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Posts tagged ‘West Africa’

The Sudanese of West Africa Invent Imaginary Fake History


The Aegean civilization had three independent and related components, and they are firstly the Hellas civilization, meaning the land of present-day Greece (early – middle – late 3200 – 2000 – 1550 – 1050 BC). The second is the Mycenae civilization, which was concentrated in Crete (2700-2160-1600 BC). And the third civilization of Cycled and included the islands between Crete and mainland (3300 – 2000 BC, then annexed to the Middle Mycenaean civilization).

The Mycenaean, or Minoan civilization, whose home is located in Crete and the Aegean islands, since a simple beginning in 3200 BC, flourished and became at its pinnacle in 2000 BC. Then it began to collapse in 1700 BC as a result of the invasion of East Asian gangs that came after they plundered Anatolia. And those gangs led to the collapse of Anatolia, Crete and Greece completely in 1100 BC

The devastation of the fall of the Late Bronze Age was in 1177 BC. It resulted in chaos and the invasion of their gangs with refugees and mercenaries from the Sea Peoples that spread throughout the eastern Mediterranean region. Among those fleeing groups came the Jebusites, who were later called the Palestinians of the West Bank. At that time, there were no Palestinians in the Gaza Strip who were brought by the Jews after their invention in Babylon in 580 BC and who were called the Palestinians of the Gaza Strip from the name of the area that belongs to the western Syriacs.

With the chaos of the destruction of the Late Bronze Age, the New Kingdom of Egypt fell in 1070 BC. And Egypt entered the era of the third collapse period (1070 to 664 BC). Which ended with a struggle led by Tef Nakht II, then Nekhau Ba, then Nekhau I, it was crowned by the victory of King Ipsmatic I and the founding of the 26 Dynasty (672 – 525 BC), by expelling the Kushites, the 25 Dynasty (732 – 653 BC). And until that time, the term Greek did not appear.

After the fall of the civilizations of Crete and Hellas, the Aegean region entered a dark age from 1100 BC and continued until 750 BC. Then Hellas regained its civilization strongly and included the islands in the period of revival and ended with a period of 200 class years after the Persian invasions (499 – 449 BC), then wars with the Spartans and continued until the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. Then came the Hellenistic period, and the Romans overthrew it in 146 BC and annexed it

Hellas II 750 – 500 BC is a civilization of revival that began after the end of the Dark Age 1100 – 750 BC, it was called by the Romans after a long period from the death of Alexander the Great in ignorance by the name Greek. Hellas II is also known as Ancient Greece or Originality or the Revival was followed by classes or Classical Period with wars with Sparta from 500 to 300 BC, then came the invasion of the Romans in 146 BC who are falsely called Roman civilization.

Kush appeared only in 785 BC; and before it all the regions of the Nile Valley in southern Egypt were in a state of chaos, looting and slavery for 215 years that continued since the fall of the kingdoms of the Kerma civilization in the year 1000 BC after the kingdoms of Kerma lost the protection of the New Egyptian kingdom from attacks by mixed gangs Hyksos and Berbers from Libya with slaves and mercenaries from West Africa. The attacks coming from West Africa began immediately after the liberation of northern Egypt from the Hyksos in 1523 BC; and the Hyksos of Libya were cut off from the Hyksos who fled to the Levant, who were called the Hebrews and Arameans.

Of course, there was no Sudan term in the world at that time, which meant the blacks region stretching from northern Nigeria to the Atlantic and Mauritania. And the term Sudan versus the Bidan appeared in 1500 AD by the East and West Asian gangs with the Berbers who were expelled from Spain and Portugal (Andalusia) in 1492 AD. The gangs of East Asia are of the same origin as the gangs that invaded Anatolia and Crete and overthrew the Mycenaean civilization prior to the Hellenistic civilization. This time no longer allows for fabrication and allegations, misleading, lies, false heroism, and falsification of history, religion and identity.

History mention black warriors in the Trojan Wars launched by the Hellenists to liberate their land on the western coast of Anatolia from the occupation and plunder of East Asian gangs. Those blacks have nothing to do with the south of the Nile Valley. But the Hyksos gangs were stranded in Libya, together with the Berbers, obtained slaves and mercenaries from West Africa. In order for the Hyksos of Libya to link with Hyksos of the Levant after the liberation of Egypt, the Hyksos in Libya, along with their black West African slaves and mercenaries, circumvented Egypt from the north by crossing the Mediterranean to Anatolia, which resulted in the fall of Anatolia and the Trojan War. They also went around Egypt by land from the south, and this resulted in the fall of the kingdoms of the Kerma civilization, and after 7 centuries, the colony of Kush appeared from them.

The Assyrians were always the allies of Egypt and their partners in the fight against the Turkic Akkadians, and their Amorite followers, the Bedouins of Syria and Jordan, and they are the Hyksos, who are the common enemy between Egypt and the Sumerian Assyria. This is why the alliance of the armies of Egypt with Assyria were made in the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC.

And until that time, there were no Jews who appeared 25 years after that battle by invented them by renaming of Hebrews and the Arameans, who were the expelled Hyksos, who are Turkic Akkadians with the Bedouins Amorites of the Levant. The Assyrians are the Sumerians, they had civilization and empire long before 3000 BC. But those who appeared in 600 BC after the Battle of Carchemish and formed a colony in Iraq and then an empire were the Babylonians from the Kassites from the Hyksos from the Turkic Mongolians.

The gangs of the Babylonian Akkadians are the enemies of the Assyrian Sumerian people. And the Assyrian campaign to Egypt came to help Egypt from the invasion of the Hyksos and Berbers in Libya, the Amorites from the Levant and the Kushites from the south. Indeed, the Kushites tried to help the offspring of the Hyksos, who later became the Jews, because the Kushites and the Jews are from the Hyksos.

