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Money Businesses from Babylonia to Court Jews to the Rothschilds


the tradition amongst Babylonian Jews of wearing turbans started in distant antiquity and continued uninterrupted until the early, or mid-20th century

the tradition amongst Babylonian Jews of wearing turbans started in distant antiquity and continued uninterrupted until the early, or mid-20th century

There is no evidence that money businesses played any role in the pre-Exilic era in old Israel. According to the ethos of the original Israelite society, then founded on a pronounced agrarian structure, lending was part of the assistance a man owed to his neighbor or brother in need (cf. Deut. 23:21).

But during the Babylonian era Jews were prepared to take over the Israelite and had greater opportunities to come into contact with experienced Turkic Persian lending practices and to participate in credit operations. After the Exile, money businesses became common in the new Jewish land.

Meanwhile, the most important Jewish community of Babylonia , were given an impulse toward a new way of life by the longstanding traditions of a capitalist type of economy existing around them. In Babylonia, Jews engaged in financial transactions: some were farmers of taxes and customs, and the wealthiest of them were landowners. However, Talmudic references show that the standards of an agrarian economy were still dominant and therefore gamblers and usurers were not thought trustworthy witnesses.

Esther was a Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus. Ahasuerus is traditionally identified with Xerxes I during the time of the Achaemenid Empire

Esther was a Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus. Ahasuerus is traditionally identified with Xerxes I during the time of the Achaemenid Empire

(The Jews say that Esther, was an orphan daughter of a Benjamite named Abihail. But it is well known that the captives were the rulers and courts of the Israelite mainly from the House of King David. Definitely, Esther was not from the Israelite captives, but she was Jewish. This indicates that the Jews were not Israelite.)

Another important Jewish colony was to be found at Alexandria , center of the trade between the Mediterranean and the Arabian and Indian world, where Jews were engaged not only in commerce and international trade but in moneylending too. According to Josephus , a Jewish tax agent was able to make a loan of 3,000 talents. The alabarch Alexander Lysimachus, who loaned King Agrippa I 200,000 drachmas, was also the steward of Antonia, mother of Emperor Claudius. Another Alexandrian Jew was treasurer to Candace, queen of Ethiopia.

With the rapid development of city life and commerce in the Caliphate of Baghdad from the late eighth century and the transition of the majority of Jews under caliphate rule from agriculture and a village environment to the cities, banking became one of the occupations of some upper-class Jews, especially in Baghdad and later under the Fatimids (from 968) in Egypt.

This Jahbadhiyya, as it was called, was a form of banking based on the savings and economic activities of the whole Jewish merchant class and not only on the fortunes of the very rich: the bankers loaned to the state and its officers money deposited with them as well as from their own fortunes.

The vast sums at the disposal of these Jewish bankers and their relative immunity from confiscation by the autocratic authorities both tend to confirm that these Jewish “court bankers” from the beginning of the tenth century onward were well-known to their Muslim debtors as a kind of “deposit banker” for Jewish merchants.

Under the Fatimid caliph al-Mustanṣir the brothers Abu Saʿd al-Tustarī and Abu Naṣr Ḥesed b. Sahl al-Tustarī (both died in 1048) were influential in the finances of Egypt. With the rise of Saladin and the foundation of the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt (1169), the position of the Jews deteriorated but they were able to continue their money changing activities at least. Toward the end of the Mamluk period (1517), Samuel, a moneychanger in Cairo, must have possessed considerable wealth, for the Arab chronicler Ibn Iyās tells that the sultan extorted from him more than 500,000 dinars.

During the Muslim rule on the Iberian peninsula, Córdoba Jews were active in the financial administration in the tenth and eleventh centuries. This period shows a highly developed money economy existing before the First and Second Crusades.

In the Middle Ages, the Church, in a misapplication of the Biblical prohibition against charging interest, forbade interest in all instances. The Talmud, in contrast, created an economic system in which loans could be converted into investments, so interest could accrue from them, but under the Christian interpretation, no credit market was possible. The way the Church got around that was by forcing the Jews to become the bankers. Back then, though, they were called “money lenders,” which is a much more pejorative term. “Banker,” at least at one time, represented a term of honor.

Jews were sought out by their rulers in the early days of exile in Europe. The Roman armies marching north in Europe, along the Rhine river, encouraged Jewish money lenders and traders to accompany them. They were the founders of the earliest Ashkenzic communities, such as Mainz, Speyer, Worms, and Trier. Individual Jews managed to carve out niches of influence within the upper echelons of Muslim and Christian society. Invariably this resulted from their commercial acumen or access to the ruler.

The template for the Court Jew is nearly as old as the Jews themselves. Mordechai succeeded Haman as vizier to Ahasuerus, the King of Persia. Yehuda Ha-Nasi (c.135-220) was a confidante of Roman Antonine Emperors. Later, Jews became faithful allies to the first Ummayad Caliph, Mu’awiya.

In 797 Isaac the Jew represented Caliph Harun al-Rashid in negotiations with Charlemagne. Between 880 and 930 the jahbadhiyya, (wealthy Jewish bankers), gained enormous influence with the Abbasid Caliphs of Baghdad.

In Spain c. 950, Hisdai ibn Shaprut was appointed counsellor to the Caliph Abd al-Rahman III. The Cordoban commentator, poet and nagid (chief) of the Jewish community, Samuel ha-Nagid (Ismail ibn Nagrela, b. 993) was Granada’s vizier and military commander for 20 years.

The formerly anti-Jewish Christian rulers of Spainalso came to rely on Jews. Joseph ibn Ferruziel, called Cidellus, advised King Alfonso VI of Castille. Alfonso VII made Judah ibn Ezra commander of Calatrava in 1147. Several Marannos (crypto-Jews) became politicians, such as Thomas de Souza, first governor of the Portuguese colony of Brazil in 1549. Daniel Rodriguez founded the Balkan port of Split at Venice’s behest.

Samson Wertheimer (1658-1724) was a rabbi, financier and Court Jew under Leopold I. He was one the original founders of the Viennese Jewish community in modern times.

Samson Wertheimer (1658-1724) was a rabbi, financier and Court Jew under Leopold I. He was one the original founders of the Viennese Jewish community in modern times.

In 1577 the Hapsburg Emperor Rudolph II appointed a Prague merchant, Marcus Meisel, as Europe’s first modern court Jew. Meisel advised Rudolph, financed wars against Turkey and built amenities for Jews throughout Europe. Samuel Oppenheimer (1630-1703) created a dynasty of court Jews. Yet the fate of one descendant, known as ‘Jew Suss’, shows the precarious nature of their power. Suss lost his patron, was charged with subversion and hanged.

Life was more secure for Court Jews under Ottoman rule. Don Joseph Nasi became a pivotal figure at the 16th century Porte. He was made Duke of Naxos. His wife, Dona Gracia, facilitated the return of Jews to Tiberias. Saleh Sassoon of Baghdad was chief treasurer to the pashas (provincial governors) from 1781 to 1817.

Several baptized Jews achieved success in 19th century Europe. Benjamin Disraeli was Conservative Prime Minister of Britain in 1868 and 1874-80. As civil society progressed, Jews entered politics in their own right. These included Adolphe-Isaac Cremieux, Justice Minister and leader of France’s 1848 Revolution; Walter Rathenau, Foreign Minister in Germany’s Weimar Republic; Leon Blum, first Socialist Premier of France (1936-7); many early Bolsheviks; and Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State in the 1970s.

The political experience Jews gained in gentile courts and assemblies prepared them for self-rule in 20th century Israel. Yet they learnt the most valuable lessons within their own Jewish autarchies.

