Camel Domestication History Challenges Hebrew Bible Narrative
Domesticated Camels Came to Israel in 930 B.C. Centuries Later Than Bible Says
[The dromedary, or one-humped camel is mentioned in the Bible 47 times. Stories about the Jewish patriarchs—Abraham, Joseph, and Jacob—include descriptions of camels as domesticated animals. For example, Genesis 24:11 says, “And he made his camels to kneel down without the city by a well of water at the time of the evening, even the time that women go out to draw water.”]
[Newly published research by two archaeologists at Tel Aviv University in Israel shows that camels weren’t domesticated in the eastern Mediterranean until the 10th century B.C.—several centuries after the time they appear in the Bible.
While there are conflicting theories about when the Bible was composed, the recent research suggests it was written much later than the events it describes. This supports earlier studies that have challenged the Bible’s veracity as a historic document.
The biblical angle wasn’t the focus of the recent research, though, just an after-the-fact observation. The study, published late last year in Tel Aviv: Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University, concerned the introduction of domesticated camels at copper smelting sites in Israel’s Aravah Valley.]
Source: Richard Dawkins Foundation
[The dromedary was probably first domesticated in southern Arabia around 3000 B.C.
Of the estimated 17 million camels of the world, 15 million are one-humped, and the vast majority of these (12 million) are found in Africa, especially in the five neighboring East African countries of Somalia (5.4 million), Sudan (2.9 million), Djibouti (0.4 million), Ethiopia (0.9 million) and Kenya (0.5 million). The rest are mainly found in Asia.]
Source: THE CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS): A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW page 106
It is becoming quite clearer that the Hebrew Bible lacks historicity. This video supports the hypothesis that all the events occurred within Arabia only.
But fortunately it unintentionally adds more weight to the Abyssinian Refuge hypothesis.
To sum it up, there are three hypotheses:
1. The conventional Egypt hypothesis
2. The Arabia only hypothesis
3. The Abyssinian Refuge hypothesis
With the believe that it really happened, the story of Joseph must also be linked to the stories of Famine, Moses, Plagues, Exodus, and other related stories. It seems more plausible to connect the stories of Joseph and the Israelite refuge and Exodus to Abyssinia (ancient Ethiopia) and to Karamah (ancient Nubia) rather than stopping in refuting their occurrence in Kemt (ancient Egypt).
These two articles are very close to the truth, but unfortunately they cannot depart from the hugely wrong assumption that the Israelite were in Egypt. While the truth is they went and stayed in Ethiopia for more than 400 years and they never went to Egypt. The Biblical Exodus was from Ethiopia NOT Egypt.
The Israelite are actually a small old Yemeni Arab tribe.
The Turkic Jews thought that operations like “Magic Carpet” in 1949 for Yemen, and “Moses”, “Joshua”, and “Solomon” in 1979-1990 for Ethiopia will erase the history of Hebrew Semite Israelite.
Turkic Jews consider any trace of Hebrew Semite Israelite history as a major security, political, and cultural threat.
Turkic Jews are keen to follow behind any Israelite traces and groups to eradicate any history wherever the Israelite went. Sudan, Somalia, and Libya could be added to the list.
It came to my attention a very informative book “Mission archéologique dans le Yemen (1872), by Joseph Halévy (15 December 1827, Adrianople – 21 January 1917, Paris). He was an Ottoman born Jewish-French Orientalist and traveler.”. It shows that Turkic Ottomans were surveying Yemen and Ethiopia to select a home for Turkic Jews.
Joseph Halévy was assisted by a Yemeni Israelite who also wrote a book about his experience with Joseph Halévy.
Archaeological missions to Yemen, namely the record of Hayim Habashoush, Hayim bin Yahya bin Salem al-Fataihi. His book is “Vision/Investigation of Yemen” 1311 AH -1893 AD, it was translated to Arabic by Samia Naim Sunbar.
MOSES IN THE YEMEN, Anatomy of a Discovery.
By: Michael S. Sanders, California, Monday, July 29, 2002, posted on Bible Mysteries (more…)
Kaifeng Jews in 1900
Here is another evidence that the first Jews are Turkic Mongolians and not Semite at all. The Jews are not Semite Hebrew Israelite. Their homeland, together with all Turkic other groups, is in Central Asia, north-west of China.
Khazar (called Eastern Tourkia) existed in c. 650–c. 1048. The Ottomans are Oghuz Turks 750-1055 then invaded and colonized Anatolia since 1260. These are few very late Turkic projects.
That is why Jewishness may be confused as ethnicity or a religion. But indeed it is neither a race nor a faith, it is in fact a political project, the same as Zionism.
Jewishness is not related to Hebrew Israelite, it is a Turkic project that was invented first in Babylonia in 530 BC then was exported later to far places like Kaifeng Jews of China, Bukharan Jews in Uzbekistan, plus Jews of Xiongnu, Bactria, and India. The Turkic groups took over the lost ten tribes of Israel, even before they invented Jewishness, in around 600 BC during the final period of the Assyrian Empire. (more…)
Map of the Babylonian Captivity
The Turkic origins of the first Jews and Babylonian Talmudic Judaism
In 627 BC, the Assyrian Empire came under series of raids from brutal unknown nomadic groups. The development of the events are not known with certainty. The raids intensified upon the death of Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria in 626 BC.
It became apparent that hordes of Turkic Persians raiders with slaves from Scythia, Cimmerian, and Media crossed the borders of the Assyrian Empire, destroying Ashkelon and raiding as far as Egypt. They took over the city of Babylon from the Assyrians and made it their center, then Calah (Nimrud) was burned, but the strong walls of Nineveh protected the remnants of the Assyrian army that had taken refuge there.
In 612 BC the Assyrian capital Nineveh was raided by the Turkified Medes, Scythians, Babylonians and other bandits. As a protection, the Assyrians moved their capital to Harran. When Harran was captured by the same raiding Turkic groups in 609 BC, the Assyrian capital was once again moved, this time to Carchemish, on the Euphrates River, in north western Assyria in what is today north Syria, near Turkey.
In 609 BC Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt decided to came to assist the Assyrian king Ashur-uballit II. He led the Egyptian army and marched to fight against the raiders. The Egyptian army of Pharaoh Necho II was delayed by a fight against the forces of King Josiah of Judah. Josiah was killed, and his army was defeated in the Battle of Megiddo (609 BC). (more…)