Taharqa and all the Kushites were nothing but slaves and mercenaries and products and followers of the Hyksos, Turkic Mongolians, Berbers, and Amorites, the Bedouins of Aleppo, the Levant and Jordan. The Libyans were devastated by the alliance of the Hyksos with the Berbers, so they helped the Egyptians

The crazy Persian Cambyses indeed sent a campaign to plunder the colony of his followers, Kushite allies. This campaign arrived, but it settled and joined the Kushite gangs and did not return to Cambyses with the loots and slaves he wanted.

The so-called “Al-Baqt” agreement (the Baqt (or Bakt) was a 7th-century CE treaty between the state of Makuria and the new Bedouin colonizers of Egypt) has no evidence at all. Rather, it is the invention of Abdullah bin Abi Al-Sarh, who was declared enemy by the Messenger Muhamad, pbuh, because he transgressed the Qur’an and the Messenger, and although Al-Sarh was pardoned after several mediations, the Messenger died without forgave him, and Al-Sarh did not dare to meet the Messenger until his death. Al-Sarh became led gangs of Bedouins in Egypt in invade southern Nile Valley.

About the incident of killing of Ismail third son of Muhammad Ali Pasha, and the leader of the campaign of 1820 to annex Sudan. He was burned to death in a plot prepared by Nimr, the ruler of Shendi in 1822. Sudanese sources claim it was in response to an insult made by Ismail who rebuke Nimr for attacking slave convoys heading to Egypt by Nimr’s bandits. Actually, the Sudanese were the suppliers of slaves, and Ismail was burned and killed while he was drunk, and perhaps after committing perverted acts common to Turk. There is no heroism in that killing.

The Romans are originally brutal, backward gangs from East Asia with slaves and mercenaries from Eastern Europe and were of the same origin as the Akkadians, Hyksos, Persians, Babylonians, Turks, Huns, Bulgarians and Jews. What Amanirenas (also spelled Amanirena) ruler of Kush (from c. 40 BC to c. 10 BC) did in 25 BC after the death of her husband, Teriteqas, of attacking the garrison of Aswan and returning immediately was motivated by fear and was not courage. She tried to ensure that the Romans will not expand in her colony of Kush, which was an ally of Hyksos and Jews for long time.

General Charles Gordon came to Sudan twice on a personal contract from the Khedive of Egypt, and he did not represent Britain or its army, and was not accompanied by British units. The first time, he fought hard to stop hunting and human trafficking slavery gangs from West Africa, and he succeeded, resigned, and left victoriously. The second time, Gordon returned, after Cromer/Evelyn Baring had set up Mahdiyya, intentionally to expel the Turks and hand over the colony of Sudan to the administration of Jews. Cromer ordered the provision of funding, arming, and gang members from Zubair Rahma Mansur, the biggest West African slave hunter and trader whose son was killed in the Gordon’s war against slavery gangs.

The Khedive once again asked General Charles Gordon in his personal capacity to accept a paid contract from the Khedive for the evacuation of the Khedive stranded colonial administration and soldiers, the contract had nothing to do with the British army and government. Despite Cromer’s hostility to Gordon and Gordon’s rejection of Cromer’s opportunistic materialist mentality, Charles Gordon accepted the task because of his disgust from that criminal administration, soldiers and colonization of Turks, and he aimed not only to evacuate them, but more importantly, after the liberation of Sudan from slavery and the colonization of Turks, he wanted to establish a sound, orderly and fair national administration.

Gordon’s goal ignited the anger of Cromer, who was still trying to plunder Sudan by employing Jews and by using West African gangs of slavery and Mahdism. That is why Charles Gordon evacuated all the Turkish administration and soldiers and refused to leave Sudan. He knew the dangers of being without military in front of the West African gangs, but his humanity and sympathy for the oppressed and the poor and his ambition to establish an independent, just and successful state were his motives. Of course, Cromer refused, as the West African gangs refused, and they beheaded him

Britain had always been ruled by a family controlled by Jews. Indeed, Jews were the strongest partner in Condominium colonialism with the family of Muhammad Ali, who was weak and in debt to Jews. Italy, before World War II, they were ruled by patriots, and therefore they allied with Germany and Japan, and therefore Jews were in enmity with the Italian national rule and were working to defeat it.

Indeed, the Jews employed West African gangs who served them in the occupation of the southern Nile Valley to fight Italy, which was fighting slavery in Abyssinia. The basis for West African gang’s presence in the region is human hunting and slave trade which also led by Haile Selassie and wealthy gangs of Amhara and Tigrinya.

Therefore, the West African guerrilla war against Italy in Abyssinia and their abstention from fighting Jewish and Turkish colonialists south of the Nile Valley is clear evidences of collaboration, their none-affiliation to the Nile Valley, religion and humanity and their hostility to freedom, independence and patriotism

West African gangs are servants and slaves of Jews and Turks, and these gangs are the Sudanese occupying the regions and local nations in the south of the Nile Valley. The Sudanese were brought by Muhammad Ali in 1820 and before that they were brought by expelled gangs from Andalusia in 1500 AD, and before that were brought by Hyksos in 1500 BC. The people, the country and the nations are not Sudanese. The only solution for the people and nations of the southern Nile Valley is to liberate the country from the Sudanese.

The civilizations in the north and south of the Nile Valley were not made by Caucasians, nor by Turkic or by Jewish masters of the Sudanese. The Sudanese have never made history, glory and civilization, but are gangs that live on plunder, slavery, corruption and criminality.