Jewish money lending worked as follows. The Count or nobleman of the town would loan money to the Jew, and the Jew in turn would loan money to the non-Jewish peasants. The Jew became the middleman, which was a very dangerous position. The interest rates were usurious in those times – 30% or 40% – so the peasants had a hard time paying anything back. And if the Jew didn’t collect the money, the nobleman would kill him. Therefore, the Jew had to have a large spread in the middle in order to be able to cover his losses and still make a living.

King Faisal (front, second from left) visiting Jewish dignitaries in Baghdad

King Faisal (front, second from left) visiting Jewish dignitaries in Baghdad

German Jews came to their full bloom in the years shortly after the 30-year war, when the Germany of the monolithic “Holy Roman Empire” fell into three small duchies and municipalities, each with financial worries and needs for financing. The local dukes and princes would reach into the ghettos of Germany to select skilled Jews with proven ability to manipulate money. Some of these rulers had insatiable appetites for money — to be used on their lavish courts, their military campaigns and repayment of old debts. This need created the position of the Court Jew, occupied by an exceptionally fine class of Jews who excelled in finance but also in their concern for their suffering and oppressed brethren. Some of the finest Court Jews were Oppenheim, Wertheirmer of Vienna and Behrend Lehmann of Halberstadt in the 17th century. Without them, German Judaism would have died out.

They also laid the foundation for the great banking families of the 18th century. As an example, Behrend Lehmann who had achieved the position of virtual Minister of Finance to the King of Saxonia, established far-flung branches of his business with sons and nephews manning offices in various European cities. Lehmann’s example was copied by the Rothschilds a few decades after his death. By distributing five sons — to Vienna, Paris, London, Naples and Frankfurt — the founder of the dynasty, Moshe Amsehl Rothschild, established one of the most powerful financial empires the Jews ever possessed. But the Rothschilds were not alone in achieving banking greatness.

Here is a partial list of Jewish bankers and the dates when they were founded: 1750 N.M. Bamberger, Berlin; 1764 Gebrueder Veit, Berlin; 1795 Joseph Mendelshn Berlin; 1798 M.M. Warburg, Hamburg; 1803 S. Bleichroder, Berlin; 1811 Leopold Seligman, Cologne; 1815 A.S. Goldshmidt, Coblenz.

In the 18th century, there was a Jew in Frankfurt Am Main by the name of Mayer Amshel Rothschild. Like many other Jews, he was a money lender, except that among his debtors was the Duke of Bavaria. Rothschild came up with a brilliant idea. He had five sons, so he sent each one to a different country. One went to London, one went to Paris, one went to Vienna, one went to Naples, and one stayed with him in Frankfurt. That created what we today call “international banking.” Until then, if you wanted to send money from Germany to England, how would you exchange the currency? Who in Germany trusted someone in London to do this? The same principle that the Sephardic Jews used in trade, they brought to the next level in a world whose economy had become far more complex.

Because of the trust between the brothers, the Rothschilds created an international banking system, and within a century, they were among the wealthiest families in the world, and they remained so until the Nazis confiscated everything they had. They have since rebuilt themselves, but never to what they once were, relatively speaking. But that became a new concept in the world: that you could have a banking company in Switzerland with offices in New York, London, and Paris, and everybody could do business that way, crossing international borders.

There is a legend told that on the day of the Battle of Waterloo, Nathan Mayer Rothschild came to the floor of the London Stock Exchange, leaned against a pillar, and started selling. It was well known that the Rothschilds had their own independent sources of information and intelligence, and nobody knew the results of the battle, so when he began to sell, everyone thought that England had lost, and they began selling, too.

That forced a panic in the market. As much as 15%-20% of the value of the stocks fell in about three hours. And after they had fallen so low, Rothschild turned around and began buying. It is said that he knew all along that the Duke of Wellington had defeated Napoleon and that the British market would go up. And when the official news came the next day that the British had won, the market went up 1000 points, making Rothschild even wealthier. It is reputed that on that coup alone, a substantial amount of the Rothschild fortune was made. That legend has been used against the Jewish people because somehow it doesn’t seem fair.

On Jan. 13, 1489, Rabbi Chemor of Arles (Provence, France), wrote to the Grand Sandhedrin, which had its seat at Constantinople, for advice, as the people of Arles were threatening the synagogues. What should the Jews do? The answer was as follows:

Dear beloved brethren in Moses. We have received your letter in which you tell us of the anxieties and misfortunes which you are enduring. We are pierced by as great pain to hear it as yourselves.: The advice of the Grand Satraps and Rabbis is the following:

1) As for what you say that the King of France obliges you to become Christians; do it, since you cannot do otherwise, but let the law of Moses be kept in your hearts.

2) As for what you say about the command to despoil you of your goods: make your sons merchants, that little by little they may despoil the Christians of theirs.

3) As for what you say about their making attempts on your lives: make your sons doctors and apothecaries, that they may take away Christian lives.

4) As for what you say of their destroying your synagogues: make your sons canons and clerics in order that they may destroy their churches.

5) As for the many other vexations you complain of: arrange that your sons become advocates and lawyers, and see that they always mix themselves up with the affairs of State, in order that by putting Christians under your yoke you may dominate the world and be avenged on them.

6) Do not swerve from this order that we give you, because you will find by experience that, humiliated as you are, you will reach the actuality of power.

Constantinople Elders of Jewry, signed V.S.S.V.F.F.Prince of the Jews, 21st November, 1489.

This letter was reprinted in Revue des estudes Juives Paris France 1889. The newspaper, Revue des estudes Juives, was financed by James de Rothschild (Jakob Rothschild) a Jew, who managed the Paris branch of his father’s European banking empire.

The Turkic Origin of Jews Made in Babylonian Iraq in 530 BC


Map of the Babylonian Captivity

Map of the Babylonian Captivity

The Turkic origins of the first Jews and Babylonian Talmudic Judaism

In 627 BC, the Assyrian Empire came under series of raids from brutal unknown nomadic groups. The development of the events are not known with certainty. The raids intensified upon the death of Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria in 626 BC.

It became apparent that hordes of Turkic Persians raiders with slaves from Scythia, Cimmerian, and Media crossed the borders of the Assyrian Empire, destroying Ashkelon and raiding as far as Egypt. They took over the city of Babylon from the Assyrians and made it their center, then Calah (Nimrud) was burned, but the strong walls of Nineveh protected the remnants of the Assyrian army that had taken refuge there.

In 612 BC the Assyrian capital Nineveh was raided by the Turkified Medes, Scythians, Babylonians and other bandits. As a protection, the Assyrians moved their capital to Harran. When Harran was captured by the same raiding Turkic groups in 609 BC, the Assyrian capital was once again moved, this time to Carchemish, on the Euphrates River, in north western Assyria in what is today north Syria, near Turkey.

In 609 BC Pharaoh Necho II  of Egypt decided to came to assist the Assyrian king Ashur-uballit II. He led the Egyptian army and marched to fight against the raiders. The Egyptian army of Pharaoh Necho II was delayed by a fight against the forces of King Josiah of Judah. Josiah was killed, and his army was defeated in the Battle of Megiddo (609 BC).

In 605 BC the armies of Egypt and Assyria came together to defend the Assyrian Empire against the raiders of Turkicified Medes, Persians and Scythians who came from Noe-Babylonia. The Egyptians and Assyrians together crossed the Euphrates and laid siege to Harran, which they failed to retake. They then retreated to the new capital Carchemish. Turkic raiders followed them and attacked Carchemish.

The Egyptian and Assyrian forces were destroyed by the raiders led by Nebuchadnezzar II at Carchemish. From that day Assyria ceased to exist as a sovereign state, and Egypt retreated and was no longer a significant force in the Ancient Near East. This victory created what is called the Noe-Babylonian Empire 626 BC till 539 BC with its capital in Babylon, which became the only power in the region after 605 BC.

