Amorite Bedouins of the Levant are not Arabs ay all, but they dropped their language and learned Arabic during their colonization to Arabs
The Arabs built three ancient major states and civilizations: Dilmun in the East; Magan in the West and Meluhha in the South. These three states and civilizations are forgotten and hidden
Amorite Bedouins of the Levant invaded and colonized Arabs since 1500 BC and claim they are the Arabs while the genuine Arabs became extinct
Those who colonized Egypt since 343 BC until 1952 AD were regimes offshoots of the Hyksos and not by nations
The Hyksos are mix of 90% Amorite Bedouins of the Levant plus 10% Turkic Mongolian Bedouins of East Asia
Egypt expelled Amorite settlers several times then when they came as part of the Hyksos Egypt expelled the Hyksos in 1523 BC. The Hyksos remained around Egypt working to invade it again
The expelled Hyksos branched into Hebrews; Mitanni; Kassites and Mukarribs. In 600 BC, they became Jews; Kurds; Babylonians and Sabaeans
The Egyptian nation is always populous nation, and invading and colonizing regimes and groups can ever change the Egyptian genetic composition
The Egyptian nation can easily swallow, digest and erase any colonial regime and group because they are big and have solid heritage written on stone
The Egyptian nation turned to Arabic speaking nation not because Arabs became Egyptians but because of the rule of regimes of Amorite and Turkic Bedouins of the Hyksos, who are not Arabs but speak Arabic
Should colonization change the ethnic composition many nations would had been Turkic, pale and Asiatic
The nations of the region are only Kmt, Kerma, Punt, Arabs, Ugarit, Ebla, Sumer, Amorites, Iran, Aegean Sea, and Libu. Other than these are just foreign regimes and small groups of no ethnic weight
West Africans and African Americans, especially Fulani groups, must mind their own businesses and fix problems; and leave East Africa and West Asia to mind their own businesses and fix problems.
It is highly needed from West Africans and African Americans to investigate their true history and the results of Hyksos-Berber invasions and slavery and the roles played by the Fulani groups and jihadists in Trans-Atlantic and Mediterranean slavery
West Africans and Africans American are attacking and defaming Egypt to serve their masters who shipped them to the Americas. This is certainly a Fulani agenda
The bottom line and solution for Afro Centrism is to tell West Africans and African Americans must mind their own businesses, fix their bad history, and present. It is completely ridiculous and offending to find claims from West Africans and African Americans that they are origin Ancient Egypt, Bantu groups and Zulu
West Africans and African Americans have nothing with Eastern Africa or Central Africa or Southern Africa in the past, present and future. Do not make East Africans and other Africans regret sharing with you the continent that foreign nation called it Africa, called its people in the West by color, and used foreign derogative words to identify them. It is awkward that West Africans and African Americans shamelessly carried on these foreign derogative late words and they are using them proudly to conflict with peoples in the same continent for no reason other than to serve their foreign masters and inflict harms on Africans
The acts of Hyksos in North and West Africa are still damaging North and West Africa and damaging other parts of Africa. West African and African Americans must stop claiming any link with East, Central, South Africa, Israelites and Kmt. Don’t escape from fixing your old and new problems
It is totally appalling and unacceptable to call any people by color, blacks, Negroes or even by foreign name for a continent. Free peoples identify themselves by their own words, history, region and local nations only.
The Hyksos are 90% Amorite Levant Bedouins and not Arabs although they dropped their language and speak Arabic with accents, plus 10% Turkic Mongolian East Asian Bedouins. The Hyksos invaded North Africa and allied with Meshwesh Berber and together they invaded and looted all West Africa and created slavery. The Hyksos-Berber used West Africans to hunt and send slaves to the Americas.
Now, West Africans who collaborated with Hyksos-Berber gangs are denying their involvement in Trans-Atlantic slavery and making claims of links to Ancient Egypt (Kmt) and Kerma. Afro-Centrism of West African and African Americans is just an attempt to whitewash their history and present.
The problem with West Africans and African Americans is that they do not know that East Africa nations live together. The second half of the 18th dynasty were traitors and they brought to Kmt few numbers from West and North Africans and from Hyksos who are Amorites plus Turkic Mongolians. Time will never change nations genetically whatever invasions occurred. Those who live in Egypt today are descendants of Kmt since prehistory. Leave tricky and twisted vision for history. Every nation has unique genetic make and nations are from different first couples who came out from the soil and water of their homelands
Kmt, Kerma, and Punt are three peoples in one regional nation regardless of color difference. Definitely, Kmt, Kerma and Punt have nothing in common with West Africa or Asia.
