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How Jews Existed and do they have Common Genetics?


Is it possible to find any genetic origin for Jews? Could it be a nation, ethnicity or a religion? Are the Jews only members of a political association; which was pagan then called Judaism and later Zionism? Surely there is no point in seeking origins or common features for Jews because they are not biological. They came from one specific ethnic group but soon they turned into a composition of people with different origins, languages and features. Like other businesses or politics Jewry have no Semite origin, common features, language, religion, race, or genetics.

The story of Jews began by Turkic Mongolian groups in eastern Mongolia in 1800 BC. They discovered the power of horses and metal weapons and used them to raid, enslave, loot, and colonized the Scythian. They stole Scythian identity and wealth and from there they branched into three directions. First, to eastern Aryan land and north India. Second, to Mesopotamia, Levant, and Asia Minor. The third direction was to Pontic–Caspian steppe and Eastern Europe.

Turkic Mongolian various groups had many names and different leaderships. They didn’t use or know the term Jews until 530 BC after they decided to kick out their former partners, Hebrew Israelite, from Canaan. This displacement and colonization of Canaan were done by replacing few hundreds of Israelite rulers by many hundreds of thousands of Turkic settlers coming from Persia. It was done by the alleged Babylonian Exile and after 50 years by the Babylonian Return.

The Israelite were Arab Semite tribe from Yemen who took refuge in Abyssinia (Habasha) and Kerma (ancient Ethiopia and ancient Nubia) from 1876 to 1446 BC. During that period they established collaboration and various illicit businesses with the Turkic Hyksos who colonized north Egypt. The Hyksos were defeated and expelled by Ahmose I in 1523 BC. He also expelled the Israelite from Kerma in Nubian Sudan. The Israelite never went to Egypt as the Hebrew Bible later stated. Due to their atrocities the pagan Israelite were expelled from Abyssinia but they fled under the leadership of Moses to take with them their banned unlawful loot.

In Yemen the Israelite received the Ten Commandments and the Torah from EL which were in the Ge’ez language of Abyssinia. After the death of Moses the leaders of the Israelites under the command of Aaron decided to abandon and forge the scriptures. They chose to migrate from their homeland of north-west Yemen and Asir to invade and colonized Canaan. They joined forces with the expelled Turkic Hyksos and groups roaming in north Arabia.

The word JEW originated from YHWH which had uncertain origin. The first mention of YHWH is found in ancient Egypt (Kmt) as Shasu of YHWH (nomad of Yahweh), which was used to identify the foreign raiding nomads from Asia. These Shasu of YHWH looted Mesopotamia and the Levant for 150 years before they infiltrated into northern Egypt around 1650 BC. In 1630 BC they took up arms and colonized north Egypt creating the Hyksos (1630 – 1523 BC) and YHWH diety. The term Hyksos came from Heka-chasut which meant for the Egyptians nomadic rulers.

The Jews went into four distinct periods. Pre-Jewry (1800 – 530 BC) they enslaved Eastern Europeans and Iranians. Earlier Jewry: (530 BC – 720 AD) were Turkic mixed with their Asian and Middle Eastern slaves. Intermediate Jewry: (720 AD – 1700 AD) They were mixed with slaves from Eastern Europe, Caucasus Anatolia, Balkan, North Africa, defunct Roman Empire, and Iberia. Together with their Ottoman branch they organized the colonization of the Americas, African Trans-Atlantic slavery and colonization of Africa. Modern Jewry: (1700 AD – Now). They are heavily mixed with their European. They settled in all parts of the world. The Zionist movement was established practical in 1881. They organized to take Canaan back from their Palestinian slaves claiming they are the heirs of Earlier Jews.

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Jews Looted Canaan 200 years Before the Israelite


Jews are NOT Israelite

Jews are NOT Israelite

The Jews are Turkic Mongolian raiders; they were looting in Canaan and the whole Levant hundreds of years before the arrival of the Israelite (Arab Semite Yemeni Semite) to Canaan in 1406 BC from Yemen.

The Jews and the Israelite are two different ethnic groups. The Jews were pagans and the Israelite were disobedient and forgers for the teachings of Moses. The Israelite never went to Egypt; and even Abraham didn’t. The Israelite too refuge in Abyssinia (ancient Ethiopia) for 430 years (from 1876 to 1446 BC). They caused a lot of slavery, damages and harm to Abyssinia and to Kerma (ancient Nubia) and caused its collapse. The Israelite made unlawful businesses with the Jews who colonized north Egypt and were known as the Hyksos (1630 -1523 BC).

