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Posts tagged ‘nationalism’

List of Most Active Nationalist Parties in Europe


The popular vote in favour of the main nationalist party by European countries

The popular vote in favour of the main nationalist party by European countries

Nationalist parties in Europe have been on the rise since the early 2010s due to, according to some, austerity measures and immigration.

Ruth Wodak (Austrian linguist author of: The Politics of Fear: What Right-Wing Populist Discourses Mean, 2015) stresses that the rise of populist parties across Europe has different reasons in different countries. In a March 2014 article she divided these parties into four groups:

  1. Parties that gain support via an ambivalent relationship with fascist and Nazi pasts” (anti-Jewish) (e.g., in Austria, Hungary, Italy, Romania, and France),
  2. Parties that “focus primarily on a perceived threat from Islam” (e.g., in the Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland),
  3. Parties that “restrict their propaganda to a perceived threat to their national identities from ethnic minorities” (e.g., in Hungary, Greece, Italy, and the United Kingdom)
  4. And 4. Parties that “endorse a fundamentalist Christian conservative-reactionary agenda” (e.g., in Poland, Romania and Bulgaria). According to the Economist, the main attraction of far-right parties in the Scandinavian countries is the national culture is under threat.

Nationalist parties are the ruling parties in the two former Yugoslav countries. In the Republic of Macedonia, the VMRO-DPMNE is one of the two major parties in the country. The Serbian Progressive Party (SNS), founded in 2008 by former Serbian Radical Party members and is led by Tomislav Nikolić. The SNS won plurality in the 2012 parliamentary election and is since the senior party in the Serbian government. In all other countries, nationalist parties are in opposition.

The 8 Most Prominent Nationalist Parties in Europe:

Germany, Alternative for Germany started in 2013 and won up to 25 percent of the vote in German state elections in March. In September, the party took second place in the Legislature in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, the home state of Chancellor Angela Merkel. The party’s policy platform says “Islam does not belong in Germany” and calls for a ban on the construction of mosques.

France, the National Front is a nationalist party promotes anti-immigration and anti-European Union positions. The party favors protectionist economic policies and would clamp down on government benefits for immigrants, including health care, and drastically reduce the number of immigrants allowed into France. The party was established in 1972 and now is led by Marine Le Pen

The Netherlands, Party for Freedom is anti-European Union, anti-Islam. In early November, the party was leading in polls ahead of next year’s parliamentary elections. The Party for Freedom is led by Geert Wilders, one of Europe’s most prominent far-right politicians. The party holds 15 seats in the lower house, down from the 24 it won in elections in 2010. (more…)

Three Dimensional National Democracy (3DND) Proposal


Three Dimensional National Democracy (3DND)

Three Dimensional National Democracy (3DND)

Three Dimensional National Democracy (3DND) is a proposal for an innovative system of wider representative governance. Three Dimensional National Democracy (3DND) aims to replace inherited western-designed political system to make real reforms and development in any economy and its power structure.

Looking closely into the buildup of any nation in the world, they might be grouped at least in three different ways. The first category is social; in terms of ethnic and tribal cultures. The second category is political; concerning ideological and intellectual affiliations. And the third category is economic; regarding professional and business activities.

Modern liberal democracy which is based on majority rule is one-dimensional and unable to protect and promote various interests. Thus, it usually interacts with people in accordance to their political party affiliation only. They drop from their considerations any social and economic attachments. And therefore, these affiliations seek essential outlets through illegal political practices and corruption. This is because the disregard of recognition does not lead to disappearance of social and economic affiliations.

By so doing, Liberal Democracy creates threats to the interests and the very existence of minorities and to social peace and to the different functions of state institutions. Therefore, monopoly of power by a political party and its hidden dominant ethnic group and their privileged elites, even for a limited period, destroys democracy and disfranchise the rest. They undermine social, political and economic justices permanently. This situation results in creation of civic police dictatorships working through legal and constitutional legitimacy conferred by the established system.

The alternative is clearly in distributing power in the three axes. This could be achieved by considering the nation in its social; economic and political layers or aspects; analogous to a three-dimensional cube.

The first axis (X) is the Social Dimension relating to tribal, ethnic and cultural affiliations and composition.

The second axis (Y) represents Economic dimension; in respect to professional, business and trade affiliations and composition.

The third axis (Z) regarding the Political dimension; dealing with partisan, ideological and intellectual affiliations and composition.

