five. see Legislative scandals.
  16. Iran-Contra Affair (1985–1986); A plan conceived by CIA head William Casey (R) and Oliver North (R) of the National Security Council to sell TOW missiles to Iran for the return of US hostages and then use part of the money received to fund Contra rebels trying to overthrow the left wing government of Nicaragua, which was in direct violation of Congress’ Boland Amendment. Ronald Reagan appeared on TV stating there was no “arms for hostages” deal, but was later forced to admit, also on TV, that yes, there indeed had been:
  17. Caspar Weinberger (R) Secretary of Defense, was indicted on two counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice on June 16, 1992.
  18. . Weinberger received a pardon from George H. W. Bush on December 24, 1992 before he was tried.
  19. William Casey (R) Head of the CIA. Thought to have conceived the plan, was stricken ill hours before he would testify. Reporter Bob Woodward records that Casey knew of and approved the plan.
  20. Robert C. McFarlane (R) National Security Adviser, convicted of withholding evidence, but after aplea bargain was given only 2 years probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush
  21. Elliott Abrams (R) Asst Sec of State, convicted of withholding evidence, but after a plea bargain was given only 2 years probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/walsh/summpros.htm
  22. Alan D. Fiers Chief of the CIA’s Central American Task Force, convicted of withholding evidence and sentenced to one year probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush
  23. Clair George Chief of Covert Ops-CIA, convicted on 2 charges of perjury, but pardoned by President George H. W. Bush before sentencing.
  24. Oliver North (R) convicted of accepting an illegal gratuity, obstruction of a congressional inquiry, and destruction of documents, but the ruling was overturned since he had been granted immunity.
  25. Fawn Hall, Oliver North’s secretary was given immunity from prosecution on charges of conspiracy and destroying documents in exchange for her testimony.
  26. John Poindexter National Security Advisor (R) convicted of 5 counts of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, perjury, defrauding the government, and the alteration and destruction of evidence. The Supreme Court overturned this ruling.
  27. Duane Clarridge An ex-CIA senior official, he was indicted in November 1991 on 7 counts of perjury and false statements relating to a November 1985 shipment to Iran. Pardoned before trial by President George H. W. Bush.
  28. Richard V. Secord Ex-major general in the Air Force who organized the Iran arms sales and Contra aid. He pleaded guilty in November 1989 to making false statements to Congress. Sentenced to two years of probation.
  29. Albert Hakim A businessman, he pleaded guilty in November 1989 to supplementing the salary of North by buying a $13,800 fence for North with money from “the Enterprise”, which was a set of foreign companies Hakim used in Iran-Contra. In addition, Swiss company Lake Resources Inc., used for storing money from arms sales to Iran to give to the Contras, pled guilty to stealing government property. Hakim was given two years of probation and a $5,000 fine, while Lake Resources Inc. was ordered to dissolve.
  30. Thomas G. Clines Once an intelligence official who became an arms dealer, he was convicted in September 1990 on four income tax counts, including underreporting of income to the IRS and lying about not having foreign accounts. Sentenced to 16 months of prison and fined $40,000.
  31. Carl R. Channell A fund-raiser for conservative causes, he pleaded guilty in April 1987 to defrauding the IRS via a tax-exempt organization to fund the Contras. Sentenced to two years probation.
  32. Richard R. Miller Associate to Carl R. Channell, he pleaded guilty in May 1987 to defrauding the IRS via a tax-exempt organization led by Channell. More precisely, he pled guilty to lying to the IRS about the deductibility of donations to the organization. Some of the donations were used to fund the Contras. Sentenced to two years of probation and 120 of community service.
  33. Joseph F. Fernandez CIA Station Chief of Costa Rica. Indicted on five counts in 1988. The case was dismissed when Attorney General Dick Thornburgh refused to declassify information needed for his defense in 1990.
  34. Inslaw Affair (1985–1994+); a protracted legal case that alleged that top-level officials of President Ronald Reagan’s (R) Department of Justice were involved in software piracy of the Promis program from Inslaw Inc. forcing it into bankruptcy. Attorney General Edwin Meese (R) and his successor Attorney General Dick Thornburgh (R) were both found to have blocked the investigation of the matter. They were succeeded by Attorney General William P. Barr (R) who also refused to investigate and no charges were ever filed.
  35. D. Lowell Jensen, (R) Deputy Attorney General was held in Contempt of Congress.
  36. C. Madison Brewer A high ranking Justice Department official was held in Contempt of Congress.
  37. Michael Deaver (R) Deputy Chief of Staff to Ronald Reagan 1981–85, pleaded guilty to perjury related to lobbying activities and was sentenced to 3 years probation and fined $100,000
  38. Sewergate A scandal in which funds from the EPA were selectively used for projects which would aid politicians friendly to the Reagan administration.
  39. Anne Gorsuch Burford (R) Head of the EPA. Cut the EPA staff by 22% and refused to turn over documents to Congress citing “Executive Privilege”, whereupon she was found in Contempt and resigned with twenty of her top employees.(1980)
  40. Rita Lavelle (R) An EPA Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency misused ‘superfund’ monies and was convicted of perjury. She served six months in prison, was fined $10,000 and given five yrs. probation.

Legislative Branch

  1. David Durenberger Senator (R-MN), denounced by the Senate for unethical financial transactions (1990) and then disbarred as an attorney. In 1995 he pled guilty to 5 misdemeanor counts of misuse of public funds and was given one years probation.
  2. Jesse Helms Senator (R-NC), His campaign was found guilty of “voter caging” when 125,000 postcards were sent to mainly black neighborhoods and the results used to challenge their residency and therefore their right to vote. (1990)
  3. Barney Frank Congressman (D-MA), Lived with convicted felon Steve Gobie who ran a gay prostitution operation from Frank’s apartment without his knowledge. Frank was Admonished by Congress for using his congressional privilege to eliminate 33 parking tickets attributed to Gobie.(1987)
  4. Donald E. “Buz” Lukens (R-OH), Convicted of two counts of bribery and conspiracy. (1996)  See also Sex scandals.
  5. Anthony Lee Coelho (D-CA) Resigns rather than face inquiries from both the Justice Department and the House Ethics Committee about an allegedly unethical “junk bond” deal, which netted him $6,000. He was never charged with any crime (1989)
  6. Jim Wright (D-TX) House Speaker, resigned after an ethics investigation led by Newt Gingrich alleged improper receipt of $145,000 in gifts (1989)
  7. Keating Five (1980–1989) The failure of Lincoln Savings and Loan led to Charles Keating (R) donating to the campaigns of five Senators for help. Keating served 42 months in prison. The five were investigated by the Senate Ethics Committee which found that:
  8. Alan Cranston Senator (D-CA) reprimanded
  9. Dennis DeConcini Senator (D-AZ) acted improperly
  10. Don Riegle Senator (D-MI) acted improperly
  11. John Glenn Senator (D-OH) used poor judgment
  12. John McCain Senator (R-AZ) used poor judgment
  13. Abscam FBI sting involving fake ‘Arabs’ trying to bribe 31 congressmen.(1980)  The following six Congressmen were convicted:
  14. Harrison A. Williams Senator (D-NJ) Convicted on 9 counts of bribery and conspiracy. Sentenced to 3 years in prison.
  15. John Jenrette Representative (D-SC) sentenced to two years in prison for bribery and conspiracy.
  16. Richard Kelly (R-FL) Accepted $25K and then claimed he was conducting his own investigation into corruption. Served 13 months.
  17. Raymond Lederer (D-PA) “I can give you me” he said after accepting $50K. Sentenced to 3 years.
  18. Michael Myers (D-PA) Accepted $50K saying, “…money talks and bullshit walks.” Sentenced to 3 years and was expelled from the House.
  19. Frank Thompson (D-NJ) Sentenced to 3 years.
  20. John M. Murphy (D-NY) Served 20 months of a 3-year sentence.
  21. Also arrested were NJ State Senator Angelo Errichetti (D)  and members of the Philadelphia City Council. See Local scandals.
  22. Mario Biaggi (D-NY), Convicted of obstruction of justice and accepting illegal gratuities he was sentenced to 2½ years in prison and fined $500K for his role in the Wedtech scandal, see above. Just before expulsion from the House, he resigned. The next year he was convicted of another 15 counts of obstruction and bribery. (1988)
  23. Pat Swindall (R-GA) convicted of 6 counts of perjury. (1989)
  24. George V. Hansen (R-ID) censured for failing to file out disclosure forms. Spent 15 months in prison.
  25. James Traficant (D-OH), convicted of ten felony counts including bribery, racketeering and tax evasion and sentenced to 8 years in prison. He was expelled from the House July 24, (2002.)
  26. Frederick W. Richmond (D-NY),Convicted of tax evasion and possession of marijuana. Served 9 months(1982)
  27. Dan Flood (D-PA) censured for bribery. After a trial ended in a deadlocked jury, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to a year’s probation.
  28. Joshua Eilberg (D-PA) pleaded guilty to conflict-of-interest charges. In addition, he convinced president Carter to fire the U.S. Attorney investigating his case.

Judicial Branch

  1. Alcee Hastings (D-FL), Federal District court judge impeached by the House and convicted by the Senate of soliciting a bribe (1989). Subsequently elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (1992)
  2. Harry Claiborne (D-NE), Federal District court Judge impeached by the House and convicted by the Senate on two counts of tax evasion. He served over one year in prison.

1977–1980 James E. Carter Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Debategate: briefing book of President Jimmy Carter stolen and given to Ronald Reagan before U.S. presidential election, 1980
  2. Bert Lance (D), Director of OMB, resigned amidst allegations of misuse of funds during the sale of a Georgia bank to BCCI. No charges were ever filed.(1977)

Legislative branch

  1. Fred Richmond (D-NY) – Convicted of tax fraud and possession of marijuana. Served 9 months in prison. Charges of soliciting sex from a 16-year-old boy were dropped after he submitted to counseling. (1978)
  2. Charles Diggs (D-MI), convicted on 29 charges of mail fraud and filing false payroll forms which formed a kickback scheme with his staff. Sentenced to 3 years (1978)
  3. Herman Talmadge Senator (D-GA), On October 11, 1979 Talmadge was denounced by the Senate for “improper financial conduct.” He failed to be re-elected. (1979)
  4. Michael Myers (D-PA) Received suspended six-month jail term after pleading no contest to disorderly conduct charged stemming from an incident at a Virginia bar in which he allegedly attacked a hotel security guard and a cashier.
  5. Charles H. Wilson (D-CA) censured after he converted $25,000 in campaign funds to his own use and accepted $10,500 from a man with a direct interest in legislation before Congress. This was a later non-Park incident.
  6. John Connally (R-TX), Milk Money scandal. Accused of accepting a $10K bribe. He was acquitted. (1975)
  7. Richard Tonry (D-LA) pleaded guilty to receiving illegal campaign contributions.
  8. Koreagate scandal involving alleged bribery of more than 30 members of Congress by the South Korean government represented by Tongsun Park. Several other Koreans and Congressmen were allegedly involved, but not charged or reprimanded. The most notable are:
  9. Richard T. Hanna (D-CA) pleaded guilty  and sentenced to 6–30 months in federal prison. Wound up serving a year in prison.
  10. Otto E. Passman (D-LA) was accused of bribery and other charges, but found innocent.
  11. John J. McFall, Edward Roybal, and Charles H. Wilson, all (D-CA). Roybal was censured and Wilson was reprimanded, while McFall was reprimanded,

1974–1976 Gerald Ford Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Nixon pardon: The pardon by President Gerald Ford (R) of former President Richard Nixon (R), (who had appointed Ford his vice-president), just before Nixon could be tried by the Congress for conspiracy and impeached for his role in the Watergate scandal. (1974)

Legislative Branch

  1. Andrew J. Hinshaw (R-CA) Congressman convicted of accepting bribes while Assessor of Orange County. He served one year in prison. (1977)
  2. Wayne L. Hays (D-OH), resigned from Congress after hiring and promoting his mistress, Elizabeth Ray See sex scandals. (1976)
  3. Henry Helstoski (D-NJ) Indicted on charges of accepting bribes to aid immigrants but the case was dismissed by the Supreme Court. (1976)
  4. James F. Hastings (R-NY), convicted of kickbacks and mail fraud. Took money from his employees for personal use. Served 14 months at Allenwood penitentiary (1976)
  5. Robert L. F. Sikes (D-FL) reprimanded for conflict of interest in failing to disclose stock holdings.
  6. John V. Dowdy (D-TX), Served 6 months in prison for perjury. (1973)
  7. Bertram Podell (D-NY), pleaded guilty to conspiracy and conflict of interest. He was fined $5,000 and served four months in prison (1974)
  8. Frank Brasco (D-NY) Sentenced to three months in jail and fined $10,000 for conspiracy to accept bribes from a reputed Mafia figure who sought truck leasing contracts from the Post Office and loans to buy trucks.
  9. Frank Clark (D-PA) Paid congressional salaries to 13 Pennsylvania residents who performed no official duties.

