Shortly after the death of Mohammed in AD 632, according to Columbia University Professor, D. M. Dunlop, Arab armies began a campaign northward, sweeping “through the wreckage of two empires and carrying all before them till they reached the great mountain barrier of the Caucasus. This barrier once passed,” Dunlop observes, “the road lay open to the lands of eastern Europe.” Had the Caliphate (the armies of the Muslim Caliph) surmounted that immense geological deterrent unchallenged, the history of Europe and, indeed, the rest of the Judeo-Christian world would have been vastly different than it now is.
It was at the Caucasus, however, that the Arabs encountered the Khazars, initiating a war that lasted over a century and effectively prevented Europe from becoming Islamic. So powerful, socially and militarily, were the Khazars that, as Kevin Alan Brook relates in his work The Jews of Khazaria, “a 10th-century emperor of the Byzantines [Roman Empire], Constantine Porphyrogenitus, sent correspondence to the Khazars marked with a gold seal worth 3 solidi – more than the 2 solidi that always accompanied letters to the Pope of Rome, the Prince of the Rus, and the Prince of the Hungarians.”
The Arab–Khazar wars were a series of conflicts fought between the armies of the Khazar Khaganate and the Umayyad Caliphate (as well as its Abbasid successor) and their respective vassals.
Historians usually distinguish two major periods of conflict, the First (сa. 642–652) and Second (ca. 722–737) Arab–Khazar Wars, but the Arab–Khazar military confrontation involved several sporadic raids and isolated clashes as well, over a period from the middle of the 7th century to the end of the 8th century.
Almost all the fighters in the Umayyad armies were of Turkic origins and on the other hand the Khazar Khaganate was a Turkic colony. So the wars were actually between Turks claiming to Muslim Arabs versus Jewish Turks claiming to be Israelite.
This is reflected in the popular belief among Middle Eastern cultures that Alexander the Great had with divine assistance barred the Caucasus against the hordes of “Gog and Magog”, commonly regarded as an echo of the invasions by the Scythians and the Huns. Eventually, the Khazars would take their place, and early medieval writers came to identify the Khazars with Gog and Magog.
From that time came the concept of division of the world into the “House of Islam” (Dar al-Islam) and the “House of War” (Dar al-Harb), to which the pagan Turkic nomads were consigned.
The main significance of theses wars is in turning Islam into a Turkic version and dominance of completely different essence from the original Islam. Original Islam disappeared almost completely after Arab–Khazar wars. Instead of that appeared new traditions like salafi, Sunni, Shia and Sufi Islam.
Sons of the Conquerors: The Rise of the Turkic World, International Edition, by: Hugh Pope (Author) Paperback: 416 pages, Publisher: Overlook Books (October 31, 2006)
In his major new work, Wall Street Journal Istanbul correspondent Hugh Pope provides a vivid picture of the Turkic people, descendants of the nomadic armies that conquered the Byzantine Empire and reigned over the region for centuries. Today the Turks encompass a region much larger than the political boundaries of the nation of Turkey – from the Xinjiang province of western China, to Iran, Iraq, the Netherlands, Germany, all the way to the Appalachian Mountains of the United States.
One of the world’s foremost experts on modern Turkey – its languages, people, and history – and acclaimed co-author of Turkey Unveiled (a New York Times Notable Book), Hugh Pope has traveled the world to encounter and assimilate the many facets of this extraordinarily complex and fascinating ethnic group, distilling the essential qualities shared by all people of Turkish descent. Rich with stories and legends stretching back centuries, Sons of the Conquerors is a compellingly readable account of a profoundly neglected subject.
The Khazars of Conquest and Violence
Of the ferocity and warlike tendencies of the Khazars there is little doubt and much historical evidence, all of it pointing to a race of people so violent in their dealings with their fellow men that they were feared and abhorred above all peoples in that region of the world.
The ninth-century monk Druthmar of Aquitaine, in his commentary on Matthew 24:14 in Expositio in Matthaeum Evangelistam, stated that the Gazari, or Khazars, dwelt “in the lands of Gog and Magog.”
Leo IV the Khazar
Leo IV the Khazar (25 January 750 – 8 September 780) was Byzantine Emperor from 775 to 780 AD. Leo was the son of Emperor Constantine V by his first wife, Irene of Khazaria (Tzitzak), the daughter of a Khagan of the Khazars (thought to be Bihar). He was crowned co-emperor by his father in 751.
The Roman Emperor Heraclius, in 627, formed a military alliance with the Khazars for the purpose of a final defeat of the Persians. Upon the first meeting of the Khazar king, Ziebel, with the Roman Emperor, the Khazars displayed, in full array, their skills at diplomatic flattery — skills that would serve them well and would not disappear with their kingdom. He “with his nobles dismounted from their horses,” says Gibbon, “…and fell prostrate on the ground, to adore the purple of the Caesar.” So enamored was the Byzantine Emperor with this display of obeisance that it eventually led to the offer, along with many riches, of the Caesar’s daughter Eudocia in marriage. That union never took place due to the death of Ziebel while Eudocia was enroute to Khazaria. However, after the final defeat of Islam’s designs on the Northern Kingdom in AD 730, a marriage between a Khazar princess and the heir to the Byzantine Roman Empire resulted in an offspring who was to rule Byzantium as Leo the Khazar. Thus the “King of the North” had skilfully managed to place himself on the throne of the Roman Empire.
The Turkic blood in the Byzantine Empire resulted in many ways to the end of the Isaurian dynasty in 802.
Today’s terrorist Islam is phony.