Reinventing democracy by creating Three Dimensional National Democracy (3DND) is about advocating
1- The right of all citizens to elect and have at least three representatives in their parliaments to protect their distinct social, economic and political interests.
2- Parliament must be gradually equally shared by men and women in the three different assemblies.
3- The powers of trade & business unions; and also cultural communities must be increased to level with political parties.

Natural Nationality and Citizenship Law (NNAC)


Natural Nationality and Citizenship Law

Natural Nationality and Citizenship Law

This is a draft of a personal idea to create a new nationality and citizenship law. The aims of this law proposal are:
1- To save nature and develop the environment;
2- To protect the indigenous or first people and their responsibilities, economy and cultures;
3- To give freedom to new-born to choose their nationality, religious belief and culture.

The Principles of Natural Nationality and Citizenship Law (NNAC)
1– Any land, as a part of nature, cannot be owned by people, governments or individuals; but nature can only be served.
2– Replace the concept of ownership with guardianship for all assets that cannot be produced or manufactured.
3– Any piece of land and all other natural assets can only be utilized and developed in return for annual rental contract fees.
4– The annual rental fees shall be collected by the government and paid to the local first people.
5– Any consistent negligence, abuse, or misuse of natural assets rental contract shall revoke the utilization and development contracts.
6– Individuals and groups shall own the manufactured and products of land and all other natural assets but not the assets themselves.
7– A first people are the known first inhabitant of a territory of land known indigenous tribe. Any first people are the only legitimate guardians of the territory of historic land where they live.
8– The rights of nature’s guardianship of any first people must be respected and protected by all people and governments and international organizations.
9– Citizenship shall have different categories depending on the levels of duties and rights eligible for each category.
10- Citizenship categories shall include: mature citizens; those below maturity of age; refugees; foreign contract workers; residents for long time; and honored persons.
11- Nationality is a timed legal contract between an individual and a first people, and first people are the only authority to grant nationality.
12- Nationality cannot be maintained for life or inherited or to be granted to non-citizens or to those below maturity of age.
13- Nationality can only be granted after an individual proves to any first people the allegiance of mindful devotion, heartfelt love, and mutual interests.
14- Nationality shall be renewed periodically; and may expire or be revoked by either party of the contact once any condition of the contract is legally ceased to exist.
15- Nationality is independent of race, gender, religion, ethnicity, residency, parents’ nationality, marriage, and place of birth.
16- Infants and below maturity of age are considered universal citizens and without nationality, political responsibilities and religious affiliation.
17- Governments shall only implement and process the decisions of nationality taken by each local nation of first people.
18- Decisions concerning citizenship and immigration shall be taken by governments according to the established laws and regulations.
19- Renewal and revocation of nationality contract shall be organized and maintained by the specialized courts of each local nation of first people.
20- The Natural Nationality and Citizenship Law (NNAC) shall gradually replace the current nationality, citizenship and immigration laws and regulations.

Any Form of Imperialism Is Utterly Evil


Any Form of Imperialism Is Utterly Evil

Any Form of Imperialism Is Utterly Evil

Africa must learn from its history and its present time; and also from World’s history and contemporary struggles.

Imperialism Is Utterly Evil whether it is Western; Eastern; Arabic; African; or any other form. The United States of America; The United States of Europe; a United States of Africa; or other Imperialist designs are against the national interests and sovereignty of free nations. Unity is extremely good; but what kind of unity that could be praised?

Unity is like marriage cannot involve abuse; injustice; or violence. Both are contracts between free people with equal rights and they require continuous consent.

Any successful form of government must recognize and adhere to these facts. That is why federation or confederation of nation-states is much better than those grand schemes of elite tyranny, such as the USA; The EU; and a United States of Africa. Unity grows slowly from healthy seeds; and it is not comfortable prison or slavery.

Those African leaders who called for a United States of Africa are trying to straighten a healthy curve and make shortcuts. Tribalism and nationalism are the building bricks for a stronger African continent. There is no good reason to marginalize or defame Tribalism and nationalism and at the same time to call for African; European; Asian; or American Unity.

The Financial Times Admits Agenda For Centralized Dictatorial Global Government


The Financial Times Admits Agenda For Centralized Dictatorial Global Government

The Financial Times Admits Agenda For Centralized Dictatorial Global Government

The Financial Times Editorial Openly Admits Agenda For A Centralized, Anti-Democratic, Dictatorial Global Gov’t

The 4th Media News | Tuesday, June 26, 2012, 11:52 Beijing

The Financial Times, one of the most respected and widely read newspapers on the planet, features an editorial today that openly admits the agenda to create a world government based on anti-democratic principles and concedes that the term “global governance” is merely a euphemism for the move towards a centralized global government.