What is Syria today was for Ebla civilization only until Kmt expelled the Hyksos in 1523 BC. The Hyksos are mix of 90% Amorite Levant Bedouins plus 10% Turkic Mongolian East Asian Bedouins. The expelled Hyksos branched into Hebrew, Mitanni, Kassites and Mukarribs. In 600 BC after the Battle of Carchemish, they changed their names to Jews, Kurds, Babylonians and Sabaeans. Jews never existed before 600 BC
Amorites are not Arabs. Arabs built the civilizations of Dilmun, Magan and Meluhha. Sumerians are not Arabs; and Akkadians are Turkic Mongolians and not Sumerians. The Nile Valley with all its nations, shapes and colors has zero relationship with West Africa and African American.
West Africans must leave Eastern, Central and Southern Africa alone and mind own businesses in West Africa and the Americas. Africa must not be a colonial entity for West Africans
Sudan is a term that means the land of blacks in West Africa. It is a term coined by the Hyksos gangs of the Amorites, Turkic Mongolians, and with them the Berbers who occupied Spain and Portugal until 1492 and named their colony in the Iberian Peninsula the name of Andalusia. The term Sudan refers to the areas of slavery hunting in West Africa, in contrast to the regions of North Africa, and their peoples who used the term Baydan (pale) to be in contrast to Sudan.
In 1820, that is, 200 years ago, there was no entity called the Sudan in the south of the Nile Valley. The neighborhood of southern Egypt was three separate and independent regions: 1. The North and East region and its people are closer to Egypt, Saudi Arabia, northern Ethiopia and Eritrea, and 2. The region of Kordofan and Darfur and its people are closer to Chad, Libya and Central Africa and 3. A region between the White and Blue Niles and the Nile Lakes, and its people are closer to Uganda, Kenya, Congo and western Ethiopia.
Muhammad Ali decided in 1820 to make a private colony for him and his sons in the south of the Nile Valley, to get gold, slaves, and crops to finance his regime of occupation of Egypt. In order to create war forces for his regime as an alternative to the Mamluks whom he fought and eliminated, Muhammad Ali decided to buy mercenaries from the Fulani colonists in northern Nigeria, who had the monopoly on slave hunting in all the regions of West Africa and the only suppliers of slaves to the Berbers in the north.
Indeed, imported Fulani gangs from Nigeria invaded and subjugated the three regions of southern Nile Valley and merged them into one entity as a colony that belongs to Muhammad Ali personally and has no affiliation with Egypt. He called the concocted colony the Sudan to emphasize the sovereignty and authority of West African blacks over the three regions of the southern Nile Valley and their service to Muhammad Ali and his sons. Thus, Muhammad Ali established the black forces as his special guard and border guard.
Violence increased in the southern Nile Valley regions which had become the colony of Sudan, and the looting of various natural resources, hunting and exporting slavery were active. Bringing slaves helped the cultivation of cotton, cane, and drugs in Egypt, and the export of slaves to neighboring regions. The resources of the Muhammad Ali family increased rapidly, and Jewish companies became lucrative in Egypt.
In 1854, de Lesseps was able to persuade Mohamed Said Pasha to dig the Suez Canal, and he granted a French company headed by de Lesseps the concession to dig and operate the canal for 99 years. The construction of the canal took 10 years (1859 – 1869), and nearly a million workers, mostly slaves, contributed to the excavation process, of whom more than 120,000 died during the excavation because of hunger, thirst, epidemics and ill-treatment. Said opened the canal in 1869
The Suez Canal project, with its exorbitant financial cost, was the major deception that succeeded in implicating Muhammad Ali’s family in progressive debts and seizing all the family’s internal resources and from the colony of Sudan. These infernal debts were the wide gateway for the interference of Jewish companies and banks in the management and seizure of the colonies of Egypt and Sudan from the family of Muhammad Ali. For this purpose, the Jews in Britain and France established a partnership with a private bank for the Baring family, including Evelyn Baring, who became Lord Cromer by giving gifts and bribes to the royal family in Britain.
In the same period, the world was witnessing an escalation of European and American campaigns and pressures to prevent the hunting and trafficking of slaves, and this was a danger to the Jewish companies and banks crediting the Muhammad Ali family. The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society is an international non-governmental charitable organization based in London that was founded in 1839 and largely fought slavery in the British Empire. As a result of the escalation of campaigns, criticism, and popular pressures against the practice of slavery, Jewish companies and banks decided to directly intervene in Egypt to protect their revenues from slavery and to protect and support the Sudanese suppliers.
With pressures and bribes for Victoria Edward the Jewish (1837-1901) and to a lesser extent by Napoleon Bonaparte (1852-1870) and the French Third Republic controlled by Jews (1870-1940), the Jewish creditors succeeded in obtaining the approval of Britain and France to appoint debt delegates in Egypt, whose client Cromer would be the strongest to manage the debt on Mohammad Ali family. Cromer became a delegate to the Egyptian Debt Fund in 1877. That was the beginning of the transformation of Egypt from a private colony for the family of Muhammad Ali to a colony of Jewish companies and banks under British cover.
