One of the major obstacle and problem in studying and knowing the history of Arabs and the Middle East, as well as the Religion (in Arabic called Islam), and the local nature of all messages, codes and teachings including that of Muhammed (is not Islam), is the confusion between Arabs and Bedouins.
The fact is, Arabs are totally different ethnic group from the Bedouins. The ancient Arabs were dark skin people, very much similar to, and part of the peoples of Punt Lands (the Horn of Africa). While the Bedouins are pale skin Amorites of West Asian deserts, who were and are partners with the Turkic Mongolian horse-riding bandits who invaded and spread all over Subar and Sumer (Mesopotamia), Levant, Asia Minor, East and South Europe since 2400 BC; and Africa since 1670 BC.
Turkic Mongolian bandits with Hurrian soldiers and slaves created the Akkadians in 2334 BC. Sumerian Gutians then Third Dynasty of Ur expelled them in 2154 BC. The Akkadians fled west to the Amorites and formed a coalition. Together, they invaded and colonized Kmt (ancient Egypt) and were known as the Hyksos (hekau khasut, Rulers of foreign nomads). The rulers were the Akkadians and the nomads were the Bedouins. The people of Kmt avoided calling the foreign rulers as kings, which is Nesso. They referred to colonizing tyrants disrespectfully as the big house, which is paɾuw, turned pharaoh.
In 1523 BC, King Ahmose I defeated and expelled the Hyksos, who fled east to Amorites deserts. The wandering Hyksos turned to be called Haperu (Hebrews). Groups of the expelled Hyksos invaded and colonized the Ugarit and created the Mitanni colony; another group invaded and colonized southern Sumer and created the Kassite colony. The term Amorite died of disuse. A third group of the expelled Hyksos/Hebrew invaded the ancient Arabs and created Khaybar garrison. The term Khaybar is identical to Khyber Pass that links Pakistan and Afghanistan; Khyber District and province of Pakistan.
The home of ancient Arabs was confined to the Western and Southern coasts of the Peninsula only. From 1500 BC to 680 BC the Amorites-Turkic Mongolian Hyksos/Hebrews operated in small raiding bandits. They were called Aberi from Haperu which turned to A’arab. In 680, one warlord defeated other bandits and declared himself a king and called his territories Saba. In 580 BC the Hyksos invented the Jews in Babylon.
The name Saba was a borrowing from the original and ancient Saba/Sheba, which was in Tigray region, in Punt Lands. The Queen of Saba/Sheba Makeda was the one who visited King Solomon who was ruling the Kingdom of Israel, which was definitely in Punt Lands, probably in the Afar Triangle. Israel’s capital was Jerusalem with the Temple as a center. It knew no Jews or Judaism.
The ancient Arabs lost their land, history and language to the occupying Southern Bedouin Amorites; who claimed that they are the pure Arabs (Qahtanite/Joktan); and their kin, the northern Hyksos, are the Adnanites “Arabized Arabs”. And the ancient Arabs were declared just extinct people.
The teachings of Muhammed and the Holy Quran directed the Arabs to all messages, and to The Religion (Islam); and also to liberate themselves from wicked behaviors and from the colonization of the Bedouins and their partners. But when Muhammed and the faithfuls were threatened they took refuge in the main opponents’ stronghold in Yathrib (later called Medina). Not only the liberation orders were aborted but also the Message was hijacked and corrupted and used as a colonial tool for the Hyksos. It was called “Islam” despite the teachings of Muhammed was not Islam but a way for the Arabs leading to Islam which was created before Time.