Kush, not Cush, appeared with this name in around 780 BC before that it was a nameless coalition of Hyksos stranded in Libya in 1523 BC, who were 90% Amorite of Levant on foot and 10% Turkic Mongolian Akkadians of East Asia on horses.
The stranded Hyksos in Libya sought two ways to connect with the expelled Hyksos who fled mostly to the East forming Hebrews, Kassites, Mitanni and Mukarribs. These bandits renamed themselves after the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC to Jews, Babylonians, Kurds and Sabaeans
By sea, some of the Hyksos in Libya crossed to Anatolia and took part in the Trojan wars and the events leading to the Late Bronze Age Great Collapse. However, the main alternative route was on land.
The stranded Hyksos in Libya allied with Berber bandits and invaded West Africa collecting mercenaries and slaves. That formed the Fulani conglomerates. The mixed bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani started invading and colonizing the kingdoms of the Southern Nile Valley, coming first from what is now called Darfur.
The Hyksos-Berber-Fulani bandits created a colony and called it Kordofan in 1450 BC. The bandits grew bigger and stronger and continued to attack Kerma kingdoms along the six Cataracts threatening the first half of the 18th Dynasty of Kmt that expelled the Hyksos. Kmt noticed the threats and protected Kerma
Starting with Thutmose III, the opponent of Queen Hatshepsut, the second half of the 18th Dynasty reversed Kmt’s policies. Suddenly, Kmt under Thutmose III and who followed him deliberately ignored the protection of Kerma. They allowed the bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani to colonize up the Fourth Cataract. The 19th Dynasty ended that treason and resumed the protection of Lower Kerma strongly and directly.
After the fall of the 20th Dynasty which ended the New Kingdom of Kmt in 1070 BC, the nameless mixed bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani invaded, revenged and colonized Lower Kerma with vicious brutality ending indigenous rule in Kerma and its neighbors in 1000 BC
All Kerma and surrounding regions remained in a dark and lawlessness period of 220 years full of banditry raids, slavery, looting, and chaos made by small-scattered bandits of Hyksos-Berber-Fulani. When the 24th Dynasty in Kmt defeated and expelled the 22nd and 23rd regimes of Hyksos origin that triggered great fear and worries among the bandits colonizing Kerma and neighborhood.
The Hyksos-Berber-Fulani bandits came under one warlord and declared their colony a kingdom and called it Kush or Kus. The name was a variation borrowed from Cush, which is a clan from Noah in southern Punt Lands. The main reason to create Kush was to invade Kmt and give fast support for the defeated Hyksos in Ugarit who after the 24th Dynasty defeated and expelled them they came under further attack from the the Assyrian Empire
Kush was only colony for the Hyksos-Berber-Fulani coalition against Kerma, Kmt, and Punt. Kush fought against the nations of Ugarit, Ebla and Sumer.
In 2334 BC, bandits on horses conquered Sumer. The horses were unknown in the whole region. There are no fossils to prove the existence of domesticated horses. The first mention of horses in the Sumerian antiquities appeared in the period of the Third Kingdom of Ur in 2000 BC, after the expulsion of the Akkadians in 2154 BC. The Sumerians called horses mountains donkeys. It is certain that the origin of the horse came from East Asia and appeared with the Akkadians only
Kmt First Dark Period is the period between the end of the Old Kingdom of Kmt in 2181 BC and the advent of the Middle Kingdom in 2055 BC. In that First Dark Period ruled the Seventh Dynasty, the Eighth Dynasty in Memphis (2181 BC – 2160 BC), and the Ninth Dynasty and the Tenth Dynasty Herakleopolis (2160 BC – 2050 BC). The First Dark Period ended by the victory of the Eleventh Dynasty of Thebes.
In the First Dark Period, Kmt central monarchy and institutions collapsed and until the reunification of the country at the hands of the Eleventh Dynasty. Foreign arrivals from the East, the Amorites, who are Shasu Bedouins, brought down the state and divided the country. Shasu destroyed the monarchy by fomenting unrest, violence, conspiracies and chaos against their rule. After 126 Kmt expelled the Amorites. The expelled Amorites fled from Kmt in 2055 BC, to find in their lands the Akkadian Turkic gangs who used horses and were more powerful than they were, despite their small number. The presence of the Akkadian Turkic Mongolians in Amorites lands began in the year 2154 BC, during the occupation of the Amorites for northern Kmt in the First Dark Period.