Judicial Branch

  1. Otto Kerner, Jr. (D) Resigned as a judge of the Federal Seventh Circuit Court District after conviction for bribery, mail fraud and tax evasion while Governor of Illinois. He was sentenced to 3 years in prison and fined $50,000. (1974)

1969–1974 Richard M. Nixon Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Spiro Agnew Vice-President (R-MD) to Richard Nixon was convicted of tax fraud stemming from bribery charges in Maryland and forced to resign. Nixon replaced him as V.P. with Gerald R. Ford (R-MI)(1973)
  2. Bebe Rebozo (R) investigated for accepting large contribution to Nixon campaign. No charges were filed (1973)
  3. Watergate (1972–1973) Republican ‘bugging’ of the Democratic Party National Headquarters at the Watergate Hotel led to a burglary which was discovered. The cover up of the affair by President Richard Nixon (R) and his staff resulted in 69 government officials being charged and 48 pleading guilty. Eventually, Nixon resigned his position.
  4. John N. Mitchell (R) Attorney General of the United States, convicted of perjury.
  5. Richard Kleindienst (R) Attorney General, found guilty of “refusing to answer questions” given one month in jail.
  6. Jeb Stuart Magruder (R) Head of Committee to Re-elect the President, pled guilty to 1 count of conspiracy, August 1973
  7. Frederick C. LaRue (R) Advisor to John Mitchell, convicted of obstruction of justice.
  8. H. R. Haldeman (R) Chief of Staff for Nixon, convicted of perjury
  9. John Ehrlichman (R) Counsel to Nixon, convicted of perjury.
  10. Egil Krogh Jr. (R) Aid to John Ehrlichman, sentenced to 6 months.
  11. John W. Dean III (R) Counsel to Nixon, convicted of obstruction of justice.
  12. Dwight L. Chapin (R) Deputy Assistant to Nixon, convicted of perjury.
  13. Herbert W. Kalmbach (R) personal attorney to Nixon, convicted of illegal campaigning.
  14. Charles W. Colson (R) Special Counsel to Nixon, convicted of obstruction of justice.
  15. Herbert L. Porter (R) Aid to the Committee to Re-elect the President. Convicted of perjury.
  16. G. Gordon Liddy (R) Special Investigations Group, convicted of burglary.
  17. E. Howard Hunt (R) ‘security consultant,’ convicted of burglary.
  18. James W. McCord Jr. (R) guilty of six charges of burglary, conspiracy and wiretapping.
  19. Virgilio Gonzalez guilty of burglary.
  20. Bernard Barker guilty of burglary.
  21. Eugenio Martinez guilty of burglary.
  22. Frank Sturgis guilty of burglary.
  23. Pentagon Papers Exposed unconstitutional actions and coverup by Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson (D) and Richard Nixon (R) in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos from 1964 through 1971.
  24. Richard Helms, Head of the CIA, denied his role in the overthrow of Chilean President Salvador Allende and was convicted of perjury. He also destroyed all record of over 150 CIA mind control experiments of the MKULTRA project for which he was not prosecuted.

Legislative Branch

  1. Cornelius Gallagher (D-NJ) pleaded guilty to tax evasion, and served two years in prison.
  2. J. Irving Whalley (R-PA) Received suspended three-year sentence and fined $11,000 in 1973 for using mails to deposit staff salary kickbacks and threatening an employee to prevent her from giving information to the FBI.
  3. Martin B. McKneally (R-NY) Placed on one-year probation and fined $5,000 in 1971 for failing to file income tax return. He had not paid taxes for many years prior.

Judicial Branch

  1. Harold Carswell (R): Was not nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court (1970) after publication of a 20-year-old speech: “I yield to no man… in the firm, vigorous belief in the principles of white supremacy.” Was also alleged to be hostile to women’s rights. Roman Hruska (Republican, Nebraska) defended Carswell by stating:
  2. “Even if he were mediocre, there are a lot of mediocre judges and people and lawyers. They are entitled to a little representation, aren’t they, and a little chance? We can’t have all Brandeises, Frankfurters and Cardozos.” Later arrested in (1976) for homosexual advances in a men’s washroom.
  3. Harold Carswell Judge (R): Was nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court (1970) by Richard Nixon, but was not confirmed. Civil-rights advocates questioned his civil rights record, citing his voiced support for racial segregation during his unsuccessful election bid in 1948. Various feminists, including Betty Friedan, testified before the Senate, opposed his nomination and contributed to his defeat.
  4. Roman Hruska (Republican, Nebraska) stated:
  5. “Even if he were mediocre, there are a lot of mediocre judges and people and lawyers. They are entitled to a little representation, aren’t they, and a little chance? We can’t have all Brandeises, Frankfurters and Cardozos.”

1963–1968 Lyndon B. Johnson Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Bobby Baker (D), adviser to President Lyndon B. Johnson: resigned after charges of favoritism (1963)
  2. Billy Sol Estes (D): convicted felon who donated to Lyndon Johnson and influenced Texas elections (1961);

Legislative Branch

  1. Ted Kennedy Senator (D-MA) drove his car into the channel between Chappaquiddick Island and Martha’s Vineyard, killing passenger Mary Jo Kopechne. Kennedy pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident and received a suspended sentence of two months  (1969)
  2. Thomas J. Dodd, Senator (D-CT): Censured by the Senate for financial misconduct (1967)
  3. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (D-NY): was expelled from Congress but won the special election as his own replacement (1967)
  4. Daniel Brewster (D-MD) Senator pleaded no contest to accepting an illegal gratuity in 1975 and fined $10,000. Brewster was convicted in 1972 of accepting $14,500 from a lobbyist, and got a six-year term in 1973 over the conviction, but the conviction was overturned on grounds of unclear jury instructions.

Judicial Branch

  1. Abe Fortas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (D): resigned when he was discovered to be a paid consultant to a convicted criminal. No charges were ever filed. (1969)

1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Administration

Legislative Branch

  1. Thomas F. Johnson (D-MD) In 1962, he was indicted on charges of members of Maryland’s S&L industry bribing him and lost his seat. Later was convicted of conspiracy and conflict of interest in 1968, served 3 1/2 months of a 6-month sentence and was fined $5,000.
  2. Frank Boykin (D-AL) Was placed on six months’ probation in 1963 following conviction in a case involving a conflict of interest and conspiracy to defraud the government. His prison sentence was suspended on age and health grounds and was fined $40,000 total. He was pardoned by President Lyndon Johnson in 1965.

1953–1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower Administration

Executive Branch

  1. Richard Nixon (R): Eisenhower’s V-P nominee delivers “Checkers Speech”, to deflect scandal about $18,000 in gifts, maintaining the only personal gift he had received was a dog (1952)
  2. (Llewelyn) Sherman A. Adams (R), Chief of Staff to President Dwight Eisenhower. Cited for Contempt of Congress and forced to resign because he refused to answer questions about an oriental rug and vicuna coat given to his wife.(1958)

Legislative Branch

  1. McCarthyism: A broad political and cultural purge against people suspected of sympathy with communism, starting near the end of World War II and reaching its climax in the investigations of Sen. Joseph McCarthy. The Senate passed a resolution of condemnation against McCarthy in 1954 after an embarrassing investigation of the United States Army, ending his career, but anti-communist purges continued for several years.
  2. Thomas J. Lane (D-MA) convicted for evading taxes on his congressional income. Served 4 months in prison, but was re-elected three more times before his 1962 defeat due to re-districting. (1956)
  3. Ernest K. Bramblett (R-CA) Received a suspended sentence and a $5,000 fine in 1955 for making false statements in connection with payroll padding and kickbacks from congressional employees.

1945–1952 Harry S. Truman Administration

Executive Branch

  1. A Justice Department investigation of the Internal Revenue Service led to the firing or resignation of 166 lower level employees causing President Harry Truman (D) to be stained with charges of corruption (1950)

Legislative Branch

  1. Walter E. Brehm (R-OH) convicted of accepting contributions illegally from one of his employees. Received a 15 month suspended sentence and a $5,000 fine.
  2. J. Parnell Thomas (R-NJ): a member of the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), was convicted of salary fraud and given an 18-month sentence and a fine, resigning from Congress in 1950. He was imprisoned in Danbury Prison with two of the Hollywood Ten he had helped put there. After serving his 18 months he was pardoned by Truman (D) in 1952,
  3. Andrew J. May (D-KY) Convicted of accepting bribes in 1947 from a war munitions manufacturer. Was sentenced to 9 months in prison, after which he was pardoned by Truman (D) in 1952.
  4. James Michael Curley (D-MA) was sentenced to 6–18 months on mail fraud and spent five months in prison before his sentence was commuted by President Truman (1947)

Political Assassinations in the World


Countries with The Highest Number of Political Assassinations in the World

With few exceptions, political assassination is common in countries having liberal democracy; international secret societies; and powerful corporations. Such combination leads to the formation of organized criminality at top levels. Their criminal activities include political assassinations; and also massive corruption.

Princess Diana

Here is a list showing the countries with highest number of political assassinations arranged in order (Rank; Number of assassinations; and country name). This statistics does not include those who are murdered under judiciary and legal pretexts:

  1. 45 Japan; (ranks #1 with 45 political assignations).
  2. 44 United States
  3. 43  Italy (and former Roman Empire)
  4. 41  Assassinations in Russia and the Soviet Union
  5. 37 France
  6. 33  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  7. 30  Israel
  8. 23 Sri Lanka
  9. 22 Turkey
  10. 22  Germany
  11. 21 Lebanon
  12. 20 Mexico
  13. 20  Iraq
  14. 18 Philippines
  15. 18  Greece
  16. 17 Afghanistan
  17. 17  El Salvador
  18. 16 Spain
  19. 15  Egypt
  20. 15  Colombia
  21. 14 Iran
  22. 14  Algeria
  23. 13 Pakistan
  24. 11 Netherlands
  25. 11 Ireland
  26. 10 China
  27. 10 Bulgaria
  28. 10  Syria

Countries arranged aphetically with the first heading number showing the total political assassinations:

14 Algeria

John F. Kennedy

  1. Hiempsal (117 BC), co-ruler of Numidia
  2. Charles de Foucauld (December 1, 1916), French Catholic religious and priest
  3. François Darlan (December 24, 1942), senior figure of Vichy France
  4. Mohamed Khemisti (April 11, 1963), Algerian foreign minister [3]
  5. Mustafa Bouyali (February 3, 1987), Islamic fundamentalist
  6. Mohamed Boudiaf (June 29, 1992), Head of State of Algeria, shot at Annaba [4]
  7. Kasdi Merbah (August 22, 1993), former Prime Minister of Algeria
  8. Abdelkader Alloula (March 10, 1994), playwright
  9. Cheb Hasni (September 29, 1994), singer
  10. Seven monks of the Trappistes of Tibérine (March 27, 1996)
  11. Pierre Claverie (August 1, 1996), Catholic bishop of Oran
  12. Lounès Matoub (June 25, 1998), singer
  13. Abdelkader Hachani (November 22, 1999), Islamic fundamentalist
  14. Ali Tounsi (February 25, 2010), chief of the national police

15 Egypt

Abraham Lincoln

  1. Pompey the Great (48 BC), Roman general and politician killed in Egypt
  2. Al-Afdal Shahanshah (1121), vizier of Fatimid Egypt
  3. Al-Amir (1130), Fatimid Caliph
  4. Qutuz (1260), Mamluk sultan of Egypt
  5. Jean Baptiste Kléber (1800), French general
  6. Boutros Ghali (1910), Prime Minister of Egypt
  7. Sir Lee Stack (1924), Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
  8. Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne (1944), the UK’s Minister Resident in the Middle East
  9. Ahmed Maher Pasha (1945 February 24), Prime Minister of Egypt [6]
  10. Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi (1948 December 28), Prime Minister of Egypt [7]
  11. Hassan al-Banna (1949), founder of the Muslim Brotherhood
  12. Wasfi al-Tal (1971 November 28), Prime Minister of Jordan shot during visit to Cairo [1]
  13. Anwar Sadat (1981 October 6), President of Egypt, shot while reviewing military parade [1]
  14. Rifaat al-Mahgoub (1990), speaker of Egyptian parliament
  15. Farag Foda (1992), Egyptian politician and intellectual

15 Colombia

  1. Antonio José de Sucre (1830), Venezuelan politician, statesman, soldier
  2. Rafael Uribe Uribe (1914), Lawyer, journalist, diplomat, soldier
  3. Jorge Eliécer Gaitán (1948), Liberal Party leader
  4. Rodrigo Lara Bonilla (1984), Minister of Justice
  5. Jaime Pardo Leal (1987), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party
  6. Guillermo Cano Isaza (1986), Director of El Espectador newspaper
  7. Luis Carlos Galán (1989), Presidential candidate, leader of the Colombian Liberal Party
  8. Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa (1990 March 22), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party [1]
  9. Carlos Pizarro Leongómez (1990), Presidential candidate, leader of the M-19 party
  10. Diana Turbay (1991), journalist and daughter of former Colombian president Julio César Turbay Ayala
  11. Andrés Escobar (1994), International footballer
  12. Manuel Cepeda Vargas (1994), Senator, leader of the Patriotic Union party
  13. Alvaro Gómez Hurtado (1995), former presidential candidate and director of El Nuevo Siglo newspaper
  14. Jaime Garzón (1999), Notable journalist and satirist
  15. Guillermo Gaviria Correa (2003), Governor of Antioquia