After the Israelite were expelled from Abyssinia in 1446 BC (Biblical Exodus) they moved from Yemen to join their former business partners the Jews in Canaan and Levant.

Before the Persian war of 605 BC the Israelite occupied and ruled Canaan and used the names of Samaria and Jerusalem to point to the two different Israelite coalitions. They didn’t use the terms Kingdom of Israel and Kingdom of Judea. These two names came much later and were invented by the Jews to allege that the origin of the word JEW is from Judea. It is impossible and illogical that the Samarian group secede and take with them the name of the former state and leave behind the capital.

After the tricky Babylonian return in 530 BC the Jews kicked out their former partners the Israelite. All Arabia became Turkic and the Arabs disappeared as an ethnic group. Those Arabic speaking groups are not Arabs but Turkic Mongolians. The Arabs didn’t have weapons or horses or even camels or tribal organization to put any resistance to the aggressive Turkic Mongolians.

The term JEW has nothing to do or any relation with Judah or Judea, or Israel. YEWH = JEW appeared before Judah son of Jacob and at completely different far place. Ye-hu-dah comes from YHWH which became Jew. Ye-hu-dah didn’t come from Judah. Haaretz and the state of Israel are telling total false information of the worst level. Why Are Jews Called Jews?

There is no any ethnic relationship between Jews and Israelite. The only similarities are their similar behavior and illegal claims of Canaan. The Israelite allege they were given this land by God EL “Allah”; and the Jews claim they are the Israelite who were given Canaan!

Jews Colonized Egypt 107 Years then Stole Hebrew Israelite Identity


A nomadic group called Shasu “east/Asia nomad” entered and settled in eastern Nile Delta before 1650 BC. They came peacefully and gradually prospered and increased; then raided and colonized many parts of Egypt. This Shasu created the Hyksos (Egyptian Hekw Shasu, “foreign east rulers”; Greek: Hykussos) were people of mixed origins from Asia and Canaan. The Hyksos led to the end of Egypt’s Thirteenth Dynasty (1803–1649 BC) and initiated Egypt’s Second Dark Intermediate Period (1674–1549 BC).

Egyptian texts list different tribes of nomadic groups wandering the deserts of Arabia collectively called “Shasu”. One of these groups, is identified as “Shasu Yhw(h)” This group of nomads are indeed the Jews and their deity YHWH. “Shasu of YHWH” means “nomad JEW”. After 1406 BC Canaan was first settled then colonized by Yemeni Arab Semite “Hebrew Israelite”. Egyptians called them “Abiru or Habiru” and their only God for thousands of years was EL.

“EL” is the name of the God of Moses and for the Hebrew Israelite since their Exodus. It is also written in plural “Elohim” as a form of high respect and reverence. It was the same name used by Abraham and Enoch. The Israelite also used to call God as Eloah, Ilah, and Allah. The patriarch Jacob was given the name Isra-EL 400 years before Moses and 1500 years before Jews took over Canaan. Nomad Jews, “Shasu of YHWH”, were pagans of an Asiatic cult, most probably Tengrism. The Israelite and the Jews are indeed two totally different nations with two different gods.

Ahmose I (reign 1549 -1524 BC) liberated Egypt from the Hyksos. He was ten years old when he assumed the throne. Both his father and his brother died fighting the Hyksos. His mother, the powerful Queen Ahhotep, acted as his co-regent for the early part of his reign and retained a great deal of influence with the king. He relied heavily on sister-wife (Queen Ahmose Nefertari) and his grandmother (Queen Tetisheri) for support and honoured their names. He introduced new tools of warfare most notably the composite bow and the horse-drawn chariot and bronze tools. Inside his pyramid the pharaoh appears in a series of battle scenes which include some of the earliest depictions of horses in Egyptian art.

The early years of his reign were fairly quiet, and the Hyksos may even have made some gains. However, he resumed hostilities about half way through his twenty-five year reign launching attacks on Hyksos strongholds including Memphis and Avaris and retaking Heliopolis. He laid siege to the Hyksos fortress at Sharuhen for six years, at last forcing them to retreat. The king then led his army to Nubia (Kush) imposing his control as far as the Second Cataract and installed a Viceroy in Buhen to manage the area.