For years we were called paranoid nutcases for warning about the elite’s plans to centralize global power and destroy American sovereignty. Throughout the 1990’s people who talked about the alarming move towards global government were smeared as right-wing lunatics by popular culture and the media.

Now the agenda is out in the open and in our faces, the debunkers have no more ammunition with which to deride us.

A jaw-dropping editorial written by the Financial Times’ chief foreign affairs commentator Gideon Rachman entitled ‘And now for a world government’ lays out the plan for global government and how it is being pushed with deceptive language and euphemisms in order to prevent people from becoming alarmed.

“For the first time in my life, I think the formation of some sort of world government is plausible,” writes Rachman, citing the financial crisis, “global warming” and the “global war on terror” as three major pretexts through which it is being introduced.

Rachman writes that “global governance” could be introduced much sooner than many expect and that President elect Barack Obama has already expressed his desire to achieve that goal, making reference to Obama’s circle of advisors which includes Strobe Talbott, who in 1992 stated, “In the next century, nations as we know it will be obsolete; all states will recognize a single, global authority. National sovereignty wasn’t such a great idea after all.”

Rachman then concedes that the more abstract term “global governance,” which is often used by top globalists like David Rockefeller as a veil to offset accusations that a centralized global government is the real agenda, is merely a trick of “soothing language” that is used to prevent “people reaching for their rifles in America’s talk-radio heartland”.

Meet Henry Kissinger Baritone

Meet Henry Kissinger Baritone

“But some European thinkers think that they recognise what is going on,” says Rachman. “Jacques Attali, an adviser to President Nicolas Sarkozy of France, argues that: “Global governance is just a euphemism for global government.” As far as he is concerned, some form of global government cannot come too soon. Mr Attali believes that the “core of the international financial crisis is that we have global financial markets and no global rule of law”.

Rachman proceeds to outline what the first steps to an official world government would look like, including the creation of “A legally binding climate-change agreement negotiated under the auspices of the UN and the creation of a 50,000-strong UN peacekeeping force”.

“A “world government” would involve much more than co-operation between nations,” writes Rachman. “It would be an entity with state-like characteristics, backed by a body of laws. The European Union has already set up a continental government for 27 countries, which could be a model. The EU has a supreme court, a currency, thousands of pages of law, a large civil service and the ability to deploy military force.”

“So, it seems, everything is in place. For the first time since homo sapiens began to doodle on cave walls, there is an argument, an opportunity and a means to make serious steps towards a world government,” concludes Rachman, before acknowledging that the path to global government will be “slow and painful”.

Tellingly, Rachman concedes that “International governance tends to be effective, only when it is anti-democratic,” citing the continual rejection of EU expansion when the question is put to a vote. “In general, the Union has progressed fastest when far-reaching deals have been agreed by technocrats and politicians – and then pushed through without direct reference to the voters,” writes Rachman.

So there you have it – one of the world’s top newspapers, editorially led by chief economics commentator Martin Wolf, a top Bilderberg luminary, openly proclaiming that not only is world government the agenda, but that world government will only be achieved through dictatorial measures because the majority of the people are dead against it.

Will we still be called paranoid conspiracy theorists for warning that a system of dictatorial world government is being set up, even as one of the world’s most influential newspapers admits to the fact?

Or will people finally wake up and accept that there is a globalist agenda to destroy sovereignty, any form of real democracy, and freedom itself in the pursuit of an all-powerful, self-interested, centralized, unrepresentative and dictatorial world government?

The CIA-MI6-Mossad Installed Muslim Brotherhood into Power


Installed Muslim Brotherhood into Power

The Muslim Brotherhood is a Western Trojan Horse that has come to power in Egypt thanks to the indispensable support of the CIA-MI6-Mossad brotherhood.

The 4th Media News | Friday, June 29, 2012, 14:48 Beijing

“The West’s ability to install a Muslim Brotherhood government in Egypt, with it’s substantial regional standing and influence would be a serious blow not only to Syria, but to Iran as well. The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt is already echoing calls by the US and Israel for “intervention” in Syria.” – Tony Cartalucci,“US Struggles to Install Proxy “Brotherhood” in Egypt.”

“The USA has got its candidate into power in Egypt.” – Aangirfan, “USA Takes Over Egypt.”

