How Ancient Iranian Peoples and Cultures Were Labeled by New Turkic Persians
Iran has two souls!
The ancient Iranian soul, which is good. The other soul is the Persianated Turkic soul, which is evil. Unless Iran returns to its original soul it will remain demonized. To explain that let us ask: How Ancient Iranian Peoples and Cultures turned to be Persian (which is Turkic)?
How Ancient Iranian Peoples and Cultures Were Labeled by New Turkic Persians?
List of rulers of Iranian kingdoms of Iran and the Iranian people
From the beginning of history there were “Iran” and “Iranians”, and there was no “Persia” or “Persians”. “Persia” or “Persians” appeared only with the Achaemenid Kings in 550 BC. Here is a list of the Iranian kingdoms since 2700 BC, that made the original Iran:
2.1 Elamite Empire, c. 2700 – 650 BC
2.2 Minor Elamite Kingdoms, c. 2700 – 519 BC
2.3 Kings of Elymais, c. 147 BC – c. 224 AD
3.1 Marhasi kingdom, c. 2550–c. 1900 BC
3.2 Namar kingdom, c. 24th century–c. 750 BC
3.3 Zakhara kingdom, c. 2350–c. 2250 BC
3.4 Ganhar kingdom, c. 21st century BC
3.5 Eshnuna kingdom, c. 21st century–c. 8th century BC
3.6 Zabshali kingdom, c. 2050–c. 2000 BC
3.7 Kassites kingdom, 21st to 9th century BC
3.8 Parsua kingdom, c. 840–c. 710 BC
3.9 Ellipi kingdom, c. 810–c. 700 BC
3.10 Bit-Istar kingdom, c. 12th century–c. 710 BC
4.1 Kuti kingdom, c. 2550–c. 2100 BC
4.2 Lullubi kingdom, c. 2400–c. 650 BC
4.3 Gilzan kingdom, c. 900–c. 820 BC
4.4 Urartu kingdom, c. 860 – 547 BC
4.5 Ida kingdom, c. 860–c. 710 BC
4.6 Allabria, c. 850–c. 710 BC
4.7 Gizilbunda kingdom, c. 850–c. 700 BC
4.8 Araziash kingdom, c. 850 – 716 BC
4.9 Manna kingdom, c. 850–c. 550 BC
4.10 Andia Kingdom, c. 850–c. 700 BC
4.11 Kishesu kingdom, c. 830–c. 710 BC
4.12 Sagbitu kingdom, c. 820–c. 710 BC
4.13 Abdadana kingdom, c. 810–c. 710 BC
4.14 Zikartu kingdom, c. 750 – 521 BC
4.15 Median dynasty, 726–521 BC
4.16 Karalla kingdom, c. 720–c. 700 BC
4.17 Uriaku kingdom, c. 720–c. 700 BC
4.18 Karzinu kingdom, c. 720–c. 700 BC
4.19 Saparda kingdom, c. 720–c. 670 BC
4.20 Scythian kingdom, c. 700–c. 530 BC
5.1 Dilmun kingdom, 27th century–7th century BC
5.2 Gunilaha kingdom, c. 2350–c. 2300 BC
5.3 Makkan kingdom, 23rd century – 550 BC
5.4 Bashimi kingdom, c. 2100–c. 1900 BC
5.5 Zabum kingdom, 21st century BC
5.6 Achaemenid Kings of Parsumash, c. 710–c. 635 BC
5.7 Achaemenid Kings of Anshan, c. 635 – 550 BC
Near Lake Urmia was the first Persia tribal place in 860-600 BC. They came to this area earlier before they move again south and create their Persian chieftaincy which turned into kingdom then empire. New terms appeared like Parsua, Parsuash, Parsumash, Persis, Parsa, Pârs, Fars, and Parsava.
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
An Obelisk found in Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), in northern Iraq, and commemorates the deeds of King Shalmaneser III (reigned 858-824 BC). It was erected as a public monument in 825 BC at a time of civil war, in the central square of Nimrud, close to the much earlier White Obelisk of Ashurnasirpal I.