In 1880, Cromer began preparing for the occupation of Egypt, with the arrangement and support of Jewish companies and banks. For this purpose, Cromer helped Ahmed Urabi to challenge the Khedive and then orchestrated the Alexandria massacre to be a justification for a British military intervention for occupation in 1882. After the occupation, Cromer became High Commissioner and accredited to the British occupation. Jewish companies and banks continued looting the colonies of Egypt and Sudan, especially slavery.
Cromer gangs against General Charles Gordon’s anti-slavery campaigns. Cromer used the financing and gangs of Zubair Rahma, the largest hunter and slave trader, to ignite Mahdiyya by the Fulani/ Sudanese and to bring in more West Africans to support the Sudanese who Muhammad Ali brought in 1820. This amalgamation occupies the south of the Nile Valley to this day. The Sudanese monopolize power, wealth, the army, religion, militias, parties, the economy, the judiciary and the media, and they do not accept the rule of law and the people or the establishment of a sovereign nation-state.
Cromer secretly organized gangs against General Charles Gordon’s anti-slavery campaigns. Cromer used the money and gangs of Zubair Rahma, the largest hunter and slave trader, to ignite Mahdiyya by the Sudanese Fulani and to bring in more Fulani and mercenaries from West Africans to support the Sudanese whom Muhammad Ali brought in 1820.
This amalgamated group occupies the south of the Nile Valley to this day. The Sudanese monopolize power, wealth, the army, religion, militias, parties, the economy, the judiciary and the media, and they do not accept the rule of law and the people, good governance or the establishment of a sovereign nation-state. They commit massacres and incite local nations against each other and against the neighboring peoples
The chronic conflicts in the Sudan are results of the occupation of the earlier Fulani, who are the administrations of Al-Jaalieen, Bani Aamer, Kordofan, and Fur; together with the new Fulani, who are the Umma Party and the Baggara groups. The occupation began by those brought by Muhammad Ali in 1820 in coordination with the regime of Othman Dan Fodio in Nigeria. The current uprising is about resisting and trying to gain freedom from the new and earlier Fulani and West African groups. No need for fake analysis.
There is no difference at all between the ruling militias and the civilian clique since the so-called “Independence” in 1956. The only exception was a single general (Gafar Nimeiri) who was President of Sudan (1969–1985) and he was fiercely opposed and deposed by west and North African settlers.
In 1820 Muhammad Ali the Turkic colonizer of Egypt sought help from the family of Othman Dan Fodio (1754r) – 1817), the founder of the Fulani Sokoto Caliphate (1804–1903) in north Nigeria, to provide mercenaries and slaves to create a colony in what is called “the Sudan” today. The name “the Sudan” appeared in 1820 to refer to the new colony of Muhammad Ali. “Sudan” was a name first given by Turkic-Berber bandits who colonized Spain and Portugal and were expelled in 1492 by the Reconquista. Sudan meant sub-Saharan West Africa slaves and region. It means “blacks” in Amorite Levant Arabic dialect.
The new colony of Muhammad Ali was coercion of three independent friendly neighboring regions separated by the White, Blue and Nile Rivers. Slavery and looting were the functions of the Sudanese groups and their masters from North African Berber, Levant Amorites and Turkic Mongolians invaders.
Since 1820 power and wealth in the colony of the Sudan are monopolized in the hands a mixed foreign minority. In 1881, the Sudanese colonizers responded to the international imposition of ban on slavery by waging bloody raids, claiming to be against their Turkic-Amorite-Berber partners on religious grounds. They killed and beheaded the Scottish General Charles George Gordon then in the following two days in 26-27 January 1885 massacred 24,000 and enslaved many more in Khartoum only.
The Mahdist regime (1885–1899) killed, displaced, enslaved and brutally looted the entire colony and caused famines and endemics. The Mahdist era became known as the “period of chaos and anarchy”.
In Darfur, rebellions against Mahdist regime broke out because it forced Darfurians to migrate north to defend the regime, while favoring the Baggara bandits over other Darfurian in regards to government positions. The opposition to the Mahdist regime was also fueled by many Mahdists violent and abusive crimes towards locals. Several states bordering the Mahdist colony to the west began to provide settlers and mercenaries. Faced with a growing number of rebels, the Mahdist rule in Darfur gradually collapsed.
The Mahdist regime was actually a plan made and directed by Evelyn Baring “1st Earl of Cromer”, with his banking partners to turn the colony of Sudan from Turkic hands into British-Jewish control. The Sudanese were serving the British-Jewish side after they realized that the ruling Khedive is bankrupt and weak.