The Noe-Babylonian Empire 626 BC–539 BC was really not Babylonian but rather Turkic rule over defeated Babylonians. Neo-Babylonian had 6 Turkic destructive irrational kings in only 87 years. They were: Nabu-apla-usur (Nabopolassar) 626 – 605 BC, Nabu-kudurri-usur II (Nebuchadnezzar) 605 – 562 BC, Amel-Marduk 562 – 560 BC, Neriglissar 560 – 556 BC, Labaši-Marduk (Labashi-Marduk) 556 BC, and Nabonidus 556 – 539 BC.

Kingdoms of Israel and Judah

Kingdoms of Israel and Judah

Captivity of Members of the House of David and Their Courts

After the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC, Nebuchadnezzar, the second king of Noe-Babylon, besieged Jerusalem, and forced King Jehoiakim to pay annual tributes to Noe-Babylonia.  Jehoiakim complied but later on refused to pay tribute in Nebuchadnezzar’s fourth year, which led to another siege in Nebuchadnezzar’s seventh year, culminating with the death of Jehoiakim and the capture and deportation of King Jeconiah and his court.

The term “Exile” is not accurate at all because it was actually “Deportation”. Deportation to Babylon became a regular punishment for the ruling House of David and their court if they fail to pay tributes. Jeconiah’s successor Zedekiah and others were arrested and deported in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year.

A later deportation occurred in Nebuchadnezzar’s twenty-third year. The dates, numbers of deportations, and numbers of deportees given in the biblical accounts vary. These deportations are dated to 597 BC for the first, with others dated at 587/586 BC, and 582/581 BC respectively.

During the Babylonian Captivity or Babylonian Exile (597 BC – 539 BC) only few hundreds of Israelite were taken captives to Babylonia. Only members of the House of David and few of the elite were taken to Babylon in captivity.

After recovering from the immediate impact of war, the Israelites continued to have a life not much different from what had gone before. In 586 BC Jerusalem was destroyed by the Turkic Noe-Babylonia to terrorize the Israelites and as a further punishment for not paying the annual tributes.

Archaeological studies have revealed that the population of Judah were not deported, and although Jerusalem was utterly destroyed, other parts of Judah continued to be inhabited during the period of the exile.

In 549 BC Cyrus, another Turkic warlord in Persia, fought against Astyages, king of Media, at Ecbatana. Astyages’ army betrayed him to his enemy, and Cyrus established himself as ruler of all the Iranic peoples, as well as the pre-Iranian Elamites and Gutians. By this power grab the Turkic Persian rule of the Achaemenid dynasty was established in 550 BC. And Iran, and the Aryan Iranians became Turkified and turned into Persia, and Persians.

The Turkic Persian king of Achaemenid, Cyrus the Great, took over power from the failing irrational Turkic rulers of Noe-Babylonia in 539 BC. He then organized massive colonization of Judea and Samaria with a pretext of returning the captive Israelite rulers.

Cyrus sent hundreds of thousands of Turkic people to maintain and deepen the colonization of Judah and Samaria, claiming that the returnees were the descendants of the original rulers. The Turkic migration and colonization which was called the return of the captives was a continuous process rather than a single event, and most of the deportees or their descendants did not return.

With such grand systematic deception complete demographic changes took place over many decades. After long strong policy of colonization and discrimination ten of the tribes of Israel were lost forever. The Semite Israelites in what were the Kingdoms of Judah and Samaria were absorbed and controlled by Turkic colonizers and the Semitic Israelite became Mongoloid.

According to the biblical book of Ezra, construction of the second temple in Jerusalem began around 537 BCE. All these events are considered very significant in the creation of the Jewish people, and had a far-reaching impact on the development of Judaism. With these changes Israel, the Israelites, and the Torah were superseded by a Turkic colony also called Israel, Jews, Judaism, and the Talmud.

Judah, now called Yehud, was a Persian province, and the returnees, with their Turkic Persian connections in Noe-Babylon, were in control of all the land of Israelites. They represented also the descendants of the old “Yahweh-alone” movement, but the religion they instituted was significantly different from both monarchic Yahwism and modern Judaism.

These differences include new concepts of priesthood, a new focus on new codes to preserving “purity” by prohibiting intermarriage outside the community of this new “Israel”. These these new rules certainly gave the new Turkic elites and rabbis great powers and opportunities over the Israelites and allowed the Turkic stock to breed in their new “homeland”.

How Talmudic Judaism was Invented?

Moses died in 1272 BC leaving behind him the Written Torah. After 1070 years from Moses’ death the first part of the Talmud, the Mishnah, appeared. The Talmud is written in Tannaitic Hebrew and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic and contains the teachings and opinions of thousands of rabbis (dating from 200 CE to 600 CE) on a variety of subjects, including Halakha (law), Jewish ethics, philosophy, customs, history, lore and many other topics.

Mishnaic Hebrew also called Tannaitic Hebrew or Late Rabbinic Hebrew or Amoraic Hebrew found primarily from the 1st to the 4th centuries of the Common Era, corresponding to the Roman period after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, it was a spoken language (and not restricted to writing).

The Talmud is the basic codes of rabbinic Jewish law. According to Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah, or Oral Law (which is said to be the basis of the Talmud), represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the “Written Torah”, but nonetheless are regarded by Orthodox Jews as prescriptive and co-given.

The Talmud is considered as a central text of Rabbinic Judaism. It is traditionally referred to as Shas, a Hebrew abbreviation of shisha sedarim, the “six orders”, a reference to the six orders of the Mishnah. The term “Talmud” normally refers to the collection of writings named specifically the Babylonian Talmud. Talmud is often called “the discussions of Abaye and Rava” (two rabbis).

The Talmud has two parts, the first part is the Mishnah, and the second is the Gemara. “Talmud” translates literally as “instruction” in Hebrew, and the term may refer to either the Gemara alone or the Mishnah and Gemara together.

The Mishnah is an edited record of the complex body of material known as oral Torah that was transmitted in the aftermath of the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. It was compiled by Rabbi Yehudah haNasi “the prince” who was wealthy and he headed an assembly he made during 200–220 CE. It is a written compendium of Rabbinic Judaism’s Oral Torah.

The Gemara, (from Aramaic verb Gamar means study) (compiled during 200- 600 CE), is an elucidation of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Hebrew Bible.

Although the two parts of the Talmud were written several hundred years after the Exile but it is called Babylonian Talmud. When people speak of “the Talmud,” they are usually referring to the Talmud Bavli – with a Persian use of “V”- (Babylonian Talmud), composed in Babylonia (modern-day Iraq).

However, there is also another version of the Talmud, the Talmud Yerushalmi (Jerusalem Talmud), compiled in what is now northern Israel. The Yerushalmi, also called the Palestinian Talmud or the Talmud Eretz Yisrael (Talmud of the Land of Israel), is shorter than the Bavli, and has traditionally been considered the less authoritative of the two Talmuds.

The Gemara part of the Yerushalmi, though, differs significantly in both content and style from that of the Bavli. The Yerushalmi Gemara is primarily written in Palestinian Aramaic, which is quite different from the Babylonian dialect.

During the Babylonian captivity of the 6th and 5th centuries BC, certain circles in Babylon redefined pre-existing ideas about monotheism, election, divine law and Covenant into a strict monotheistic theology which came to dominate the former Judah in the following centuries.

From the 5th century BC until 70 CE, the Jewish religion developed into the various theological schools of Second Temple Judaism, besides Hellenistic Judaism in the Diaspora. Second Temple Judaism was significantly influenced by Zoroastrianism. The text of the Hebrew Bible was redacted into its extant form in this period and possibly also canonized as well.