It is the most complete Assyrian obelisk yet discovered, and is historically significant because it is thought to display the earliest ancient depiction of a biblical figure – Jehu, King of Israel. The traditional identification of “Yaw” as Jehu has been questioned by some scholars, who proposed that the inscription refers to another king, Jehoram of Israel. Its reference to ‘Parsua‘ is also the first known reference to the Persians.
Parsua (earlier Parsuash, Parsumash) was an ancient tribal kingdom/chiefdom (860-600 BC) located near Lake Urmia between Zamua (formerly: Lullubi) and Ellipi, in central Zagros to the southwest of Sanandaj, northwestern Iran. The name Parsua is from an old Iranian word *Parsava and it is presumed to mean border or borderland.
Parsua was distinct from Persis, another region to the southeast, now known as Fars province in Iran. Some accounts suggest that Teispes, the ancestor of the Achaemenid dynasty, led a migration from Parsua to Persis, formerly the Elamite state of Anshan.
ersis (Greek: Περσίς), better known as Persia (Old Persian: Parsa; Persian: پارس, Pars), or “Persia proper”, was originally a name of a region near the Zagros mountains at Lake Urmia. The country name Persia was derived directly from the Old Persian Parsa. Over time, the area of settlement shifted to the southwest of today Iran (now Fars).
The ancient Persians were present in the region from about the 10th century BC, and became the rulers of the largest empire the world had yet seen under the Achaemenid dynasty which was established in the late 6th century BC
The word Fârs is derived from Pârsâ, the Old Persian name for Persia and its capital, Persepolis. Fârs is the Arabized version of Pârs, as Arabic has no [p] phoneme.
Ancient Persians were originally a nomadic branch of the ancient population (probably from Turkic origins) who entered modern-day Iran by the early 10th century BC.
List of Persian monarchs of Iran
From this time Iranian as a nation and Iran as a country disappeared and was replaced by Persians and Persia.
Here is a list of the new Persian kingdoms since 550 BC that made the current Persian Iran:
18.1 Sarbadars (1332–1386)
18.2 Chupanids (1335–1357)
18.3 Jalayirids (1335–1432)
18.4 Injuids (1335–1357)
18.5 Muzaffarids (1314–1393)
18.6 Kara Koyunlu (1375–1468)
18.7 Ak Koyunlu (1378–1497)
18.8 Timurid dynasty (1370–1507)
Only in 1935, after 2485 years, Persia as a state took back the original name “Iran”, but strangely the Iranian peoples and cultures remained to be called ethnic “Persians”.
So, where the original Iranian people and cultures had gone? And why they are no longer recognized as “Iranians”?
Such great ancient national identity of Iran and the ethnicities of the Iranians were clearly turned into Persia and Persians for political reasons by non-Iranians.
Even the history of the great ancient Iranian religion of Zoroastrianism which existed before 1200 BC had disappeared as a result of this forced Persianization. Also, in religion, prior to the rise of the Safavid Empire (1501–1736), Sunni Islam was the dominant religion, accounting for around 90% of the population at the time.
The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safaviyya Sufi order, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Azerbaijan region (a Turkic region). Ardabil is in the same region from which the first Parsua (earlier Parsuash, Parsumash) chieftaincy originated before moving to south Iran to establish the first kingdom of Persia in (860-600 BC).
Where gone the ancient Iranians? And why the Persian restored Iran but did not restore Iranians? Simply because the Persian Turkic Azari rulers of Iran want to pretend that Iranian became Persians and want to call Iranian cultures and civilization Persian. Iranians and their achievements will never disappear or renamed Persian. The Persians are primitive and evil but the Iranians are great and good people.
The disaster that struck Iran since 550 BC is that few wicked Turkic settlers ruled Iran and the Iranians, and they invented Persia and claimed that Iranians are subjects of Persians and Iran seized to exist anymore, to confiscate Iranian lands and achievements.