Indeed, history is systematic forgeries made by the Sudanese, Turks and Jews, but even their old forgeries backed by power and money cannot be believed because it is backward and clear falsification and stupidity. The people and nations of the southern Nile Valley will remain in brotherhood, respect, support and loyalty to all the peoples of the immediate neighborhood, especially Egypt, the maker of civilization, glory, history and the future.

Egypt must work with the nations and people of the southern Nile Valley in their quest for liberation and get rid of the Sudanese gangs of West Africa, to maintain regional security and peace, to defend religion, history, humanity, good neighborliness, eternal historical ties and common interests, to develop the peoples of the region, and to restore freedom, dignity, justice and peace that are continuously being destroyed by these aggressive backward terrorist West African gangs and their Jews and Turks masters and partners

Southern Nile Valley People Denied Freedom of Speech


The southern Nile Valley regions were collectively called the Sudan by a colonizer only in 1820 AD. The Sudan now is under brutal colonization from dark and pale Fulani since 1820 AD. But, Fulani colonization began even before in 1492 AD with the expulsion of the Moors (Berber) and Jews (Turkic Akkadians with Bedouin Amorites) from Iberia.

And the first waves of Fulani colonization of the southern regions of the Nile Valley were made in 1500 BC by the Hyksos (also Turkic Akkadians with Bedouin Amorites, but before they invented from themselves the Jews in 580 BC in Babylon).

Websites posting Arabic opinion articles exposing true history and atrocities and Facebook are under sever censorship instigated by Fulani regime; Jews; Bedouins and Berber. The Fulani in the Sudan colony arranged themselves in various alternative social and political facades so as to deny the people and patriots any chance for communicating true history to get liberation.

The people in the Sudan colony are lacking free speech platforms in Arabic in this very crucial period. The current transitional regime in Sudan colony is just another form of the Fulani aided with additional criminal West African militias. They are playing with a fictitious Arabs-Africans conflict to conceal 200-years Fulani colonization.

The humanitarian and human rights conditions in the Sudan colony are getting very bad, and the Fulani are working to re-invent themselves to confuse, waste time and maintain control to terrorize, deny people security, liberty and dignity.

People in Sudan urgently need freedom of speech to post Arabic opinions on popular websites, without censorships from Facebook and Fulani regime and their associates; and stupid political correctness serving colonization, genocide and terrorism.

Please suggest solutions or popular hosts where Arabic opinion articles about the Sudan could be posted without unnecessary censorships. Thanks.

The Relationship of Fulani to Hyksos and Romani Gypsies


The Fulani language is called Fulfulde, and a linguist said it was closer to the Roma language. He linked the Fulani to the Hyksos. He said exactly what I say; the appearance of Fulani is linked to the expulsion of the Hyksos from Kmt.

This also confirms that Kush are Hyksos and their slaves from West Africa and they were the Fulani. It also explains the reasons for the mystery of the origin of the Meroitic language.

Maurice Delafosse (20 December 1870 – 13 November 1926) was a French ethnographer and who worked in the field of the languages of Africa. He said: I think I may say that of all African, Asiatic, Oceanian, and European tongues which I have compared with the language of the Fulani, the language of the gypsies is that which appears to me possess the greatest point of resemblance.

JOURNAL ARTICLE: The Fulani – A Nomadic Tribe in Northern Nigeria; Mustafa B. Ibrahim; African Affairs; Vol. 65, No. 259 (Apr., 1966), pp. 170-176. Published by: Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal African Society

Also mentioned in: A Tropical Dependency: An Outline of the Ancient History of the Western Sudan with an Account of the Modern Settlement of Northern Nigeria; Authors: Flora Louisa Shaw, Lady Flora Louise Shaw Lugard; Publisher: James Nisbet, 1905; Original from: Harvard University; Digitized: 11 Dec 2007; Length: 508 pages.

Contents: INTRODUCTORY 1; CONQUEST OF North Africa AND SPAIN BY 24; ARAB Civilization IN SPAIN 31; THE EMPIRE OF The Two SHORES 50; AFRICAN RULE IN SPAIN 58; DECLINE OF MOHAMMEDAN POWER IN SPAIN 67; SPANISH ARABS IN AFRICA 73; NEGROLAND AND THE WESTERN ARABS 83; THE LATER ASKIAS 211; THE PHARAOHS IN HAUSSALAND 227; THE DOMINATION OF KANO 245; BORNU 268; THE MOORISH CONQUEST 296; THE SOUDAN UNDER THE MOORS 306; EUROPE IN WEST AFRICA 322; THE EUROPEAN SLAVE TRADE 333; BERBER AND BLACK 99; MORABITE CONQUEST OF THE SOUDAN 107; GHANA AND TIMBUCTOO 113; IBN BATUTA IN MELLE 129; ADMINISTRATION OF THE MELLESTINE 142; MEETING OF EASTERN AND WESTERN INFLUENCE UPON 153; RISE OF THE SONGHAY EMPIRE 163; Askia MOHAMMED ABOU BEKR 181; SONGHAY UNDER ASKIA THE GREAT 190; SONGHAY UNDER ASKIA THE GREAT continued 199; ENGLAND AND FRANCE ON THE LOWER NIGER 348; ORIGIN OF THE FULANI 373; RISE OF THE FULANI IN THE SOUDAN 381; SULTAN BELLO 390; CONQUEST OF SOKOTO AND KANO 438; British Policy IN NORTHERN NIGERIA 449; ECONOMIC RESOURCES OF NORTHERN NIGERIA 485; THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRADE 491; INDEX 501