While Ahmose I was in Nubia, Hyksos sympathizers led by Teti-en tried to seize the throne. However, his mother (Queen Ahhotep) quashed the rebellion and maintained power until the return of her son. For her bravery, the Pharaoh awarded her “the gold flies”. The king then returned to Canaan, pushing as far as the Euphrates, to make it clear who was in charge. On returning home, he seemed content to allow local governors to get on with their jobs, rather than imposing central authority.

Ahmose I married his sister, Ahmose Nefertari (the daughter of Ahhotep I and Seqenenre Taa II), their son was Amenhotep I. As well as honouring his mother, the king respected his powerful sister-wife. She held the title, “Second Prophet of Amun”, an exceptional rank for a woman, and he gave her the title “God’s Wife of Amun”. This begun the convention of naming the chief wife of the pharaoh by this title.

The Turkic Mongolian Jews of Shasu kept on plundering from India up to Rome and they caused the Late Bronze Age Great Collapse in 1177 BC and the Sea People crises. Finally, they turned against their Hebrew Israelite allies and displaced them in 530 BC. Finally the Jews and their deity YHWH won over the Hebrew Israelite and replaced their God EL.

Moses was from Yemeni Arab Israelite parents, born and grew up in Abyssinia (ancient Ethiopia), married and had two sons from a Nubian, and died in Yemen. These are certain.

The Jews (Turkic Mongolians) appeared hundreds of years before the Israelite moved to Canaan in 1406 BC. The Campaigns of Ahmose (the great) in north Egypt was against the Jews; and to the south in Kerma (ancient Nubia) was against the Israelite. These happened 90 years before the Exodus and 150 years before going to Canaan and becoming Hebrew.

The old puzzle has been solved perfectly.

Turkic Shasu and Jehovah Replaced Hebrew Israelite and God


Role of Kasku or Shasu in the Bronze Age collapse Between 1200 and 1150 BC

Role of Kasku or Shasu in the Bronze Age collapse Between 1200 and 1150 BC

Shasu and Habiru in Hieroglyphic

Shasu and Habiru in Hieroglyphic

The exact date the Jewish texts reached its final form is unknown. Many scholars believe this happened sometime much later than the Babylonian exile, which began after the fall of Jerusalem in 587 BCE, and the subsequent periods of Persian and Hellenistic rule (some 900 to 1800 years after Moses).

Since 1800 BC Turkic groups coming from Mongolia raided almost all the Middle East, India, and Eastern Europe. One of these Mongolian raiding groups is mentioned in Egyptian records as Shasu. They occupied Hittite region in eastern Anatolia with the Black Sea. They are the reason behind Hittite Empire collapse, total destruction of its capital, and the 1177 BC Late Bronze Age Collapse in the whole region.

The first clue that the ancient Israelites worshipped a creator God lies in their own name. The name given to Jacob is “Israel” indicates clearly that God’s name is “El”. Plural form, Elohim, could be used for reverence and respect too. This is like shouting “Elahu Akkaber”! Therefore, El for the Israelite and Allah for Arabs are the same word with little different pronunciations. This fact is another evidence that the Israelites who became Hebrew Israelites in Canaan only after 1406 BC are originally Arabs from Yemen.

Then another name or god appeared and this new deity is known as YHWH. The Hebrew Bible mention this other name or god as four consonants known as the Tetragrammaton (Greek for “four letters”) which are transliterated as Y-H-W-H. But this not the Israelite original name of God as it had been clearly known and used since at least 2000 BC, during the life of Enoch and Abraham.

The name “Israel” is certainly much older than the veneration of YHWH by the group called Jews. The Bible appears to address this early worship of God as El in Exodus 6:3, when God tells Moses that he “appeared to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as El Shaddai (today translated as “God Almighty”). In fact, YHWH was not the god of Israelites at all, as it is evident that the ancient Israelites adopted it from a mysterious, unknown tribe that lived somewhere in the deserts of the southern Levant and Arabia.

So how did the Israelites worshiping EL come in contact with the cult of YHWH? The Bible is quite explicit about the geographical roots of the YHWH deity, repeatedly linking his presence to the mountainous wilderness and the deserts of the southern Levant. YHWH is the origin of the words: Yahweh; Jehovah; and Yehud. Actually “YHWH” not Judah is indeed the root source of the word “JEW”.