17 El Salvador

  1. Manuel Enrique Araujo (1913), President of El Salvador
  2. Farabundo Martí (1932), communist leader and peasant revolt organizer.
  3. Roque Dalton (1975), poet and revolutionary.
  4. Rutilio Grande García, S.J. (1977), Roman Catholic priest
  5. Alfonso Navarro Oviedo (1977), Roman Catholic priest
  6. Ernesto Barrera (1978), Roman Catholic priest
  7. Octavio Ortiz Luna (1979), Roman Catholic priest
  8. Rafael Palacios (1979), Roman Catholic priest
  9. Alirio Napoleón Macías (1979), Roman Catholic priest
  10. Óscar Arnulfo Romero (1980), Archbishop of San Salvador, by right-wing death squad
  11. Enrique Álvarez Córdova (1980) and five other leaders of the opposition Democratic Revolutionary Front (“FDR,” for its Spanish initials), captured and killed by government aligned security forces.
  12. Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Dorothy Kazel, and Jean Donovan (1980), Roman Catholic nuns, by the National Guard of El Salvador
  13. Albert Schaufelberger (1983), senior U.S. Naval representative
  14. Ignacio Ellacuría (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
  15. Ignacio Martin-Baro (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
  16. Segundo Montes (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
  17. María Cristina Gómez, 1989, teacher and community leader

20 Mexico

  1. Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotl (1520), Mexica Emperor
  2. Francisco I. Madero (1913 February 23), President of Mexico[3] plus Gustavo A. Madero and José María Pino Suárez
  3. Abraham González (1913 March 7), revolutionary, governor of Chihuahua and mentor to Pancho Villa
  4. Emiliano Zapata (1919), revolutionary
  5. Venustiano Carranza (1920 May 20), President of Mexico[3]
  6. Doroteo Arango a.k.a. Pancho Villa (1923 July 20), revolutionary[10]
  7. Felipe Carrillo Puerto (1924), Governor of Yucatán
  8. Álvaro Obregón (1928 July 17), President-elect[10]
  9. Julio Antonio Mella (1929), Cuban revolutionary
  10. Leon Trotsky (1940 August 20), Russian communist leader[10]
  11. Enrique Camarena (1985), policeman
  12. Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz (1986), Journalist and State governor
  13. Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo (1993), Roman Catholic Cardinal of Guadalajara, at the Guadalajara Airport
  14. Luis Donaldo Colosio (1994 March 23), Presidential candidate[1]
  15. Francisco Ortiz Franco (1994), contributing editor to Zeta.
  16. José Francisco Ruiz Massieu (1994), Secretary-General of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional
  17. Paco Stanley (1999), Comedian
  18. Digna Ochoa (2001), human rights lawyer
  19. Jesús Manuel Lara Rodríguez (2010), Mayor of Guadalupe
  20. Rodolfo Torre Cantú (2010), politician

44 United States

  1. Elijah P. Lovejoy (1837), editor of an abolitionist newspaper, the “Alton Observer”, by a mob of pro-slavery advocates.
  2. James Strang (1856), Michigan State Representative and leader of the Strangite Church.
  3. Abraham Lincoln (1865), 16th President of the United States.
  4. James A. Garfield (1881), 20th President of the United States.
  5. David Hennessy (1890), Police Chief of New Orleans.
  6. Samuel Newitt Wood (1891), Kansas Legislator and Senator.
  7. Carter Harrison (1893), Mayor of Chicago.
  8. William Goebel (1900), governor of Kentucky.
  9. William McKinley (1901), 25th President of the United States.
  10. Don Mellett (1926), newspaper editor and campaigner against organized crime.
  11. Anton Cermak (1931), Mayor of Chicago.
  12. Huey Long (1935), U.S. Senator, Louisiana.
  13. Walter Liggett (1935), Minnesota newspaper editor.
  14. Carlo Tresca (1943), anarchist organizer.
  15. Curtis Chillingworth (1955), a Florida judge.
  16. John F. Kennedy (1963), 35th President of the United States.
  17. Medgar Evers (1963 June 12), U.S. civil rights activist.[1]
  18. Malcolm X (1965 February 21), black Muslim leader, killed in a Manhattan banquet room as he began a speech.
  19. George Lincoln Rockwell (1967), founder of the American Nazi Party.
  20. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1968 April 4), U.S. civil rights activist.[1]
  21. Robert F. Kennedy (1968), leading presidential candidate in the 1968 presidential election
  22. Fred Hampton (1969), Deputy Chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party.
  23. Dan Mitrione (1970), FBI agent and torture expert, killed by the guerrilla movement Tupamaros.
  24. Marcus Foster (1973), School District Superintendent in Oakland CA, killed by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army.
  25. Don Bolles (1976), Investigative reporter for Arizona Republic, killed in car bomb, Max Dunlap and James Robison convicted, alleged Mafia ties.
  26. Orlando Letelier (1976), Chilean ambassador to the United States under the administration of Salvador Allende.
  27. George Moscone (1978, November 27) Mayor of San Francisco, shot and killed by Dan White in San Francisco City Hall.
  28. Harvey Milk (1978, November 27) San Francisco city supervisor, shot and killed by Dan White in San Francisco City Hall.
  29. John Lennon (1980 December 8), British musician, member of The Beatles, shot and killed by Mark David Chapman.
  30. Alan Berg (1984), radio talk-show host, killed by Neo-nazis.
  31. Henry Liu (1984), Taiwanese-American writer, allegedly killed by Kuomintang agents.
  32. Alex Odeh (1985), Arab anti-discrimination group leader, killed when bomb exploded in his Santa Ana, California office.
  33. Alejandro González Malavé (1986), famous undercover policeman, in Bayamón, Puerto Rico.
  34. Meir David Kahane (1990), Member of the Israeli Knesset, Founder of the JDL and the Kach Party, Zionist
  35. Ioan P. Culianu (1991), Romanian historian of religion, culture, and ideas, professor at the University of Chicago, assassinated there in Swift Hall, apparently for his political writings.
  36. David Gunn (1993), abortion doctor.
  37. John Britton (1994), abortion doctor.
  38. Selena Quintanilla (1995), tex-mex singer assassinated by Yolanda Saldivar, her fan club’s president.
  39. Barnett Slepian (1998), abortion doctor.
  40. Thomas C. Wales (2001), federal prosecutor and gun control advocate.
  41. Chauncey Bailey (2007), Oakland Tribune journalist.
  42. Bill Gwatney (2008), Chairman of The Arkansas Democratic Party
  43. George Tiller (2009), late-term abortion doctor, shot as he ushered at his church.
  44. John M. Roll (2011), federal judge in Arizona

17 Afghanistan

  1. Habibullah Khan (1919), emir of Afghanistan
  2. Mohammed Nadir Shah (1933 November 8), king of Afghanistan [11]
  3. Mohammed Daoud Khan (1978), president of Afghanistan killed in communist coup
  4. Adolph Dubs (1979 February 14), U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan [1]
  5. Nur Mohammad Taraki (1979), communist president
  6. Hafizullah Amin (1979), communist Prime Minister of Afghanistan killed during Soviet invasion
  7. Meena Keshwar Kamal (1987), Afghan founder of the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
  8. Mohammed Najibullah (1996), president of Afghanistan from 1986 to 1992, killed by the Taliban during the capture of Kabul
  9. Ahmed Shah Massoud (2001), leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance
  10. Abdul Haq (2001), Afghan Northern Alliance commander killed by remnants of the Taliban
  11. Mohammed Atef (2001) alleged military chief of al-Qaeda
  12. Juma Namangani (2001) Co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  13. Abdul Qadir (2002 July 6), vice-president of Afghanistan [1]
  14. Abdul Rahman (2002 February 14), Afghan Minister for Civil Aviation and Tourism [1]
  15. Dadullah (2007), Taliban’s senior military commander
  16. Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani (2007), former Prime Minister of Afghanistan
  17. Tohir Yo‘ldosh (2009), Co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

10 China

  1. Sidibala (1323), grand-khan of the Mongol Empire, Emperor of Yuan China
  2. João Maria Ferreira do Amaral (1849), Portuguese Governor of Macau
  3. Ma Xinyi (1870), a governor assassinated by Zhang Wenxiang in the summer of 1870.
  4. Ito Hirobumi (1909), Japanese Resident-General of Korea, in Manchuria
  5. Chen Qimei (1916), revolutionary activist
  6. Liao Zhongkai (1925)
  7. Zhang Zuolin (1928), Manchurian warlord, by officers of the Japanese Guandong Army
  8. Fang Zhenwu (1941)
  9. Wen Yiduo (1946), Chinese poet and scholar
  10. Li Shiming (2008), Chinese government official

14 Iran

  1. Xerxes I (465 BC), Persian king killed by guards
  2. Xerxes II (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Sogdianus
  3. Sogdianus (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Darius II
  4. Nizam al-Mulk (1092), Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuk Turks
  5. Nader Shah (1747), Shah of Persia
  6. Nasser-al-Din Shah (1896), Shah of Persia killed by Mirza Reza Kermani
  7. Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III (1930), Iranian Diplomat and Politician
  8. Abdolhossein Teymourtash (1933), Iranian Statesman
  9. Qazi Muhammad (1947), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leader, in Mahabad
  10. Ali Razmara (1951), Prime Minister of Iran
  11. Hassan Ali Mansur (1965 January 21), Prime Minister of Iran [10]
  12. Mohammad Beheshti (1981), killed along with 71 others in bombing
  13. Mohammad Ali Rajai (1981), president of Iran
  14. Mohammad Javad Bahonar (1981), Prime Minister of Iran, killed in bombing with Rajai

20 Iraq

  1. Gordian III (244), Roman emperor, near Circesium (modern day Abu Sera) by his troops
  2. Faisal II (1958 July 14), King of Iraq[10]
  3. Nuri Pasha as-Said (1958 July 14), Prime Minister of Iraq[3]
  4. Abdul Razak al-Naif (1978 July 9), former Prime Minister of Iraq, killed in London[10]
  5. Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr (1980), former Grand Ayatollah
  6. Bint al-Huda (1980), Iraqi educator and political activist she was killed by Saddam Hussein along with her brother, Ayatullah Sayyid Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr
  7. Mahdi al-Hakim (1988), prominent figure in the Iraqi opposition, assassinated in the lobby of the Hilton in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, his companion Halim Abd-alWahhab was wounded in the leg.
  8. Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr (1999), former Grand Ayatollah, killed in the Iraqi city of Najaf along with two of his sons.
  9. Sérgio Vieira de Mello (2003), UN Special Representative in Iraq
  10. Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim (2003), ayatollah
  11. Aquila al-Hashimi (2003), Iraqi Governing Council member
  12. Waldemar Milewicz (2004), Polish journalist
  13. Hatem Kamil (2004), deputy governor of Baghdad Province
  14. Ezzedine Salim (2004), chairman of the Iraqi Governing Council
  15. Dhari Ali al-Fayadh (2005), Iraqi MP
  16. Ihab al-Sherif (2005), Egyptian envoy to Iraq
  17. Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (2006) leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)
  18. Abdul Sattar Abu Risha (2007), Sunni tribal leader
  19. Mohamed Moumou (2008), Number 2 leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq and senior leader in Northern Iraq
  20. Riad Abdel Majid (2009), Brigadier General in the Iraqi Army[12]

30 Israel

  1. Ish-bosheth (c1000 BC), King of Israel, by two of his captains
  2. Abner (c1000 BC), Commander of Ish-bosheth’s army, by Joab, commander of David’s army
  3. Amnon (c1000 BC), son of King David, by servants of Absalom, his brother
  4. Absalom (c1000 BC), son of King David, by Joab, commander of David’s army
  5. Nadab (c910), King of Israel, by Baasha, one of his military commanders, who succeeded him
  6. Elah (c886), King of Israel, by Zimri, captain of his chariot corps, during a drinking party (Zimri succeeded him)
  7. Jehoram, King of Israel, by Jehu, one of his chariot commanders, who succeeded him
  8. Ahaziah, King of Judah, by Jehu, at the same time as that of Jehoram of Israel
  9. Athaliah, Queen of Judah, during a conspiracy of priests in favor of the boy Jehoash, who succeeded her
  10. Jehoash (c800 BC), King of Judah, by his servants
  11. Amaziah (c768 BC), King of Judah, by unknown conspirators
  12. Zechariah (c752 BC), King of Israel, publicly assassinated by Shallum, who succeeded him
  13. Shallum (c752 BC), King of Israel, by Menahem, one of his generals, who succeeded him
  14. Pekahiah (c737 BC), King of Israel, by Pekah, one of his military commanders, who succeeded him
  15. Pekah (c732 BC), King of Israel, by Hoshea, who succeeded him
  16. Amon (c651 BC), King of Judah, by his servants
  17. Simon Maccabaeus (135 BC), Hasmonean king, by his son-in-law Ptolemy
  18. Hugh II of Le Puiset (1134), count of Jaffa
  19. Miles of Plancy (1174), regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
  20. Conrad of Montferrat (1192), King of Jerusalem, leader in the Third Crusade
  21. Jacob Israël de Haan (1924), pro-Orthodox Jewish diplomat
  22. Haim Arlosoroff (1933), Zionist leader in the British Mandate of Palestine
  23. Thomas C. Wasson (1948), US Consul General in Jerusalem
  24. Folke Bernadotte (1948), Middle East peace mediator, assassinated by Lehi [3]
  25. Rudolf Kasztner (1957), Hungarian Zionist leader, negotiated the Kasztner train with the Nazis
  26. Sheikh Hamad Abu Rabia (1981), Member of the Knesset
  27. Emil Grunzweig (1983), Peace activist, member of Peace Now movement.
  28. Yitzhak Rabin (1995), Prime Minister of Israel and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize recipient [1]
  29. Binyamin Ze’ev Kahane (2000), Son of Meir David Kahane, Leader of Kahane Chai, Zionist
  30. Rehavam Zeevi (2001), Israeli general and politician