علاقة الفولاني بالهكسوس والغجر

لغة الفولاني اسمها فلفولدي وقال فيها خبير لغات انها اقرب للغة الغجر. ويربط بين الفولاني والهكسوس يقول بالظبط كما اقول بان ظهور الفولاني مرتبط بطرد الهكسوس

وهذا يؤكد أيضا أن الكوشيين هم عبارة عن هكسوس ورقيق لهم من غرب أفريقيا وهم الفولاني. ويفسر كذلك أسباب غموض أصل اللغة المروية

موريس ديلافوس (20 ديسمبر 1870 – 13 نوفمبر 1926) عالمًا عرقيات فرنسي وعمل في مجال لغات إفريقيا

The Origins of Fulani, Gypsies and Meroitic Languages


The origin of the Fulani is obscure. Some scholars assigned them to Hyksos origin; while a linguist named Fezzan M. Dalfosse, whose studies in west African languages give special weight to his opinions, holds the view that Fulani may have owed their origin to the downfall of Hyksos, or shepherd kings, who were driven from Egypt about 1639 BC.
He likens the Fulani to the gypsy language he says “I think I may say that of all African, Asiatic, Oceanian and European language tongue which I have compared with the language of the Fulani, the language of the gypsies is that which appear to possess the greatest point of resemblance”.
There is strong indications the earliest Jews were not Israelites, but rather the Jews were the same Akkadians, who appeared suddenly in 2334 BC and invaded and colonized Sumer and Subar, after allying with the Amorites.
The East Asian origin possibility shared by the Akkadians; the Hyksos; the Roma (Gypsies); and the Fulani is interesting indeed; and the linkage between the Fulani with the Hyksos in creating the Kush Kingdom could lead to think of East Asian plus West African origin of the obscure Meroitic Language.

Kush Origin is in Fulani and Hyksos


The origin and history of the Hyksos and Fulani groups are essential to understand the history and the present of West Africa.

The Fulani groups were the result of wide-spread slavery raids on West Africa since 1600 BC by the Hyksos who invaded and colonized Kmt (ancient Egypt) in 1630 BC or 1800 BC, and some of the Hyksos went further to invade North Africa and first created the Lebu (Libyans) who went back and founded the 22 and 23 Dynasties in Kmt (945 – 728 BC).

It is clear the western part of the Hyksos were devastated by the loss of route connecting them with West Asian markets and the Hyksos expelled to the east of Kmt. To reconnect the Hyksos in Libya had sought assistance from Troy and also took their slavery bandits to invade the southern Nile Valley. The Hyksos wanted to connect with their bandits that were raiding Arabia and also invade and regain Kmt from the south.

The created Fulani groups were used to invade the southern Nile Valley and first colonized the region which they called Kordofan then they occupied Kerma south of the 4th Cataract in 1500 BC. After raiding for 700 years the Hyksos with their Fulani destroyed north Kerma civilization and created in its place Kush in 785 BC, who invaded Kmt to assist the defeated Libyan dynasties and the expelled Hyksos in the Amorite east who were attacking Subar and Sumer; in the events that led to the fall of Sumer and the subsequent creation of Babylonia and the Jews.

The Hyksos were actually the same Akkadians who colonized Sumer and Subar (Fertile Crescent) in 2334-2154 BC. The Akkadians were Turkic Mongolian raiding bandits on horses and took foot soldiers from South Caucasus (Hurrians). Amorites joined the expelled Akkadians to form the Hyksos.

The same amalgam who invaded North Africa and started slavery in West Africa were the invaders and colonizers of Spain and Portugal from 711 AD and were expelled in 1492 AD. They shared and also took over power from their Fulani partner groups in West Africa who were their suppliers of wealth and slaves.

Songhai Empire c. 1464–1591 preceded by Mali Empire and Gao Empire and was succeeded by Saadi dynasty; Pashalik of Timbuktu and Dendi Kingdom.
Mali Empire c. 1230–1670 preceded by Ghana Empire and Gao Empire and was succeeded by Songhai Empire; Jolof Empire; Kaabu Empire and the Empire of Great Fulo

All these regimes were more or less dominated, created or influenced by the Fulani and their Hyksos masters of North Africa, who claim to be Amazigh; while the only true Amazigh are the Tuareg the arch-rival of Fulani and Hyksos. Indeed the history of West Africa is mainly around the history of Hyksos and Fulani slavery and looting.

In fact, “Pharaohs” was a term used by native people of Kmt during the Hyksos colonization (1630-1523 BC) to point to the foreign colonizers as “paɾuw (meaning that person in the great house)”.
Native people of Kmt refrained to call the Hyksos ruler and other foreign rulers as kings which is pronounces as “Nesso”. Nesso was reserved for genuine legitimate kings of Kmt origin. It was their smart way to resist occupation and show disregard.

In this sense, the Songhai were made up by, and related to, pharaohs who were Hyksos rulers. The Songhai were amalgam of local West African groups forced together by slavery; but were not descendants of Kmt. The Hyksos and their pharaohs were also related to the Amorite-Akkadian-Turkic-Hurrian bandits that colonized the Arabs in their homeland which is only in the Western and Southern coasts of the Arabian Peninsula, including Yemen, since 1300 BC after the Hyksos were driven out from Kmt in 1523 BC; then from Mittani and Sumer in 1300 BC.

Therefore, saying that the Songhai and the Fulani are somehow related to the pharaohs (Hyksos) and also to Yemen (Bedouin bandits who colonized Arabs) as their traditions say is reasonable since these were the only two sources for slaves, gold and horses markets and power used by the Fulani and other West African regimes to control the region.