Stuxnet and Flame are not the only viruses that have been created by the U.S. and Israeli intelligence agencies. The Muslim Brotherhood is perhaps Washington’s most successful and dangerous virus that it has injected into the veins of the Middle East. It is an intellectual virus that destroys critical thinking among Muslims, excites their animal passions, and makes them act against their own interests.

With this virus firmly embedded in Egypt’s social and political life, Washington has guaranteed its position in the region for years to come. But by no means does the Muslim Brotherhood have anything close to a majority of popular support in Egypt. Since half the country didn’t vote in the election, the new president Mohammed Morsi only has the backing of “26% of the full electorate.”

Whatever course Morsi decides to take Egypt in the coming months, it is already clear that his government will resemble a gang even more than the one currently in power. The only difference is that Washington wanted the Muslim Brotherhood on top in Egypt, so it won.

What does Morsi’s win in Egypt mean for relations between the Western world and the Islamic world? I don’t know. But say goodbye to the Arab Spring, and say hello to the Islamist Summer. Washington’s Muslim Brotherhood is the new face of Egypt. In the past year, similar radical Islamist groups have taken over in Libya and Tunisia as the result of illegal Western interventions.

Well played, Washington, London, and Tel Aviv. Now you have your war against Islam. Now you can point at the bad guys, the rising Islamists, and tell your populations to hate and fear.

The Muslim Brotherhood is a Western Trojan Horse that has come to power in Egypt thanks to the indispensable support of the CIA-MI6-Mossad brotherhood.

9/11 didn’t do enough to stir the passions and subdue the Western mind under a dark cloud of terror. The rise of Islamists in the wake of the CIA’s Arab Spring might do the trick. The West has the jitters now. The Muslim Brotherhood is in power. Oooooh, so scary. “Oh my God, not the Muslim Brotherhood. O’ Government Master, please keep me safe from those bad guys. I’ll do anything you want.”

The success of the Muslim Brotherhood at the polls is a big win for the Israeli government, which was secretly supporting Morsi all along.

How does Israel win? It can identify the Muslim Brotherhood as a powerful enemy of Israel that’s been democratically elected by Egyptian voters, and continue to portray Arabs as anti-Jewish extremists. Israel’s PR machine was spinning into gear even before the votes were counted. Israel was like, “Let’s go Muslim Brothers. Win, baby, win. Win so we can have war.”

After helping Washington to put Islamic extremists in power across North Africa, Israel can say to the world, “Look, we’re surrounded by our enemies, the rising Islamic extremists. Help! Help! I’m drowning! I’m drowning! Help!” And Washington will respond, “Oh, my dear Israel, you poor thing, here are more weapons for your new acts of aggression. Start new wars, as much as you like. We’re right here behind you, and we’re not going to let you drown.”

Washington’s new Islamist pawns in power in the Arab world could become very unpopular and an anti-Islamist coalition may rise and defeat them. Or not. The victory of the Muslim Brotherhood shows that America’s last days in the heartland of Arabia are still very far away.

The Excavator

http://disquietreservations.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/cia-mi6-mossad-brotherhood-trick-egypt.html

Related:

5 Facts That Prove Radical Islam Is A Child of American-British-Israeli Intelligence 
Whose Spring? The CIA’s Hand In The Rise of Islamists And International Terrorist Groups
Giving Americans And Muslims Reasons To Fight: 9/11, Al-Qaeda, Drones, And Counterinsurgency

USA-EU; Gulf Arab States and Turkey Arming Violence in Syria


US State Sponsored Terrorism Official Policy

US State Sponsored Terrorism Official Policy

A strange coalition between the USA-EU; Gulf Arab sheikhdoms and ambitious Turkey is arming violence in Syria. The whole acts in Syria are definitely not about democracy. They are aimed at destroying Russia; Iran and nationalism in the region.

It is part of the wider plan of corrupt western so-called “Arab Spring”. The claimed “Spring” should start in the globalist USA; in Gulf Arab Sheikhdoms and in the secret-societies-controlled Turkey.
Now it is more obvious that terrorism has become public government foreign policy in the USA-EU; Gulf Arab sheikhdoms and Turkey.

Lebanon intercepts ship bearing arms destined for Syrian rebels.

The Express Tribune News Network published on April 28, 2012:

By AFP

[SELAATA, LEBANON: The Lebanese navy intercepted three containers of weapons destined for Syrian rebel forces on board a ship originating from Libya, a security official told AFP on Saturday.

The cargo contained heavy machine guns, artillery shells, rockets, rocket launchers and other explosives, the official said. A second security official said the Sierra Leone-flagged Lutfallah II had previously obtained a permit to enter the port of Tripoli in northern Lebanon before being stopped by the navy on Thursday night.