45 Japan

  1. Emperor Ankō (456), Emperor of Japan
  2. Emperor Sushun (592), Emperor of Japan
  3. The Sogas (645), Japanese political family
  4. Minamoto no Yoshitomo (1160), head of Minamoto clan, father of Minamoto no Yoritomo
  5. Minamoto no Sanetomo (1219), the third shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate
  6. Ashikaga Yoshinori (1441), the sixth shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate
  7. Ōta Dōkan (1486), samurai, architect and builder of Edo Castle
  8. Hosokawa Masamoto (1507), shugo daimyo of Ashikaga Shogunate
  9. Matsudaira Kiyoyasu (1535), daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
  10. Matsudaira Hirotada (1549), daimyo, son of Matsudaira Kiyoyasu
  11. Ōuchi Yoshitaka (1551), daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
  12. Oda Nobuyuki (1557), Japanese samurai, younger brother of Oda Nobunaga
  13. Ashikaga Yoshiteru (1565), Shogun, feudal leader in Japan
  14. Mimura Iechika (1566), daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
  15. Yamanaka Shikanosuke (1578), Japanese samurai
  16. Oda Nobunaga (1582), samurai warlord
  17. Shakushain (1669), Ainu chieftain
  18. Kira Yoshinaka,(1703), master of ceremonies
  19. Shimazu Nariaki (1858), Japanese daimyo in Satsuma Province, now Kagoshima prefecture
  20. Ii Naosuke (1860), Japanese politician
  21. Tokugawa Nariaki (1860), Japanese daimyo, a relative of Tokugawa shoguns
  22. Charles Lennox Richardson (1862), English diplomat, by Shimazu Hisamitsu’s samurai in Namamugi. Called the Namamugi Incident
  23. Serizawa Kamo (1863), a chief of Shinsen-gumi
  24. Sakuma Shozan (1864), Japanese politician
  25. Sakamoto Ryoma (1867), Japanese author
  26. Ōmura Masujirō (1869), military leader and theorist
  27. Yokoi Shōnan (1869), scholar and politician
  28. Okubo Toshimichi (1878), Home Minister of Japan, briefly most powerful man in Japan
  29. Mori Arinori (1889), First Education Minister
  30. Prince Ito Hirobumi (1909 October 26), First Prime Minister of Japan [11]
  31. Hara Takashi (1921), Prime Minister of Japan
  32. Yasuda Zenjirō (1921), entrepreneur who founded Yasuda zaibatsu, great-grand father of Yoko Ono
  33. Hamaguchi Osachi (1931), Prime Minister of Japan
  34. Dan Takuma (1932), zaibatsu leader
  35. Inukai Tsuyoshi (1932), Prime Minister of Japan
  36. Yoshinori Shirakawa (1932), general of the Imperial Japanese Army
  37. Tetsuzan Nagata (1935), general of the Imperial Japanese Army
  38. Saitō Makoto (1936), admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy
  39. Takahashi Korekiyo (1936), Prime Minister of Japan
  40. Inejiro Asanuma (1960), Socialist Party of Japan chairman
  41. Kazuo Nagano (1985), Japanese chairman
  42. Hitoshi Igarashi (1991), translated The Satanic Verses into Japanese
  43. Hideo Murai (1995), one of the leading members of Aum Shinrikyo
  44. Koki Ishii (2002), Japanese politician
  45. Iccho Itoh (2007), Mayor of Nagasaki

21 Lebanon

  1. Raymond II of Tripoli (1152), count of Tripoli
  2. Philip of Montfort (1270), Lord of Tyre
  3. Sami al-Hinnawi (1950), Syrian head of state
  4. Francis E. Meloy, Jr. and Robert O. Waring, US Ambassador and US Economic Councelor to Lebanon and their driver Zuhair Mohammed Moghrabi (1976 June 16)[7]
  5. Kamal Jumblatt (1977), Lebanese Druze leader
  6. Tony Frangieh (1978), Lebanese Christian leader
  7. Bachir Gemayel (1982), president-elect of Lebanon, killed by bomb [1]
  8. Rashid Karami (1987 June 1), Prime Minister of Lebanon, killed by bomb aboard helicopter [1]
  9. René Moawad (1989), President of Lebanon
  10. Dany Chamoun (1990), son of late president Camille Chamoun
  11. Elie Hobeika (2002), Lebanese militia leader
  12. Rafik Hariri (2005), former Prime Minister of Lebanon
  13. Bassel Fleihan (2005), Lebanese legislator and Minister of Economy and Commerce
  14. Samir Kassir (2005), Columnist at “An Nahar” daily Lebanese newspaper, long a fiery critic of Syria
  15. George Hawi (2005), former chief of Lebanese Communist Party
  16. Gibran Tueni (2005), Editor in Chief of “An Nahar” daily Lebanese newspaper
  17. Pierre Gemayel (2006), Minister of Industry of Lebanon
  18. Walid Eido (2007), member of the National Assembly
  19. Antoine Ghanim (2007), member of the National Assembly
  20. François al-Hajj (2007) Lebanese Military General
  21. Wissam Eid (2008) National Security, Information Sector

13 Pakistan

  1. Liaquat Ali Khan (1951 October 16), first Prime Minister of Pakistan [1]
  2. Hayat Sherpao (1975), Former Governor of the North-West Frontier Province was killed by Afghan extremist.
  3. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (1988 August 17), 10-year President of Pakistan and 12-year Chief of Army Staff in a mysterious aircraft accident which seemed to be a bomb blast (traced to a crate of mangoes placed into his aircraft).
  4. Abdullah Yusuf Azzam (1989), militant Islamist, near Peshawar
  5. Fazle Haq (1991), former governor of the Northwest Frontier province, Pakistan, from 1978 to 1985
  6. Ghulam Haider Wyne (Sep 1993) Former Chief Minister of Punjab
  7. Iqbal Masih (1995), 13-year-old anti-child labor activist, in Rakh Baoli
  8. Hakim Said (1998), Founder of Hamdard Foundation and Hamdard University, Karachi. Former Governor of Sindh
  9. Siddiq Khan Kanju (2001), former foreign minister of Pakistan from 1991 to 1993
  10. Benazir Bhutto (2007 December 27), former Prime Minister of Pakistan (first and only lady Prime minister of Pakistan), by unknown assassins
  11. Baitullah Mehsud (2009) Leader of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
  12. Salman Taseer (2011 January 4), Governor of Punjab
  13. Shahbaz Bhatti (2011 March 2), Minorities Minister

18 Philippines

  1. Ferdinand Magellan (1521) thwarted globe circumnavigator
  2. Fernando Manuel de Bustamante (1719), Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines
  3. Diego Silang (1763), early rebel leader
  4. Antonio Luna (1899), a leader of the Filipino army during Philippine-American War
  5. Julio Nalundasan (1935), Ilocos Congressman, young Ferdinand Marcos tried but acquitted for the slaying
  6. Aurora Quezon (1949), former First Lady of the Philippines
  7. Ponciano Bernardo (1949), mayor of then Philippine capital Quezon City
  8. Joe Lingad (1980), former Pampanga governor
  9. Benigno Aquino, Jr. (1983 August 21), senator and politician, leader of the opposition against Ferdinand Marcos [1]
  10. Cesar Climaco (1984), Mayor of Zamboanga City and prominent opposition leader
  11. Evelio Javier (1986), Antique governor and ally of then presidential candidate Corazon Aquino
  12. Emma Henry (1986), police officer and film actress
  13. Lean Alejandro (1987), prominent student activist leader
  14. Roy Padilla, Sr. (1988), Camarines Norte Governor, Father of Robin Padilla
  15. James N. Rowe (1989), US Military advisor
  16. Filemon ‘Ka Popoy’ Lagman (2001), founder of the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP)
  17. Alberto Ramento (2006), bishop of the Philippine Independent Church
  18. Wahab Akbar (2007), Congress Representative of Basilan

23 Sri Lanka

  1. Solomon Bandaranaike (1959 September 25), Sri Lankan prime minister, by Buddhist monk Talduwe Somarama, who later converts to Christianity[1]
  2. Alfred Duraiyapah (1975), former Mayor, Jaffna, by LTTE
  3. Vijaya Kumaratunga (1989), movie actor turned SLFP-SLMP politician, by JVP.
  4. Rohana Wijeweera (1989), founder of JVP, by Sri Lankan Armed Forces
  5. Appapillai Amrithalingam) (1989), founder of separatist party TULF, by LTTE
  6. Ranjan Wijeratne (1991), Foreign minister & Minister of State for Defence, MP, by LTTE
  7. Lalith Athulathmudali (1993), former cabinet minister, MP, purportedly by LTTE (but believed by many Sri Lankans to have been orchestrated by rival Ranasinghe Premadasa)
  8. Ranasinghe Premadasa (1993), President of Sri Lanka, purportedly by LTTE (but possibly revenge for his own orchestrating murder of political rival Lalith Athulathmudali, to whom he feared losing election)
  9. Gamini Dissanayake (1994), Presidential candidate, UNP, member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by LTTE
  10. Sarojini Yogeswaran (1998), Jaffna Mayor, by LTTE
  11. Ponnudurai Sivapalan (1998), Jaffna Mayor, by LTTE
  12. Neelan Thiruchelvam (1999), Member of Parliament (MP) and TULF leader
  13. Lakshman Algama (1999), UNP politician, by LTTE
  14. C.V.Gunaratne (2000), cabinet minister, by LTTE
  15. Joseph Pararajasingham (2005), Tamil MP in Batticalo, by GoSL supported para-military Karuna Group
  16. Lakshman Kadirgamar (2005), foreign minister, by LTTE
  17. Parami Kulatunga (2006), army general, by LTTE
  18. Nadarajah Raviraj (2006), MP and Tamil National Alliance politician, by GoSL paramilitary Group
  19. T. Maheswaran (2008), UNP Tamil MP for voicing human rights violations of GoSL, by Sri Lanka IB associate.
  20. D. M. Dassanayake (2008), Nation Building Minister and SLFP MP, by LTTE
  21. K. Sivanesan (2008), TNA Tamil MP, by Sri Lankan Army DPU.
  22. Jeyaraj Fernandopulle (2008),Minister of Highways and Road Development and SLFP MP, LTTE
  23. Lasantha Wickrematunge (2009), Journalist (The Sunday Leader), by unknown

10 Syria

  1. Antiochus II Theos (246 BC), Seleucid king
  2. Seleucus III Ceraunus (223 BC), Seleucid king
  3. Seleucus IV Philopator (176 BC), Seleucid king
  4. Alexander Balas (146 BC), Seleucid king
  5. Antiochus VI Dionysus (138 BC), Seleucid heir to the throne
  6. Numerian (285), Roman emperor, by his father-in-law, Arrius Aper, in Emesa (modern-day Homs)
  7. Zengi (1146), ruler of Aleppo and Mosul and founder of the Zengid Dynasty
  8. Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar (1940), Syrian nationalist
  9. Muhammad Suleiman (2008), Syrian general and security adviser to president Bashar al-Assad
  10. Imad Mughniyah (2008), senior member of Hezbollah

22 Turkey

  1. Mahmud Şevket Pasha (1913), prime minister
  2. Mustafa Suphi (1921), communist leader
  3. Abdi İpekçi (1979), liberal journalist
  4. Metin Yüksel (1979), Islamic political activist
  5. Cavit Orhan Tütengil (1979), Kemalist academician and writer
  6. Kemal Türkler (1980), Labor union leader, by Grey Wolves in Istanbul
  7. Ümit Kaftancıoğlu (1980), Kemalist writer and TV producer
  8. Nihat Erim (1980), former prime minister
  9. Muammer Aksoy (1990), Kemalist professor of law and columnist
  10. Turan Dursun (1990), Atheist writer
  11. Bahriye Üçok (1990), Kemalist theology academician and women’s rights activist
  12. Musa Anter (1992), Kurdish activist
  13. Uğur Mumcu (1993), Kemalist left wing journalist
  14. Onat Kutlar (1995), writer, poet, columnist and art critic
  15. Özdemir Sabancı (1996), prominent industrialist and member of Sabancı family
  16. Konca Kuriş (1998), Islamic feminist author, kidnapped and tortured to death in Mersin
  17. Ahmet Taner Kışlalı (1999), Kemalist politician, former Minister of Culture, academician and columnist
  18. Üzeyir Garih (2001), Turkish Jewish businessman and industrialist
  19. Necip Hablemitoğlu (2002), Kemalist historian at Ankara University
  20. Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin (2006), Judge at Council of State (see Ergenekon network)
  21. Andrea Santoro (2006)
  22. Hrant Dink (2007), Armenian journalist

10 Bulgaria

  1. Stefan Stambolov (1895), Prime Minister of Bulgaria
  2. Aleksandar Stamboliyski (1923), Prime Minister of Bulgaria
  3. Vasil Iliev (1995), insurance boss, owner of “VIS-2″, former wrestler
  4. Andrey Lukanov (1996 October 2), former Prime Minister of Bulgaria [1]
  5. Ivo Karamanski (1998), insurance tycoon, former rowing champion
  6. Iliya Pavlov (2003), president of Multigroup corporation, former wrestler, the wealthiest man in Bulgaria
  7. Georgi Iliev (2005), football club owner, brother of the assassinated Vasil Iliev
  8. Emil Kyulev (2005), banker, ex-professional swimmer, voted Mr. Economics in Bulgaria for 2002
  9. Ivan “Doktora” Todorov (2006), businessman alleged of smuggling
  10. Borislav Georgiev (2008), CEO of “Atomenergoremont” Nucler plant repair company