Rabbinic Judaism developed during the 3rd to 6th centuries CE; the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud were compiled in this period. The oldest manuscripts of the Masoretic tradition come from the 10th and 11th centuries CE; in the form of the Aleppo Codex of the later portions of the 10th century CE and the Leningrad Codex dated to 1008–1009 CE. Due largely to censoring and the burning of manuscripts in medieval Europe the oldest existing manuscripts of various rabbinical works are quite late. The oldest surviving complete manuscript copy of the Babylonian Talmud is dated to 1342 CE.

The Yahweh-alone party returned to Jerusalem after the Persian conquest of Babylon and became the ruling elite of Yehud. Much of the Hebrew Bible was assembled, revised and edited by them in the 5th century BCE, including the Torah (the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy), the historical works, and much of the prophetic and Wisdom literature.The growing collection of scriptures was translated into Greek in the Hellenistic period by the Jews of the Egyptian diaspora, while the Babylonian Jews produced the court tales of the Book of Daniel (chapters 1-6 of Daniel – chapters 7-12 were a later addition), and the books of Tobit and Esther.

Other scholars contend that the development of a strict monotheism was the result of cultural diffusion between Persians and Hebrews. While (in practice) dualistic, Zoroastrianism believed in eschatological monotheism (i.e. only one god in the end). Some suggest that it is not merely coincidence that the Zoroastrianism’s model of eschatological monotheism and the Deuteronomic historians strictly monotheistic model receive formative articulations during the period after Persia overthrew Babylon.

Second Temple Judaism was divided into theological factions, notably the Pharisees and the Sadducees, besides numerous smaller sects such as the Essenes, messianic movements such as Early Christianity, and closely related traditions such as Samaritanism (which gives us the Samaritan Pentateuch, an important witness of the text of the Torah independent of the Masoretic Text).

Map of the 7 Nations of Ancient Canaan

Map of the 7 Nations of Ancient Canaan

12 Tribes of Israel Map

12 Tribes of Israel Map

The Establishment of Ancient Israel

Canaan was a region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC. It corresponds to southern part of the land east to the Mediterranean (southern Levant). According to the Table of Nations in the Book of Genesis, Ham was a son of Noah and the father of Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan. In this way Canaanites are Hamites and not Semites. Canaanites is used more broadly to refer to all the inhabitants of the land, including the Hivites, Girgashites, Jebusites, Amorites, Hittites, and Perizzites.

The Promised Land is the land which, according to the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), was promised and subsequently given by God to Abraham and his descendants. The promise was first made to Abraham (Genesis 15:18-21), then confirmed to his son Isaac (Genesis 26:3), and then to Isaac’s son Jacob (Genesis 28:13), Abraham’s grandson. The Promised Land was described in terms of the territory from the River of Egypt to the Euphrates river (Exodus 23:31).

A smaller area of former Canaanite land and land east of the Jordan River was conquered and occupied by the descendants of Jacob “Israel”, the Israelites, after Moses led the Exodus out of Egypt (Numbers 34:1-12), and this occupation was interpreted as God’s fulfillment of the promise (Deuteronomy 1:8). Moses anticipated that God might subsequently give the Israelites land reflecting the boundaries of God’s original promise, if they were obedient to the covenant (Deuteronomy 19:8-9).

Jacob had 12 sons and at least one daughter (Dinah) by two wives and two concubines. According to the biblical tradition, the twelve sons fathered the twelve tribes of Israel.  The Twelve Tribes of Israel were: Tribe of Reuben, Tribe of Simeon, Tribe of Levi, Tribe of Judah, Tribe of Issachar, Tribe of Zebulun, Tribe of Dan, Tribe of Naphtali, Tribe of Gad, Tribe of Asher, Tribe of Joseph, and Tribe of Benjamin.

Jacob elevated the descendants of Ephraim and Manasseh (the two sons of Joseph and his Egyptian wife Asenath) to the status of full tribes in their own right, replacing the tribe of Joseph. This way the Tribes of Israel became 13.

There is no indication that the Israelites ever lived in Ancient Egypt, the Sinai Peninsula shows almost no sign of any occupation for the entire 2nd millennium BC, and even Kadesh-Barnea, where the Israelites are said to have spent 38 years, was uninhabited prior to the establishment of the Israelite monarchy.

The Exodus is the founding period of Israel. It tells their departure under the leadership of Moses, the revelations at Sinai (including the Ten Commandments), and their wanderings in the wilderness up to the borders of Canaan.

The historicity of the Exodus story has long been a subject of debate. The current archeological evidence does not support the historical accuracy of the biblical narrative, and the opinion of the overwhelming majority of modern scholars is that it was shaped into its final present form in the post-captivity period.

According to historian Carol Redmount, “Presumably an original Exodus story lies hidden somewhere inside all the later revisions and alterations, but centuries of transmission have long obscured its presence, and its substance, accuracy and date are now difficult to determine.”

Moses lived during 1393-1273 BC. The biblical description of the conquest of Canaan has been shrouded in a cloud of doubt for many years. At the turn of the century, the biblical consistent date of 1400 B.C. was the generally accepted date for the conquest.

The period from the conquest of the Promised Land under the leadership of Joshua until the formation of the first Kingdom of Israel, passed with the tribes forming a loose confederation.

Canaan became the land of Kingdom of Israel (United) during 1050 BC–930 BC. In 930 BC, after a civil war, the Kingdom of Israel was divided into two kingdoms. According to the Hebrew Bible, the Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) in the north 930 BC–720 BC was one of two successor states to the former United Kingdom of Israel. Kingdom of Judah 9th or 8th century BC – 586 BC was the southern successor to a united first Kingdom of Israel.

Map showing the borders of the Promised Land, based on Bible in Numbers 34 and Ezekiel 47

Map showing the borders of the Promised Land, based on Bible in Numbers 34 and Ezekiel 47

Map showing one interpretation of the borders of the Promised Land, based on God's promise to Abraham (Genesis 15)-Greater Israel map

Map showing one interpretation of the borders of the Promised Land, based on God’s promise to Abraham (Genesis 15)-Greater Israel map

The united first Kingdom of Israel in 1020 BC

The united first Kingdom of Israel in 1020 BC

Terrorists Arms Supply Routes to Syria and to Iraq


Terrorists Arms Supply Routes to Syria and to Iraq

Terrorists Arms Supply Routes to Syria and to Iraq

Anybody wondering where those endless vehicles, munitions, arms & supplies for terrorists come from?
Surely terrorist suppliers use supply routes.
Here are the Terrorists Arms Supply Routes to Syria and to Iraq.

Any serious effort to fight terrorism must cut these supply routes.

Isn’t it strange how this has been ignored?

Further information & interesting clues are in the following articles:

  1. Making a Killing, detailed six reports from The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) which is a global network of investigative journalists.

    Central and Eastern European governments have directed an unprecedented flow of weapons and ammunition to four key backers of Syria’s armed opposition since the escalation of the bloody civil war in 2012.

    A yearlong investigation by the Balkan Investigative Reporting Network (BIRN) and the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) reveal for the first time the emergence of an €1.2 billion arms pipeline fueling conflict in the Middle East, causing untold human suffering.

    It is a trade that is almost certainly illegal, experts say.

    Making a Killing is part of The Paper Trail Investigations project, carried out by Balkan Investigative Reporting Network – BIRN Kosovo and BIRN HUB – to promote the rule of law, accountability and transparency in the Balkans and Moldova.

    The project is supported by the Austrian Development Agency (ADA), the operational unit of Austrian Development Cooperation.

    2. War Gains: Bulgarian Arms Add Fuel to Middle East Conflicts

    Saudi Arabia, the UAE and the US have bought millions of dollars of Bulgarian weaponry, much of it likely destined for the war in Syria, a BIRN investigation reveals.

    BIRN, the Balkan Investigative Reporting Network, is a network of local non-governmental organisations promoting freedom of speech, human rights and democratic values.

