Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini was the son of Seyed Mostafa Hindi (murdered) and Hajieh Agha Khanum. The ancestors of Ruhollah Khomeini migrated towards the end of the 18th century from their original home of Nishapur, Khorasan Province, in northeastern Iran, for a short stay, to the kingdom of Awadh – a region in the modern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. In 1834 Seyyed Ahmad Musavi Hindi, Khomeini’s paternal grandfather, visited Persia, and in 1839 he settled in Khomein. There are also claims that Seyyed Ahmad Musavi Hindi departed from Kashmir, instead of Lucknow.
Khomeini was jailed briefly in Iran, during the rule of Shah/ Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and kept under house arrest for a period, and then on November 4, 1964 he was sent to Turkey where he stayed in the city of Bursa hosted by a colonel in the Turkish Military Intelligence named Ali Cetiner in his own residence. Khomeini spent about 14 years in exile.
He remained in Turkey less than a year, and then relocated to Najaf in Iraq, where he stayed until 1978. He continued to agitate against the shah’s regime, and as anti government sentiment intensified in Iran throughout 1978, the Shah of Iran wanted to increase his physical distance from Iran. He was encouraged to leave by then-Vice President Saddam Hussein, some sources says Iran pressured Iraq to “expel” Khomeini, and he was deported to Kuwait on October 6, 1978, which is not far at all. (more…)