In Virginia, or in any of the other Southern port cities, the slaves were transferred to the land, and immediately sold. A regular auction would take place, following the method of purchase in Africa. The highest bidder obtained the “Ware”. In many cases — due to the indescribable filth — some of the Blacks became ill during the sea voyage from Africa to America. They became unemployable. In such cases the captain accepted any price. It was rare to dispose of them for no one wanted to purchase a sick Negro. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Jewish, unethical doctor senses a new form of revenue.
They purchased the sick Negro for a small sum, then treated him, and sold him for a large sum. On occasion the captain would be left with a few Negroes for whom he did not find a buyer. In that case he returned to Newport, and sold them to the Jews for cheap domestic help. In other cases, the Jew owner of the ships took them over. This is why the city of Newport and its surroundings had 4,697 black slaves in the year 1756.
Slavery did not extend to the North. Moreover, in many of the North American Colonies, slavery was strictly forbidden. Georgia came under discussion; likewise also Philadelphia. And again it was the Jews who managed a loophole, which had given them freedom following the Revolutionary War, so, they schemed to make slave trading legal.
One had but to read the names of which persons, living in Philadelphia who were requesting the elimination of existing laws, re the slavery dealing. They were: the Jews Sandiford, Lay, Woolman, Solomon, and Benezet. That explained it all! But let us turn back to the slave ship “Abigail”. Its captain — and we are reading from his ships books — did a profitable business. He sold all of his Negroes in Virginia, invested some of the money in tobacco, rice, sugar, and cotton, and went on to Newport where he deposited his wares.
We learn from Captain Freedman’s books that the “Abigail” was a small ship, and could ‘only’ accommodate 56 people. He managed however to clear from this one trip 6,621 dollars, which he in turn delivered to the owner of the ship: one Aaron Lopez.
The staggering amounts of money acquired by the Jew ship owners and slavery dealers is better illustrated when we emphasize the many years in which this sale and purchase of human flesh was practiced. Prior to 1661, all of the Colonies had laws prohibiting slavery. It was in that year that the Jews had become powerful enough to bring about the repeal of these laws, and slavery began in earnest.
The Jews had discovered that the Colonists needed additional manpower to help them clear their fields for planting, helping in the construction of dwellings, and in general to help with harvesting their crops. This was particularly true of the Southern States which we have referred to earlier. The Southerners had vast tracts of rich soil suitable for rice, cotton, tobacco and cane sugar. At first impoverished Europeans were recruited. English prison doors were opened and finally prisoners of war from England and Holland were brought to the Colonies, made to work until they had paid the cost of transporting them by ship and then set free.
It doesn’t take a Jew long to discover what his brothers are doing so a group of Jews settled in Charleston, South Carolina where they set up distilleries for making rum and whiskey. They too learned that they could trade with the natives on the West Coast of Africa for ivory, and several ships were purchased and sent to Africa, trading the usual glass beads and other cheap ornaments for ivory, which, however, took up but little space on board ship. It occurred to these Jew traders that they could supply the plantations in the South with ‘Black Ivory’, needed under swampy and malarial conditions which European labor could not tolerate without sickness, and which would not only fill the holds of their ships, but bring enormous profits. (This same group had earlier tried selling Indians as slaves but they found them completely unsatisfactory, as the Indians would not tolerate this type of work.) Thus another segment of the slave trading had become active and profitable out of Charleston, So, Carolina. Several shiploads of Black slaves were sent by the Dutch West Indies Company to Manhattan.
During this time there were a number of Jew plantation owners established in the West Indies and two Jews, Eyrger and Sayller, with strong Rothschild connections in Spain, formed an agency called ASIENTO, which later operated in Holland and England. It was through these connections that Jews in Holland and England exerted influence and both of these countries cooperated in helping the Jews provide Black Slaves for the Colonists.