37 France

  1. Charles d’Espagne (1354), constable of France
  2. Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans (1407)
  3. John the Fearless (1419)
  4. Gaspard de Coligny (1572)
  5. Henri III (1589), King of France
  6. Henri IV (1610), King of France, stabbed by François Ravaillac
  7. Jacques de Flesselles (1789), Provost of Paris
  8. Jean-Paul Marat (1793), revolutionary, stabbed in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday
  9. Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry (1820, February 13), younger son of the future King Charles X, stabbed by Louis Pierre Louvel
  10. Marie François Sadi Carnot (1894 June 24), President of France, shot by anarchist Sante Jeronimo Caserio in Lyon[13]
  11. Jean Jaurès (1914 July 30), politician, pacifist [14]
  12. Gaston Calmette (1914 March 16), editor of Le Figaro newspaper,[14] by Henriette Caillaux, wife of minister of Finance Joseph Caillaux
  13. Paul Doumer (1932 May 6), President of France, shot in Paris[13]
  14. Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1934), was king of Yugoslavia. Assassinated in Marseille, France.
  15. Louis Barthou (1934), foreign minister of France killed along with King Alexander I of Yugoslavia at Marseille
  16. Ernst vom Rath (1938), German diplomat in France
  17. Constant Chevillon (1944), head of FUDOFSI, by Gestapo in Lyon
  18. Philippe Henriot (1944), State secretary for Information and Propaganda of Vichy government, by French resistants in Paris
  19. Georges Mandel (1944), former radical-socialist minister and French resistant, by miliciens in forest of Fontainebleau
  20. Eugène Deloncle (1944), milicien and former leader of clandestine far-right organisation La Cagoule, by Gestapo
  21. Mehdi Ben Barka (1965), Moroccan socialist leader and Third-World Tricontinental leader, disappeared in Paris
  22. Outel Bono (1973), Chadian medical doctor and anti-Tombalbaye activist
  23. Jean de Broglie (1976), former minister and one of the French negotiators of the Évian Accords
  24. Henri Curiel (1978), anticolonialist activist
  25. José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana “Argala” (1978), Basque leader
  26. Pierre Goldman (1979), left-wing activist
  27. Robert Boulin (1979), minister of Labor and many times minister since 1961. Officially suicide, but a lot of anomalies revealed since.
  28. Joseph Fontanet (1980), former minister
  29. Salah al-Din Bitar (1980), Syrian Baath politician
  30. Yehia El-Mashad (1980), Egyptian atomic scientist.
  31. Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude (1982), right-wing activist and criminal
  32. Georges Besse (1986), Renault executive, by far-left activists of Action directe
  33. Dulcie September (1988), African National Congress representative, in Paris
  34. Joseph Doucé (1990), activist for sexual minorities
  35. Shapour Bakhtiar (1991), Prime Minister of Iran briefly in 1979, stabbed to death at his home in France
  36. Abdelbaki Sahraoui (1995), co-founder of the Algerian Islamic Salvation Front, in Paris
  37. Claude Erignac (1998), prefect of Corsica

22 Germany

  1. Alexander Severus (235), Roman emperor, near Moguntiacum (present-day Mainz) by his troops
  2. Postumus (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz
  3. Laelianus (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz
  4. Philipp von Hohenstaufen (1208), Emperor, in Bamberg
  5. Engelbert I. von Köln (1225), Archbishop of Cologne
  6. Konrad von Marburg (1233), inquisitor
  7. Rosa Luxemburg (1919), socialist writer, in Berlin
  8. Karl Liebknecht (1919), socialist lawyer and politician, in Berlin
  9. Kurt Eisner (1919), Prime Minister of Bavaria
  10. Talat Pasha (1921), former Ottoman Minister of Interior Affairs, in Berlin by Soghomon Tehlirian
  11. Matthias Erzberger (1921), politician
  12. Walther Rathenau (1922 June 24), German foreign minister [14]
  13. Ernst Röhm (1934), leader of the Sturm Abteilung (SA)
  14. Kurt von Schleicher (1934), former German chancellor, murdered by the SS
  15. Stepan Bandera (1959) – Ukrainian nationalist leader assassinated by Bohdan Stashynsky in Munich
  16. Belkacem Krim (1970), Algerian politician
  17. Siegfried Buback (1977), German attorney general
  18. Jürgen Ponto (1977), CEO Dresdner Bank
  19. Hanns-Martin Schleyer (1977), president of the German employers’ organization
  20. Alfred Herrhausen (1989), Deutsche Bank CEO
  21. Detlev Karsten Rohwedder (1991), director of Treuhandanstalt for former East Germany
  22. Sadeq Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan, Nouri Dehkordi (1992), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leaders, in Berlin (Mykonos restaurant assassinations)

18 Greece

  1. Hipparchus (514 BC), brother of the tyrant of Athens
  2. Ephialtes (461 BC), leader of the radical democracy movement in Athens
  3. Alcibiades (404 BC), Athenian general and politician
  4. Alexander of Pherae (358 BC), despot of Pherae
  5. Philip II of Macedon (336 BC), king of Macedon, by Pausanias of Orestis in Pella
  6. Seleucus I Nicator (281 BC), founder of the Seleucid dynasty, near Lysimachia
  7. Abantidas (251 BC), tyrant of Sicyon
  8. Archimedes (212 BC), Greek mathematician, was killed in syracusa, magna Greece
  9. Ioannis Capodistrias (1831), first President of Greece
  10. Theodoros Deligiannis (1905 June 13), Prime Minister of Greece
  11. Marinos Antypas (1907 March 8), Greek politician
  12. George I of Greece (1913 March 18), King of Greece [1]
  13. Grigoris Lambrakis (1963), leader of anti-fascist movement in Greece.
  14. Richard Welch (1975), CIA Station Chief
  15. Hagop Hagopian (1988), Armenian leader of ASALA
  16. William Nordeen (1988), Tsantes successor as U.S. military attaché in Athens
  17. Pavlos Bakoyannis (1989), New Democracy politician
  18. Stephen Saunders (2000), Brigadier and British military attaché in Athens

11 Ireland

  1. Brian Boruma (1014), Irish king
  2. Lord Frederick Cavendish (1882), Chief Secretary for Ireland
  3. Thomas Henry Burke (1882), Permanent Under Secretary for Ireland
  4. Tomás Mac Curtain (1920), Lord Mayor of Cork
  5. Michael Collins (1922), President of the Provisional Government and Irish Republican Army (IRA) guerrilla leader during the Irish War of Independence[10]
  6. Kevin O’Higgins (1927), Irish politician, Minister of Home Affairs/Minister of Justice of the Irish Free State[14]
  7. Henry Boyle Townshend Somerville (1936), assassinated for providing assistance to Royal Navy recruits
  8. Christopher Ewart-Biggs (1976), British ambassador to Ireland
  9. Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1979), Royal Navy Admiral of the Fleet, last Viceroy of India[1]
  10. Dominic McGlinchey (1994), Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) leader
  11. Veronica Guerin (1996), Irish journalist

43 Italy (and former Roman Empire)

  1. Titus Tatius (748 BC), Sabine king, in Rome
  2. Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (579 BC), Etruscan king of Rome, in Rome by the sons of Ancus Marcius
  3. Servius Tullius (534 BC), Etruscan king of Rome, in Rome by Tarquin II
  4. Tiberius Gracchus (133 BC), Roman tribune, in Rome by Roman senators
  5. Julius Caesar (44 BC), Roman general and dictator, in Rome by members of the Roman Senate
  6. Cicero (43 BC), Roman orator, outside of Rome under orders from Mark Antony
  7. Caligula (41), Roman Emperor, in Rome by Cassius Chaerea through a conspiracy with the Praetorian guard and the Senate
  8. Claudius (54), Roman Emperor, poisoned in Rome by his wife, Agrippina
  9. Vitellius (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Flavian army
  10. Galba (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders from Otho
  11. Domitian (96), Roman Emperor, in Rome by Stephanus, steward to Julia Flavia
  12. Commodus (192), Roman Emperor, killed in Rome by Narcissus the wrestler
  13. Pertinax (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  14. Didius Julianus (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  15. Publius Septimius Geta (212), Roman Emperor, in Rome by centurions under orders of Caracalla
  16. Caracalla (217), Roman Emperor, between Edessa and Carrhae (modern-day Sanli Urfa and Harran) by Martialis, possibly under orders of Macrinus
  17. Elagabalus (222), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders of Julia Maesa and Julia Mamaea
  18. Maximinus Thrax (238), Roman Emperor, outside Aquileia by his troops
  19. Pupienus (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  20. Balbinus (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard
  21. Volusianus (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops
  22. Trebonianus Gallus (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops
  23. Aurelian (275), Roman Emperor, near Caenophrurium (modern-day Corlu)
  24. Florianus (276), Roman Emperor, near Tarsus
  25. Giuliano de’ Medici (1478), co-ruler of Florence
  26. Giovanni Borgia (1497), Duke of Gandia, son of Pope Alexander VI
  27. Pellegrino Rossi (1848), Papal States Minister of Justice
  28. Umberto I of Italy (1900 July 29), King of Italy[10]
  29. Said Halim Pasha (1921), former Ottoman Prime Minister
  30. Giacomo Matteotti (1924 June 10), Italian socialist politician [14]
  31. Luigj Gurakuqi (1925), Albanian independence leader, in Bari
  32. Benito Mussolini (1945 April 28), fascist, former Prime Minister of Italy [11]
  33. Enrico Mattei (1962), Italian public head officer, head of Eni oil company, supported Algerian independence
  34. Pier Paolo Pasolini (1975), Italian writer, poet and film director
  35. Aldo Moro (1978), former Prime Minister of Italy
  36. Giuseppe Impastato (1978), Anti-mafia activist
  37. Cesare Terranova (1979), magistrate
  38. Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa (1982), General of the Carabinieri Corps, investigating on the mafia
  39. Rocco Chinnici (1983), magistrate
  40. Giovanni Falcone (1992), anti-mafia judge
  41. Paolo Borsellino (1992), anti-mafia judge
  42. Salvo Lima (1992), politician
  43. Marco Biagi (2002), Italian Labor Ministry advisor

11 Netherlands

  1. Saint Boniface (754), Christian missionary
  2. Conrad, Bishop of Utrecht (1099)
  3. Count Floris V (1296)
  4. Duke John of Straubing-Holland (1425)
  5. William I of Orange (1584), leader of the Dutch war of independence from Spanish rule (Eighty Years’ War)
  6. Isaac Dorislaus (1649), diplomat
  7. Johan de Witt (1672), politician, and his brother
  8. Cornelis de Witt (1672)
  9. Gerrit Jan Heijn (1987), top manager of Ahold
  10. Pim Fortuyn (2002), publicist and politician, leader of his political party
  11. Theo van Gogh (2004), film director, writer and critic

16 Spain

  1. Tomb of José Canalejas in the Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid.
  2. Juan Prim (1870), Prime Minister of Spain and Governor of Puerto Rico
  3. Antonio Cánovas del Castillo (1897), Prime Minister of Spain shot by Michele Angiolillo in Mondragón, Guipúzcoa.
  4. José Canalejas (1912), Prime Minister of Spain
  5. Eduardo Dato Iradier (1921), Prime Minister of Spain
  6. José Castillo (1936, Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party lieutenant in the Assault Guards
  7. José Calvo Sotelo (1936), right-wing politician
  8. Federico García Lorca (1936), Spanish poet and dramatist, by fascists
  9. Raoul Villain (1936), assassin of Jean Jaurès
  10. Andrés Nin (1937), Spanish Communist revolutionary
  11. Mohamed Khider (1967), Algerian politician, in Madrid
  12. Melitón Manzanas (1968), secret police officer
  13. Luis Carrero Blanco (1973 December 20), Spanish prime minister[7]
  14. Miguel Ángel Blanco (1997), Basque politician, by ETA
  15. Fernando Buesa Blanco (2000), Basque politician and party leader
  16. Ernest Lluch Martín (2000), former Spanish minister