The relationship of the Kushites and their collaboration to the Hyksos is evident in the first and second steles that Lord Carnarvon discovered in 1908 in Thebes and recounts the events of the war that Kamose waged against the Hyksos and the Kushites at the same time. It recalled a courier arrest and detention carrying a letter from the Hyksos leader named Abibi in Avares to his pact ally the leader of Kushites asking for urgent support against the threat posed by the armies of Kmt led by King Kamose against the Hyksos and the Kushites. The content of the Hyksos message to the Kushites was recorded by Kamose in the inscription recounting his victory in Karnak.

The name kes or kas (k3š) appeared in Kmt monuments for the first time in 1450 B.C., and it was meant that the Hyksos gangs that seized Sumar (the civilization of southern Iraq) and their name were the Kassites or the Kishites from Kish, Kas, Kash, or Kasu, and they were Hyksos gangs who occupied Mesopotamia from 1531 to 1155 BC .Clearly, the name Kush is close to Kassites.

It is possible that the formation of the Kush kingdom by someone called Al-Ara came as a result of the urgent need to invade Kmt from the south and to follow instructions that came to the southern Hyksos gangs and Fulani from their Libyan Hyksos partners of the 23rd family that were defeated and fell into the hands of the 24th Dynasty in 732 BC and continued to rule for 12 years only and fell to the invasion of the 25th Dynasty, whose name became the Kingdom of Kush, by the Hyksos gangs, who are of the same origin as the Kassite gangs in Babylon from 1531 to 1155 B.C. to attack Kmt from the south

So, of course, the names Kush, Ta-siti, and Ta-nehso refer to three different lands, not one region. Ta-siti means the land of the civilization of the people of Kerma. While Kush means the colonized part by ​​the Hyksos and their Fulani slave. While Ta-nehso points to black slave areas, whether domestic or foreign.

Ghana Commemorates Christiansborg Crossroad Shooting


Ghana Commemorates Christiansborg Crossroad Shooting

Ghana Commemorates Christiansborg Crossroad Shooting

Ghana commemorates the 63rd anniversary of the 28 February Christiansborg, Crossroad shooting.

[On 28th February 1948 veterans of world war two, who had fought with the Gold Coast Regiment of the Royal West African Frontier Force, organised a peaceful demonstration marching to Christiansborg Castle, Accra, Gold Coast (Ghana), to hand in a petition to the colonial governor, demanding that they receive end of war benefits and pay which they had been promised.
Before reaching the castle the Veterans were ordered to disperse by the colonial police chief. When they refused he opened fire on them instantly killing three – Sergeant Adjetey, Corporal Attipoe and Private Odartey Lamptey.

Angered by this unwarranted violence, against unarmed men, and continued injustices suffered by the population in general, people in Accra and other towns and cities took to the streets, attacking European and Asian businesses and property. Immediately after the outbreak of these violent disturbances the leadership of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), a political organisation advocating an end to colonialism, sent a cable to the Secretary of State for the Colonies in London expressing their belief that:
“…unless Colonial Government is changed and a new Government of the people and their Chiefs installed at the centre immediately, the conduct of masses now completely out of control with strikes threatened in Police quarters, and rank and file Police indifferent to orders of Officers, will continue and result in worse violent and irresponsible acts by uncontrolled people.”

The UGCC cable further stated that:
“Working Committee United Gold Coast Convention declare they are prepared and ready to take over interim Government. We ask in name of oppressed, inarticulate, misruled and misgoverned people and their Chiefs that Special Commissioner be sent out immediately to hand over Government to interim Government of Chief and People and to witness immediate calling of Constituent Assembly”

The people’s protests lasted five days. By 1st March the colonial governor had declared a state of emergency and put in place a new Riot Act. On 12th March the governor ordered the arrest of “The Big Six,” (Ebenezer Ako-Adjei; Edward Akufo-Addo; J. B. Danquah;    Kwame Nkrumah; Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey; William Ofori Atta) leading members of the UGCC, which included Kwame Nkrumah, as he believed they were responsible for orchestrating the disturbances. The Big Six were incarcerated in remote northern parts of the country.

It was around this time that Nkrumah and the other five began to have significant disagreements over the direction of the movement for independence. By 1949 Nkrumah had broken away from the UGCC to form the Convention People’s Party (CPP) taking the masses of the people with him. The CPP, through a campaign of “Positive Action,” achieved an end to the Gold Coast colony and brought the new dawn of independent Ghana on 6th March 1957]

By: Amma Fosuah Poku Source: Pan-Africanist Briefs

[A solemn flag raising and wreath laying ceremony will be held at the newly created Nationalism Park, close to the Freedom Monument at Osu in Accra tomorrow, February 28, to commemorate the 63rd anniversary of the 28 February Christiansborg, Crossroad shooting.

The event which is celebrated every year to honour the three ex-servicemen who were killed in 1948 by the colonial police, while marching to the Osu Castle to present a petition to the then Governor, will see a lot of activities this year, with the police and the military bands in attendance.

A contingent made up of officers from the Ghana Army, Navy, Air Force, Police and the Veterans Association of Ghana (VAG) will also be on parade.

Also expected to grace the occasion will be Vice-President John Mahama, Ministers of state, Members of Parliament, members of the diplomatic corps, Service commanders of the various security agencies, traditional rulers, the clergy and other identifiable groups.

After the wreath laying, the Ga Asafo and Kolomashie groups will take over until 6pm. Later that evening at 7pm, there will be a re-enactment of the shooting incident at the Nationalism Park.