In 1899, after massive Mahdist failures to provide revenues, the British-Jewish decided to make presence in the Sudan colony by the re-conquest of Sudan and forging a regime called “Condominium”. The Mahdist ruler tried to resist, assuming it was his personal colony, but most of the Sudanese from West Africa were on the side of the invading British forces. They defeated him and the Sudanese remained partners. The Condominium rewarded the Sudanese by empowering them and handing over the colony to them in 1956 when the British-Jewish colonizers found that indirect rule is more profitable
The appalling comments from both directions of black African American and Fulani Kush Hyksos and from Mediterranean Turkic Mongolian Romans are against Kmt originality and genuine indigenous origin
I do not call the motives and allegations of African Americans and Fulani in Africa Afrocentrism because they are not about African heritage which ancient and modern Egyptians are definitely part of. What drive African Americans, delusional West Africans and Fulani in Africa against Kmt/ Egypt and other genuine nations in the Middle East and Africa and Europeans are malicious cover up and insistent slavery serving behavior from blacks towards their slavery masters who are still the Hebrews who branched from expelled Hyksos and the Berber Moors
Slavery first appeared in Iberia following the appearance of Rome in 753 BC. Slavery expanded in Iberia during the Hyksos (Amorite-Turkic)-Berber colonization in 718 AD. After the Reconquista Portuguese Jews targeted the coasts of Africa extensively.
The Atlantic slave trade to Brazil refers to the period of history in which there was abduction and shipping of Africans to Brazil for the purpose of slavery. Some call it forced migration but it was worse than this soft term. It lasted from the mid-sixteenth century until the mid-nineteenth century. During the trade, more than three million Africans were transported across the Atlantic and sold into slavery.
It was divided into four phases: The Cycle of Guinea (16th century); the Cycle of Angola (17th century) which trafficked people from Bakongo, Mbundu, Benguela and Ovambo; Cycle of Costa da Mina, now renamed Cycle of Benin and Dahomey (18th century – 1815), which trafficked people from Yoruba, Ewe, Minas, Hausa, Nupe and Borno; and the Illegal trafficking period, which was suppressed by the United Kingdom (1815-1851). During this period, to escape the supervision of British ships enforcing an anti-slavery blockade, Brazilian slave traders began to seek alternative routes to the routes of the West African coast, turning to Mozambique. It was the reason behind catastrophic warfare, migrations, civil wars and depopulation, as in the Mfecane.
Now, all the nations and countries fell to Portuguese Jewish slavery raids suffer from memory loss and fictitious history and are dragged into malicious campaign against the main enemies of the Hyksos and their branches the Hebrew Jews, Mitanni Kurds, Kassite Babylonians and Mukarribs Sabaeans. The Hyksos were 90% Bedouin Levant Amorites plus 10% Bedouin Turkic Mongolian of East Asia. The enemies of the Hyksos and their branches are Kmt, Ugarit, Ebla, Sumer, Arabs, Punt, Kerma, Lebu, Aegean and Iran
In fact, slavery in Africa is much older than the Atlantic Slave Trade to the Americas. Slavery in Africa started when a group of Levant Amorite-Turkic Mongolian Hyksos crossed Ancient Egypt around 1600 BC to loot North Africa and chase away the Amajagh, commonly known as Tuareg, from their homeland in all North Africa.
Levant Amorite-Turkic Mongolian Hyksos allied with small-scattered North African nomads known as Meshwash, commonly known as Berber, to raid on horses, loot and enslave across all West Africa. These raids and enslavement created mixed camps that turned into settlements and were called Fulani. The Fulani became the main agent and troops for further abducting any making slaves from all tribes.
African Americans, Fulani and damaged communities have to realize the history of slavery and the vanity of faking history and origins and malice against indigenous people including Europeans, who were also victims of expanding Turkic Mongolian Romans and colonizers of Eastern Europe.
It is essential to keep repeating again for those who evade what is obvious. Nations DO NOT migrate at all. Those who move or migrate are either bandits of invaders or utilized migrants groups. The true Israelites are not Jews at all. The Israelites and any nation did not migrate like birds, fish or locusts
There are no nations in the Americas other than the indigenous peoples. Others are just influential or marginalized foreign communities in the process of digestion. Indigenous peoples everywhere in the Americas or Europe or Africa absorb and digest any foreign community regardless of their size and power. This is a normal basic law of nature. Indigenous peoples win at the end for sure.
Religion is single, universal and very old with uncountable heavenly messages one for each nation in their own language, their local messenger and each one is limited to their homeland.
All denominations are just polities and they are not part of the Religion and spirituality. Denominations migrate with bandits and foreign communities but they too fade away with time and they are digested by indigenous nations.
Judaism. Christianity and Islam are unrelated to the single universal old Religion and its heavenly messages. Denominations are Hyksos Amorite-Turkic Mongolian widely spread polities that will eventually die. The Israelites and Arabs and the Messages of Moses and Jesus and Muhammad are unrelated to Jews, Amorites, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The latter are Hyksos groups and their polities who invaded Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas.