    [This is what happens when Turkic rulers of Arabs get money and Turkic connections, and hideous plans (Bulgaria is a Turkic country which was European long ago).]

    The six Turkic groups are:
    1- Turkic Muslim in Anatolia and Balkan, (fake Caucasians since Byzantine–Seljuq wars in 1048 Ad),
    2- Turkic Shia Persians (fake Iranians since the Achaemenids in 550 BC),
    3- Turkic Khazar Zionist Jews (fake Israelite since the tricky Babylonian “Return” in 520 BC),
    4- Turkic rulers of Arabia (fake Arabs, following the death of Islam in 655 AD),
    5- Turkic “Hindu” Indians and Gypsy (fake Aryans since the Persian conquest in 530 BC), and
    6- Turkic Europeans (fake liberal Christians since the “Holy” “Roman” “Empire” in 962 AD)

    Six Turkic Groups

    Six Turkic Groups

Global Forces of Terrorism


The Agenda of Pan-Turkism is Clear: To Distort Reality & to Effectuate the Takeover of Land. (Note: The Caspian Sea is called the

The Agenda of Pan-Turkism is Clear: To Distort Reality & to Effectuate the Takeover of Land. (Note: The Caspian Sea is called the “Khazar” Sea.)

To find out the true sources of slavery, NWO, and terrorism we have to go deeper than the conventional mainstream politics, academia, and media.

The world must notice that only certain countries are struck by rebels and mercenaries aka Jihadists.
These countries do not fall under any of the six Turkic forms:

The six Turkic groups are:
1- Turkic Muslim in Anatolia and Balkan, (fake Caucasians since Byzantine–Seljuq wars in 1048 Ad),
2- Turkic Shia Persians (fake Iranians since the Achaemenids in 550 BC),
3- Turkic Khazar Zionist Jews (fake Israelite since the tricky Babylonian “Return” in 520 BC),
4- Turkic rulers of Arabia (fake Arabs, following the death of Islam in 655 AD),
5- Turkic “Hindu” Indians and Gypsy (fake Aryans since the Persian conquest in 530 BC), and
6- Turkic Europeans (fake liberal Christians since the “Holy” “Roman” “Empire” in 962 AD)

Six Turkic Groups

Six Turkic Groups

Syria, Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan, and Yemen are good examples.
Once you submit to one of these 4 forms of Turkic evil you are no longer under attack.
Lebanon, Jordon, and Azerbaijan are also good examples.

(The processes of inventing Jews, the Talmud, and Judaism is explained in the following article: The Invention of Judaism in Babylonian Iraq  and in another article Replacing Semitic Judeans and Torah with Turkic Jews and Talmud )

The Ashkenazim and Sephardim Jews are not Israelite, but with the Ottomans they invented Zionism. Now, only pointing to them considered Anti-Semitism, although they are not Semites at all. These are the enemies of Hitler and the Nazis; and before them were the enemies of Alexander the Great.

East Europe, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Anatolia, Iran, India, and central Asia were heavily enslaved long before Islam and Arabs. This was done by Turkic groups. The term “Slaves” was derived from “Sloven” then “Slavs”. The Arabs were Turkified and ruled by Turkic nomads before Moses. So, Arab slavery of Africa never existed. The genuine Arabs never left Arabia, and those who are called “Arabs” in Africa are not Arabs but Turkic settlers and invaders who moved to Africa from Arabia. Arab colonization and Islamization are Turkic policies; they have nothing to do with Arabs and with Islam.

Even the transatlantic slavery was not done by Europeans or Arabs; they were Turkic businesses as it was in Andalusia (Iberia). The terms “Islamic” and “Eastern” were used as covers for the Turkic atrocities everywhere until now. Terrorism and slavery are neither Islamic nor Arabic. They are Turkic.
Hitler and the Nazis were not Anti-Semitists but were actually Anti-Pan-Turanism.

Turkic Zionists are aware that the region is too small for their ambitions. They shall leave this region for their Turkic rulers of Arabia for “Pan-Arab” empire that extends up to Mauritania. The Turkic Zionists are only after the deep vast lands of Russia; this is the second Turkic empire of “Greater Israel”.

While the third Turkic empire is left for the Turkic Anatolians and their brethren in Persianated Iran to expand from Croatia to the borders with India and China and create “Pan-Tauran” empire.

There are no overlaps or competition between Turkic Zionists, Turkic rulers of Arabia, and Turkic Anatolians. On the contrary, they are assisting each other to establish their own empire.

Parisians are Turks

Parisians are Turks

Turkic groups fought Zoroastrianism before the time of Moses and they used few elements of Zoroastrianism and blended it with their cult called “Tengrism” to create a Turkic version for the teachings of Zoroaster. Then later on they used the same technique with the teachings of Moses, Yeshua, and Mohamed. By this policy they invented the new “universal” imperial religions: Turkic Persian Zoroastrianism; Turkic Jewish Judaism; Turkic Roman Christianity; and Turkic Sunni, Sufi, and Shia Islam.

Islam during prophet Mohamed b. (622-632 AD) was not beyond the main Arabian Peninsula. But during the first three Caliphs, Abu Bakr (632-634), and Umar (634-644) (Assassinated), Uthman (644-656) (Assassinated) it went into invasions.

That was totally unacceptable to many believers but the Turkic elements encouraged such offensive military expansions. Their aims were to hijack Islam and to gain Turkic political, military, and economic powers.

The fourth Caliph Ali (656-661) (Assassinated) was the cousin of the prophet and he stopped that and carried out internal reforms and these were the main causes for the eruption of a brutal civil war throughout his rule (656-661) that ended up by assassinating him and killing most of this family.

By these killings the original Islam died upon birth and it was replaced by a fake Turkic militant cult calling itself Islam. This became the source of terrorism, colonialism, and heresy.

Those Turkic Turanians have different networks and forms, among them: 1- Turkic Muslim in Anatolia and Balkan, (fake Caucasians), 2- Turkic Khazar Zionist Jews (fake Israelite), 3- Turkic Shia Persians (fake Iranians), and 4- Turkic rulers of Arabia (fake Arabs), plus 5- Turkic Hindu Indians and Gypsy (fake Aryans), and 6- Turkic liberal Christians (fake Europeans).

Most monarchies, bankers, and politicians in Europe are their making since the so-called English, French, American, and Russian “Revolutions”. These Turkic groups committed all sorts of crimes in Asia, Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa.

See maps for the Routes of Turkic first invasions to India, Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, East Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa beginning around 600 BC. These invasions corrupted all regions’ major religions and created new tribal groups. Another issue of great importance is the fact that the Scythian Civilization was the first victim of Turkic invasions, which was the catalyst that led to the heavy Turkification of Afghanistan, India, and Iran.

The Routes of Turkic first invasions to India, Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, East Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa around 600 BC. These invasions corrupted all region's major religions and created new tribal groups

The Routes of Turkic first invasions to India, Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, East Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa around 600 BC. These invasions corrupted all region’s major religions and created new tribal groups

Iran Needs to Declare the Kurdish Language as State Language


iran_tribes_and_environment_smBy analyzing the indigenous Iranian languages family, it is obvious that the Kurdish Language is the most major native language still remaining in Iran today, and it is very much relater to other ancient Iranian languages. The Persian language (Farsi) is not from Iranian roots but from Turkic roots, and it is of modern origin.

The Kurdish Language together with its relatives in Iran make a very good choice for the historic restoration of Iran from the imposed Persianization of the indigenous people of Iran that took place since the Achaemenid.

iran_languages_2014_lg-smalliran_ethnic_lg-small

Iran has two souls!

