Iraqi Jews constitute one of the world’s oldest and most historically significant Jewish communities. The Jewish community of Babylon included Ezra the scribe, whose coming to Judea in the late 6th century BC is associated with significant changes in Hebrew ritual observance and the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem. The Talmud was compiled in Babylonia, identified with modern Iraq.
In the Bible, Babylon the city and Babylonia the country are not always clearly distinguished, in most cases the same word being used for both.
Three times during the 6th century BC, some influential Hebrew of the ancient Kingdom of Judah “Judeans” were arrested and deported to Babylon by orders from Nebuchadnezzar. These three separate occasions are mentioned (Jeremiah 52:28–30).
The first was in the time of Jehoniah in 597 BC, when, in retaliation for a refusal to pay tribute, the temple of Jerusalem was partially despoiled and a number of the leading Judeans were taken to Babylonia (Daniel 5:1–5).
After eleven years, in the reign of Zedekiah, who had been enthroned by Nebuchadnezzar, a fresh revolt of the Judeans took place, perhaps encouraged by the close proximity of the Egyptian army. The city was razed to the ground, and a further deportation ensued.
Finally, five years later, Jeremiah records a third small deportation.
After power in Babylonia turned to the Persians, Cyrus encouraged Turkic people to settle in Judea (537 BC), and more than forty thousand are said to have availed themselves to go.
Who is a Judean? Who is a “Jew”?
Only these persons may be defined as Judeans:
- A member of Judah’s tribe, when the Hebrew people were divided into tribes.
- An inhabitant of Judea country when it existed as a state entity.
In the exile, the Judeans (Yehudim) as deportees were called “galut” (means captives), and this name gradually became a synonym for people without a country, without a national identity, without national aspirations, without national leadership, belonging to religious congregations and subordinated to rabbis. Captive Judeans were called “Yehudim Galutyim”.
The words “Jew, Jude, Juif, Jidan” were not known until massive number Turkic people from Babylonia were resettled in Judea.
Exilarch (Rosh Galut, Reysh Galuta or Resh Galvata lit. “Head of the exile”, Arabic: Raas al-Galut, “leader of the captives”) refers to the leaders of the Judean former officials group in Babylonia.
The earliest accounts of the deported Judean officials to Babylonia are furnished only by scanty biblical details; certain sources seek to supply this deficiency from the realms of legend and tradition. Thus, the so-called “Small Chronicle” (Seder Olam Zutta) endeavors to preserve historic continuity by providing a genealogy of the exilarchs (“Reshe Galuta”) back to King Jeconiah; indeed, Jeconiah himself is made an exilarch.
The Jews are the Turkic group which formed the new population and rule in Judea since 537 BC. And they are not Semitic as the Hebrew Judeans and Israelite.
The Turkic Jews who came from Babylonia were of Mongolian origin as much as the Persians since the Achaemenids in 550 BC (not Aryan Iranians) and also the earlier Turkic settlers in Scythia and north India (including the Gypsy).
Centuries later, new Turkic groups related to the Jews, Persians, and new Scythians were formed in Caucasus, Khazaria (since Eastern Tourkia in 650 AD), Anatolia, Balkans (since Byzantine–Seljuq wars in 1048 AD), and in Europe since the “Holy” “Roman” “Empire” in 962 AD.
Similarly, another Turkic group played very significant role in the Arabian Peninsula before, during, and after Islam in the seventh century AD. Their influence resulted in using derivative of Aramaic-Nabataean alphabet to record the Holy Quran, instead of using the more ancient and developed Arabian alphabet (Musnad). As a result, the Arabian alphabet became extinct in the Arabian Peninsula 50 years after Islam. While the Arabian alphabet still surviving in Axum in Africa.
Under the Turkic Ottoman Empire, the Turkic Jews of Iraq, Palestine, and all other Ottoman colonies were exceptionally influential and fared very well.
The six Turkic groups are:
1- Turkic Muslim in Anatolia and Balkan, (fake Caucasians since Byzantine–Seljuq wars in 1048 Ad),
2- Turkic Shia Persians (fake Iranians since the Achaemenids in 550 BC),
3- Turkic Khazar Zionist Jews (fake Israelite since the tricky Babylonian “Return” in 520 BC),
4- Turkic rulers of Arabia (fake Arabs, following the death of Islam in 655 AD),
5- Turkic “Hindu” Indians and Gypsy (fake Aryans since the Persian conquest in 530 BC), and
6- Turkic Europeans (fake liberal Christians since the “Holy” “Roman” “Empire” in 962 AD)
The processes of inventing Jews and Judaism is explained in the following article: