The chronic conflicts in the Sudan are results of the occupation of the earlier Fulani, who are the administrations of Al-Jaalieen, Bani Aamer, Kordofan, and Fur; together with the new Fulani, who are the Umma Party and the Baggara groups. The occupation began by those brought by Muhammad Ali in 1820 in coordination with the regime of Othman Dan Fodio in Nigeria. The current uprising is about resisting and trying to gain freedom from the new and earlier Fulani and West African groups. No need for fake analysis.
There is no difference at all between the ruling militias and the civilian clique since the so-called “Independence” in 1956. The only exception was a single general (Gafar Nimeiri) who was President of Sudan (1969–1985) and he was fiercely opposed and deposed by west and North African settlers.
In 1820 Muhammad Ali the Turkic colonizer of Egypt sought help from the family of Othman Dan Fodio (1754r) – 1817), the founder of the Fulani Sokoto Caliphate (1804–1903) in north Nigeria, to provide mercenaries and slaves to create a colony in what is called “the Sudan” today. The name “the Sudan” appeared in 1820 to refer to the new colony of Muhammad Ali. “Sudan” was a name first given by Turkic-Berber bandits who colonized Spain and Portugal and were expelled in 1492 by the Reconquista. Sudan meant sub-Saharan West Africa slaves and region. It means “blacks” in Amorite Levant Arabic dialect.
The new colony of Muhammad Ali was coercion of three independent friendly neighboring regions separated by the White, Blue and Nile Rivers. Slavery and looting were the functions of the Sudanese groups and their masters from North African Berber, Levant Amorites and Turkic Mongolians invaders.
Since 1820 power and wealth in the colony of the Sudan are monopolized in the hands a mixed foreign minority. In 1881, the Sudanese colonizers responded to the international imposition of ban on slavery by waging bloody raids, claiming to be against their Turkic-Amorite-Berber partners on religious grounds. They killed and beheaded the Scottish General Charles George Gordon then in the following two days in 26-27 January 1885 massacred 24,000 and enslaved many more in Khartoum only.
The Mahdist regime (1885–1899) killed, displaced, enslaved and brutally looted the entire colony and caused famines and endemics. The Mahdist era became known as the “period of chaos and anarchy”.
In Darfur, rebellions against Mahdist regime broke out because it forced Darfurians to migrate north to defend the regime, while favoring the Baggara bandits over other Darfurian in regards to government positions. The opposition to the Mahdist regime was also fueled by many Mahdists violent and abusive crimes towards locals. Several states bordering the Mahdist colony to the west began to provide settlers and mercenaries. Faced with a growing number of rebels, the Mahdist rule in Darfur gradually collapsed.
The Mahdist regime was actually a plan made and directed by Evelyn Baring “1st Earl of Cromer”, with his banking partners to turn the colony of Sudan from Turkic hands into British-Jewish control. The Sudanese were serving the British-Jewish side after they realized that the ruling Khedive is bankrupt and weak.
In 1899, after massive Mahdist failures to provide revenues, the British-Jewish decided to make presence in the Sudan colony by the re-conquest of Sudan and forging a regime called “Condominium”. The Mahdist ruler tried to resist, assuming it was his personal colony, but most of the Sudanese from West Africa were on the side of the invading British forces. They defeated him and the Sudanese remained partners. The Condominium rewarded the Sudanese by empowering them and handing over the colony to them in 1956 when the British-Jewish colonizers found that indirect rule is more profitable
It is not difficult at all to see the links between miserable abject poverty, state failure, mercenary autocratic minority regimes, terrorism, looting of natural resources in North, West and Central Africa, and even now appearing in Mozambique, and France. France is not at a lawful state or a nation it is just a succession of regimes dominated by East Asian Roman bandits for looting Africans and Europeans.
France regimes are always in any African country suffering from criminal ruling cliques, terrorism, theft of natural resources and misery. This is not a coincidence but a regular old French policy. Chad is a very clear example to prove that France is looting, and to steal it install a warlord of a minority weak group and employ him for providing mercenary fighters for unstable neighbors, which are made unstable by another terrorist mercenaries. African states and world powers must kick out France totally from Africa to stop poverty, criminal rule, state failure, looting and terrorism and fictitious anti-terrorism and peacekeeping.