How the ancient Iranian peoples and cultures turned to become Persians? The ancient Iranian soul is peaceful, civilized, and good, but, the other soul is the Persianated Turkic soul, which is violent, primitive, and evil. Unless Iran returns to its original soul it will remain demonized in the world and will never get internal harmony. To explain that let us ask: How Ancient Iranian Peoples and Cultures turned to be Persian (which is Turkic)?

From the beginning of history there were “Iran” and “Iranians”, and there was no “Persia” or “Persians”. “Persia” or “Persians” appeared only with the Achaemenid Kings in 550 BC.

How Ancient Iranian Peoples and Cultures Were Labeled by New Turkic Persians

How Ancient Iranian Peoples and Cultures Were Labeled by New Turkic Persians

Near Lake Urmia was the first Persia tribal place in 860-600 BC. They came to this area earlier before they move again south and create their Persian chieftaincy which turned into kingdom then empire. New terms appeared like Parsua, Parsuash, Parsumash, Persis, Parsa, Pârs, Fars, and Parsava.

From 550 BC Iranian as a nation and Iran as a country disappeared and was replaced by Persians and Persia. Only in 1935, after 2485 years, Persia as a state took back the original name “Iran”, but strangely the Iranian peoples and cultures remained to be called ethnic “Persians”.

So, where the original Iranian people and cultures had gone? And why they are no longer recognized as “Iranians”? Such great ancient national identity of Iran and the ethnicities of the Iranians were clearly turned into Persia and Persians for political reasons by non-Iranians.

Even the history of the great ancient Iranian religion of Zoroastrianism which existed before 1200 BC had disappeared as a result of this forced Persianization. Also, in religion, prior to the rise of the Safavid Empire (1501–1736), Sunni Islam was the dominant religion, accounting for around 90% of the population at the time.

The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safaviyya Sufi order, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Azerbaijan region (a Turkic region). Ardabil is in the same region from which the first Parsua (earlier Parsuash, Parsumash) chieftaincy originated before moving to south Iran to establish the first kingdom of Persia in (860-600 BC).

Where gone the ancient Iranians? And why the Persian restored Iran but did not restore Iranians? Simply because the Persian Turkic Azari rulers of Iran want to pretend that Iranian became Persians and want to call Iranian cultures and civilization Persian. Iranians and their achievements will never disappear or renamed Persian. The Persians are primitive and evil but the Iranians are great and good people.

The disaster that struck Iran since 550 BC is that few wicked Turkic settlers ruled Iran and the Iranians, and they invented Persia and claimed that Iranians are subjects of Persians and Iran seized to exist anymore, to confiscate Iranian lands and achievements.

iran

The six Turkic groups are:
1- Turkic Muslim in Anatolia and Balkan, (fake Caucasians since Byzantine–Seljuq wars in 1048 Ad),
2- Turkic Shia Persians (fake Iranians since the Achaemenids in 550 BC),
3- Turkic Khazar Zionist Jews (fake Israelite since the tricky Babylonian “Return” in 520 BC),
4- Turkic rulers of Arabia (fake Arabs, following the death of Islam in 655 AD),
5- Turkic “Hindu” Indians and Gypsy (fake Aryans since the Persian conquest in 530 BC), and
6- Turkic Europeans (fake liberal Christians since the “Holy” “Roman” “Empire” in 962 AD)

Six Turkic Groups

Six Turkic Groups

 

Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III

An Obelisk found in Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), in northern Iraq, and commemorates the deeds of King Shalmaneser III (reigned 858-824 BC). It was erected as a public monument in 825 BC at a time of civil war, in the central square of Nimrud, close to the much earlier White Obelisk of Ashurnasirpal I.

It is the most complete Assyrian obelisk yet discovered, and is historically significant because it is thought to display the earliest ancient depiction of a biblical figure – Jehu, King of Israel. The traditional identification of “Yaw” as Jehu has been questioned by some scholars, who proposed that the inscription refers to another king, Jehoram of Israel. Its reference to ‘Parsua‘ is also the first known reference to the Persians.

Persians are totally different from Iranians, although Iranians speak Persian. The Turkic Persian is dividing the Iranians, but the Kurds are native Iranians. Israel is also working to create distrust between them. It requires some understanding from both parties and the Russians, Syrians and Egyptians may help. The Iranians are peaceful and civilized contrary to the Turkic Persians, Turkic fake Israelite, and Turkic rulers of Arabia. The Kurds and the rest of Iranians will soon realize the dangers of distrust and the gains of reconciliation and cure the damages of Persians.

For more helpful maps on the ethnic, tribal, linguistic, and geographic composition of Iran visit The Gulf/2000 Project of the Middle East Institute at the School of International and Public Affairs of Columbia University in New York City.

iranian_family_tree_v2-0

Iran and the Iranians will defeat Persians, fake Israelite, rulers of Arabia and all other Turanians Gokturks Mongols no doubt, and expose them. The Turanians Gokturks Mongols are terrorist they have no place in any civilized peaceful world.

The Routes of Turkic first invasions to India, Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, East Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa around 600 BC. These invasions corrupted all region's major religions and created new tribal groups

The Routes of Turkic first invasions to India, Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, East Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa around 600 BC. These invasions corrupted all region’s major religions and created new tribal groups

Liberate Syria from Turkish Puppet Terrorists


Old Turkic Colonization

Old Turkic Colonization

The blights of Aleppo stem from the old Turkish plans to annex it.
Aleppo was colonized since 1127 AD by the Oghuz Turk who created the Zengid dynasty.
The northern hinterland of Aleppo was annexed to Turkey. In the 1940s it lost its main access to the sea, Antioch and Alexandretta, also to Turkey.
In 1400, the Mongol-Turkic leader Tamerlane captured the city again from the Mamluks. He massacred many of the inhabitants, ordering the building of a tower of 20,000 skulls outside the city. After the withdrawal of the Mongols, all the Muslim population returned to Aleppo. On the other hand, Christians who left the city during the Mongol invasion, were unable to resettle back in their own quarter in the old town, a fact that led them to establish a new neighborhood in 1420, built at the northern suburbs of Aleppo outside the city walls, to become known as al-Jdeydeh quarter (for “new district” in Arabic).
Aleppo became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1516, when the city had around 50,000 inhabitants. It was the center of the Aleppo Eyalet; the rest of what later became Syria was part of either the eyalets of Damascus, Tripoli, Sidon or Raqqa.
Following the Ottoman provincial reform of 1864 Aleppo became the centre of the newly constituted Vilayet of Aleppo in 1866. Kemal Atatürk annexed most of the Province of Aleppo as well as Cilicia to Turkey in his War of Independence.
By the Treaty of Lausanne most of the Province of Aleppo was made part of Turkey with the exception of Aleppo city and Alexandretta. The situation was exacerbated further in 1939 when Alexandretta was annexed to Turkey, thus depriving Aleppo of its main port of Iskenderun.

Discussions about Islam can be categorized in:
1- Total Rejection;
2- Extremism Defense;
3- Appeasement;
4- Pragmatic cooperation;
or 5- Idealistic argument.
All these are liberal legacies, and the Trump Movement must not fall into them.
Non of these behavior can explain and solve the problems.
People must think deeper into the history of religions and Islam. They will soon understand that what are called “Islam”, “Judaism”, and “Christianity” nowadays is nothing more than the Turkic religion of Tengrism.
Take for example the symbols of star and crescent in current Islam or the events that created the Crusades, or the imperial expansion of the so-called “Islam”, or Andalusia, or terrorism, or slavery, or the Ottoman Empire, or belly dance, or harem, or the Assassins “Hashashin”, or Sufism, or the status of women and children, or even the practices of “Islam”, or the ruling families of Gulf sheikhdoms, or many more, they are just Turkic and NOT Islamic or even Arabic.