There are no books, researchers and studies relating the First Dark Period with the period of cooperation between the Amorites with the Turkic Mongolians, until the beginning of the period of the invasion and occupation of Kmt by the Hyksos in 1670 BC. 400 years of regional history is missing, despite its paramount importance, and the devastating consequences of this alliance between the infantry Amorites and the Turkic Akkadians on horses on the peoples of Kmt and Ebla, Ugarit and Sumer since that time until today. This shortcoming and omission in history is undoubtedly a major flaw and a clear complicity in falsifying history against all the peoples of the region.
The formation of Akkadians-Amorites alliance continued from 2055 BC until 1670 BC. During which they developed joint raiding bandits, to loot convoys, and cutting off trade routes between the Arab kingdoms in Dilmun, Magan and Meluhha, and the outskirts of the neighboring Ebla, coastal Ugarit, Sumer and Kmt. At the end of that period, the Turkic Akkadians with the Amorites copied and learned the technique of using arrows from Kmt, as well as the use of the horse-wheel technique that was Sumer invented for transportation. Akkadians-Amorites gangs turned what they saw in Sumer and kmt into war chariots
The Turkic Mongolian Akkadians expelled from Sumer, along with the Amorites expelled from Kmt, decided to invade Kmt again as a soft target. They relied first on the remnants of the Amorites inside Kmt who remained behind after the end of the First Dark Period. Those Amorites multiplied for 400 years and knew Kmt’s language and customs well. The second invasion plan was the introduction of more Amorites to Kmt, under the pretext of asylum, trade, and peaceful migration. The government and the people of Kmt did not notice their plan and allowed them to enter and live with them. The penetration of the Amorites into the north of Kmt was a prelude, espionage and preparations for the military invasion of the Turkic Mongolian Akkadians on horses.
It was necessary to put an agreed sign on the homes of the Amorites before the day of the attack, in order for the Turkic Mongolian Akkadian invaders to recognize them and avoid attacking their collaborators, and spies. “The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.” (Exodus 12:13). “Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.” (Exodus 12:7). This is a similarity to what the Amorites residing in Kmt and secretly collaborating with expecting arrival of the Turkic Akkadian invaders did to avoid the planned attacks. Thus, the targets were the people of Kmt only.
With the conquest and occupation of the Turkic Mongolian Akkadians, Kmt entered the Second Dark Period (1670-1550 BC), in which the Amorites were partners, while the rulers were Turkic Mongolian Akkadians. They took Avaris in the eastern delta as their capital and ruled under the 15th Dynasty. The people of Kmt called the Turkic Mongolian Akkadian invaders on horses Hekka Shsut, meaning the rulers of Bedouins, while the Amorites were known as Shsut only, meaning the Bedouins. Hekka Shsut became Hyksos after several centuries in the time of the Ptolemies. Kmt called the Hyksos rulers Pharaohs, while the title of indigenous king was Nesso. Therefore, the term Pharaohs points to Turkic Akkadians violent invaders only
The people and rulers of Kmt in the 17th Dynasty expelled the Hyksos in 1523 BC under the leadership of King Ahmose I, his mother and his family and founded the 18th Dynasty. The majority of the Turkic Akkadian fled to the Levant, along with some of the Amorites. A minority of stranded Turkic Mongolians and Amorites remained in Libya, unable to connect to the bulk of Akkadians-Amorites in Levant.
When Kmt expelled the Hyksos in 1523 BC, the Hyksos branched out into Hebrews, Mitannis, Kassites, and Mukarribs. After the victory of a coalition between the Hyksos and other Turkic bandits in the Battle of Carchemish over Assyria and Kmt in 605 BC, the expelled Hyksos called themselves Jews, Kurds, Babylonians and Sabaeans. This explains the relationship between the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) written in 580 BC in Babylon and the four main off shoots of the Hyksos who were expelled from Kmt in 1523 BC
Amorites who cooperated and paved the way for the Hyksos conquest continued to live in Kmt. They caused Kmt Third Dark Period (1069-664 BC), and which led to Kmt total collapse in 343 BC to remain in 2295 years of continuous occupation that ended in 1952 AD. However, Akkadians-Amorites remnants still live in Kmt today.
Therefore, it is obvious that the first Jews only appeared in 580 BC in Babylon and were renaming for the Hebrews, and the Hebrew were one group branched from the expelled Hyksos. The Turkic Mongolian origin of the Akkadian is a very important clue to reveal the true history of Sumer and the origin of the Hyksos.
Certainly, the first Jews and the Hebrew Bible both appeared 880 years after Moses and more than 1300 years after Abraham, Jacob and the Israelites. The traditions and history of Abraham, Jacob and the Israelites link them to the western part of Punt Lands, with Arabia as the eastern part of Punt Lands.
Egyptians and the World must search, know and verify who were Thutmose III, Amenhotep II, Thutmose IV, Amenhotep III, Amenhotep IV/ Akhenaten. There are many evidences to discover the truth of their dealings with the expelled Hyksos against all the peoples of Kmt, Ebla, Sumer, Ugarit, the Arabs, Kerma, and Punt
Stranded Hyksos in Libya carried out the final attacks on Kmt together with Berber-West African Kush bandits to re-colonized Kmt. From my personal long research, I found that the Hyksos are alliance between Turkic Mongolian Akkadians expelled by Sumer in 2154 BC together with Amorites who invaded Kmt and caused the First Dark Period 2181–2055 BC, before Kmt expelled them by the 11th Dynasty.
Kerma and Kush are two totally different and opposing entities. Kerma was indigenous civilization while Kush is colony crafted by Hyksos stranded in Libya with Berber and West African slaves and mercenaries appeared in 1500 BC and caused the collapse of Kerma in 1000 BC following the collapse of the Modern Kingdom of Kmt in 1070 BC. The mixed bandits called themselves Kush in 780 BC and a kingdom replaced the destroyed kingdoms of of Kerma civilization.
I ask all those who are interested in ancient history and politics to start group work centered on three specific topics. 1. The Turkic Mongolian origin of the Akkadians 2. The Akkadian-Amorite origin of the Hyksos 3. The offshoot groups of the expelled Hyksos since 1523 BC.
I consider the four offshoots of the Hyksos are 1. The Hebrews, 2. The Mitanni, 3. The Kassites, and 4. The Mukarribs. These groups turned to Jews, Kurds, Babylonians and Sabaeans after the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC. Another fourth topic of extreme importance is the disguised and devastating alliance between Thutmose III and the Hyksos offshoots, which characterized the rest of the second half of the 18th dynasty until general Horemheb ended that dynasty
The Kushite were West African mercenaries and slaves for the Berber and the Hyksos in Libya who Kmt cut them off from the expelled majority Hyksos who fled to Levant. The Hyksos of Libya took two alternative routes to reach Levant. The first on land by attacking Kerma with West Africans and Berber and threatening Egypt from south that led to creating Kush in 780 BC.
The Hyksos-Berber-West African bandits went further, invading and defeating the 24th Dynasty and colonizing Kmt by the 25th Dynasty to rescue the defeated 23rd and 22nd colonizing Dynasties. The second route by crossing the Mediterranean to Anatolia. Paintings depicted them in Trojan Wars as black West African mercenaries
The people of the kingdoms of Kerma Civilization along the six Cataracts were allies and kin to Kmt and Punt, and trade partners with Dilmun, Magan and Meluhha Arab regions, Ebla, Sumer and Ugarits. The Hyksos-Berber-West African bandits attacked Kerma since 1500 BC and the first half of the 18th Dynasty supported and protected Kerma.
Suddenly, the second half of the 18th Dynasty switched sides and supported the Hyksos-Berber-West African bandits. This led to the fall of the southern part of Kerma up the Fourth Cataract, and rest of Kerma was helpless. This situation continued until the arrival of the 19th Dynasty that put full protection on the remaining northern Kerma.
As soon as the 20th Dynasty fell and the New Kingdom ended in 1070 BC Kerma faced the Hyksos-Berber-West African bandits alone and was defeated in 1000 BC
Kerma and all the regions were in chaos, looting and total disorder. The Hyksos-Berber-West African bandits arranged themselves in 780 BC under a single leadership and declared the colony’s name as Kush to attack the 24th Dynasty and colonize Kmt.
In addition, the second half of the 18th Dynasty suddenly switched sides and supported the expelled Hyksos in the Levant against Ebla, Ugarit and Sumer. Historians wrongly describe the alliance between the second half of the 18th Dynasty and the expelled Hyksos as a formation of a great Kmt Empire by Thutmose III and his successors
It is irrefutable that the Fulani is not a cluster of tribes or a wandering nation. They are amalgamation of different groups of different origins, colors and traits made in collection camps, but not a nation at all.
The Fulani are groups made by and colluded with foreign small slavery and looting bandits from East and West Africa since the invasions of the Hyksos through Libya in 1500 BC, that is why there is no one particular specific homeland or region for the Fulani.
The Fulani were used by the Hyksos in 1500 BC; then by the Moors of the expelled colonizers of Spain and Portugal in 1500 AD both for Transatlantic slavery and for waging what claimed to be Jihadist invasions and colonization all over West and Central Africa and extended to Red Sea coasts to hunt and trade in humans and resources.
This second Fulani wave created the fictitious “Arabs” in the Nile Valley and Abyssinia to trade slavery to Arabia via what was made and named Fur, Funj and Ja’alyin groups
In 1820 AD Mohamed Ali recruited a lot of Fulani with assistance from the Fulani colonizers of North Nigeria (Sokoto) led by Usman Dan Fodio and from around Lake Chad.
This wave of Fulani led to the bloody regimes of Al Turkiyya and Al Mahdiyya for looting and slavery. From this wave came the regimes that led to today’s Janjaweed militias and the Umma and other forms that pretend to be political parties.
Alturabi, Omer Albashir, Sadiq Almahdi, Abdallah Khalil, Azhari, Daglo all who inherited the Condominium colony in 1956 and until today controlling politics and businesses are from earlier or recent Fulani groups.
Sudan has groups who claim without any support to be tribes and “Arabs”. Those who claim to be the “Arabs” of Sudan are, in fact, mixed indigenous local groups that have been dominated by small invading factions, and their native original affiliations and history were obliterated by slavery.
It is impossible to prove any existence of their “Arab” titles and groups’ names before the emergence of the colony of Funj in 1500 AD. The Funj was in persistent conflicts with the Black Kingdom of Berta, Gumuz and Shilluk, who are the original inhabitants of Aljazeera between the Blue and White Niles.
The first wave of those who claim to be Arabs in Sudan, their rulers were from the gangs of East and West Asia, who are the Bedouins of the Levant and Jordan with the Hyksos. They invaded North Africa and allied and mixed with the Berbers. These colonizing rulers are the oldest and less brown “Arabs”. They also mixed with the people of the kingdoms of the Karma civilization on the Nile at the time of Kush colony made in 785 BC. These are the older pale Fulani and they are the origin of Ja’alyeen groups
The second wave of Sudan’s “Arabs” is a mixture of East and West Asian gangs with West African slaves and mercenaries and their breeding from them produced Juhayna groups in West and Central Sudan. They are tanner than the Ja’alyeen group, except for Berbers who less mixed with West Africans
1- The Ja`alyeen groups (Ja`alyeen, Shaikiyah, Bdairiyah, Rubatab, Merifab) and Al-Batahin claim Abbasid and Qahtan origin. The Al-Batahin, east of the Nile, played the same role that the Jumu’iyya played in West Nile. The very wide spread of Ja’alyeen is from their work in human hunting and in West African Jallaba
2- Other “Arab” groups are Juhayna in the West, Al-Jazeera; plus Al-Shukria, Al-Ja’alyeen Daglal Al-Bunni Amer in the East; plus Al-Rashaydah from Eastern Arabian Peninsula
Tabiry was the daughter of King Alara of Kush from his wife Kasaqa; and was the wife of her brother King Piye. She held some interesting titles: Her majesty Main/first King’s Wife, (hmt niswt ‘at tpit n hm.f) and “The Great One of the Foreign Country” (ta-aat-khesut), and khesut could mean nomads, similar to that in Hyksos.