What is called State of Israel today is in occupied southern Ugarit and is totally different from the God given Homeland of the true Israelites nation which was in Punt Lands as the Kingdom of Kings David and Solomon with true destroyed and disappeared Jerusalem as its capital.
Being born in today’s State of Israel makes individuals linked to the Hyksos Amorites and Turkic Mongolians and their denominations but will not make them Israelites or faithful to the Messages of Moses, Jesus or Muhammad or any other uncountable heavenly messengers
The Israelites are not Jews or Hebrews. Jews are Hebrews and they are from a branch of the expelled Hyksos in 1523 BC. The Hyksos are yellowish 90% Amorites of the Levant plus 10% Turkic Mongolians from East Asia who invaded Sumer in 2334 BC and were called Akkadians and were expelled in 2154 BC
The Israelites are not Hebrew or Jews at all. The Israelites are Ethiopians from Punt Lands and their Solomon’s Temple and Jerusalem were in Afar Triangle in Ethiopia and Eritrea. The Hyksos Sabaeans of D’mt colony allied with Judah chiefs to rebel against King Solomon and when he died in 930 BC D’mt colony and Judah chiefs looted the Temple and expelled ten tribes of Israel
In 600 BC, the Babylonian Hyksos instructed D’mt colony and Judah chiefs to destroy the Temple completely, sell the ten tribes of Israel into slavery and come to Babylon to invent Jews, Judaism, Hebrew language and Hebrew Bible from Aperu and the Torah of Moses which was in Ge’ez language.
On another earlier line, Hyksos in Egypt went westward in 1600 BC and allied with the Meshwesh Berber (Moors) to invade, loot and enslave West Africa. These raids all over West Africa created the black Fulani who were subservient to the pale yellowish Fulani of Hyksos and Berber mix. Pale and black Fulani invaded the kingdoms of Kerma civilization in 1500 BC, toppled them in 1000 BC, and created Kush colony in 780 BC to invade Kmt from the south, support expelled Hyksos and recolonize Kmt
There is a fake photo showing the Fulani Muhammadu Buhari directing the Igbo Nnamdi Kanu the leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB). This fake photo reveals the truth of how the Fulani are cheating Nigerians in general and the Igbo people by believing that Nnamdi Kanu IPOB is seeking justice and unity.
The support for my surprising conclusion is in two directly related facts. First, Kanu appeared regularly in Jewish prayer shawl and head covering. He said publicly, that he “believes in Judaism” and considers himself a Jew and led his Biafran people to various Jewish prayers and religious observations. Most probably, money from Fulani pay Nnamdi Kanu via Israel or directly in secret.
History savvy scholars could see the second fact that reveals deceptions in Nigerian politics. It is the historic, strong and hidden links and common interests between the Fulanis and the Hebrews since appearance of the Hyksos in North Africa and the creation of the pale and black Fulani since 1500 BC, which are continuing today. Clearly, the many stories of Fulani origin point repeatedly to a Hebrew-Levant past.
To finish off the Igbo or Yoruba and all other local nations in Nigeria who are struggling against criminality, Fulani colonialism and corruption it is a common Fulani tactic to create and implant militant weird groups and calls into them so it is possible to target and break any legitimate patriotism and valid just rights.
From what I discovered that Kanu is a Fulani-Israeli agent against the Igbo people. Patriots in Nigeria must investigate my claim impartially and objectively. By inventing fake history and stories and supporting corrupt chiefs, leaders and movements, the Fulani are working on destroying Igbo and Yoruba identity, heritage and faith system. Fake history, fake faith and fake politics are against any national interests.
This is how Fulani operate in all countries including my homeland in southern Nile Valley. The Fulani applied the Nigerian scenario in the Nile Valley since 1500 BC by the Hyksos-Fulani and repeated them again by Funj-Fulani in 1500 AD, Turkic-Fulani in 1820 AD, the Mahdist-Fulani in 1881 and today by Janjaweed-Fulani
Israel started as a clan in 1800 BC from the Punt Lands peoples (the Horn of Africa) who are as ancient as all nations on Earth. The chiefs of Igbo are taking the Igbo people to a very wrong, humiliating and dangerous path. I am sure brainwashed are the Igbo people only but their chiefs are carrying deliberately out many sinister plans. Look for the Fulani connections, money and interests in Igbo chiefs
Jews are Hebrews and they are from a branch of the expelled Hyksos in 1523 BC. The Hyksos are yellowish 90% Amorites of the Levant and 10% Turkic Mongolians from East Asia who invaded Sumer in 2334 BC, called Akkadians, and Sumer expelled them in 2154 BC. The Hyksos in Egypt went westward in 1600 BC and allied with the Meshwesh Berber (Moors) to invade, loot and enslave West Africa. These raids all over West Africa created the black Fulani who were subservient to the pale yellowish Fulani of Hyksos and Berber mix. The Israelites are not Jews at all. The Israelites and any nation do not migrate like birds, fish or locusts
The Israelites are not Hebrew or Jews at all. The Israelites are from Punt Lands of the Horn of Africa and their Solomon’s Temple and Jerusalem were in Afar Triangle in Ethiopia and Eritrea.