These Are Turkic Symbols Not Islamic Nor Arabic

These Are Turkic Symbols Not Islamic Nor Arabic

Investigating the history of Islam, and all other religions, and the myth of universality of religion, anyone can discover that all religions, without exception, were born genuine and peaceful and very local, but they survived only for very short time.
Humanity is living with corrupt versions of all religions, that were invented by greed and violence. While faith and religions are good, don’t think any one of the current religions is better or good, may be we can ask which one has lesser evil than the others.
Let us find and fight the Turkic corruption in all religions.

It is time now to liberate Aleppo from Turkish puppet terrorists and stop Turkic games.

The Turkic Origin of Persia


Persia was not Iranian

Persia was not Iranian

Persia was not Iranian and the Persians are from Turkic origins from the ancient Scythia (now Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan).

Anshan was one of the early capitals of Elam from the late 4th millennium BC. Later, in the 7th century BC, it became one of the early capitals of Persia.

Achaemenes (/əˈkɛməniːz/) (c. 705 BC – c. 675 BC) was the eponymous apical ancestor of the Achaemenid dynasty of rulers from Persis, nothing is known of the figure behind it, neither from indigenous sources nor from historiographic ones. It may be that Achaemenes was just a mythical ancestor, and not a historical one.

Elamite is an extinct language spoken by the ancient Elamites. Elamite was the primary language in present-day Iran from 2800 to 550 BC. The last written records in Elamite appear about the time of the conquest of the Achaemenid Empire by Alexander the Great. Elamite has no demonstrable relatives and is usually considered a language isolate. The lack of established relatives is one reason that interpretation of the language is difficult.
The complete corpus of Elamite cuneiform consists of c. 20 thousand tablets and fragments. The majority belong to the Achaemenid era, and contain primarily economic records.

I am sure of the non-Aryan origin of Persians; and the the non-Iranian origin of Persians, while the Iranians are Aryan

The Persians Are Definitely the Turkic Turanians.

The Shahnameh tried to present the Turan as Iranian while it confirms that the Turanians are the Persians.
The Shahnameh “The Book of Kings”, is a long epic poem written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi between c. 977 and 1010 CE. It is of central importance in Persian culture, regarded as a literary masterpiece, and definitive of the ethno-national cultural identity of modern-day Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
Despite some popular belief, the Turanians of Shahnameh (whose sources are based on Avesta and Pahlavi texts) have no relationship with the ethno-liguistic group Turk today. The Turanians of Shahnameh are an Iranian people representing Iranian nomads of the Eurasian Steppes and have no relationship to the culture of Turks. Turan or Persian for the areas of Central Asia beyond the Oxus up to the 7th century (where the story of the Shahnameh ends) was generally an Iranian-speaking land.
The Turks themselves connected their origin not with Turkish tribal history but with the Turan of Shahnameh.
The Ottoman political party of the Young Turks, the Committee of Union and Progress, espoused the notion of Turanism, a mythic glorification of Turkish ethnic identity, and was devoted to restoring the Ottoman Empire’s shattered national pride.
Zoroastrian tradition states that Zoroaster was killed by Turanians invading Iran.

achaemenid-provinces-during-the-rule-of-darius-i

Princess Mandana Defeated the Medians and Destroyed the Iranians by Foreign Persians

The history of Iran (Aryan) starts with the ancient “Shoosh Civilization” 6000 B.C.E. Susiana Civilization

The original populations in Northwest Iran were the Median people of “Media”.

Zoroaster was the prophet of Ancient Iran, whose transformation of his inherited religion, Zoroastrianism, inaugurated a movement that eventually became the dominant religion in Ancient Iran. He was a native speaker of Old Avestan and lived in the eastern part of the Iranian Plateau, but his exact birthplace is uncertain.

The religion, Zoroastrianism, was founded by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster in Greek; Zarthosht in India and Persia). Conservative Zoroastrians assign a date of 6000 BCE to the founding of the religion; other followers estimate 600 BCE. Historians and religious scholars generally date his life sometime between 1500 and 1000 BCE on the basis of his style of writing.

Some say Zoroaster’s birthday falls on March 26th 1767 B.C.E. Zarathushtra was the first prophet to introduce the concepts of: monotheism, equality, duality of good and evil (struggle between Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu), mankind’s free choice between the two alternatives, messianic redemption, resurrection, final judgment, heaven (the word “Paradise” comes from Old Persian), hell and the notion of an almighty, kind, loving and forgiving God. He believed man’s salvation in life and in the afterlife could only be ensured through Good Thoughts, Good Words and Good Deeds. Many of these concepts had a profound influence on Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

The basic moral principles that guide the life of a Zoroastrian are three: Humata, “Good Thoughts,” the intention or moral resolution to abide by Asha, the right order of things. Hukhata, “Good Words,” the communication of that intention. Havarashta, “Good Deeds,” the realization in action of that intention.

The dates given for Zoroaster by ancient and modern writers differ considerably. The oldest parts of the Zoroastrian scriptures are the Gathas, which are the direct teachings of Zoroaster and his conversations with Ahura Mazda in a series of visions. According to tradition, Zoroaster died when he was 77 years and 40 days. The later Pahlavi sources like Shahnameh, however claim an obscure conflict with Tuiryas (Turan / Turk) people, in which Zoroaster was murdered by karapan (old religion priest) Brādrēs in Balkh (now in Afghanistan). (The Arabs called Balkh Umm Al-Belaad or Mother of Cities due to its antiquity.)

The 10th/11th century heresiographer al-Shahrastani describes the Majusiya into three sects, the Kayumarthiya, the Zurwaniya and the Zaradushtiya, among which Al-Shahrastani asserts that only the last of the three were properly followers of Zoroaster.

(The processes of inventing Jews, the Talmud, and Judaism is explained in the following article: The Invention of Judaism in Babylonian Iraq  and in another article Replacing Semitic Judeans and Torah with Turkic Jews and Talmud)

The six Turkic groups are:
1- Turkic Muslim in Anatolia and Balkan, (fake Caucasians since Byzantine–Seljuq wars in 1048 Ad),
2- Turkic Shia Persians (fake Iranians since the Achaemenids in 550 BC),
3- Turkic Khazar Zionist Jews (fake Israelite since the tricky Babylonian “Return” in 520 BC),
4- Turkic rulers of Arabia (fake Arabs, following the death of Islam in 655 AD),
5- Turkic “Hindu” Indians and Gypsy (fake Aryans since the Persian conquest in 530 BC), and
6- Turkic Europeans (fake liberal Christians since the “Holy” “Roman” “Empire” in 962 AD)

Six Turkic Groups

The Turkic Persians starting from Cyrus the Great corrupted the monolithic religion of Zoroastrianism and replaced it with an antithesis of Magi cult (magic) and they became known as Magus.

Much like the Roman religion for Rome, it was adopted in differing forms as the generally inclusive overarching state religion of the Achaemenid Empire and subsequent Parthian and Sasanian empires, lending it immense prestige in ancient times.

693 B.C.E. Assyrians Destroyed Susa. The glorious, ancient, biblical and historical city of Susa in Persia was captured and razed to ground by the notorious army of Ashur Banipal. The Assyrians had built a very strong army that ruled over a vast area without any tolerance for other civilizations. Their source of wealth was plundering the weak and not let them regain power. They enslaved many nations including the Jews and the entire Iranian plateau. Assyrians destroyed the Elam kingdom leaving behind an ancient ruin called the Burnt City. This marked the end of 2000 years of Elamite kingdom and the Start of a New Era for the Persian nomads.

The beginning of foreign influence in the Aryan Monarch led to Persia.