With the yearly capture and transport of I Million Black Slaves it is not difficult to figure that from 1661 to 1774 (one hundred and thirteen years) approximately one hundred and ten million slaves had been removed from their native land. About 100’/0, or ELEVEN MILLION Black Slaves reached the Colonies alive.
We have talked about the small ship “Abigail” which could accommodate only 56 people and yet the profits per each trip were enormous, with little or no investment. There were many other ships but we will concentrate here on only a few such as the “La Fortuna”, “Hannah”, “Sally” or the “Venue” which made very great profits. The “La Fortuna”, by the way, transported approximately 217 slaves on each trip. The owner cleared not less than $41,438.00 from such a trip. These were dollars which the slave dealers ‘could keep’. And these were dollars of value which would buy a great deal in return.
When one considers that the Jews of Newport owned about 300 slave-transporting ships, active without interruption, docking at either Newport – Africa, Charleston, (or Virginia), one can approximate the tremendous earnings which made their way to the Jewish ship owners. Indeed, the Jews admit, that of the 600 ships, leaving Newport harbor into all the world, “at least half of them” wend their way to Africa, and we know what these ships, going to Africa “were seeking”.
The fact that Aaron Lopez had control of over more than half of the combined deals in the Colonies of Rhode Island, (with Newport) is a well-known fact. The well-known Rabbi Morris A. Gutstein, in his book: “The story of the Jews in Newport”, attempts to remove these facts, maintaining that there is not any evidence that the Jews were connected with the Slave Trade. It is therefore, imperative to prove that the Jew was indeed connected with the slave trading. Especially so, since this Rabbi insists they had made great contributions, and how very “blessed” their residence became for the city of Newport. Surely Morris A. Gutstein will grant us permission to present the facts which he was unable to find.
Turning to one report of the Chamber of Commerce of the “Rhode Island Colony” in the year 1764, we find for instance, that in the year 17Z3 “A few Merchants in Newport devised the idea to send their Newport Rum to the coast of Africa. It developed into such a great export, that in the matter of a few years “several thousand (Hogsheads.)” of Rum went that way. To which purpose did this rum serve?
The Carnegie Institute in Washington, D. C. presents and makes public, authentic Documents, titled: “Documents illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade in America”. We wish to present a few facts from this particular collection of Original Documents, and scrutinize them at closer range, and not at all to prove the heretofore Rabbi Morris A. Gutstein in error. In this collection of the first American Institute of learning, we evaluate the Capitol “Rhode Island” which contributed the main share of the public Documentation regarding the Slave trading.
Here we find, documented, the recipients of the numerous Shipping letters, also letters to the Slave dealers, and correspondence to the Ships’ Captains, who were about 15% Jews, living in Newport. Among these, we find for instance the Jew: Isaac Elizar. He wrote a letter to Captain Christopher Champlin on February 6th, 1763, saying he would like to be an agent for a load of slaves. Then follows the Jews Abraham Pereira Mendez, and one of the main slave dealers, Jacob Rod Rivera — the father-in-law of Aaron Lopez.
An identical illustration of how slaves were stowed in the Brookes of Liverpool. The upper illustration shows the six-foot-wide platform on which slaves were ranged like books on a shelf. There was no Space for them to sit up. The decks were completely covered with chained bodies, (c) shows the men’s section – to the right, (G) shows the women’s section to the left, (E) Is the boys’ section in the center. (From Clarkson’s Abstract of the Evidence 1791).
And then there is Aaron Lopez himself, and many, many more other Jews. Although we have considered Aaron Lopez several times, the size of this documented treatise limits us, and we cannot describe all of the writers concerned in the Slavery Dealing correspondence, their names and the special dates —- rather, we wish to study the Documentation of the “Carnegie Institute” itself, — keeping Aaron Lopez in mind. We wish to see, what in the main this Jew was pursuing. What his business was. This due to the fact, that Rabbi Morris A. Gutstein presents him as a “lofty, and fine civilian of Newport”, who was so generous, and even “made contributions to welfare.”