Idriss Deby was a French warlord from the Zaghawa of Chad calling himself president. French agents are also leading the Janjaweed, Baggara and Fulani who are behind the bloodshed in Darfur, Kordofan, Chad and Nigeria. France used Zaghawa mercenaries, and now it is shifting to Fulani Baggara Janjaweed bandits
The assassination of Idriss Déby was a necessity for Hemeti Dagalo’s relatives to seize power in Chad, and Chad becomes a colony for the Janjaweed; leaving the occupation of the southern Nile Valley to the Fulani. Idriss Déby managed a very cunning, subtle, and dangerous internal and external balance. Internally, he was worried from the Chadian majority and the ethnic composition of the nationalities of southern Chad. The national ethnic composition in Chad is dominated by the 4 largest groups: Sara, Shuwa Baggara, Kanembo/Borno, and the Masalit. France installed a warlord from a 1% group from the border with Sudan
The details of the ethnic weights in Chad are as follows: Sara 30.5%; Baqara 9.8%; Kanembo / Borno / Bodoma 9.3%; Masalit 7.0%; Qaraan 5.8%; Pollala / Medogo / Coca 3.7%; Marba / Leila / Messi 3.5%; Mundang 2.7%; and Bidio / Megama / Kanja / Danglit 2.5%; Dadjo / Kebet / Moro 2.4%; Tobori / Kira 2.0%; Gabri / Kabalai / Nansher / Sumeria 2.0%; Fulani / Volpi / Bodor 1.8%; Karo / Zim / Bevi 1.3%; Bagherme / Burma 1.2%; Zaghawa / Bidyat / Kobe 1.1% and Tama / Asunguri / Mararett 1.1%
This is what made fragile Idriss Déby, who belongs to Zaghawa, which represent only 1%, to enter into a dangerous alliance destined failure with the Baggara who are 10%, and Fulani who are 2%, and the total of this alliance is no more than 14%, to control and confront 86% of the Chadian people and to serve France.
Regionally, Idriss Déby used the threats of terrorism that he controlled through the Baggara and Fulani wide distribution, as well as neighboring instabilities, internal conflicts, foreign ambitions and threats to the governments of the region to serve Deby and his alliance’s interests in Chad. At the international level, Idriss Déby was fully aware that France and other companies were using the alleged war on terror to gain economic and commercial gains to plunder wealth, and Deby was a useful, low-cost French agent.
The internal alliance formed and managed by Idriss Déby between Zaghawa, Baggara and Fulani reached a dead end after the rise of the Janjaweed, Fulani and Baggara to power openly in Khartoum. Consequently, Idriss Déby became unnecessary for Baggara and Fulani. The Baggara and Fulani now could take over power in Chad without the help of the Zaghawa, and the support from Khartoum would suffice for them. Idriss Déby was a mercenary who seized power and France, Baggara and Fulani could replace him with a warlord
It is likely that the coming period in Chad will witness a military and security escalation in the north against the Zaghawa and in the east against the Masalit and Quraan, and with it a military and security escalation in the south against the majority Sara. France will transfer its previous support for Idriss Deby to Baggara and Foulani to continue the looting under the slogan of combating terrorism and providing support and aid. The assassination of Déby will increase the conflict between Zaghawa, Baggara, and Fulani Janjaweed, but will not stop cooperation because the hegemony of minority and mercenary activities will remain
The only makers of state failures, bloody unrests, coups, wars, assassinations and terrorism in West and Central Africa are the Fulani groups in different names, including the Baggara, Janjaweed, Boko Haram and others in Chad, the southern Nile Valley, Nigeria, Niger, Mali, and all of West and Central Africa.
The Fulani (Fallata, Peulh, Fulbe or Fula) are not a tribe, a nation, or several tribes, and they do not have a specific homeland or an agreed history. The Fulani first appeared after the Hyksos and Berbers invaded West Africa in 1500 B.C. They had had no name, and they were amalgamation of yellow and black subjects.