All these regions and locations can be identified with the territory that ranges from the Sinai and Negev to northern Arabia. YHWH’s penchant for appearing in the biblical narrative on top of mountains and accompanied by dark clouds and thunder, are also typical attributes of a deity originating in the wilderness, possibly a god of storms and wars.

Support for the theory that YHWH belongs to a foreign group wandered in the deserts of Israel and Arabia can be found in Egyptian texts from the late second millennium, which list different tribes of nomads collectively called “Shasu” that populated this vast desert region. One of these groups, which inhabits the Negev, is identified as the “Shasu Yhw(h).” This suggests that this group of nomads may have been the first to have the god of the Jews as its tutelary deity.

Hebrew Israelite were called “Abiru or Habiru” and their only God for thousands of years is EL, while the Jews were called “Shasu of YHWH”. These are two different nations with two different gods. But finally the Jews and their god YHWH won over the Hebrew Israelite and replaced their God EL. A helpful article is posted on HaaretzHow the Jews Invented God, and Made Him Great”.

The God of Jews is not the God of Hebrew Israelite


“EL” is the name of the God of Moses and for the Hebrew Israelite since their Exodus. It is also written and pronounced in plural “Elohim” as a form of high respect and reverence. It was the same name used by Abraham and Enoch. The Israelite also used to call God as Eloah, Ilah, and Allah. The patriarch Jacob was given the name Isra-EL 400 years before Moses and 1500 years before the words JEW and YHWH appeared.

YHWH/ Yahweh/ Jehovah is another totally different name for a warrior god for Turkic Mongolian people who formed the Jews. Both YHWH/ Jahovah and Jew appeared in 530 BC and they originated from Babylon. The word JEW came from YHWH just by replacing Y with J

The Jews made gross mistakes by failing to recognize the God of Hebrew Israelite in 530 BC. Then they came up with various ways to write and pronounce Yahweh to make it similar to Elohim.

First they said YHWH is too holy to be pronounced. Then they said YHWH is intended to be pronounced as Adonai (another invented term). They kept changing points to make the word YHWH (Yahweh/ Jehovah) look and pronounce like the original Elohim.

Certainly, the Jews are totally different group from the older Hebrew Israelite. The Israelite were Arab Semite who descended from Abraham and Jacob. The Jews have different god than the God of Jesus.

On the other hand, the Jews are Turkic Mongolians who were created by Turkic Persians and sent to replace and rule over the Hebrew Israelite. They used the Return from Babylonian Exile as a way to insert Turkic settlers into Canaan and colonized it without fighting. Turkic Mongolians are known for identity theft wherever they raid.

Support for the theory that YHWH belongs to a foreign group wandered in the deserts of Israel and Arabia can be found in Egyptian texts from the late second millennium, which list different tribes of nomads collectively called “Shasu” that populated this vast desert region. One of these groups, which inhabits the Negev, is identified as the “Shasu Yhw(h).” This suggests that this group of nomads may have been the first to have the god of the Jews as its tutelary deity.

Later the Shasu invaded and colonized Egypt and were called the Hyksos “Heky-Shasu”. The Greek phrase Hyksos stood for the Egyptian phrase Hekw Shasu meaning the Bedouin-like, which scholars have only recently shown means “rulers from foreign lands”.

Hebrew Israelite were called “Abiru or Habiru” and their only God for thousands of years is EL, while the Jews were called “Shasu of YHWH” or “nomad Jews”. These are two different nations with two different gods. But finally the Jews and their cult YHWH won over the Hebrew Israelite and replaced their God EL.

A helpful article is posted on HaaretzHow the Jews Invented God, and Made Him Great

Habesha Keeper of Genuine Religions and Refuge for Persecuted Faithful


Little Habesha cutie

Little Habesha cutie

Habesha Keeper of Genuine Religions and Refuge for Persecuted Faithful

After the death of Moses, the Israelites rejected the homeland shown to them which was in north-western Yemen and Asir region (now in Saudi Arabia). They forged the scriptures because their greedy leaders preferred Canaan. Moses died leaving behind his widow, Zipporah, and two sons (Gershom and Eliezer), plus a community of faithful Israelite. Zepporah, her sons, and a group of faithful surely had rejected the alterations made to the scriptures and refused to join the malicious wandering.