The Historical Society of Ghana will also hold a public lecture on the theme“Celebrating Our Heroes: The Importance Of 28 February To The Independence Of Ghana,” at the Civil Servants and Local Government Staff Association of Ghana (CLOGSAG) auditorium, Ministries, Accra, later in the afternoon of Tuesday, February28, 2012, between 3:00pm and 6:00pm.

It would be recalled that, on that sorrowful Saturday, 28th February 1948, before noon, a number of unarmed ex-servicemen were on a march from Accra to the Christiansborg Castle to present a petition to the Governor General and Commander-in-Chief, Sir Gerald Creasy, when they were intercepted at the Christiansborg Crossroad by a contingent of armed policemen, led by a British Superintendent, Colin Imray.

Superintendent Imray ordered the ex-servicemen to disperse, but they did not. He then gave orders to the police to open fire on the ex-service men, but that too did not deter them, so Superintendent Imray himself fired at the Ex-servicemen, killing Sergeant Adjetey, Cpl Attipoe and Private Odartey Lamptey, instantly in cold blood.

The news about the death of the gallant Ex-servicemen spread rapidly, leading to a situation where law and order broke down in Accra and other parts of the country, which was popularly referred to as the 1948 disturbances.

This encouraged the anti-colonial movements to press the British government to institute a committee to investigate the killings and the consequent general disorder.

The committee recommended self- government for the Gold Coast, and subsequently, led to the attainment of political independence for the country on March 6, 1957.]

The True Statesman, Source: Modern Ghana

“President Goodluck Jonathan Is A Waste Of Time” Says Isaac Osuoka


“People in the Niger Delta now recognize that Jonathan is a waste of time”– Isaac Osuoka

“Jonathan is a stooge of backward Nigerian political elite who are generally stooges of Western powers. Though as a stooge of stooges, Jonathan has shown that he is particularly spineless and is most amenable to even the slightest of pressure from those he considers powerful.”– Isaac Osuoka

Isaac Osuoka, the Executive Director of Social Action

As Nigerians from all walks of life gear up for the beginning of the “mother of all protests” on Monday, January 9, 2012, over increase in fuel price, journalist and author of Time to Reclaim Nigeria, Chido Onumah, interviewed Isaac Osuoka, director of Social Action and one of the leaders of civil society in Nigeria. Osuoka has been active in the country’s pro-democracy and Niger Delta peoples movements. He was one of the founders of the Ijaw Youth Council (IYC) and acted as its first spokesperson in the late 1990s. Osuoka who is currently a Vanier Scholar at York University, Toronto, Canada, speaks on the situation in Nigeria and why Nigerians must look beyond President Jonathan. Excerpts:

CO: Whether we like it or not, you can’t deny the fact Goodluck  Jonathan enjoyed a measure of support before the 2011 presidential election. What was responsible for this?

IO: Many Nigerians believed that Goodluck Jonathan was a different breed from the backward cabal that have held Nigeria hostage for the better part of the last 51 years. They thought that because he is a native of the Niger Delta with very minimal historical ties to what was referred to as the Hausa-Fulani oligarchy, that he represents a refreshing change from the past. They saw a meek looking and educated man and felt that maybe he is the change that Nigeria needs. Well, Goodluck Jonathan has proven to Nigeria that he is not the change the country needs. In fact, Jonathan is the worst President that the ruling class has ever foisted on Nigeria.

CO: Was it a case of misplaced optimism?

IO: Exactly! The man has shown that he is clueless. He has shown that he lacks the capacity to address the very serious challenges confronting the country. And what is even worse is that he does not care. He does not care for the people of Nigeria. He does not care for the progress of Nigeria. He has the mentality of a Local Government caretaker committee chairman. He has surrounded himself with similarly clueless characters who are only interested in how much they can loot while the booty lasts. This is a president that hates Nigerians whom he thinks forced him to be president and he seems determined to punish them.

CO: Let’s talk about the recent increase in fuel price which has precipitated massive demonstrations across Nigeria.

IO: The removal of fuel subsidy demonstrates again that the Jonathan presidency does not care a bit about the welfare of Nigerians. Can you imagine the puerile argument that fuel subsidy does not benefit the majority of the Nigerian people? Only those that see benefit in terms of how much you loot can make such a stupid argument. You see, since they know that the figures of how much the government is expending on subsidies is over bloated because of the corruption in the system, and they know the few individuals that have benefited from all the fraud, they have come to associate benefit with whose hands are in the lucre. That is all they see. The loot. That is all they are interested in. From their exalted position, they don’t see the mass of the Nigerian people who are mostly unemployed or have the lowest incomes anywhere in the world. That is why World Bank sponsored economists like Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala will ask during one of her meetings with the NLC why people were so worried over subsidy removal when about 70 per cent of Nigerians don’t own cars! That is why the governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, who behaves more like a politician will talk down to us and insist we must accept the fuel increase while he is comfortable spending almost N20 billion ($133million) of tax payers’ money on a piece of land to build a “world-class international conference centre”. This has always been their modus operandi. Was it not David Mark, then a soldier-minister under General Ibrahim Babaginda (now senate president and a champion of democracy) who berated Nigerian students for protesting increase in fuel because not many students owned cars, as if many of us who went to universities outside our state of origin had to trek to school. Can a ruling elite be more insensitive!

CO: Many Nigerians are saying that rather than remove subsidy of petrol, the president should consider removing subsidy on government inefficacy.