The Fulani are a mixture of people taken from North and West Africa who fell to slavery gangs and served East and West Asia Hyksos expelled from Egypt (Turkic Mongolians with the Amorite). From West Africa, they moved east and invaded and occupied southern Nile Valley and first established Kordofan, then Kush
The Hyksos, along with the Berbers and Fulani, were the ones who invaded Egypt from the south and occupied it with the 25 Dynasty. Hence, Fulani narratives say they have Berber, Egyptian, Syrian, Jewish, Yemeni, Indian and others ancestry. Their history, formation and the actions are largely similar to the Kurds
Fulani increased their activities after the expulsion of the East and West Asian gangs, along with the Berbers from Spain and Portugal in 1492 AD, which they called Andalusia. They were the Almoravids and other groups of conquest, plunder, slavery and terrorism. Fulani settlements appeared all over West Africa from the Atlantic Ocean, which Turkic called it Sudan (blacks), to distinguish them from North Africa, the Beyddan (whites). West African Fulani guerrillas became active again, reaching as far as the south of the Nile Valley. This wave of gangs from East and West Asia with the Berbers and with the Fulani are the ones who formed the regimes of the Fur and Musabaat rulers and the rulers of the Baggara groups, the Ja’alyeens, the Bani Amer, the bedouins of the Niles, Butana and North Kordofan
The spread of yellow Fulani groups with the Berbers and the gangs resulting from the ancient Hyksos and modern Andalusia is what caused the chronic problems of the Sahel and Saharan countries in West and Central Africa and the Lake Chad Basin, internal wars and bloodshed in Darfur, Kordofan, Chad and Nigeria.
The Fulani in northern Nigeria, led by the Dan Fodio family, were those who served Muhammad Ali in 1820 in forming an army of slaves and mercenaries alternative to the Mamalik, and this made Muhammad Ali to call his new colony in the south of the Nile Valley the Sudan as of 1820. Before that year, none of the regions and kingdoms of the south Nile Valley was Sudan. The people and the tribes in southern Nile Valley did not describe themselves as Sudanese
The support of French regimes in France to Berber and Fulani against the Tuareg (the only Amazigh, of far southwestern Libya to southern Algeria, Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso), and against all the nations of West and Central Africa is very devastating for security, peace and development in many countries. African states and the world powers must the French regimes in France from creating, supporting mercenary juntas and sponsoring terrorism. The world must stop new French presence in Mozambique quickly and completely.
Fulani and French activities in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, and Sudan are devastating destruction to Africa and the whole World
Until January of 2020, when Sudan opened up the gold market to raise revenue, the central bank in Khartoum was the only entity allowed to buy and export gold, and it set up local trading centres.
Mohamed ‘Hemeti’ Hamdan Dagalo, number two in the transitional government, has substantial interests in the industry. His family company, Al Gunade, is in gold mining and trading, with stakes held by his brother Abdul Rahim Dagalo and two of Abdul Rahim’s sons. Hemeti is listed as a director, according to documents seen by the NGO Global Witness. Sudan today exports $16bn of gold to the UAE each year.
Hemeti rose to power as a brigadier general in command of some 5,000-6,000 fighters of the government-backed Janjaweed militia. They were rebranded as the Rapid Support Forces, and in 2017 took over the Jebel Marra gold mine in Darfur, along with another three mines.
They used the revenue to buy new weaponry and a fleet of thousands of camouflaged pick-up trucks with artillery mounted on them. Hundreds of other gold mines across the country were controlled by shadowy companies with links to the security services under the Bashir regime. The ruling National Congress Party controlled mines and properties worth more than $1bn.
Article 1/5: The rush for gold is one of the ugliest market forces in the world, 11 January 2021
Article 2/5: Mining in Africa and beyond: Concealed origins, 12 January 2021
Article 5/5: Why much of Africa’s illicit gold trade transits through Dubai, 15 January 2021
READ MORE Sudan’s transition warlord Hemeti still wreaking havoc in Darfur, 18 June 2019
السودان: حميدتي وصادرات الذهب السنوية البالغة 16 مليار دولار إلى الإمارات
تقرير أفريقيا في العمق: الجزء 3 من سلسلة من 5 مقالات: تتبع اندفاع الذهب الكبير. بقلم باتريك سميث 13 يناير 2021 تحديث 15 يناير
حتى يناير 2020 ، عندما فتح السودان سوق الذهب لزيادة الإيرادات ، كان البنك المركزي في الخرطوم هو الكيان الوحيد المسموح له بشراء وتصدير الذهب ، وأنشأ مراكز تجارية محلية.