The vessel was towed to Selaata, a small port some 50 kilometers (30 miles) north of Beirut. News reports said the ship had called at the Egyptian port of Alexandria en route from Libya.

An AFP reporter saw three army trucks leave Selaata for Beirut with the seized containers, escorted by eight jeeps and a helicopter. A resident told AFP that the ship weighed anchor in the morning, escorted by the navy to an unknown destination.
The security source said that the captain and crew were handed over to military intelligence officers in Tripoli for further questioning.
Syrian authorities have repeatedly charged that weapons are being smuggled from Lebanon to rebels fighting to overthrow President Bashar al-Assad.]

Gulf Move to Arm Syrian Rebels Swells

Special Report: UPI.com
Published: April 10, 2012 at 2:52 PM

[DUBAI, United Arab Emirates, April 10 (UPI) — The United States has indicated it won’t block Persian Gulf monarchies seeking to arm Syrian insurgents fighting the Iranian-backed Damascus regime, although Washington says it won’t do so itself — for now, anyway.
U.S. President Barack Obama, seeking to win re-election in November amid a weak economy, doesn’t want to become entangled in a conflict in Syria.

But, some analysts say, letting the Saudis and their neighbors funnel arms to the disparate forces arrayed against embattled Syrian President Bashar al-Assad gives the administration a fair bit of wiggle room.
The Americans say they fear that arming the Syrian opposition, particularly the Free Syrian Army slowly taking shape, will accelerate a long-dreaded civil war that would then be harder to stop.

At the recent Friends of Syria conference in Istanbul, the Americans and their allies warned that unless Assad called off the regime’s attacks on Syria’s people and implemented a U.N.-backed peace plan, rebel forces will be provided with weapons from outside, sharply ratcheting up the intensity of the insurrection.

“That in effect gives Washington’s blessing to a Saudi Arabian bid to arm the opposition,” the Financial Times observed.
At the very least, it marked a shift in the U.S. administration’s position of seeking to avoid a sectarian civil war in Syria, primarily between the Sunni Muslim majority and the Alawite minority regime, that could spill over to Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan.
Memories of Afghanistan and Iraq are never far away.

Britain and Turkey have indicated they wouldn’t stand in the way of the Saudis and the gulf states.
Western officials say they haven’t detected large-scale weapons transfers to the FSA, which is seeking to forge a cohesive alliance among the fragmented Syrian opposition groups.

But they said the Saudis, who have long been firmly opposed to the Syrian regime founded by Assad’s father in 1970, are turning a blind eye to arms purchases for the FSA by opposition Syrian businessmen in the Persian Gulf.
Syrian opposition figures have been reportedly meeting Saudi intelligence chiefs in Turkey and Europe to determine what arms the FSA needs.

Anti-tank missiles to counter the regime’s crippling armor reportedly have top priority.
“The decision to arm the rebels has been taken in principle but it has not yet been implemented,” said Mustafa Alani of the Gulf Institute of Strategic Studies, a Saudi-funded think tank in Dubai.

Russia and China, Assad’s main diplomatic friends after his Iranian allies, have stymied U.N. and Arab League efforts led by former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan and backed by the West. The breakaway move by the gulf powers may have short-circuited those.
But, at its core, the Saudis’ strategy has more to do with the Sunni-Shiite split in Islam, Syria’s Alawites being a Shiite offshoot, and countering Iran than anything else. And in the long run, that religious fissure is probably more deep-rooted and enduring than any other factor concerning Syria.

There are wider considerations for the Americans. They’ve found that on the geo-strategic level the conflict tearing apart a longtime opponent who has frequently stymied U.S. policy in the Middle East has other benefits.
The Saudis and their partners are increasingly at odds with Moscow and Beijing, who have blocked international initiatives Damascus didn’t like.

That suits the Americans just fine. They’ve been alarmed at the diplomatic gains Russia and China, eyes on the gulf’s oil, have been making in the Middle East of late, mostly at the United States’ expense.
“Taking advantage of the profound sense of insecurity and alienation sweeping the Saudi regime, the United States is about to realize the dream project of shepherding the GCC states into its global missile defense architecture,” observed veteran regional analyst M. K. Bhadrakumar.

The gulf states, long-riven by historical dynastic rivalries, had balked at working together on missile defense until the Iranian threat began to loom large in recent years.