She also held the more standard titles of King’s Wife (hmt niswt), King’s Daughter (s3t niswt), and King’s Sister (snt niswt).
Tabiry was buried in a pyramid at El-Kurru (K.53). A carved granite funerary stela found in her tomb mentions she is the daughter of Alara of Kush and the wife of Piye. The stela is now in Khartoum.
The stela gives Tabiry further titles. Reisner had translated one of her titles as ‘the great chieftainess of the Temehu’ (southern Libyans), and concluded that the royal house of Kush was somehow related to the Libyans. Other scientists had since shown that her title might be read as “Great One (or ‘Chieftainess’) of the Desert-dwellers”, showing her title connects her to the Kushites and not to Libyans.
الملكة الكوشية تابيري تربط الأسرة 25 إلى الهكسوس
كانت تابيري ابنة ملك كوش الارا من زوجته كاساقا وكانت زوجة شقيقها الملك بيي/بعنخي. وحملت بعض الألقاب المثيرة للاهتمام منهم: صاحبة الجلالة الرئيسية / زوجة الملك الأولى وزعيمة بلاد البدو (ta-aat-khesut) وكلمة خسوت مماثلة لتلك في كلمة هكسوس
كما أنها حملت ألقاب أخري تقليدية مثل زوجة الملك (hmt niswt) وابنة الملك (s3t niswt)وأخت الملك(snt niswt).
دفنت تابيري في هرم في الكرو رقم (K 53). ولها لوحة جنائزية منحوتة من الجرانيت وجدت في قبرها تذكر أنها ابنة ملك كوش الارا وزوجة الملك بعنخي وموجودة الآن في الخرطوم.
تذكر اللوحة أن تابيري لها المزيد من الألقاب. وقام العالم الامريكي رايزنر بترجمة أحد ألقابها على أنها “زعيم القبيلة العظيم لتيمحو” (جنوب الليبيين) وأعتبر ريزنر أن ذلك دليل يؤكد أن الاسرة الحاكمة في كوش كانت مرتبطة بطريقة ما بالليبيين. وقد ذكر علماء آخرون منذ ذلك الحين أن الترجمة قد تقرأ على أنها عظيمة أو زعيمة القبائل الصحراوية مما يدل على أن لقب تابيري ربما يربطها بالكوشيين وليس الليبيين.
The Fulani language is called Fulfulde, and a linguist said it was closer to the Roma language. He linked the Fulani to the Hyksos. He said exactly what I say; the appearance of Fulani is linked to the expulsion of the Hyksos from Kmt.
This also confirms that Kush are Hyksos and their slaves from West Africa and they were the Fulani. It also explains the reasons for the mystery of the origin of the Meroitic language.
Maurice Delafosse (20 December 1870 – 13 November 1926) was a French ethnographer and who worked in the field of the languages of Africa. He said: I think I may say that of all African, Asiatic, Oceanian, and European tongues which I have compared with the language of the Fulani, the language of the gypsies is that which appears to me possess the greatest point of resemblance.