33 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  1. Carausius (293), usurper of the Western Roman Empire
  2. King Edmund I (946), king of England, stabbed at a banquet
  3. Edward the Martyr (979), King of England
  4. Thomas Becket (1170), Archbishop of Canterbury
  5. Sir Robert Hales – Lord High Treasurer – (1381) – Beheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants’ Revolt
  6. Simon of Sudbury – Lord Chancellor, Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of London – (1381) – Beheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants’ Revolt
  7. Sir John Cavendish – Chief Justice of the King’s Bench, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge – (1381) – Beheaded in Bury St Edmunds by rebels during the Peasants’ Revolt
  8. Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany (best known as Lord Darnley) (1567), consort of Mary, Queen of Scots
  9. James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray (1570), Regent of Scotland
  10. George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1628)
  11. James Sharp (1679), Archbishop of St Andrews, in Fife, near St Andrews
  12. Spencer Perceval (1812), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in London by John Bellingham; the only British prime minister to be assassinated
  13. Sir Henry Hughes Wilson (1922 June 22), British field marshal, retired Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Conservative politician [14]
  14. Michael O’Dwyer (1940), Former Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab, shot by a Punjabi revolutionary, Udham Singh.
  15. Paddy Wilson (1972), Social Democratic and Labour Party politician
  16. Ross McWhirter (1975), co-author of the Guinness Book of Records and right wing political activist
  17. Kadhi Abdullah al-Hagri (1977), past prime minister of Yemen Arab Republic, killed in London
  18. Georgi Markov (1978), Bulgarian dissident
  19. Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1979), Former Governor-General of India on his yacht off Ireland
  20. Airey Neave (1979), British Conservative politician
  21. Sir Norman Stronge (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician
  22. Sir James Stronge, 9th Baronet (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician
  23. Rev. Robert Bradford (1981), Unionist MP in Northern Ireland
  24. Shlomo Argov (died in 2003 as a result of a 1982 assassination), Israeli Ambassador to the Court of St. James’s
  25. Edgar Graham (1983), Ulster Unionist politician.
  26. George Seawright (1987), Northern Ireland politician
  27. Bernt Carlsson (1988), UN Commissioner for Namibia, murdered at Lockerbie
  28. Patrick Finucane (1989), solicitor
  29. Ian Gow (1990), British Conservative politician
  30. Billy Wright (1997), Loyalist Volunteer Force leader.
  31. Rosemary Nelson (1999), Irish Catholic solicitor and human rights advocate
  32. Jill Dando (1999), British television presenter
  33. Alexander Litvinenko (2006) Russian critic of Vladimir Putin

41 Assassinations in Russia and the Soviet Union

  1. Peter III of Russia (1762), Emperor of Russia
  2. Paul of Russia (1801), Emperor of Russia
  3. Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich (1825), military Governor of Saint Petersburg
  4. Nikolay Vladimirovich Mezentsev (1878), Executive Director of the Third Section
  5. Alexander II of Russia (1881 March 13), Tsar of All the Russias[13]
  6. Nikolay Alekseyev (1893), Mayor of Moscow
  7. Dmitry Sipyagin (1902 April 8), Russian Interior Minister [14]
  8. Vyacheslav Pleve (1904), Russian Interior Minister
  9. Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich Romanov (1905), former Governor-General of Moscow
  10. Peter Stolypin (1911 September 14), Russian Prime Minister, killed in theater in Kiev[14]
  11. Grigori Rasputin (1916 December 30), controversial friar and mystic[10]
  12. Tsar Nicholas II and his family: Tsarina Alexandra, Tsarevich Alexei, and the Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia (1918 July 16)[10]
  13. Elizabeth (Ella) of Hesse, Grand Duchess of Russia, sister of Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of tsar Nicholas II. (18 July 1918)
  14. V. Volodarsky (1918), revolutionary
  15. Wilhelm von Mirbach (1918), German Ambassador in Moscow
  16. Sergei Kirov (1934 December 1), Bolshevik party leader in Leningrad [14]
  17. Solomon Mikhoels (1948), Chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee[15]
  18. Vladislav Listyev (1995), a Russian journalist and head of the ORT TV Channel
  19. Dzhokhar Dudayev (1996), first Chechen separatist President and anti-Russian guerrilla leader
  20. Valeriy Hubulov (1998), South Ossetian politician, former prime minister
  21. Galina Starovoitova (1998), influential politician, then member of Russian parliament (Duma)
  22. Otakhon Latifi (1998), Tajik journalist and opposition figure
  23. Sergei Yushenkov (2003), Russian politician, in Moscow[16]
  24. Yuri Shchekochikhin (2003), Russian journalist, in Moscow[17]
  25. Paul Klebnikov (2004), editor of the Russian edition of Forbes magazine
  26. Akhmad Kadyrov (2004), Kremlin-backed President of the Chechen Republic
  27. Aslan Maskhadov (2005), President of separatist Chechnya
  28. Anatoly Trofimov (2005), former FSB deputy director
  29. Magomed Omarov (2005), deputy Interior Minister of Dagestan
  30. Bayaman Erkinbayev (2005), Kyrgyz MP
  31. Altynbek Sarsenbayev (2006), Kazakh politician
  32. Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev (2006), President of separatist Chechnya
  33. Anna Politkovskaya (2006), Russian journalist and human rights campaigner.
  34. Vitaly Karayev (2008), mayor of Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia-Alania
  35. Kazbek Pagiyev (2008), former mayor of Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia-Alania
  36. Nina Varlamova (2008), mayor of Kandalaksha, Murmansk Oblast
  37. Stanislav Markelov (2009), human rights lawyer
  38. Adilgerei Magomedtagirov (2009), interior minister of Dagestan
  39. Aza Gazgireyeva (2009), deputy chair of Ingushetia Supreme Court
  40. Bashir Aushev (2009), former deputy prime minister of Ingushetia
  41. Natalia Estemirova (2009), human rights activist

David Livingstone’s blog


I find David Livingstone’s blog to be one of the few very best sources of information about Globalization; International secret societies; New World Order; Terrorism; Middle East politics and organizations; Wahhabi sect origins; History of Saudi Arabia; Salafis groups; Hamas of Palestine; Islamic extremism; Noe-conservatives; US foreign affairs, security and military policies; and other very important relevant issues.

I highly recommend bookmarking and following this blog; as well as reading the three best seller books of David Livingstone, together with the Essential reading lists:

His first book: The Dying God: The Hidden History of Western Civilization;

His second book: Terrorism and the Illuminati: A Three Thousand Year History; and

His third book: Surrendering Islam: The subversion of Muslim politics throughout history until the present day

Each book has it’s own website. Here are the links to David Livingstone’s blog recent articles:

Islamist Neocons? The West’s latest tactic in the war on terrorism

Submitted by David Livingstone on Fri, 09/09/2011 – 16:06

by , September 07, 2011

Al-Qaeda asset leading rebels in Tripoli

Submitted by David Livingstone on Thu, 09/01/2011 – 11:56
See video

The hostility persists in Tripoli and the Libyan rebels continue the search for Gaddafi, but who is leading the rebels? Who are the beneficiaries of the fall of Gaddafi? What will the blowback be for those in Libya and across the globe? Pepe Escobar, a correspondent for Asia Times, gives us some answers to these questions.

2002 Iraqi Intel Reported Wahhabis Are of Jewish Origin

Submitted by David Livingstone on Tue, 08/02/2011 – 18:33

The U.S. Department of Defense has released translations of a number of Iraqi intelligence documents dating from Saddam’s rule.  One, a General Military Intelligence Directorate report from September 2002, entitled “The Emergence of Wahhabism and its Historical Roots”, shows the Iraqi government was aware of the nefarious purposes of the Wahhabis of Saudi Arabia, often known as Salafis, in serving Western interests to undermine Islam.

Reflections on the ‘Peace Process’

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sat, 05/28/2011 – 11:05

How Israel and the Americans foster Islamic fundamentalism to stall peace with the Palestinians and other imperialistic objectives

The Israelis created Hamas.  But before we explore that question, let’s start with a more important one.  Let’s be honest with ourselves.  If we can look at the situation from beyond the confines of current political discourse, and look at the emperor without his “new” clothes, we all know that Israel does not want peace.  They want all of Palestine, and their belligerent settlement practices confirm that.

Bin Laden: Martyr or Villain?

Submitted by David Livingstone on Thu, 05/05/2011 – 12:06

Without bringing into question the excessive evidence that indicates bin Laden was   in the employ of the CIA, the crucial point is that he was used in an attempt to radicalize a sufficient segment of the Islamic world, with the aim of fomenting a “Clash of Civilization”, and not a War on Terror, but more properly, a War on Islam.

Surprise, Surprise! Iraq War Was About Oil

Submitted by David Livingstone on Mon, 04/25/2011 – 10:16

By Ray McGovern, April 22, 2011

Afghanistan may be the graveyard of empires, but Iraq is home to a graveyard sense of humor. Iraqis wonder aloud whether the U.S. and Britain would have invaded Iraq if its main export had been cabbages instead of oil.

Egypt – Creative Destruction For A ‘Greater Middle East’? The Promised Land?

Submitted by David Livingstone on Mon, 03/07/2011 – 17:55

By F. William Engdahl
© F. William Engdahl, author Full Spectrum Dominance: Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order *

Global Warming and the Culture of Fear

Submitted by David Livingstone on Tue, 06/01/2010 – 09:35

It seems the Europeans are more familiar with the recent fraud revelations in the Global Warming controversy, like Climategate, than are North Americans.

Book Review: Dan Brown’s The Lost Symbol

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sun, 02/21/2010 – 18:10

Just finished reading Dan Brown’s latest.  I don’t normally read fiction, but I read this just to stay in touch with the type of propaganda that is being disseminated.

This book is utterly ridiculous.  It’s a great example of modern American kitsch.  It takes all the sleazy ploys of American entertainment, and applies them to celebrate the lowliest aspect of modern civilization: secret societies, and all the pseudo-spiritual accoutrements of occultism.

Uighur Nationalism, Turkey and the CIA

Submitted by David Livingstone on Fri, 07/31/2009 – 16:47

Much was made in the news, earlier this month, of the series of violent clashes that erupted between Uighurs, a Turkic, and predominantly Muslim, minority ethnic group in China, and the Chinese state police, and Han Chinese residents in the the province of Xinjiang, in northwestern China.

Mumbai Attacks in Context: A brief history of Western Intelligence Involvement in ‘Islamic’ Terrorism

Submitted by David Livingstone on Mon, 01/05/2009 – 20:05

When the Americans sought to collapse the Soviet Union and bring a final end to the Cold War, they did not do it head on, but chose to bankrupt that nation by luring it into its own version of the Vietnam War–in Afghanistan. So said Zbigniew Brzezinski, who was Barack Obama’s national security advisor throughout his presidential campaign. Brzezinski has also admitted that the Americans deliberately fostered Islamic militants as part of that strategy.

Elizabeth I the Movie as Occult Propaganda

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sun, 11/09/2008 – 17:02

I don’t watch TV or movies anymore, mostly. But I watched Elizabeth I: The Golden Age, directed by Shekhar Kapur. I’m still interested in that part of history, and I’ve had a nagging suspicion that there’s some significance I should be exploring in the Spanish Armada. It turns out the movie inspired me to discover some interesting clues.

The movie is a joke. It’s so over the top. Overt propaganda for British patriotism, and so idealizes the person of Elizabeth, aggrandizing her into a sort of superhero. So the acting is grossly exaggerated, and has no sense of realism.

Wahhabis: a sect of Islam and their negative influence

Submitted by David Livingstone on Thu, 07/17/2008 – 03:58

There is no need to debate with the Salafi/Wahhabis on ideological grounds.  It’s their history that condemns them most effectively.  Until now, it had been difficult to get precise details on Saudi history.  However, I read an excellent book recently by David Cummins, called the Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia.  It is the only comprehensive study of the history of SA and Wahhabism that I know of.

Study Proves Saudis Control British Mosques

Submitted by David Livingstone on Mon, 07/14/2008 – 16:46

An authoritative new report by Policy Exchange, the UK’s leading centre-right thinktank, entitled The Hijacking of British Islam: How extremist literature is subverting Britain’s mosques, that Saudi Arabia is responsible for the majority of literature distributed in British mosques, and that that literature is rife with incite

Finding the Tomb of Jesus and True Christianity

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sat, 01/19/2008 – 18:43

There’s a lot of hoopla these days about the possible discovery of the tomb of Jesus. It if were ever at all possible to even prove, however, it would not discredit “Christianity” in the least. But it would completely dismantle the Gnostic version that was created by Paul, which much of Christianity has adhered to for much of the last 2 thousand years. Ideally, it will lead to a rediscovery of the true meaning of Jesus’ message.

Islamic Radicals Admit to Masonic Origins. But…

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sun, 12/23/2007 – 12:42

The radical faction of Islam, known as the Salafi, are a movement created through British intrigue and coordination with occult secret societies, toward fomenting a “Clash of Civilizations”. And though the West is largely unaware of them, they are almost entirely responsible for the extremism that Islam is mistakenly perceived for.

Waning Wahhabi Influence in Nigeria

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sat, 12/01/2007 – 03:38

The NY Times reports that support for the rigid implementation of Shariah in Nigeria is down. Readers will likely remember the fiasco that occurred a couple of years ago, where Nigeria became one of the main perpetrators, along with Taliban, in the negative image that Islamic law has been receiving. Obviously a carefully calculated and deliberate defacement of Islam.

Here’s why. Read more

Ron Paul: Unwitting Pawn of Neo-Conservatives

Submitted by David Livingstone on Thu, 11/15/2007 – 13:13

At least in one media source, the Associated Press, there is an attempt to acknowledge the real support being gained by Ron Paul. This is a very interesting development, and reflection of the current state of affairs.

JFK Murder Solved

Submitted by David Livingstone on Thu, 11/01/2007 – 09:29

Barry Seal, “the biggest drug smuggler in American history”, while working for the CIA, was funneling the immense amount of cocaine of the Iran-Contra Operation right through Mena, Arkansas, under the watch of Bill Clinton. The purpose of the Iran Contra affair was to accumulate funds to secretly finance the Mujahideen, particularly Gulbuddin Hekmetyar, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, and later bin Laden.

Ibn Taymiyyah and the Occult Roots of Islamic Terrorism

Submitted by David Livingstone on Tue, 10/09/2007 – 10:38

Few people outside of the Islamic world have heard of the Medieval Muslim scholar Ibn Taymiyyah, but in the Muslim world, he is often hailed as “The Sheikh of Islam”, while Western critics usually condemn him as the father of modern Islamic terrorism.