Those who disobeyed Israelite leaders and held to Moses’s teachings must were a minority. Moses’s widow Zipporah and her two sons were also not accepted by Aaron and Mariam. They must had had no choice but to return back to their homeland in Habesha soon after the death of Moses. Zepporah’s father was Jethro, and her brother was Reuel, and had six sisters..

It makes a lot of sense to assume that the Israelite leaders during the 40 years of Wandering were either terrified from the Ark of the Covenant or unwilling to take it with them in their deliberate unfaithful acts of defiance by invading Canaan. Israelite who invaded Canaan didn’t have the genuine Ark of the Covenant at all, instead they made and used a duplicate only.

The Ark of the Covenant, also known as the Ark of the Testimony, is a gold-covered wooden chest with lid cover containing the two stone tablets of the Ten Commandments. The Ark disappeared mysteriously. The original Ark of the Covenant was either hidden or left behind in Yemen or taken by the group of faithful Israelite who returned to Habesha with Zipporah and Moses’ children. This small Israelite community in Habesha were the founders and the keepers of the true religion of Moses.

Therefore, according to many stories, what King Menelik (son of King Solomon and Queen of Saba) brought from Solomon’s Temple probably was a duplicate because the original Ark of Covenant was already hidden either in Yemen or most likely somewhere in Habesha.

This kind of refuge and protection in the Habesha that was offered to the faithful Israelite was also provided for the followers of Jesus in early Christianity during the Jewish persecutions against the Hebrew Israelite.  Again Habesha protected the followers of Mohamed at the beginning of Islam and after the eruption of the civil war. Habesha could be the only holder and protector of the “Backup copies” for the original religions.

Enoch the Ethiopian is a less known prophet of the Bible but he was greater than Abraham and holier than Moses. Enoch was the son of Jared (Genesis 5:19–21), the father of Methuselah, and the great-grandfather of Noah. The Bible says that Enoch lived 365 years before he was taken by God. The text reads that Enoch “walked with God: and he was no more; for God took him” (Gen 5:21–24), which some Christians interpret as Enoch entering Heaven alive. The Hebrew Book of Enoch informs us that he was taken from this world because of his perfect righteousness and in his capacity as the perfect witness.

The real stories of Moses, Zepporah and their children, the faithful Israelite community that opposed the alteration of scriptures to legitimize the invasion and colonization of Canaan cannot be found in Hebrew history. The reasons for such omissions are not necessarily racist, but more probably political and related to the legitimacy of the state of Israel; and also destroying the claim of Jews, who were brought by the Turkic Mongolians who ruled Persia, that they are equally Semite as the Hebrew Israelite who they displaced since 530 BC.

 

Carrying the Ark of the Covenant

Carrying the Ark of the Covenant

Jewish-Ottoman Turkic Alliance against Europeans and the World


[Thousands of Jews who fled Spain went to Turkey, which historically has been very nice to the Jews. Opening his doors to them, the Sultan of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, Bayezid II, declared: “They tell me that Ferdinand of Spain is a wise man but he is a fool. For he takes his treasure and sends it all to me.”

How did the movement of the Jews affect these countries? Spain, which having discovered and colonized the new World should have been the wealthiest of countries, was bankrupt within one hundred years of the expulsion. Turkey, on the other hand, prospered. The Ottoman Empire became one of the greatest powers in the world. The next two sultans, Selim I and Suleiman I, expanded the empire as far as Vienna, Austria.

(Incidentally, it was Suleiman – known as “Suleiman the Magnificent” – who, in 1536, re-built the walls of Jerusalem – the same walls that stand today and define the Old City.)]

Every American child knows about King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella – they are the monarchs who backed Christopher Columbus in his discovery of America. However, here are a few things that most people don’t know about them.

Isabella was a “fervent” Christian and, in 1478, she asked the Pope for permission to set up an Inquisition to weed out heresy in the Christian world. The Pope obliged, issuing on November 1, 1478, a papal bull called Exigit Sincere Devotionis. Ferdinand and Isabella followed that up with a royal decree on September 27, 1480.