Contents: INTRODUCTORY 1; CONQUEST OF North Africa AND SPAIN BY 24; ARAB Civilization IN SPAIN 31; THE EMPIRE OF The Two SHORES 50; AFRICAN RULE IN SPAIN 58; DECLINE OF MOHAMMEDAN POWER IN SPAIN 67; SPANISH ARABS IN AFRICA 73; NEGROLAND AND THE WESTERN ARABS 83; THE LATER ASKIAS 211; THE PHARAOHS IN HAUSSALAND 227; THE DOMINATION OF KANO 245; BORNU 268; THE MOORISH CONQUEST 296; THE SOUDAN UNDER THE MOORS 306; EUROPE IN WEST AFRICA 322; THE EUROPEAN SLAVE TRADE 333; BERBER AND BLACK 99; MORABITE CONQUEST OF THE SOUDAN 107; GHANA AND TIMBUCTOO 113; IBN BATUTA IN MELLE 129; ADMINISTRATION OF THE MELLESTINE 142; MEETING OF EASTERN AND WESTERN INFLUENCE UPON 153; RISE OF THE SONGHAY EMPIRE 163; Askia MOHAMMED ABOU BEKR 181; SONGHAY UNDER ASKIA THE GREAT 190; SONGHAY UNDER ASKIA THE GREAT continued 199; ENGLAND AND FRANCE ON THE LOWER NIGER 348; ORIGIN OF THE FULANI 373; RISE OF THE FULANI IN THE SOUDAN 381; SULTAN BELLO 390; CONQUEST OF SOKOTO AND KANO 438; British Policy IN NORTHERN NIGERIA 449; ECONOMIC RESOURCES OF NORTHERN NIGERIA 485; THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRADE 491; INDEX 501
علاقة الفولاني بالهكسوس والغجر
لغة الفولاني اسمها فلفولدي وقال فيها خبير لغات انها اقرب للغة الغجر. ويربط بين الفولاني والهكسوس يقول بالظبط كما اقول بان ظهور الفولاني مرتبط بطرد الهكسوس
وهذا يؤكد أيضا أن الكوشيين هم عبارة عن هكسوس ورقيق لهم من غرب أفريقيا وهم الفولاني. ويفسر كذلك أسباب غموض أصل اللغة المروية
موريس ديلافوس (20 ديسمبر 1870 – 13 نوفمبر 1926) عالمًا عرقيات فرنسي وعمل في مجال لغات إفريقيا
The origin of the Fulani is obscure. Some scholars assigned them to Hyksos origin; while a linguist named Fezzan M. Dalfosse, whose studies in west African languages give special weight to his opinions, holds the view that Fulani may have owed their origin to the downfall of Hyksos, or shepherd kings, who were driven from Egypt about 1639 BC.
He likens the Fulani to the gypsy language he says “I think I may say that of all African, Asiatic, Oceanian and European language tongue which I have compared with the language of the Fulani, the language of the gypsies is that which appear to possess the greatest point of resemblance”.
There is strong indications the earliest Jews were not Israelites, but rather the Jews were the same Akkadians, who appeared suddenly in 2334 BC and invaded and colonized Sumer and Subar, after allying with the Amorites.
The East Asian origin possibility shared by the Akkadians; the Hyksos; the Roma (Gypsies); and the Fulani is interesting indeed; and the linkage between the Fulani with the Hyksos in creating the Kush Kingdom could lead to think of East Asian plus West African origin of the obscure Meroitic Language.
The origin and history of the Hyksos and Fulani groups are essential to understand the history and the present of West Africa.
The Fulani groups were the result of wide-spread slavery raids on West Africa since 1600 BC by the Hyksos who invaded and colonized Kmt (ancient Egypt) in 1630 BC or 1800 BC, and some of the Hyksos went further to invade North Africa and first created the Lebu (Libyans) who went back and founded the 22 and 23 Dynasties in Kmt (945 – 728 BC).
It is clear the western part of the Hyksos were devastated by the loss of route connecting them with West Asian markets and the Hyksos expelled to the east of Kmt. To reconnect the Hyksos in Libya had sought assistance from Troy and also took their slavery bandits to invade the southern Nile Valley. The Hyksos wanted to connect with their bandits that were raiding Arabia and also invade and regain Kmt from the south.
The created Fulani groups were used to invade the southern Nile Valley and first colonized the region which they called Kordofan then they occupied Kerma south of the 4th Cataract in 1500 BC. After raiding for 700 years the Hyksos with their Fulani destroyed north Kerma civilization and created in its place Kush in 785 BC, who invaded Kmt to assist the defeated Libyan dynasties and the expelled Hyksos in the Amorite east who were attacking Subar and Sumer; in the events that led to the fall of Sumer and the subsequent creation of Babylonia and the Jews.
The Hyksos were actually the same Akkadians who colonized Sumer and Subar (Fertile Crescent) in 2334-2154 BC. The Akkadians were Turkic Mongolian raiding bandits on horses and took foot soldiers from South Caucasus (Hurrians). Amorites joined the expelled Akkadians to form the Hyksos.
The same amalgam who invaded North Africa and started slavery in West Africa were the invaders and colonizers of Spain and Portugal from 711 AD and were expelled in 1492 AD. They shared and also took over power from their Fulani partner groups in West Africa who were their suppliers of wealth and slaves.