Now, Bhadrakumar noted, “geopolitical the arc of the United States’ global missile defense system extending from Central Europe through Turkey is … poised to take a leap across the Middle East to graze the waters of the Indian Ocean.
“In sum, Washington ties in the oil-rich Persian Gulf and can always revisit the crisis in Syria in due course.”]

Friends of Syria Salary to the Rebels

İstanbul : Turkey | Apr 02, 2012 at 9:29 AM PDT By Guryea Janu posted on Allvoices.com

[The Syrian National Council has announced that the Syrian President Bashar fighting against the government will be given salaries for the rebels. In Istanbul, Turkey city friends of Syria Syria after a meeting of the opposition in the Syrian National Council has announced that the Syrian government leave with the soldiers will be given money.

70 Western and Arab countries in the meeting of foreign ministers of the government of Syria to increase pressure on the procedures. Syria named friends of the organization of the meeting was the second. To participate in the conference of the foreign ministers rich gulf countries according to the Syrian National Council tens of million dollars will be provided monthly.

During the meeting, the Syrian National Council, Burhan galyun said the Syrian National Council, all the free Syrian army officials and soldiers and other members to pay the salaries will take the responsibility.However, this is that the Syrian National Council on the Syrian people spokesman. During a news conference of Turkey to the Syrian foreign minister Ahmad grandfather warned that the United Nations and the Arab League’s joint ambassador by Kofi Annan peace plan proposed by final.

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has also have the same stand, said that the president Bashar al-Assad have more time for delay and causes. Although before the meeting on behalf of the Syrian National Council was demanded that rebel soldiers or free Syrian army weapons should be made available during the conference, but many countries including the United States and Turkey opposed it. He said that free Syrian army weapons war prepared to increase the possibility. However, Russia, China and important countries, including Iran not participate in the meeting.

On the other hand, the Syrian government on anti-government rebel combatants announced to win. It should be noted that the United Nations According to the president al-Assad against the last one year in protest issued till now more than nine thousand people have been killed.]

The European Union Is an Evil Plan


European Union Treaty of Nice

European Union Treaty of Nice

1986 was a turning point in the history of Europe in which the  Single  European  Act  was  signed  by  EU  governments. The Act was meant for providing  for  the creation of a single market in which people, goods, capital and services can move freely around the EC. But are they the real objectives of transforming the EC to EU?

The Treaty of Nice was signed by European leaders on 26 February 2001 and came into force on 1 February 2003. It amended the Maastricht Treaty (or the Treaty on European Union) and the Treaty of Rome (or the Treaty establishing the European Community).

It was widely accepted that the Treaty of Nice has failed to deal with the basic question of wide-ranging institutional reform, the European Union institutions being widely viewed as overly complicated, and hence the establishment of the European Convention, leading to a new IGC (Intergovernmental Conference) in 2004, was agreed at Nice.

Opponents of the Treaty claimed that it was a “technocratic” rather than “democratic” treaty, which would further diminish the sovereignty of national and regional parliaments, and would further concentrate power into a centralised and unaccountable bureaucracy. They also claimed that five applicant countries could have joined the EU without changing the EU’s rules, and that others could have negotiated on an individual basis; something opponents to the treaty argued would have been to the applicants’ advantage. They also claimed that the Treaty of Nice would create a two-tier EU. Opponents pointed out that leading pro-treaty politicians had admitted if referendums had been held in countries other than Ireland, it would probably have been defeated there as well.

The Commission and the European Parliament were disappointed that the Nice IGC did not adopt many of their proposals for reform of the institutional structure or introduction of new Community powers, such as the appointment of a European Public Prosecutor. The European Parliament threatened to pass a resolution against the Treaty; although it has no formal power of veto, the Italian Parliament threatened that it would not ratify without the European Parliament’s support. However, in the end this did not come to pass and the European Parliament approved the Treaty.

Nationalism and national sovereignty have no place in the new EU which is totally different from the original Treaties  of  Rome of the EC. With such plans it is very obvious that big economies in Europe are the only masters and winners in a vast European superstate.

Ghana Commemorates Christiansborg Crossroad Shooting


Ghana Commemorates Christiansborg Crossroad Shooting

Ghana Commemorates Christiansborg Crossroad Shooting

Ghana commemorates the 63rd anniversary of the 28 February Christiansborg, Crossroad shooting.