Among modern Islamic fundamentalists, whether it is the Muslim Brotherhood, or the Salafis, you will continuously find among them reliance on the fatwas of Ibn Taymiyyah.

Negative Wahhabi Influence in the Balkans

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sun, 10/07/2007 – 10:08

In an article published at ADNKronos International, we find another typical example of the type of corruption that the Wahhabis are used to insinuate.

Zelikow: 9/11 Mythmaker

Submitted by David Livingstone on Fri, 09/21/2007 – 14:56

It’s now evident who was the chief mythmaker of the 9/11 conventional account, and even the conception of the idea in the first place. That would be Philip Zelikow, who was in the ideal position of executive director of the 9/11 Commission, and now serves as counselor to Condi Rice.

Wahhabism and the Occult Conspiracy

Submitted by David Livingstone on Sun, 03/25/2007 – 13:05
See video

British Channel 4′s Dispatches has produced a scathing documentary, called Undercover Mosque, about the negative influence of Saudi Arabia, through its promotion of Wahhabism, among the Muslim community of Britain. But the video is clear to point out that, “Wahhabism is opposed to the traditional tolerant beliefs of classical Islam”. What the video does not cover, however, is that the spread of the Wahhabi interpretation of Islam is part of a larger Western agenda, involving the CIA, to denigrate Islam.

300 is Propaganda for War Against Iran

Submitted by David Livingstone on Mon, 03/12/2007 – 06:46

Necromocracy (Part One)

Jeff Wells, Rigorous Intuition

The Nation Of Islam And The Freemasons

Submitted by David Livingstone on Tue, 07/18/2006 – 00:00
I’ve been taking a closer look at the writings of Wesley Williams, and I am shocked.  I had no idea the Nation of Islam was so enmeshed with Freemasonry.  Enmeshed is an understatement, the two are basically one and the same.

War is Business and Business is Good: the USA Rule


President Dwight David Eisenhower, in 1961 speech, Warned Americans of the New World Order

In his farewell address on January 17, 1961, President D. D. Eisenhower said:

 

[Ladies and gentlemen, The President of the United States:]

Good evening, my fellow Americans:

……..

We now stand ten years past the midpoint of a century that has witnessed four major wars among great nations.

…….

Until the latest of our world conflicts, the United States had no armaments industry. American makers of plowshares could, with time and as required, make swords as well. But now we can no longer risk emergency improvisation of national defense; we have been compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions. Added to this, three and a half million men and women are directly engaged in the defense establishment. [We annually spend on military security more than the net income of all United States corporations.]

This conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience. The total influence; economic, political, even spiritual; is felt in every city, every Statehouse, every office of the Federal government. We recognize the imperative need for this development. Yet we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. Our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved; so is the very structure of our society.

In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.

…………

…………

For the full length of this speech download an audio file from here:

To read the full transcripts of this speech go to: The Eisenhower Project

From: The homepage of the Eisenhower Project

“In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.”

– Dwight David Eisenhower, Farewell Address

President Dwight Eisenhower was a West Point graduate, a victorious five-star general, and a Republican. Nobody in American history was better qualified to deliver this admonition.

Forty-seven years later, consistent, consequential adherence to Eisenhower’s call to action still eludes us, despite repeated and ample proof of his veracity. “Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can COMPEL…” COMPEL is what Eisenhower said, and he was in a position to know that nothing less forceful than compulsion would be necessary to maintain a proper balance between defense and the broad scope of our national priorities.

The Eisenhower Project will be attempting to help an alert and knowledgeable citizenry to organize in a manner whereby it can expand its numbers and exercise influence to the point where compulsion becomes possible.

This will mean re-conceiving the idea of an anti-war movement as non-situational — instead, to be a permanent, large-scale establishment, as suggested by Eisenhower, that opposes not “this war,” but the policies, practices, and influences of militarism in general. An active, vast, and permanent society — a new religion, if you will, that assembles regularly in every locale, has a meaningful community presence in all locations and endeavors, and coordinates at regional, state, and national levels for maximum effect. A religion that has as its mission to build, inform, alert, and activate the largest possible population to “compel peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.”

Towards these ends we dedicate ourselves to the establishment of a National Peace Service that will function in the role of counterbalancing the power and influence of the armaments industry and affiliated governmental, political, social, and economic structures, and as ombudsmen for the interests of Peace.

This is our mission. If this is your mission, welcome to the Eisenhower Project.

If you want peace, make peace. Start the Eisenhower Project in your community. Click on “How to Get Started” and “Contact Us.”

 

 

The Corruption of Western Liberal Democracy


Watch this amazing video about a missing 2.3 trillion US dollars in a single year from the US Defense Budget with all the technologies, professionals, and systems they are using in the Pentagon and other state departments!! This is a naked gigantic corruption.

 

Also, Dr Adnan Al-Daini wrote under the same title on The Huffington Post UK the following:

The people of the US and Britain have become victims of the corruption of their democratic institutions that are no longer serving the interests of ordinary people. Democracy as a system of government has been subverted to serve multinational corporations, powerful lobbyists and the military-industrial complex. The corporate media, with some notable exceptions, is recruited to keep the truth from the people and to sanitize endless wars led by the US with Britain acting as its outrider. Public discussions, and the questions asked, are manipulated as if by an invisible hand to leave the ordinary person constrained into accepting solutions that entrench the interests of such groups and enhance their profit margins. These powerful entities that perch above politics are in control regardless of which party or president is in power. If this is not an abuse of democracy, I don’t know what is.

( Dr Adnan Al-Daini took early retirement in 2005 as a principal lecturer in Mechanical Engineering at a British University. He has a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from Birmingham University in the UK. He has published numerous applied scientific research papers covering heat transfer, fluid flow and energy utilization in many industrial applications. He is a British citizen born in Iraq, which he left in 1962, age 17, on a scholarship to study in Britain. Since retirement he has devoted his time and energy to building bridges and understanding between minority communities, particularly the Muslim community and the wider community in the South West of England. He worked with Devon Racial Equality Council from 2005 and was Chair between 2007/8. He is on the board of Directors of a charity helping those who are disadvantaged and socially excluded, particularly the homeless and the poor.)

Washington Rules, America’s Path to Permanent War


An excellent book By Andrew J. Bacevich 286 pages.  Published by: Metropolitan Books, March 2010

U.S. Army colonel turned academic, Bacevich (The Limits of Power) offers an unsparing, cogent, and important critique of assumptions guiding American military policy. These central tenets, the “Washington rules”–such as the belief that the world order depends on America maintaining a massive military capable of rapid and forceful interventions anywhere in the world–have dominated national security policy since the start of the cold war and have condemned the U.S. to “insolvency and perpetual war.” Despite such disasters as America’s defeat in Vietnam and the Cuban missile crisis, the self-perpetuating policy is so entrenched that no president or influential critic has been able to alter it. Bacevich argues that while the Washington rules found their most pernicious expression in the Bush doctrine of preventive war, Barack Obama’s expansion of the Afghan War is also cause for pessimism: “We should be grateful to him for making at least one thing unmistakably clear: to imagine that Washington will ever tolerate second thoughts about the Washington rules is to engage in willful self-deception. Washington itself has too much to lose.”

About the author

Andrew J. Bacevich, a professor of history and international relations at Boston University, retired from the U.S. Army with the rank of colonel. He is the author of Washington Rules: America’s Path to Permanent War and The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism and The New American Militarism. His writing has appeared in Foreign Affairs, The Atlantic Monthly, The Nation, The New York Times, The Washington Post, and The Wall Street Journal. He holds a Ph.D. in American Diplomatic History from Princeton University, and taught at West Point and Johns Hopkins University prior to joining the faculty at Boston University in 1998. He is the recipient of a Lannan Award and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Endless Wars

What a refreshing and fascinating take on America’s current military policy. This author, professor, retired military officer, father of a fallen soldier, very articulately stated what you would think would be the obvious. The root cause of almost all war is most certainly business. Then governments and its town criers wrap it up in a message of God and Country, and most people buy it. Questioning the motives for sacrificing and taking lives should never be considered unpatriotic. Thanks to the publishers for being unconventional and giving this writer an outlet to be heard. [see author's interview on cnn...]

Book Review by: Gerard De Groot, September 12, 2010

Source: washingtonpost.com  > Arts & Living  > Books:

“We need some great failures,”

The muckraking journalist Lincoln Steffens wrote in his autobiography. “Especially we ever-successful Americans — conscious, intelligent, illuminating failures.” What Steffens meant was that a people confident in righteousness need occasionally to be reminded of their fallibility. The past 50 years have produced failures aplenty — the Bay of Pigs, Vietnam and Iraq among them. Unfortunately, as Andrew Bacevich and John Dower demonstrate, the light of failure has not penetrated the darkness of delusion. As a result, wars provide a repeating rhythm of folly.
Washington Rules” and “Cultures of War” are two excellent books made better by the coincidence of their publication. In complementary fashion, they provide a convincing critique of America’s conduct of war since 1941. Steffens would have liked these books, specifically for the way they use past failures to explain the provenance of our current predicament.

Read “Cultures of War” first. It’s not an easy book, but it is consistently perceptive. Dower examines Pearl Harbor, Hiroshima, Sept. 11 and the second Iraq War, drawing disconcerting linkages. Pearl Harbor and Iraq, he feels, demonstrate how otherwise intelligent leaders are drawn toward strategic imbecility. Both attacks were brilliantly executed in the short term, but neither paid sufficient attention to the long-term problem of winning a war. More controversially, Dower pairs Hiroshima with Sept. 11, both acts of terror born of moral certitude. Osama bin Laden and Harry Truman justified wanton killing with essentially the same Manichean rhetoric. Motives, context and scale might have been different; methods were not. For both leaders, the ability to separate good from evil made killing easy.

In 1941, Americans drew comfort from the stereotype of the irrational Oriental. They assumed that the Japanese would be easily defeated because they were illogical — as their attack upon Pearl Harbor proved. That attack was indeed illogical (given the impossibility of defeating the United States in a protracted war), but it was not peculiarly Japanese. As Dower reveals, the wishful thinking, delusion and herd behavior within the court of Emperor Hirohito was a symptom of war, not ethnicity. The same deficiencies, in 2003, convinced those in the Oval Office that invading Iraq was a good idea.

Since the culture of war encourages patterned behavior, folly proliferates. This is the essence of the Washington rules that Bacevich elucidates. The rules dictate that protection of the American way of life necessitates a global military presence and a willingness to intervene anywhere. Power and violence are cleansed by virtue: Because America is “good,” her actions are always benign. These rules have pushed the United States to a state of perpetual war. With enemies supposedly everywhere, the pursuit of security has become open-ended.

The alternative, according to Bacevich, is not isolationism or appeasement, two politically loaded words frequently used to pummel those who object to Washington’s behavior. He advocates, instead, a more level-headed assessment of danger, advice all the more cogent since it comes from a former soldier. Iraq and Afghanistan did not threaten America; in fact, those countries and the world have become more dangerous because of heavy-handed American intervention. Nor does North Korea pose a threat. Nor did Vietnam.

Just another desperately needed great failure

One is reminded of John Winthrop, who, in 1630, told the future residents of Massachusetts Bay Colony: “We shall be as a City upon a Hill, the eyes of all people are upon us.” Over subsequent decades, Winthrop’s sermon became the American mission, fired by self-righteousness and fueled by self-confidence. From that mission emerged the idea of Manifest Destiny — American ideals should spread across the continent and around the globe. Along the way, Americans lost sight of what Winthrop actually meant. His words were both inspiration and warning: Aspire to greatness, but remain honorable. Power lies in virtue. Winthrop envisaged a shining beacon, worthy of emulation. He saw no need to come down from the hill and ram ideals down the throats of the recalcitrant.

The power of virtue is Bacevich’s most profound message. Instead of trying to fix Afghanistan’s Helmand Province, he insists, Americans should fix Detroit and Cleveland. Instead of attempting to export notions of freedom and democracy to nations that lack experience of either, America should demonstrate, by her actions, that she is still a free, democratic and humane nation. Her real strength lies in her liberal tradition, not in her ability to kill.

Back in 1963, the Kennedy administration was faced with a steadily disintegrating situation in Vietnam. At a turbulent cabinet meeting, Attorney General Robert Kennedy asked: If the situation is so dire, why not withdraw? Arthur Schlesinger, present at the meeting, noted how “the question hovered for a moment, then died away.” It was “a hopelessly alien thought in a field of unexplored assumptions and entrenched convictions.” The Washington rules kept the United States on a steady course toward disaster.

Those unexplored assumptions and entrenched convictions have now pushed the United States into a new quagmire. Despite that predicament, both Dower and Bacevich try to end positively. “If change is to come, it must come from the people,” argues Bacevich. Dower agrees. But these feeble attempts at optimism are the least convincing parts of two otherwise brilliant books. Barack Obama once promised that change was coming, but then quickly adhered to the old rules by escalating an unwinnable and certainly unaffordable war in Afghanistan. Failures, as Steffens hoped, have been illuminating, but after each flash of light, darkness has prevailed.

Gerard De Groot is a professor of history at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland and author of “The Bomb: A Life.”