IO: What can I say? We are all aware of the billions earmarked for feeding the president and the vice president in 2012. The vice president will spend N1.7 billion ($11.3 million) on trips in 2012 and N1.3 billion ($8.6 million) on office stationeries. This amount includes N12 million ($80,000) on books, N45 million ($300,000) on newspapers, and N9 million ($60,000) on magazines and periodicals. Does this show a government that is serious? Go back at the end of the year and see how many books were bought. We are in an emergency, but our rulers are busy frolicking. Our rulers don’t see that there is no effective mass transit system anywhere in the country and the people depend on petrol fuelled vans, motocycles, tricycles, and kabukabus to move from home to work. They don’t see that the public electricity system has all but collapsed and businesses and homes depend mostly on petrol generators to do business. They don’t see that the people of Nigeria are important. But why should they? They are used to rigging elections and subverting the will of the people. For someone like Goodluck Jonathan who has been the biggest beneficiary of the PDP rigging machine right from when he was summoned to go and become deputy governor in Bayelsa, the people don’t matter. Have you not seen how irritated he looks anytime he is on national television and he is asked about lack of positive result with his policies? The man does not understand why Nigerians should continue to complain. Over and over again he has given the story that Obama or some foreign head of state has praised him for what he is doing and he feels that is what Nigerians should also do. But Obama does not live in Benin City and has not experienced power failure in his life. So how should Obama be the one to decide whether Jonathan is performing or not.

CO: Are you saying Jonathan is a stooge of Western powers?

IO: It is worse than that. Jonathan is a stooge of backward Nigerian political elite who are generally stooges of Western powers. Though as a stooge of stooges, Jonathan has shown that he is particularly spineless and is most amenable to even the slightest of pressure from those he considers powerful. The man is so scared of those he considers powerful. Like the governors. Now let us look at how this backward ruling elite always attempts to selects its weakest elements to act as pawns in the name of president. As far back as the eve of Nigeria’s independence, the Sarduana, who was a powerful leader of the North, selected a weak Tafawa Balewa to be Prime Minister. So we then had a situation where the head of government of Nigeria, the largest state in black Africa, was a mere stooge of powerful northern politicians and contractors who expected the head of government to just represent their interests. We later had Gowon who was maybe the weakest among northern soldiers that took power at that time. Again, Gowon was a stooge for the main powers who remained behind the scenes to share their loot while Gowon was speaking English in public. The same thing with General Obasanjo who as military head of state was not the main power. The same with Shagari, Nigeria’s first really clueless head of government. Like Balewa the northern political establishment selected a weak Shagari who will not stop them from looting. Babangida, Abacha. Those had their different styles, but were really all continuations of a reprobate regime of waste.

CO: You agree then with Chinua Achebe that “the trouble with Nigeria is simply and squarely a failure of leadership”.

IO: I agree completely. Anytime someone strong and a bit independent minded emerges, they kill him. But sometimes the scheme of the dominant power blocs in the country backfires. For example, when they sponsored Obasanjo to return as civilian head of government in 1999 against the wish of even people in Obasanjo’s village. Obasanjo came and decided to play the game on his own terms. He had learnt how to play the game from the soldier-politicians. He made sure he handed over power to a weak politician. He carefully selected Yar’adua, a man he knew to be terminally ill. Someone who will be too sick to rule. Obasanjo also forced Jonathan – against Jonathan’s will, to become Vice President. Today Jonathan is Nigeria’s most unwilling president. Political jobbers around him, including those of them from the Niger Delta, asked him not to throw away the chance of the Niger Delta.

CO: If that is the case, is he representing the interest of the Niger Delta?

IO: President Jonathan is the worst thing to happen to the Niger Delta. Go and see the East-West road. The road from Warri to Port Harcourt and beyond. The condition of that federal road is worse than ever. This is an outrage! Every year there is a budget allocation for everything. At the end of the year nothing to show for all the billions. Why? This is because Jonathan is superintending over the biggest looting spree in this history of Nigeria. Governors see state funds as their private estate. Ministers see their office as reward for loyalty to governors and opportunity to chop. Local government chairmen. Those are the biggest rogues! The National Assembly is more or less a college of self-serving opportunists – most of whom cannot even get close to winning in free and fair elections. They say most of the big houses in Abuja have been built or bought by civil servants. Where did they get the money? These people, all these people that have continued to loot, are part of the political elite. They are happy that a clueless and spineless person like Jonathan is President. They are the people insisting that Jonathan remove fuel subsidy so that they will have more loot to share. Simple. But Jonathan can’t see it. He doesn’t have that kind of vision. He and those eating with him can’t see the groundswell of opposition to fuel increase. They can’t see that opposition to fuel increase will ultimately result in resistance to everything the ruling class represents in Nigeria. This is just the beginning. In that case, the increase in fuel price is good. For the first time in a long time Nigerians from different ethnic, religious and even class backgrounds are massing together to build a new movement for change. That is what excites me. Supporting the new movement should be the duty of every person who is keen to see Nigeria progress. Neither Jonathan nor his PDP can do anything good for Nigeria. What we need is not just a change of government, we need a system overhaul. This needs struggle and perseverance on the part of the people.

CO: What do you make of the economic policy direction of the Jonathan administration?

IO: He has none? We don’t see any direction. We have heard them talk about a transformation agenda, but what is that agenda? There is none! Corruption is on the increase. Have you asked yourself why the president has not made public his asset declaration? What is he hiding? The biggest challenge facing the Nigerian economy is electricity. The government has done nothing to show that it even appreciates the urgency. Statements, statements everyday, but nothing to show. What they want is to continue to drill and sell crude oil and share proceeds to the three tiers of government for onward looting. It is sad that the same thugs that have benefited from the looting of Nigeria are the same people who Jonathan has assembled to be part of his so-called economic management team. These are people who Jonathan feels indebted to because they provided cash for his campaign. But is there no other way to reward political donors? Must you hand over the management of the national economy to them? The governors are well represented in that economic team. But what have they done in their states to demonstrate that they can manage any economy? The heads of private banks are also prominent. These people know how to make profit for themselves – mostly by conniving with politicians and civil servants to launder stolen money. Does that qualify them to manage Nigerian economy? Then you have Okonjo-Iweala – an agent of international finance capital.