(One of the most fascinating and depressing sub-plots of this drama is how many of the major Christian personalities in this story had either Jewish ancestry or were actually Jewish according to Jewish law. In addition to Torquemada, Jewish blood also flowed through the veins of:

  • King Ferdinand V
  • Queen Isabella I
  • Diego de Raza-Grand Inquisitor after Torquemada
  • Hernando de Talavera-Isabella’s personal confessor (mother was converse)
  • Pedro de la Caballeria and Alanso de Cabrera – (both converses)who helped arrange the wedding of Ferdinand and Isabella
  • Gabriel Sanchez (converse) – chief treasurer or Aragon
  • Luis de Santangel (converse) – Ferdinand’s budget Minister. (Sanchez and Santangel were responsible for financing the voyage of Christopher Columbus – also of Jewish ancestry – more on this later!)

While Columbus was off discovering America, what was happening to the Jews newly thrown out of Spain? The day after the expulsion, August 3, 1492, Christopher Columbus left on his famed voyage of discovery. His diary begins:

In the same month in which their Majesties issued the edit that all Jews should be driven out of the kingdom and its territories, in the same month, they gave me the order to undertake with sufficient men my expedition of discovery of the Indies.

Many people like to speculate that Columbus was of Jewish ancestry, and there is a good case for it. (For those interested, there are a lot of fascinating tidbits about Columbus collected in a book called Christopher Columbus’s Jewish Connection by Jane Francis Amler.) Here are some examples:

  • Although he was born in Genoa, Italy, his first language was Castilian Spanish. Many Jews had been forced to leave Castile about hundred years before his birth and some went to Genoa. (Incidentally, 14th century Castilian Spanish is the “Yiddish” of Spanish Jewry known as “Ladino.”)
  • When he wrote, Columbus made funny little marks on the page that resembled the markings that religious Jews put on top of the written page even to this day – an abbreviation of besiyata d’ishmaya, which means “with God’s help” in Aramaic.
  • He talked a great deal about Zion in his writings.
  • In his crew, he had five known Jews, including his doctor, navigator, and translator.
  • Columbus hired the translator, Louis de Torres, (who had converted to Christianity the day before he set sail) because he spoke twelve languages including Hebrew. And Columbus was sure he was not going to bump into Hebrew-speakers. He thought he was going to go to the Far East and he expected to find at least one of the ten lost tribes there and needed a Hebrew speaker.

Furthermore, there’s no question that Columbus’s voyage to America was spiritually linked to the expulsion. Just as one of the greatest Jewish communities of Medieval Europe is being destroyed, God was opening up the doors of what is going to eventually become the greatest Diaspora refuge for Jews in history – America. This is another tremendous pattern we see in history: God making the cure before the disease.

Incidentally, Columbus’s voyage was not financed by Isabella selling her jewels as is often stated. The major financiers were two court officials – both Jewish converses – Louis de Santangel, chancellor of the royal household, and Gabriel Sanchez, treasurer of Aragon.

The first letter Columbus sent back from the New World was not to Ferdinand and Isabella, but to Santangel and Sanchez thanking them for their support and telling them what he found.

The voyage of Columbus is a landmark in the Age of Exploration when numerous discoverers opened up the New World. While no other is believed to be Jewish, their discoveries were, to a significant extent, made possible by Jewish inventions or Jewish improvements to existing inventions.

For example, the key tools of navigators – the quadrant and the astral lobe used during this period- were of Jewish manufacture. In fact, the type of quadrant then in use was called “Jacob’s Staff”; it had been invented by Rabbi Levi ben Gershon also known as Gershonides.

The famous atlas that Columbus and the other explorers used was known as the Catalon Atlas. It was the creation of the Cresca Family, Jews from Majorca, Spain. Not only was the Catalon Atlas considered the greatest and most significant collection of maps at the time, it had no competition to speak of. Jews had a virtual monopoly at map making then, culling information from Jewish merchants from all over the known world.

The Christians began to call converted Jews “New Christians” to distinguish them from the “Old Christians” i.e. themselves. Derogatorily, Jewish converts to Christianity were called converses meaning “converts,” or worse yet marranos, meaning “pigs.” The basic accusation was that these Jews were not real converts to Christianity – they were secretly practicing Judaism. That was certainly often the case. There were large numbers of Jews who would be outwardly Christian but who would continue to practice Judaism secretly. Source: Aish(dot)com, by Rabbi Ken Spiro. (History Crash Course #48: The Inquisition)

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