The Hyksos-Sabaeans of D’mt colony allied with Judah chiefs to rebel against King Solomon. When he died in 930 BC, D’mt colony and Judah chiefs looted the Temple and expelled ten tribes of Israel. In 600 BC, the Babylonian Hyksos instructed D’mt colony and Judah chiefs to destroy the Temple, sell the ten tribes into slavery, and come to Babylon to invent Jews and Judaism and Hebrew language and Hebrew Bible from the Aperu and the Torah of Moses that was in Ge’ez language of ancient Tigray.
Kush, not Cush, appeared with this name in around 780 BC before that it was a nameless coalition of Hyksos stranded in Libya in 1523 BC, who were 90% Amorite of Levant on foot and 10% Turkic Mongolian Akkadians of East Asia on horses.
The stranded Hyksos in Libya sought two ways to connect with the expelled Hyksos who fled mostly to the East forming Hebrews, Kassites, Mitanni and Mukarribs. These bandits renamed themselves after the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC to Jews, Babylonians, Kurds and Sabaeans
By sea, some of the Hyksos in Libya crossed to Anatolia and took part in the Trojan wars and the events leading to the Late Bronze Age Great Collapse. However, the main alternative route was on land.
The stranded Hyksos in Libya allied with Berber bandits and invaded West Africa collecting mercenaries and slaves. That formed the Fulani conglomerates. The mixed bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani started invading and colonizing the kingdoms of the Southern Nile Valley, coming first from what is now called Darfur.
The Hyksos-Berber-Fulani bandits created a colony and called it Kordofan in 1450 BC. The bandits grew bigger and stronger and continued to attack Kerma kingdoms along the six Cataracts threatening the first half of the 18th Dynasty of Kmt that expelled the Hyksos. Kmt noticed the threats and protected Kerma
Starting with Thutmose III, the opponent of Queen Hatshepsut, the second half of the 18th Dynasty reversed Kmt’s policies. Suddenly, Kmt under Thutmose III and who followed him deliberately ignored the protection of Kerma. They allowed the bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani to colonize up the Fourth Cataract. The 19th Dynasty ended that treason and resumed the protection of Lower Kerma strongly and directly.
After the fall of the 20th Dynasty which ended the New Kingdom of Kmt in 1070 BC, the nameless mixed bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani invaded, revenged and colonized Lower Kerma with vicious brutality ending indigenous rule in Kerma and its neighbors in 1000 BC
All Kerma and surrounding regions remained in a dark and lawlessness period of 220 years full of banditry raids, slavery, looting, and chaos made by small-scattered bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani. When the 24th Dynasty in Kmt defeated and expelled the 22nd and 23rd regimes of Hyksos origin that triggered great fear and worries among the bandits colonizing Kerma and neighborhood.
The Hyksos-Berber-Fulani bandits came under one warlord and declared their colony a kingdom and called it Kush or Kus. The name was a variation borrowed from Cush, which is a clan from Noah in southern Punt Lands. The main reason to create Kush was to invade Kmt and give fast support for the defeated Hyksos in Ugarit who after the 24th Dynasty defeated and expelled them they came under further attack from the the Assyrian Empire
Kush was only colony for the Hyksos-Berber-Fulani coalition against Kerma, Kmt, and Punt. Kush fought against the nations of Ugarit, Ebla and Sumer.
I came across one massive load of nonsense titled “Encyclopedia of African History, ISBN 0816051992, 9780816051991. Willie F. Page, Editor, Revised edition by R. Hunt Davis, Jr., Editor”, 2005, by The Learning Source, Ltd. (2176 pages)
Vol 1, is titled “Prehistory to 500 CE”. Do these guys really know what is “Prehistory”?
In their first map on page 9 titled “Africa and the Mediterranean Region: Major Empires and Kingdoms, 3000 BC-700 CE” it stated too many new and foreign names (Persia, Assyria, Egypt, Kush, Abyssinia and all of it) and ignored the genuine native names (Iran, Sumer, Ebla, Ugarit, Dilmun, Magan, Meluhha, Kmt, Kerma and many others). Do these people and their so-called universities know these civilizations and their history???
That book stated that Egypt existed in 2700-1070 BC and Kush started in 2400 BC, and Aksum (500 BC-1000 AD) is different than Punt saying it began in 2000 and ended in 1500 BC!!!!! Do these people and their so-called universities know that Queen Hatshepsut, who visited the prosperous Punt, ruled in the period 1458-1425 BC????