CO: Talking about Okonjo-Iweala, civil society groups are asking President Jonathan to sack her. Do you share that view? She is serving at the instance of the president, shouldn’t the focus be on the president?

IO: I agree that the focus should be on President Jonathan, but Mrs. Okonjo-Iweala is dangerous. Her case is special. This is a person sent by the World Bank to continue economic policies that have failed everywhere in the world. Okonjo-Iweala wants to deregulate because deregulation is an essential ingredient of the neoliberal economic doctrine of the World Bank and IMF. She is too far away from the realities of Nigeria to understand that deregulating fuel price in Nigeria will have negative impacts on all aspects of productive life. But does she care? No. All her bosses in Washington DC expect is for Nigerian government to have as much cash as possible to service the debt profile that is sure to increase under Jonathan. Okonjo-Iweala’s greatest achievement in government has been the biggest single transfer of wealth from Nigeria to other parts of the world. The so called debt forgiveness meant that Nigeria gave money to Europe and North America –  representing the biggest wealth transfer in human history. They said the savings from debt deal will be used to improve infrastructure. Where is the infrastructure? Okonjo-Iweala is now saying that the gain from oil subsidy will be used to improve infrastructure. Does this woman think that Nigerians are fools all the time? It is just sad the way these people protect their private interests and claim that they are trying to improve Nigerian economy. Recently, I read that the Federal Executive Council awarded contract in the billions for the importation of plastic trash cans from Europe. This is for use in Abuja. Can you imagine that? Is Jonathan and his cabinet saying that there are no plastic manufacturers in Nigeria who can do the job? There are plastic manufacturers all over the country. All the government needed to do was give specification to local producers and monitor and enforce compliance. Keeping the job at home would have meant creating or protecting jobs at home and all the benefits that come from local production. But this government does not care for any local production apart from the production of crude oil. That is why they can even think of increasing fuel price, the same action that could completely destroy the local artisanal sectors where the bulk of production in Nigeria takes place.

CO: The people in the Niger Delta must really be disappointed with President Jonathan.

IO: I can tell you that there was real excitement with the idea of a son of the Niger Delta becoming president of Nigeria. Our people had been treated like second-class citizens since Nigeria was created. So people were happy to see Jonathan as president and went out to vote – even though we know that state governors schemed to inflate the votes for their own purposes. But what has been the benefit of a Jonathan presidency? Symbolic. Only symbolic. Today, the traditional dress of the Niger Delta male, in particular, the Ijaw male, has become something of a national attire. People from the Delta now dress as such and can move in Abuja with a swagger. You did not have this before. Apart from the symbolism and cosmetic impact, there is nothing substantial for the people from the Jonathan presidency. Environmental pollution and destruction of livelihoods by the petroleum industry is worse now than ever before. Today, we have a major offshore oil spill by Shell and the Jonathan presidency is looking the other way. There is no serious attempt to call Shell to order. Compare that with the response of the Brazilian government to recent offshore spill by Chevron. But with Jonathan in Nigeria, there has not been any serious attempt to address the issue of lost livelihoods for the coastal communities as a result of the recent Shell spill. It is a shame because there are people in Jonathan’s system that had campaigned all their lives for environmental justice. Now that they have the rare opportunity to do something, they are looking the other way. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) produced a report on pollution in Ogoniland. The recommendations from UNEP should have provided the Jonathan presidency with an opening to address the historical environmental abuse of the Niger Delta. But all he did was set up a committee like he does on everything. Anytime Jonathan sets up a committee, you know the man is not serious. Or he just doesn’t care.

CO: It is a shame because President Jonathan is a major beneficiary of the struggle of the people in the Niger Delta.

IO: President Jonathan is a beneficiary of the struggles of the Niger Delta which he was never part of. Today, he is enjoying the goodwill of even ex-militants who have continued to support the amnesty programme because they feel their son is president. But Odi has not been rebuilt? Even Okerenkoko has not been rebuilt. I agree that the amnesty programme has been very successful in keeping militants off the creeks. The result has been restoration of oil production to optimal levels. The government people are the biggest beneficiaries. But the relative calm or peace as some people chose to call it has not been utilized by the government as an opportunity to improve social infrastructure in the Niger Delta or anywhere in Nigeria for that matter. Things are getting worse every day. A few months ago, people in a village next to Jonathan’s were protesting against Shell for abuses. People in the Niger Delta now recognize that Jonathan is a waste of time. Let me tell you that petrol is very expensive in the creeks of the Niger Delta. Combined with the fact that the engines of boats consume a lot of petrol, it means that removal of subsidy will affect the Niger Delta the most.

This article was published by Isaac Osuoka the Executive Director of Social Action on January 10, 2012 at saction.org

The source: Social Action Organization (Social Development Integrated Centre) is an organisation dedicated to education, mobilisation and solidarity for communities and activists working for environmental justice, democracy and social change in Nigeria and the Gulf of Guinea. The organisation is promoting increased citizens’ participation in addressing policy and practices in energy and mining, trade and investments that affects human rights, democracy and livelihoods.

Social Action works primarily in Nigeria while collaborating with other citizens groups in the ECOWAS zone and the Gulf of Guinea. Through active participation with national and regional networks, the organisation is connected to the global movement for social justice.

This article was published at USA Africa Dialogue Series on January 7, 2012

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