[On 28th February 1948 veterans of world war two, who had fought with the Gold Coast Regiment of the Royal West African Frontier Force, organised a peaceful demonstration marching to Christiansborg Castle, Accra, Gold Coast (Ghana), to hand in a petition to the colonial governor, demanding that they receive end of war benefits and pay which they had been promised.
Before reaching the castle the Veterans were ordered to disperse by the colonial police chief. When they refused he opened fire on them instantly killing three – Sergeant Adjetey, Corporal Attipoe and Private Odartey Lamptey.

Angered by this unwarranted violence, against unarmed men, and continued injustices suffered by the population in general, people in Accra and other towns and cities took to the streets, attacking European and Asian businesses and property. Immediately after the outbreak of these violent disturbances the leadership of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), a political organisation advocating an end to colonialism, sent a cable to the Secretary of State for the Colonies in London expressing their belief that:
“…unless Colonial Government is changed and a new Government of the people and their Chiefs installed at the centre immediately, the conduct of masses now completely out of control with strikes threatened in Police quarters, and rank and file Police indifferent to orders of Officers, will continue and result in worse violent and irresponsible acts by uncontrolled people.”

The UGCC cable further stated that:
“Working Committee United Gold Coast Convention declare they are prepared and ready to take over interim Government. We ask in name of oppressed, inarticulate, misruled and misgoverned people and their Chiefs that Special Commissioner be sent out immediately to hand over Government to interim Government of Chief and People and to witness immediate calling of Constituent Assembly”

The people’s protests lasted five days. By 1st March the colonial governor had declared a state of emergency and put in place a new Riot Act. On 12th March the governor ordered the arrest of “The Big Six,” (Ebenezer Ako-Adjei; Edward Akufo-Addo; J. B. Danquah;    Kwame Nkrumah; Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey; William Ofori Atta) leading members of the UGCC, which included Kwame Nkrumah, as he believed they were responsible for orchestrating the disturbances. The Big Six were incarcerated in remote northern parts of the country.

It was around this time that Nkrumah and the other five began to have significant disagreements over the direction of the movement for independence. By 1949 Nkrumah had broken away from the UGCC to form the Convention People’s Party (CPP) taking the masses of the people with him. The CPP, through a campaign of “Positive Action,” achieved an end to the Gold Coast colony and brought the new dawn of independent Ghana on 6th March 1957]

By: Amma Fosuah Poku Source: Pan-Africanist Briefs

[A solemn flag raising and wreath laying ceremony will be held at the newly created Nationalism Park, close to the Freedom Monument at Osu in Accra tomorrow, February 28, to commemorate the 63rd anniversary of the 28 February Christiansborg, Crossroad shooting.

The event which is celebrated every year to honour the three ex-servicemen who were killed in 1948 by the colonial police, while marching to the Osu Castle to present a petition to the then Governor, will see a lot of activities this year, with the police and the military bands in attendance.

A contingent made up of officers from the Ghana Army, Navy, Air Force, Police and the Veterans Association of Ghana (VAG) will also be on parade.

Also expected to grace the occasion will be Vice-President John Mahama, Ministers of state, Members of Parliament, members of the diplomatic corps, Service commanders of the various security agencies, traditional rulers, the clergy and other identifiable groups.

After the wreath laying, the Ga Asafo and Kolomashie groups will take over until 6pm. Later that evening at 7pm, there will be a re-enactment of the shooting incident at the Nationalism Park.

The Historical Society of Ghana will also hold a public lecture on the theme“Celebrating Our Heroes: The Importance Of 28 February To The Independence Of Ghana,” at the Civil Servants and Local Government Staff Association of Ghana (CLOGSAG) auditorium, Ministries, Accra, later in the afternoon of Tuesday, February28, 2012, between 3:00pm and 6:00pm.

It would be recalled that, on that sorrowful Saturday, 28th February 1948, before noon, a number of unarmed ex-servicemen were on a march from Accra to the Christiansborg Castle to present a petition to the Governor General and Commander-in-Chief, Sir Gerald Creasy, when they were intercepted at the Christiansborg Crossroad by a contingent of armed policemen, led by a British Superintendent, Colin Imray.

Superintendent Imray ordered the ex-servicemen to disperse, but they did not. He then gave orders to the police to open fire on the ex-service men, but that too did not deter them, so Superintendent Imray himself fired at the Ex-servicemen, killing Sergeant Adjetey, Cpl Attipoe and Private Odartey Lamptey, instantly in cold blood.

The news about the death of the gallant Ex-servicemen spread rapidly, leading to a situation where law and order broke down in Accra and other parts of the country, which was popularly referred to as the 1948 disturbances.

This encouraged the anti-colonial movements to press the British government to institute a committee to investigate the killings and the consequent general disorder.