محمد “حميدتي” حمدان دقلو ، الرجل الثاني في الحكومة الانتقالية ، لديه مصالح كبيرة في الصناعة. تعمل شركته العائلية ، الجنيد ، في تعدين وتجارة الذهب ، بحصص يملكها شقيقه عبد الرحيم دقلو واثنان من أبناء عبد الرحيم. تم إدراج حميدتي كمدير ، وفقًا لوثائق اطلعت عليها منظمة Global Witness غير الحكومية. ويصدر السودان اليوم 16 مليار دولار من الذهب إلى الإمارات كل عام. صعد حميدتي إلى السلطة برتبة عميد في قيادة ما بين 5000 و 6000 مقاتل من ميليشيا الجنجويد المدعومة من الحكومة. تم تغيير علامتهم التجارية باسم قوات الدعم السريع ، وفي عام 2017 استولوا على منجم الذهب في جبل مرة في دارفور ، إلى جانب ثلاثة مناجم أخرى.
لقد استخدموا العائدات لشراء أسلحة جديدة وأسطول من آلاف الشاحنات الصغيرة المموهة والمدفعية مثبتة عليها. كانت المئات من مناجم الذهب الأخرى في جميع أنحاء البلاد تحت سيطرة شركات غامضة لها صلات بالأجهزة الأمنية في ظل نظام البشير. سيطر حزب المؤتمر الوطني الحاكم على مناجم وممتلكات تزيد قيمتها عن مليار دولار.
المادة 1/5: الاندفاع نحو الذهب من أبشع قوى السوق في العالم ، 11 كانون الثاني (يناير) 2021
المادة 2/5: التعدين في إفريقيا وخارجها: أصول مخفية ، 12 يناير 2021
المادة 4/5: كنز الساحل: تجارة الذهب غير الرسمية تغذي التمرد الإسلامي ، 14 كانون الثاني (يناير) 2021
المادة 5/5: لماذا يمر جزء كبير من تجارة الذهب غير المشروعة في إفريقيا عبر دبي ، 15 يناير 2021
اقرأ المزيد الانتقالي في السودان ، زعيم العصابات حميدتي ، لا يزال يعيث الفوضى في دارفور ، 18 يونيو 2019
How terrorist Islamists came to power in Sudan? Who caused it?
If you really want to know the mastermind of the soft landing and those who are fighting the revolution, peacefully protest in the streets and demanded the trial of Sadiq al-Mahdi by an elected judiciary on charges of handing over power to terrorist Islamists in 1989
Is it not the people’s right to know how the terrorist Islamists came to power? And who caused it?
Sadiq al-Mahdi must be tried because he made the Islamic Front, the National Congress and the Popular Congress and handed over power to them to kick out coalition parties and rule alone from his saloon by proxy.
The charges of high treason are many and confirmed; and what is required now is an independent and impartial judiciary and the rule of law
All the money of the family of the alleged Mahdi are Jewish Israeli money since 1954
They are all from West Africa, malevolent illegal migrants, makers of sedition, terror, religious counterfeiters, Jewish agents, murderers and thieves.
Sadiq al-Mahdi and his West Africans group are the deep state that must be taken off from their roots
Hamdouk, the newly appointed PM, is one of the West Africans who was made by Sadiq al-Mahdi and trained by the Jews in Zimbabwe.
He deals with Freemasonry like Macron of France who is the only one who showed his support to continue stealing gold and gum, training agents for money laundering and looting West Africa.
The Janjaweed and Umma Party must be disarmed and disband. Sadiq al-Mahdi and Hemetti must be prosecuted, tried and confiscated.
Prosecution and trial of Sadiq al-Mahdi locally and internationally will save the people of Sudan and stop terrorism and genocide and the failure of the state
People must peacefully protest in the streets and demanded the trial of Sadiq al-Mahdi by an elected judiciary on charges of handing over power to terrorist Islamists in 1989
“The truth will set you free, but first it will piss you off.”
― Gloria Steinem
"The great enemy of truth is very often not the lie--deliberate, contrived and dishonest--but the myth--persistent, persuasive, and unrealistic. Too often we hold fast to the cliches of our forebears. We subject all facts to a prefabricated set of interpretations. We enjoy the comfort of opinion without the discomfort of thought."
- John F. Kennedy (Commencement address, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, June 11, 1962)
The last of the very few decent Presidents America ever had