Editor of First Edition, Willie F. Page is professor emeritus (retired) of Africana studies at Brooklyn College, in Brooklyn, New York. He is the author of numerous reviews and journal articles. His published works include The Dutch Triangle: The Netherlands and the Atlantic Slave Trade 1621–1664.
General Editor of Revised Edition R. Hunt Davis, Jr., Ph.D., is professor emeritus of history and African studies at the University of Florida. He received a Ph.D. in African studies from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Davis is an expert on the history of South Africa, African agricultural history, and the history of education in Africa. His published works include Mandela, Tambo, and the African National Congress (1991) and Apartheid Unravels (1991), along with numerous articles and book chapters. He served as director at the University of Florida Center for African Studies and is also a past editor of the African Studies Review.
Contributing Editors of Revised Edition Agnes Ngoma Leslie, Ph.D., outreach director, Center for African Studies, University of Florida. Dianne White Oyler, Ph.D., associate professor of history, Fayetteville State University
In my opinion, this bunch of contributors and universities are harmful to knowledge and any history.
Afrocentrism is working against Africans and history in general. They are serving their Hyksos masters since 1500 BC until today.
African Americans, Fulani and Turkic Mongolian Akkadian-Amorite Hyksos are really diverting Africans, particularly in West Africa and Maghreb, from their own history to use them against the history of Kmt, Kerma, Punt and Arabs, and even Europe.
Hyksos with Berber devastated West Africa and Maghreb and are using them along with ridiculous arguments to claim that the civilizations and the peoples of Kmt, Kerma and Punt were Negroid West African. Moreover, West Africans, particularly African Americans and Fulani bandits are satisfied with this hoax to fill and forge the gabs in their modern and ancient history under slavery since 1500 BC until 1700 AD, by books, public media or churches. Enough is enough. You must stop this nonsense and treason against Africa and Humanity.
It is not difficult at all to see the links between miserable abject poverty, state failure, mercenary autocratic minority regimes, terrorism, looting of natural resources in North, West and Central Africa, and even now appearing in Mozambique, and France. France is not at a lawful state or a nation it is just a succession of regimes dominated by East Asian Roman bandits for looting Africans and Europeans.
France regimes are always in any African country suffering from criminal ruling cliques, terrorism, theft of natural resources and misery. This is not a coincidence but a regular old French policy. Chad is a very clear example to prove that France is looting, and to steal it install a warlord of a minority weak group and employ him for providing mercenary fighters for unstable neighbors, which are made unstable by another terrorist mercenaries. African states and world powers must kick out France totally from Africa to stop poverty, criminal rule, state failure, looting and terrorism and fictitious anti-terrorism and peacekeeping.
Idriss Deby was a French warlord from the Zaghawa of Chad calling himself president. French agents are also leading the Janjaweed, Baggara and Fulani who are behind the bloodshed in Darfur, Kordofan, Chad and Nigeria. France used Zaghawa mercenaries, and now it is shifting to Fulani Baggara Janjaweed bandits
The assassination of Idriss Déby was a necessity for Hemeti Dagalo’s relatives to seize power in Chad, and Chad becomes a colony for the Janjaweed; leaving the occupation of the southern Nile Valley to the Fulani. Idriss Déby managed a very cunning, subtle, and dangerous internal and external balance. Internally, he was worried from the Chadian majority and the ethnic composition of the nationalities of southern Chad. The national ethnic composition in Chad is dominated by the 4 largest groups: Sara, Shuwa Baggara, Kanembo/Borno, and the Masalit. France installed a warlord from a 1% group from the border with Sudan
The details of the ethnic weights in Chad are as follows: Sara 30.5%; Baqara 9.8%; Kanembo / Borno / Bodoma 9.3%; Masalit 7.0%; Qaraan 5.8%; Pollala / Medogo / Coca 3.7%; Marba / Leila / Messi 3.5%; Mundang 2.7%; and Bidio / Megama / Kanja / Danglit 2.5%; Dadjo / Kebet / Moro 2.4%; Tobori / Kira 2.0%; Gabri / Kabalai / Nansher / Sumeria 2.0%; Fulani / Volpi / Bodor 1.8%; Karo / Zim / Bevi 1.3%; Bagherme / Burma 1.2%; Zaghawa / Bidyat / Kobe 1.1% and Tama / Asunguri / Mararett 1.1%
This is what made fragile Idriss Déby, who belongs to Zaghawa, which represent only 1%, to enter into a dangerous alliance destined failure with the Baggara who are 10%, and Fulani who are 2%, and the total of this alliance is no more than 14%, to control and confront 86% of the Chadian people and to serve France.