The committee recommended self- government for the Gold Coast, and subsequently, led to the attainment of political independence for the country on March 6, 1957.]

The True Statesman, Source: Modern Ghana

Greece and Exiting European Hotel California


Greece Withdrawal from European Hotel California

Greece Withdrawal from European Hotel California

Hotel California the lovely top hit song from the Eagles’ album of the same name that they released as a single in February 1977. The last line sounds to be fitting to the European Union.

The lyrics describe an establishment as a luxury resort where “you can check out anytime you like, but you can never leave.” On the surface, it tells the tale of a weary traveler who becomes trapped in a nightmarish luxury hotel that at first appears inviting and tempting. The song is an allegory about hedonism, self-destruction, and greed of the late 1970s. The abstract nature of the lyrics has led listeners to their own interpretations over the years.

Enjoy the lyrics first; then proceed to the grim question of could a Member State Leave the European Union and/or Euro-zone ?

Hotel California

On a dark desert highway, cool wind in my hair
Warm smell of colitas, rising up through the air
Up ahead in the distance, I saw a shimmering light
My head grew heavy and my sight grew dim
I had to stop for the night
There she stood in the doorway;
I heard the mission bell
And I was thinking to myself,
This could be heaven or this could be hell
Then she lit up a candle and she showed me the way
There were voices down the corridor,
I thought I heard them say…

Welcome to the hotel California
Such a lovely place
Such a lovely face
Plenty of room at the hotel California
Any time of year, you can find it here

Her mind is tiffany-twisted, she got the Mercedes bends
She got a lot of pretty, pretty boys, that she calls friends
How they dance in the courtyard, sweet summer sweat.
Some dance to remember, some dance to forget

So I called up the captain,
Please bring me my wine
He said, we haven’t had that spirit here since nineteen sixty-nine
And still those voices are calling from far away,
Wake you up in the middle of the night
Just to hear them say…

Welcome to the hotel California
Such a lovely place
Such a lovely face
They living it up at the hotel California
What a nice surprise, bring your alibis

Mirrors on the ceiling,
The pink champagne on ice
And she said we are all just prisoners here, of our own device
And in the master’s chambers,
They gathered for the feast
The stab it with their steely knives,
But they just can’t kill the beast

Last thing I remember, I was
Running for the door
I had to find the passage back
To the place I was before
Relax, said the night man,
We are programmed to receive.
You can check out any time you like,
But you can never leave!

Rights of withdrawal from the European Union; Does a right of withdrawal exist?

The treaties were concluded “for an unlimited period”
● Article 53, TEU
● Article 356, TFEU
Accordingly, there is no right to withdraw from the EU unless such a right can be inferred or implied from treaty itself (Article 56, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. However, Article 50 TEU (inserted by Lisbon) now allows a Member State to withdraw from the EU in accordance with its own constitutional requirements.

Provisions dealing with negotiation of withdrawal do not specifically deal with a Member State also departing from Eurozone. So there is a mechanism for withdrawal which comprises both EU and Eurozone membership under Article 50. This is followed by immediate re-application solely for EU membership under Article 49.

Rights of Withdrawal from the Eurozone

The Treaties do not create an express right of withdrawal from Eurozone. No right of withdrawal can be implied since inconsistent with Article 140(3), TFEU (which refers to the irrevocable fixing of the euro substitution rate for the acceding currency)

There is therefore no procedure available under which Member State can leave Eurozone but remain within EU. In strictly legal terms, such an outcome could only be achieved by a revision of the Treaties.

Both Member State in difficulties and all other Member States may agree that Eurozone departure would be in best interests of all. What legal avenues are open to them? Amendment/ratification of Treaties would be very time- consuming and would not answer a pressing urgency.

Suspension of treaty is allowed for a period, but merely gives time and does not affect overall legal position among the parties (Articles 60 and 72, Vienna Convention). There is therefore no treaty or legally-based mechanism allowing for a Eurozone (as opposed to an EU) exit on an urgent basis.

There is no easy way out of the Eurozone – voluntarily or compulsorily. This is to be expected given the inter-connected nature of the currency and of the European financial markets.

A Eurozone departure is not necessarily a remedy for the fiscal ills of the departing Member State and (unless a “position of strength” departure) is likely to increase its debt servicing costs, given that many external creditors will remain entitled to claim payment in Euro. Local creditors in the departing Member State itself and holders of domestic law obligations are the most likely to be disadvantaged by the withdrawal.

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