Book Review by: Gary J. Bass, on September 3, 2010

Source: Sunday Book Review, The New York Times

In 1947, Hanson W. Baldwin, the hawkish military correspondent of this newspaper, warned that the demands of preparing America for a possible war would “wrench and distort and twist the body politic and the body economic . . . prior to war.” He wondered whether America could confront the Soviet Union “without becoming a ‘garrison state’ and destroying the very qualities and virtues and principles we originally set about to save.”

It is that same dread of a martial America that drives Andrew J. Bacevich today. Bacevich forcefully denounces the militarization that he says has already become a routine, unremarked-upon part of our daily lives — and will only get worse as America fights on in Afghanistan and beyond. He rips into what he calls a postwar American dogma “so deeply embedded in the American collective consciousness as to have all but disappeared from view.” “Washington Rules” is a tough-minded, bracing and intelligent polemic against some 60 years of American militarism.

This outrage at a warlike America has special bite coming from Bacevich. No critic of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan could have brighter conservative credentials. He is a blunt-talking Midwesterner, a West Point graduate who served for 23 years in the United States Army, a Vietnam veteran who retired as a colonel, and a sometime contributor to National Review. “By temperament and upbringing, I had always taken comfort in orthodoxy,” he writes. But George W. Bush’s decision to invade Iraq in 2003, Bacevich says, “pushed me fully into opposition. Claims that once seemed elementary — above all, claims relating to the essentially benign purposes of American power — now appeared preposterous.”

From Harry S. Truman’s presidency to today, Bacevich argues, Americans have trumpeted the credo that they alone must “lead, save, liberate and ultimately transform the world.” That crusading mission is implemented by what Bacevich caustically calls “the sacred trinity”: “U.S. military power, the Pentagon’s global footprint and an American penchant for intervention.” This threatening posture might have made some sense in 1945, he says, but it is catastrophic today. It relegates America to “a condition of permanent national security crisis.”

Bacevich has two main targets in his sights. The first are the commissars of the national security establishment, who perpetuate these “Washington rules” of global dominance. By Washington, he means not just the federal government, but also a host of satraps who gain power, cash or prestige from this perpetual state of emergency: defense contractors, corporations, big banks, interest groups, think tanks, universities, television networks and The New York Times. He complains that an unthinking Washington consensus on global belligerence is just as strong among mainstream Democrats as among mainstream Republicans. Those who step outside this monolithic view, like Dennis Kucinich or Ron Paul, are quickly dismissed as crackpots, Bacevich says. This leaves no serious checks or balances against the overweening national security state.

Bacevich’s second target is the sleepwalking American public. He says that they notice foreign policy only in the depths of a disaster that, like Vietnam or Iraq, is too colossal to ignore. As he puts it, “The citizens of the United States have essentially forfeited any capacity to ask first-order questions about the fundamentals of national security policy.”

Bacevich is singularly withering on American public willingness to ignore those who do their fighting for them. He warns of “the evisceration of civic culture that results when a small praetorian guard shoulders the burden of waging perpetual war, while the great majority of citizens purport to revere its members, even as they ignore or profit from their service.” Here he has a particular right to be heard: on May 13, 2007, his son Andrew J. Bacevich Jr., an Army first lieutenant, was killed on combat patrol in Iraq. Bacevich does not discuss his tragic loss here, but wrote devastatingly about it at the time in The Washington Post: “Memorial Day orators will say that a G.I.’s life is priceless. Don’t believe it. I know what value the U.S. government assigns to a soldier’s life: I’ve been handed the check.”

Bacevich is less interested in foreign policy here (he offers only cursory remarks about the objectives and capabilities of countries like China, Russia, North Korea and Iran) than in the way he thinks militarism has corrupted America. In his acid account of the inexorable growth of the national security state, he emphasizes not presidents, who come and go, but the architects of the system that envelops them: Allen W. Dulles, who built up the C.I.A., and Curtis E. LeMay, who did the same for the Strategic Air Command. Both of them, Bacevich says, would get memorials on the Mall in Washington if we were honest about how the capital really works.

The mandarins thrived under John F. Kennedy, whose administration “was fixating on Fidel Castro with the same feverish intensity as the Bush administration exactly 40 years later was to fixate on Saddam Hussein — and with as little strategic logic.” The Washington consensualists were thrown badly off balance by defeat in Vietnam but, Bacevich says, soon regained their stride under Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton — setting the stage for George W. Bush. Barack Obama campaigned on change and getting out of Iraq, but when it comes to the war in Afghanistan or military budgets, he is, Bacevich insists, just another cat’s-paw for the Washington establishment: “Obama would not challenge the tradition that Curtis LeMay and Allen Dulles had done so much to erect.”

Bacevich sometimes overdoes the high dudgeon. He writes, “The folly and hubris of the policy makers who heedlessly thrust the nation into an ill-defined and open-ended ‘global war on terror’ without the foggiest notion of what victory would look like, how it would be won and what it might cost approached standards hitherto achieved only by slightly mad German warlords.” Which slightly mad German warlords exactly? Bacevich, an erudite historian, could mean some princelings or perhaps Kaiser Wilhelm II, but the standard reading will be Hitler.

And he underplays some of the ways in which Americans have resisted militarism. The all-volunteer force, for all its deep inequities, is a testament to American horror at conscription. He never mentions Daniel Patrick Moynihan, the great New York senator who fought government secrecy and quixotically tried to abolish the C.I.A. after the end of the cold war. Although Bacevich admires Dwight D. Eisenhower for his farewell address warning against the forces of the ­“military-industrial complex,” he slams Eisenhower for enabling those same forces as president. Yet the political scientist Aaron L. Friedberg and other scholars credit Eisenhower for resisting demands for huge boosts in defense spending.

Bacevich, in his own populist way, sees himself as updating a tradition — from George Washington and John Quincy Adams to J. William Fulbright and Martin Luther King Jr. — that calls on America to exemplify freedom but not actively to spread it. It isn’t every American’s tradition (and it offers pretty cold comfort to Poles, Rwandans and Congolese), but it’s one that’s necessary to keep the country from going off the rails. As foreign policy debates in the run-up to the November elections degenerate into Muslim-bashing bombast, the country is lucky to have a fierce, smart peace monger like ­Bacevich.

Gary J. Bass, a professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton, is the author of “Freedom’s Battle” and “Stay the Hand of Vengeance.”

The Dying God: The Hidden History of Western Civilization


By: David Livingstone  |  Writers Club Press, 2002, 460 pages

Western societies are governed by an elite who employ the façade of democracy to disguise their oligarchical rule. They exploit the media and universities to foster an idyllic myth of progress and “freedom”, to create the patriotic notion that Western societies represent the pinnacle of centuries of intellectual evolution.

In reality, these modern secular states were brought about, beginning in the XVIII century, by the subversive activities of secret societies, most notably the Illuminati.

According to their own accounts, however, their activities represent a centuries-long struggle to make supreme the cult of the Kabbalah, which they believe was originally revealed to early humanity sometime before the Flood, on the continent of Atlantis.

There have been numerous attempts to verify these claims, by authors like those of the Holy Blood, Holy Grail, as well as Graham Hancock, and most recently, Dan Brown and his Da Vinci Code. Because scholars shy away from these subjects, an unsuspecting public has been duped into absorbing much of the outlandish claims of these writers.

While their claims are often outlandish, the occult nevertheless has had a formative influence on the development of Western history. So critical has been the role of these occult philosophies, that it is impossible to understand the history of the West without a careful consideration of them.

The Dying God reveals a hidden history of occult influence throughout the ages, which begins in Babylon, in the VI century BC, with the advent of the Kabbalah, developed by heretical Jews, who were known to the ancient world as Chaldean Magi. They sought world domination through the worship of Lucifer, who they revered as the first great rebel, identifying him with an ancient dying-god of fertility rites known as mysteries.

The Greek philosophers were not the first “free-thinkers”, but the first to formulate these ideas, which were then preserved through the “mystery schools” of the Roman Empire.

It was the heretics of Islam who transmitted this tradition to the crusading order of the Knights Templars, whose influence was first felt through the emergence of the heresies of magic, astrology and alchemy, and linked with the cult of the Holy Grail.

Beginning with the Renaissance, the continuing program of these secret societies marked a steady onslaught of propaganda against the power of the Church, culminating in the Enlightenment and its revolutions, by which the Illuminati secured the formation of the secular states of France and America, thus firmly establishing the control they have wielded ever since.


 Chapters:

History as Propaganda

It is commonly understood that Propaganda is usually employed to garner citizens’ support for current political objectives. But, these need to be placed in the proper context, in order to make them appear justified within the greater scheme of things. This fact has long been recognized, and therefore, since the eighteenth century, there has been a concerted effort to consolidate the media, in order to ensure a perception of reality, that was commensurate with the objectives of the powers that be.

Part of this agenda has been the re-writing of history, to nurture patriotic devotion to the collective consisting of the nations of Europe and America as “Western Civilization”, to be pitted in opposition with some specific “other”. In our case, the “East”.

The wholesale reorganization of history was undertaken at the beginning of the nineteenth century by the leading Robber Barrons. After the Civil War, the US government handed over huge tracks of land to specific individuals, who then used that land as collateral to build the railroads. The leading Robber Barrons were John D. Rockefeller and Andrew carnegie, who in turn were acting on behalf of the powerful Rothschilds in London.

Apparently, there is some controversy as to whether or not these capitalists should be referred to instead as “captains of industry”, which excuses their exploitive methods, by claiming that they built up the industry of the US, and that towards the end of their careers, committed their funds increasingly to charitable foundations. What is not explained, however, is that these “charitable” foundations were founded to advance their objectives, and forge the nation in the direction they chose.

With the colossal wealth they amassed in the decades prior to World War I, two boards of trustees were created, the General Education Fund (GEB), by Rockefeller, and the carnegie Endowment for Advanced Education (CFAT). Through a massive infusion of funds, they entirely reorganized the American university system, dismissing undesirable professors, and erecting facilities to concentrate on research into the physical and social sciences. Scientific research has been largely exploited to build up the military-industrial-complex, while social science has served to study human behavior, with the aim of discovering methods of coercion, and to discern and address subversive tendencies.

As noted by McIlhanny, in The Tax-Exempt Foundations, as discovered in minutes from their meetings, these foundations asked themselves the following: “is there any means known to man more effective than war, assuming you wish to alter the life of an entire people?” They could not find one, and so helped to precipitate WWI. Following the Great War, however, recognizing the need to maintain the control they had achieved over the “diplomatic machinery” of the US , the foundations recognized “they must control education”.

Together, as William McIlhany described, the Rockefeller and Carnegie foundations “decided the key to it is the teaching of American history and they must change that. So they then approached the most prominent of what we might call American historians at that time with the idea of getting them to alter the manner in which they presented the subject.” they recognized the success of their efforts, in not only consolidating their control over higher education, but over the government as well, and decided that if they were to maintain such control, that it would be necessary to re-write history.

Primarily, the foundations strategy was to use the guise of the US Board of Education, by fronting as “advisers”. These produced several teacher’s leaflefts, which were distributed to educators during WWI. The first of these leaflets carefully recommended that outright lies or false information was a “mistaken view of patriotic duty”, that was likely to be counterproductive in the long run. The recommendations went on to provide detailed suggestions on what to teach, and how to teach history “properly”. Because,

…history, properly studied or taught, is constantly reminding the individual of the larger life of the community… This common life and the ideals which guide it have been built up through the sacrifice of individuals in the past, and it is only by such sacrifices in the present that this generation can do its part in the continuing life of the local community, the State, and the Nation.

The Myth of Western Civilization

And as such, the myth of “Western Civilization” was born. Through their influence, the entire American educational system was coordinated to serve a centralized command, to further specific areas of scientific research, and to inculcate a proper “interpretation” of history. In Universities and the Capitalist State, Clyde Barrow commented that:

The full-scale rewriting of history under state supervision not only facilitated a short-term justification of American participation in the war, but also helped to institutionalize a much broader and more permanent ideological conception of the United States in the social sciences and humanities.

Initially, the notion of “Western Civilization” was created to foster a sense of identity among the Allied Powers, as members of a single civilization, pitted against the East, in the case of World War I, Germany. However, the development of this idea can be dated back to the early nineteenth century, with Hegel. As demonstrated by Glenn Magee, in Hegel and the Hermetic tradition, Hegel’s ideas were based on the occult. Borrowing from the Jewish Kabbalah, he developed the idea of history as progress of God coming to know himself through the intellectual evolution of man. In Hegel’s terms, this mean man’s evolution towards what he called “freedom”. This “freedom” was when man discovered that he is God.

This idea was in the service of secret societies, most notably the Illuminati, whose goal was the eradication of Christianity, and its replacement with secular rule. Therefore, “liberty”, represented “freedom” from religion. A traditional interpretation of history according to the Bible was replaced by a version that proposed that humanity has been evolving towards secularism. Prior to Hegel, it was common for European historians to acknowledge the persistent influence of the East, but Hegel de-emphasized its contribution, in favour of celebrating the exclusive “genius” of the Greeks. As such, to foster sympathy for their objectives among the common citizenry, it was argued that secularism began among the Greeks, who were the first to question the validity of myth, and that the West steadily progressed away from “superstition”. The first great advances were with the Renaissance, which developed the philosophy of “Humanism”, which culminated in the triumph of the American and French revolutions, and the creation of “democracy”.


“… a stunning book that casts modern civilization in a new and troubling light.”— Henry Makow, savethemales.ca

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