600–559 B.C.E. Princess Mandana was reportedly a granddaughter to both Cyaxares of Media and Alyattes II of Lydia of the Mermnads dynasty in western Anatolia. According to Herodotus, Mandane was the daughter of Astyages, King of Media and Aryenis (the daughter of King Alyattes of Lydia). The Mermnads dynasty in Lydia was established by Gyges who Bible scholars believe that he was the Biblical character Gog, ruler of Magog, who is mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel and the Book of Revelation. Mandana was not from pure Iranian origins and she could be from non-Lydian descent (she could be of Turkic Cimmerian from her mother’s side). Mandana (Mandane) was a Median princess, daughter of the mighty King Astyages and later, the Queen consort of Cambyses I of Anshan and mother of Cyrus the Great. Queen Mandana is a central character in legends describing Cyrus the Great’s early years.

Shortly after Mandana’s birth, Herodotus reports that Astyages had a strange dream where his daughter urinated so much that Asia would flood. He consulted the “Magi” (Court Magician) who interpreted the dream as a warning that Mandane’s son would overthrow his rule. To forestall that outcome, Astyages betrothed Mandane to the vassal prince, Cambyses I of Anshan, “a man of good family and quiet habits”, whom Astyages considered no threat to the Median throne. Astyages had a second dream when Mandane became pregnant where a vine grew from her womb and overtook the world. Terrified, he sent his most loyal court retainer, Harpagus, to kill the child. However, Harpagus was loath to spill royal blood and hid the child, Cyrus II, with a shepherd named Mitradates. Years later, Cyrus would defy his grandfather Astyages, leading to war between them; a war that Cyrus would have lost, but for Harpagus’ defection at the battle of Pasargadae, leading to the overthrow of Astyages, as the dream had forecast.

There are references to Mandana’s death as 559 BC; however, as this year is considered the date of her husband’s death (Cambyses I), it is unknown if that is the actual date of her death or when she changed status from Queen Consort to Queen Mother. King Darius the Great named his daughter “Mandana” after her.

The history of Mandana ancestry is important to understand her character and motivations. The Greeks of Homer’s time knew Lydia as Maeonia, which was probably an earlier name for the country. Three dynasties are mentioned by the ancient sources; the first is entirely mythical, the second begins with myth but is partly historical, and the third is entirely real. List of kings of Lydia shows that the dynasties were the Atyads (Tantalids), the Tylonids (Heraclids), and the Mermnads.

Mandana’s mother (Aryenis) is the granddaughter of Sadyattes 629–617 BC (or c. 625 – c. 600) son of Ardys II son of Gyges of Lydia. Gyges is the founder of the Mermnads dynasty c. 700 BC. Aryenis was the sister of King Croesus (Kroisos) of Lydia 560–546 BC (or 560, 547) who was defeated by Cyrus the Great who is his grandson from her daughter Mandana.

Gyges was the son of Dascylus. Dascylus was recalled from banishment in Cappadocia by the Lydian king Candaules and sent his son back to Lydia instead of himself. According to Nicolaus of Damascus, Gyges soon became a favourite bodyguard of King Candaules.

According to The Histories of Herodotus, King Candaules bragged of his wife’s incredible beauty to his favorite bodyguard, Gyges of Lydia. “It appears you don’t believe me when I tell you how lovely my wife is,” said Candaules. “A man always believes his eyes better than his ears; so do as I tell you—contrive to see her naked.” Gyges refused; he feared what the King might do to him if he did accept.

Candaules was insistent, and Gyges had no choice but to obey. Candaules detailed a plan by which Gyges would hide behind a door in the royal bedroom to observe the Queen disrobing before bed. Gyges would then leave the room while the Queen’s back was turned.

That night, the plan was executed. However, the Queen saw Gyges as he left the room, and recognized immediately that she had been betrayed and shamed by her own husband. She silently swore to have her revenge, and began to arrange her own plan.

The next day, the Queen summoned Gyges to her chamber. Although Gyges thought nothing of the routine request, she confronted him immediately with her knowledge of his misdeed and her husband’s. “One of you must die,” she declared. “Either my husband, the author of this wicked plot; or you, who have outraged propriety by seeing me naked.” Gyges pleaded with the Queen not to force him to make this choice. She was relentless, and eventually he chose to betray the King so that he should live.

The Queen prepared for Gyges to kill Candaules by the same manner in which she was shamed. Gyges hid behind the door of the bedroom chamber with a knife provided by the Queen, and killed him in his sleep. Gyges married the Queen and became King, and father to the Mermnad Dynasty.

Internal conflicts & shift of Power. Cyrus the Great (576–530 B.C.E.) defeats the Median king Astyages at the battle of Pasargadae in 551 B.C.E. and becomes the king of both kingdoms. He established the Persian Achaemenid Empire in 550 B.C.E.

The Mermnads dynasty of Lydia was defeated and ended by Cyrus the Great (son of Mandana and the grandson of the defeated king of Lydia) at the battles of Pteria and Thymbra. He completely annexed Lydia after the Siege of Sardis.

The Routes of Turkic first invasions to India, Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, East Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa around 600 BC. These invasions corrupted all region's major religions and created new tribal groups

The Routes of Turkic first invasions to India, Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, East Europe, Levant, Arabia, and Africa around 600 BC. These invasions corrupted all region’s major religions and created new tribal groups

Persian Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC)

Parthian Empire (247 BC–224 AD), also called the “Arsacid Empire”

Sasanian Empire (224–651), also called the “Sassanid Empire” or the “Empire of Empires” was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V.

551 Bumin the founder of the Turkic Khaganate declares independence of the Turks around Altai Mountains conquers Ötüken in Mongolian Plateau and takes the title khagan (qaghan). His empire is known as Göktürk (Celestial Turk).

552 Shortly after sending his brother Istemi to the Western Regions as his yabgu (vassal), Bumin Qaghan dies. His elder son Issık becomes the khagan

554 Muqan Qaghan becomes the qaghan. After a series of successful campaigns the Göktürks begin to control the Silk Road.

558 In alliance with Sassanid Persia, Istemi defeats the Hephthalites and conquers Transoxania.

568 An alliance with the Byzantine Empire under Justin II is formed after a delegation of the Turks led by Sogdian Maniah arrived in Constantinople to trade silk with the Byzantines.

576 The alliance with the Byzantines ceases after the Byzantines (contrary to their agreement) accept a treaty with Avars, enemies of the Göktürks. The Göktürks seize a Byzantine stronghold in the Crimea.

580 Agathias identifies Burgunds (Βουρουγουνδοι) and Ultizurs as Bulgaric people of Hunnic circle tribes, near relatives of Turkic Cotrigurs and Utigurs.

581 Tardush, the second yabgu in the west lay siege to Tauric Chersonesus in Crimea.

584 Taspar Qaghan dies, civil war breaks out. (Ishbara Qaghan vs. Apa Qaghan) Tardush interferes.

The First Perso-Turkic War was fought during 588-589 between the Sassanid Persians and Hephthalite principalities and its lord the Göktürks. The conflict started with the invasion of the Persian Empire by the Turks and ended with a decisive Sassanid victory and the conquest of the Eastern Turks.

The Second Perso-Turkic War began in 606/607-608 with an invasion of Sassanid Persia by the Göktürks and Hephthalites. The war ended in 608 with the defeat of the Turks and Hephthalites by the Sasanians under the Armenian general Smbat IV Bagratuni.

The Third Perso-Turkic War 627–629 was the third and final conflict between the Sassanian Empire and the Western Turkic Khaganate. Unlike the previous two wars, it was not fought in Central Asia, but in Transcaucasia. Hostilities were initiated in 627 AD by Khagan Tong Yabghu of the Western Göktürks and Emperor Heraclius of the Eastern Roman Empire. Opposing them were the Sassanid Persians, allied with the Pannonian Avars. The war was fought against the background of the last Byzantine-Sassanid War and served as a prelude to the dramatic events that changed the balance of powers in the Middle East for centuries to come.

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