Songhai Empire c. 1464–1591 preceded by Mali Empire and Gao Empire and was succeeded by Saadi dynasty; Pashalik of Timbuktu and Dendi Kingdom.
Mali Empire c. 1230–1670 preceded by Ghana Empire and Gao Empire and was succeeded by Songhai Empire; Jolof Empire; Kaabu Empire and the Empire of Great Fulo
All these regimes were more or less dominated, created or influenced by the Fulani and their Hyksos masters of North Africa, who claim to be Amazigh; while the only true Amazigh are the Tuareg the arch-rival of Fulani and Hyksos. Indeed the history of West Africa is mainly around the history of Hyksos and Fulani slavery and looting.
In fact, “Pharaohs” was a term used by native people of Kmt during the Hyksos colonization (1630-1523 BC) to point to the foreign colonizers as “paɾuw (meaning that person in the great house)”.
Native people of Kmt refrained to call the Hyksos ruler and other foreign rulers as kings which is pronounces as “Nesso”. Nesso was reserved for genuine legitimate kings of Kmt origin. It was their smart way to resist occupation and show disregard.
In this sense, the Songhai were made up by, and related to, pharaohs who were Hyksos rulers. The Songhai were amalgam of local West African groups forced together by slavery; but were not descendants of Kmt. The Hyksos and their pharaohs were also related to the Amorite-Akkadian-Turkic-Hurrian bandits that colonized the Arabs in their homeland which is only in the Western and Southern coasts of the Arabian Peninsula, including Yemen, since 1300 BC after the Hyksos were driven out from Kmt in 1523 BC; then from Mittani and Sumer in 1300 BC.
Therefore, saying that the Songhai and the Fulani are somehow related to the pharaohs (Hyksos) and also to Yemen (Bedouin bandits who colonized Arabs) as their traditions say is reasonable since these were the only two sources for slaves, gold and horses markets and power used by the Fulani and other West African regimes to control the region.
The relationship of the Kushites and their collaboration to the Hyksos is evident in the first and second steles that Lord Carnarvon discovered in 1908 in Thebes and recounts the events of the war that Kamose waged against the Hyksos and the Kushites at the same time. It recalled a courier arrest and detention carrying a letter from the Hyksos leader named Abibi in Avares to his pact ally the leader of Kushites asking for urgent support against the threat posed by the armies of Kmt led by King Kamose against the Hyksos and the Kushites. The content of the Hyksos message to the Kushites was recorded by Kamose in the inscription recounting his victory in Karnak.
The name kes or kas (k3š) appeared in Kmt monuments for the first time in 1450 B.C., and it was meant that the Hyksos gangs that seized Sumar (the civilization of southern Iraq) and their name were the Kassites or the Kishites from Kish, Kas, Kash, or Kasu, and they were Hyksos gangs who occupied Mesopotamia from 1531 to 1155 BC .Clearly, the name Kush is close to Kassites.
It is possible that the formation of the Kush kingdom by someone called Al-Ara came as a result of the urgent need to invade Kmt from the south and to follow instructions that came to the southern Hyksos gangs and Fulani from their Libyan Hyksos partners of the 23rd family that were defeated and fell into the hands of the 24th Dynasty in 732 BC and continued to rule for 12 years only and fell to the invasion of the 25th Dynasty, whose name became the Kingdom of Kush, by the Hyksos gangs, who are of the same origin as the Kassite gangs in Babylon from 1531 to 1155 B.C. to attack Kmt from the south
So, of course, the names Kush, Ta-siti, and Ta-nehso refer to three different lands, not one region. Ta-siti means the land of the civilization of the people of Kerma. While Kush means the colonized part by the Hyksos and their Fulani slave. While Ta-nehso points to black slave areas, whether domestic or foreign.
Jews are Asiatic and totally different group from the Israelites who were East Africans.
My Abyssinian Hypothesis had been updated after I discovered new strong evidences, including the camel presence which was limited to the Horn of Africa.
Now, the hypothesis is called Punt Lands Hypothesis and it states that the Israelites were from Punt Lands, and not Arabs; and the Exodus was local across a river.
Jews are descendants of Turkic Mongolian Hyksos in Babylon in 580 BC and were invented in Babylon.