Regionally, Idriss Déby used the threats of terrorism that he controlled through the Baggara and Fulani wide distribution, as well as neighboring instabilities, internal conflicts, foreign ambitions and threats to the governments of the region to serve Deby and his alliance’s interests in Chad. At the international level, Idriss Déby was fully aware that France and other companies were using the alleged war on terror to gain economic and commercial gains to plunder wealth, and Deby was a useful, low-cost French agent.
The internal alliance formed and managed by Idriss Déby between Zaghawa, Baggara and Fulani reached a dead end after the rise of the Janjaweed, Fulani and Baggara to power openly in Khartoum. Consequently, Idriss Déby became unnecessary for Baggara and Fulani. The Baggara and Fulani now could take over power in Chad without the help of the Zaghawa, and the support from Khartoum would suffice for them. Idriss Déby was a mercenary who seized power and France, Baggara and Fulani could replace him with a warlord
It is likely that the coming period in Chad will witness a military and security escalation in the north against the Zaghawa and in the east against the Masalit and Quraan, and with it a military and security escalation in the south against the majority Sara. France will transfer its previous support for Idriss Deby to Baggara and Foulani to continue the looting under the slogan of combating terrorism and providing support and aid. The assassination of Déby will increase the conflict between Zaghawa, Baggara, and Fulani Janjaweed, but will not stop cooperation because the hegemony of minority and mercenary activities will remain
The only makers of state failures, bloody unrests, coups, wars, assassinations and terrorism in West and Central Africa are the Fulani groups in different names, including the Baggara, Janjaweed, Boko Haram and others in Chad, the southern Nile Valley, Nigeria, Niger, Mali, and all of West and Central Africa.
The Fulani (Fallata, Peulh, Fulbe or Fula) are not a tribe, a nation, or several tribes, and they do not have a specific homeland or an agreed history. The Fulani first appeared after the Hyksos and Berbers invaded West Africa in 1500 B.C. They had had no name, and they were amalgamation of yellow and black subjects.
The Fulani are a mixture of people taken from North and West Africa who fell to slavery gangs and served East and West Asia Hyksos expelled from Egypt (Turkic Mongolians with the Amorite). From West Africa, they moved east and invaded and occupied southern Nile Valley and first established Kordofan, then Kush
The Hyksos, along with the Berbers and Fulani, were the ones who invaded Egypt from the south and occupied it with the 25 Dynasty. Hence, Fulani narratives say they have Berber, Egyptian, Syrian, Jewish, Yemeni, Indian and others ancestry. Their history, formation and the actions are largely similar to the Kurds
Fulani increased their activities after the expulsion of the East and West Asian gangs, along with the Berbers from Spain and Portugal in 1492 AD, which they called Andalusia. They were the Almoravids and other groups of conquest, plunder, slavery and terrorism. Fulani settlements appeared all over West Africa from the Atlantic Ocean, which Turkic called it Sudan (blacks), to distinguish them from North Africa, the Beyddan (whites). West African Fulani guerrillas became active again, reaching as far as the south of the Nile Valley. This wave of gangs from East and West Asia with the Berbers and with the Fulani are the ones who formed the regimes of the Fur and Musabaat rulers and the rulers of the Baggara groups, the Ja’alyeens, the Bani Amer, the bedouins of the Niles, Butana and North Kordofan
The spread of yellow Fulani groups with the Berbers and the gangs resulting from the ancient Hyksos and modern Andalusia is what caused the chronic problems of the Sahel and Saharan countries in West and Central Africa and the Lake Chad Basin, internal wars and bloodshed in Darfur, Kordofan, Chad and Nigeria.
The Fulani in northern Nigeria, led by the Dan Fodio family, were those who served Muhammad Ali in 1820 in forming an army of slaves and mercenaries alternative to the Mamalik, and this made Muhammad Ali to call his new colony in the south of the Nile Valley the Sudan as of 1820. Before that year, none of the regions and kingdoms of the south Nile Valley was Sudan. The people and the tribes in southern Nile Valley did not describe themselves as Sudanese
The support of French regimes in France to Berber and Fulani against the Tuareg (the only Amazigh, of far southwestern Libya to southern Algeria, Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso), and against all the nations of West and Central Africa is very devastating for security, peace and development in many countries. African states and the world powers must the French regimes in France from creating, supporting mercenary juntas and sponsoring terrorism. The world must stop new French presence in Mozambique quickly and completely.
Fulani and French activities in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, and Sudan are devastating destruction to Africa and the whole World
“The truth will set you free, but first it will piss you off.”
― Gloria Steinem
"The great enemy of truth is very often not the lie--deliberate, contrived and dishonest--but the myth--persistent, persuasive, and unrealistic. Too often we hold fast to the cliches of our forebears. We subject all facts to a prefabricated set of interpretations. We enjoy the comfort of opinion without the discomfort of thought."
- John F. Kennedy (Commencement address, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, June 11, 1962)
The last of the very few decent Presidents America ever had