First Jews were Amorites bandits led by horse-riding expelled Hyksos and Kassites who used few Ethiopian Judahites to invent Jews, Judaism, Hebrew language and the Tanakh to replace the Ge’ez Torah of Mosses, and establish fake Israel and fake Jerusalem in western Amorites land.
Kush on the Nile River bears the same name of the Kassites ,Kaššu, Kassi, Kasi or Kashic who appeared in 1531 until 1155 BC in Babylon.
The light-complexion people of Arabia, the Levant, Egypt, and North and East Africa who claim to be Arabs are actually descendants of the Amorites with the Turkic Mongolian Hyksos bandits.
The light-complexion “Arabs” are the Bedouins who colonized the tanned-complexion original Arabs in the Western and Southern coasts of Arabia, who are much closer in everything to the peoples of the Horn of Africa and Kmt.
The diagram shows how Hyksos and Amorites created Kush to invade Kmt by Bedouins and Fulani (who are slaves taken from west, central and east Africa).
Just compare these two maps to discover how much deception survived 2600 years.
My Punt-Lands Hypothesis of the interpretation of the Mosaic Torah and the history of the Children of Israel
Compare Punt-Lands Hypothesis with what the academic, religious and media institutions offer. They mention the history of the Hyksos, of whom the Jews appeared after 950 years, and affixed it to the Children of Israel who had nothing to do with the Jews. And the world believed this naive lie for 2,600 years.
Necho I ruled (672 – 664 BC). He was the King of Lower Kmt from his capital in the ancient city of Sais. He was the first documented king in the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty.
Necho I was an ally of the Neo Assyrian Empire (911 BC–609 BC) in its struggle against the remnants of the Hyksos, including the ancestors of the Jews and the Kushites. The Assyrian king, Esarhaddon, began commanding an army to protect Necho, but died before his arrival.
He was succeeded by his son Ashurbanipal (668 – 627 BC), the grandson of Sennacherib. Ashurbanipal sent an army against the Kushites in 667 BC and remained in his capital at Nineveh and defeated Taharqa king of the 25th family near Memphis, who fled south. Ashurbanipal supported King Nacho with Assyrian soldiers to protect the lower Kmt from the Kushites
After the death of the Kushite Taharqa in 664 BC and his defeat, his successor, Tantmani, invaded the lower Kmt again with a large army. In Memphis he defeated the Kemites and killed King Necho in battle and Psamtik I took refuge in Assyria.
Ashurbanipal sent another army south of Greek soldiers and again succeeded in defeating the Kushites north of Memphis. Tantmani fled to Kush and did not threaten Kmt again. Psamtik I and the Assyrians shattered the remnants of the Kushites severely. The Assyrians were given gifts from war spoils taken from Kushites
The Assyrian Kmtian cooperation continued and after Psamtik I liberated Kmt he maintained friendly relations with the Assyrians. After the liberation of Thebes permanently from the Kushites, Kmt was united once under a king of Sau / Sais.
Psamtik I son of Necho ruled from 664 to 610 BC, the son of Sais and the pride of Lower Kmt.
Jewish sources claim that he was against the Assyrians while the fact is that the Assyrians were his allies and helped him to establish close ties with the Greeks to counter the danger of the Kushites from the south and encouraged many Greeks to settle in Kmt and established settlements for them and encouraged them to join the quantum army.
Trade between Egypt and Greece was also active at that time, and Sais was an important trade center punched with Greece and the Mediterranean countries. So the role of the Greeks at that time was that of a friend
Most probably, the Psamtik I statue which was discovered in 2017 totally fragmented and buried was brought from Sais to be destroyed in Matariya, near Heliopolis, by Persians and Jews who are Hyksos descendants to erase his great history and achievements against the remnants of Hyksos and their offshoots.
“The truth will set you free, but first it will piss you off.”
― Gloria Steinem
"The great enemy of truth is very often not the lie--deliberate, contrived and dishonest--but the myth--persistent, persuasive, and unrealistic. Too often we hold fast to the cliches of our forebears. We subject all facts to a prefabricated set of interpretations. We enjoy the comfort of opinion without the discomfort of thought."
- John F. Kennedy (Commencement address, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, June 11, 1962)
The last of the very few decent Presidents America ever had